Usage of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) with varying wavelength concentrations as a light source for in vitro micropropagation of flora culture Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) are electroluminescent light sources. Electrical current is used as a source of energy to excite electrons in the valance band to the conduction band. The excited electrons undergo spontaneous emission and photons are emitted with an energy that equals the bandgap. Depending on the materials used, different colors can be emitted. During operation, LEDs are switched on and set for forward bias. [1] Due to the ease of use, high brightness and controllability of the emission wavelength, LEDs are widely used in various fields ranging from traffic lights to television screens to industrial control panel lightings to biosensors and more. LEDs emit light at a more specific band range than fluorescent or incandescent light and have various colors such as red, blue, green, and white. This property raises the potential for its application in botany or agriculture as most plants benefit more from light at the wavelength span of approximately 400nm to 700nm. This specific spectrum range is referred to as photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) [2]. In tissue culture laboratory in vitro micropropagation shelves around the globe, a standard practice is to install fluorescent lighting systems which could impose questions of how much light the plants can actually use from these sources in photosynthesis. There are ample advantages LEDs present over typical light sources such as fluorescent light which include higher efficiency, lower energy usage, increased durability (approximately 8 years), compact and smaller size, rapid switching capabilities, and insignificant amounts of undesirable heat byproducts. LEDs may prove to be the ideal lighting source in tissue culture as it does not release unnecessary heat as a waste product (which could impose danger to the test specimens and in turn increase air-conditioning power consumption) and is significantly more efficient in terms of light intensity emission control and electricity consumption [3]. At present, a joint collaboration between the International School of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University and the Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, has been established to initiate research in this field. The planned design and setup apparatus will cater 15 different specimen light treatments as follows: Light Treatment

Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6

LED Red (intensity %)

LED Blue (intensity %)

LED Green (intensity %)

LED White (intensity %)

Fluorescent (intensity %)

100 90 80 70 60 50

— 10 20 30 40 50

— — — — — —

— — — — — —

— — — — — —

Fluorescent for plants (intensity %) — — — — — —

Treatment 7 Treatment 8 Treatment 9 Treatment 10 Treatment 11 Treatment 12 Treatment 13 Treatment 14 Treatment 15

40 30 20 10 — — — — —

60 70 80 90 100 — — — —

— — — — — 100 — — —

— — — — — — 100 — —

— — — — — — — 100 —

— — — — — — — — 100

1) Objective(s) The goal of the project is to determine the most suitable combination of different types of LED sources for micropropagation of tissue culture specimens. This combination will allow significant growth rate when compared to the typically used fluorescent bulbs in tissue culture labs. The growth rate criteria will include fresh weight, dry weight, specimen height and other standards for measuring plant growth. 2) Personnel Dr. Pataradawn Pinyopich, (Principle investor) Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University Dr. Waleed S. Mohammed (Collaborator) International School of Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University 2) Work plan The research work is divided into two main parts namely, culture and growth media preparation, and growth under light treatment conditions. The first part concerns the preparation of enough specimens for the test and the processing and preparation of the growth media. All biological and non-biological materials used in this stage will need to be sterilized or free from bacteria and fungus. The growth media will need to be packaged into glass containers and autoclaved. The necessary equipment and tools required for this part are available at Dr. Pataradawn’s laboratory. The second part of this research regards the light treatments on the prepared specimens. A shelf with installed lighting arrays will be assembled to specifications of the testing. The two main types of light used in this experiment is the LED, which are composed of 13 separate variations, and fluorescent lights. The room for this experiment is considerably isolated and has external factor control capabilities such as ambient light control and temperature control. 3) Outcome of the project -

Conference publication(s) Journal paper(s)

-

The research conducted will lead to possible senior project and could be extended even to graduate level.

4) Estimated budget for the project The estimated budget for the project is 150,000. The breakdown of this budget is presented in the table below. No.

Item description

Quantity

Unit price

Total price

1 Research assistant salary/month

4

8500

34000

2 Shelf components

1

40000

40000

3 Chemicals and Biochemicals

1

30000

30000

4 Test specimens

1

16000

16000

Environmental factor control units, 5 sensors, and meters

1

30000

30000

(framework, assembly parts, electric circuits, LEDs, fluorescent bulbs)

Total

150000

5). References [1] Ben Streetman and Sanjay Banerjee, “Solid State Electronic Devices” 6th edition, Prentice Hall, 2005 [2] S. Dutta Gupta and Yasuomi Ibaraki, “Focus on Biotechnology: Plant Tissue Culture Engineering” 1st edition, Springer, 2005 [3] Gilbert Held, “Introduction to Light Emitting Diode Technology and Applications” 1st edition, Auerbach Publications, 2008

Usage of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) with varying ...

concentrations as a light source for in vitro micropropagation of flora culture ... application in botany or agriculture as most plants benefit more from light at the ...

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