U.S. Westward Expansion and the Native Americans?

The westward expansion of the United States would force the Native Americans to accept changes to their way of life. Native Americans were repeatedly forced to move in order to make way for the expansion-minded U.S. Citizens. Their land was taken in return for very little compensation. Efforts were made to completely change them and eliminate their culture. This is a sad chapter in U.S. History.

Name:__________________________________________________________________ Date:____________________ Hour:_____________

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Directions: Watch the Vision Chasers YouTube video titled, “U.S. Westward Expansion and the Native Americans” and answer the following questions in complete sentences. Relocation 1. What was the purpose of the Indian Removal Act of 1830? _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Why did this incident become known as the Trail of Tears? _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3. How did the slaughter of the buffalo affect the Native Americans? _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________

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4. Using the Primary Source below, how many uses of the buffalo does the author list? The buffalo gave us everything we needed. Without it we were nothing. Our tipis were made of his skin. His hide was our bed, our blanket, our winter coat. It was our drum, throbbing through the night, alive, holy. Out of his skin we made our water bags. His flesh strengthened us, became flesh of our flesh. Not the smallest part of it was wasted. His stomach, a red-hot stone dropped into it, became our soup kettle. His horns were our spoons, the bones our knives, our women's awls and needles. Out of his sinews we made our bowstrings and thread. His ribs were fashioned into sleds for our children, his hoofs became rattles. His mighty skull, with the pipe leaning against it, was our sacred altar. The name of the greatest of all Sioux was Tatanka Iyotake--Sitting Bull. When you killed off the buffalo you also killed the Indian--the real, natural, "wild" Indian From Lame Deer, Seeker of Visions by John (Fire) Lame Deer pg, 130). _______________________________________________________________________

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In one sentence, summarize Relocation:

Repossess 5. How did the Homestead Act encourage people to move west? _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________

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6. What is the purpose of the poster below?

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7. Why didn’t the Treaty of Ft. Laramie bring peace between the Native Americans and the Settlers? _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________

In one sentence, summarize Repossess:

Revenge 8. Why did the Battle of Little Bighorn create tension (a strained relationship) between the U.S. and the Native Americans? _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________

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9. What event is the author describing below: AMERICAN HORSE. The men were separated, as has already been said, from the women, and they were surrounded by the soldiers. Then came next the village of the Indians and that was entirely surrounded by the soldiers also. When the firing began, of course the people who were standing immediately around the young man who fired the first shot were killed right together, and then they turned their guns, Hotchkill guns, etc., upon the women who were in the lodges standing there under a flag of truce, and of course as soon as they were fired upon they fled, the men fleeing in one direction and the women running in two different directions. So that there were three general directions in which they took flight. There was a woman with an infant in her arms who was killed as she almost touched the flag of truce, and the women and children of course were strewn all along the circular village until they were dispatched. Right near the flag of truce a mother was shot down with her infant; the child not knowing that its mother was dead was still nursing, and that especially was a very sad sight. The women as they were fleeing with their babes were killed together, shot right through, and the women who were very heavy with child were also killed. All the Indians fled in these three directions, and after most all of them had been killed a cry was made that all those who were not killed wounded should come forth and they would be safe. Little boys who were not wounded came out of their places of refuge, and as soon as they came in sight a number of soldiers surrounded them and butchered them there.

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In one sentence, summarize Revenge:

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Reform 10. How was the Dawes Act designed to reform the Native Americans? _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 11. Why do you think the U.S. wanted to the Native Americans to change? _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________

In one sentence, summarize Reform:

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At this point, what questions do you have that need further explanation? Write them down here so that your teacher can help you. You may also use this area for extra space.

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