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EEC7Ol

Following Paper ID and Roll No. to be filled in your Answer Book

B.Tech. (sEM.

\ID

ODD SEMESTERTHEORY EXAMINATTON 2012-13

OPTICAL COMMUNICATION

. 3 Hours Total Marks : 100 Note :- (,1/ All questions are compulsory. (2) All questions carry equal marks. 1. Attempt any FOLIR parts of the following :- (5x4=20) (a) Sketch the block diagram of optical fiber communication Time

system.

(b)

List out various advantages of oplical fiber communication system over the conventional electrical communicaiion

5ystem. (c) (d)

i

Explain the concept ofacceptance angle in optical fiber with the help of proper diagram. How it is related to the numericai aperture of optical fiber ?

With the suitable ray diagram, explain the propagation

of skew rays in the optical waveguide and compare it with Mendional ray.

(e) A

graded index fiber has a core with a parabolic refractive index profile which has a diameter of 50 pm. The fiber has a numerical aperture of 0.2. Estimate the total number of guided modes propagating in the fiber when it is operating at a wavelenglh of 1 pm.

EECTOI/DLT44I68

lTurn Over

(0

Mention any two materials system used in the fabrication

of optical fibers. Explain the Vapor_phase deposition techniques to produce silica rich glasses of highest transparency.

2.

Attempt any TWO parts of the following

(a)

l0x2=20

With the aid of suitable diagram, briefly discuss the following in the case optical fiber transmission :

(i) (ii) (b)

:

Fiber bend losses; Dispersion shifted fibers.

Describe the mechanism of intermodal dispersion in a multimode step index fiber. Show that the total broadening

of a light pulse AT, due to intennodal dispersion in multimode step index fiber may be given by :

^\

=

a

L!NA)2 2nrc

where L is the length of the fiber, NA is the numerical aperture of the fiber, n, is the core refractive index and c is the velocity

(c)

of light in

Explain what is meaht by

(0 (ii)

vacuum.

:

Modal birefringence The beat length in.single mode fibers.

The difference between the propagation constants for the two orthogonal modes in a single mode fiber is 250. lt is illuminated with light of peak wavelength 1.55 pm from an injection laser source with a spectral line width of 0.8 nm. Estimate the coherence length within the fiber. EEC70IiDLT44I68

3. , Attempt

(a)

any TWO parts of the following

:

(10x2=20)

Explain the principle, construction and working of Semiconductor Injection laser.

(b)

The radiative and non-radiative recombination lifetimes

of the minority carriers in the active region of double heterostructure LED are 60 ns and 100 ns respectively. Determine the total carrier recombination lifetime and the power internally generated within the device when

the peak emission wavelength is 0.g7 pm ar a drive current of 40 mA.

(c)

Explain the working principle of LED. How the quantum

efficiency of a LED is defined ? List out various parameters which are needed to be optimizedfor getting

maximum output power from the LED.

4.

Attempt any FOUR parts of the following

(a)

:

(5x4:20)

Derive an expression for the coupling efficiency of a surface emitting LED into a step index fiber, assuming the device to have a Lambertian output.

(b)

A p-i-n photodiode on average generate one electron_ hole pair per three incident photons at a wavelength

of

0.8 pm. Assuming all the electrons are collected, calculate

(D (ii) (c)

:

the quantum efficiency of the device the maximum possible bandgap energy.

Explain the principle, construction and working of ApD.

EECTOI/DLT-44I68

[Turn Over

i'

.,

(d)

t,:" ': Briefly discuss the possibld sources of noise in optical

: ': fibei'receiverS. Desiribe the quantum'noise in detail.

(e)

fulI equivalent circuit for a digital optical fiber receiver. Briefly explain its various parts.

(0

Explain the detectionprocess,in p-n photodiode. Compare

Sketch the

this deyice with the p.i-n photodiode.

5.

Write short notes on any TWO'of the following

:

(10x2:20)

(a)

The Optical Power Meter

(b) orDR (c) Wavelength

EEC701/DLT44168

Division Multiplexing.

16025'

UPTU B.Tech Optical Communication-EEC701 Sem 7_2012-13.pdf ...

(0 Modal birefringence. (ii) The beat length in.single mode fibers. The difference between the propagation constants for. the two orthogonal modes in a single mode fiber is. 250. lt is illuminated with light of peak wavelength. 1.55 pm from an injection laser source with a spectral. line width of 0.8 nm. Estimate the coherence ...

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