UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

COMPUTER STUDIES

7010/01 For Examination from 2011

Paper 1 SPECIMEN PAPER

2 hours 30 minutes READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Attempt all questions using the spaces provided. Calculators may be used. Brand names of software will not be regarded as acceptable answers.

This document consists of 16 printed pages and 2 blank pages.

© UCLES 2008

[Turn over

2 1

State two desirable properties of processors found in laptop computers. selected property is desirable.

Explain why the

Property 1

Reason

Property 2

Reason

[4]

2

Weather forecasting using computer models has made predicting weather more accurate. (a) Describe how data is gathered for the computer model.

[2]

(b) How does the computer model make its prediction based on the new weather data input?

[2]

© UCLES 2008

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3 (c) Describe two ways the predicted weather for a week could be conveyed to the user. 1

2 [2]

3

Some items of food now have additional bar codes which convey information about how to cook the food. Special ovens are needed to take advantage of this additional information. If the bar code is held close to a reader on the front of the oven, the oven will automatically set cooking times and temperature settings to ensure the perfect meal. (a) How does the oven ensure that the food is correctly cooked?

[2]

(b) Give two advantages to the user of this new technology. 1

2 [2]

© UCLES 2008

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4 4

Vehicles are now fitted with satellite navigation systems (GPS) to help them get directions. (a) How does the system know the exact position of the vehicle?

[2]

(b) The directions are often given verbally. Give one advantage of doing this.

[1]

(c) The satellite navigation systems are known to sometimes give incorrect directions. Give two reasons why this might happen. 1

2 [2]

5

(a) Give two differences between an intranet and the Internet. 1

2 [2]

(b) Give two reasons why companies allow intranet access rather than Internet access to their employees. 1

2 [2]

© UCLES 2008

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5 6

(a) To access the Internet, a computer system requires the user to insert a smart card into a slot on the side of a keyboard. They then need to type in a PIN. Give two advantages of this system. 1

2 [2]

(b) Many passports and security cards now contain an induction loop and microchip which uniquely identifies the item and the user. Give two security advantages of using such a system. 1

2 [2]

7

Briefly describe five of the stages in the systems life cycle of a project. 1

2

3

4

5 [5]

© UCLES 2008

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6 8

Many mobile phones offer cameras which allow still and movie photos to be taken. (a) What recent technology has enabled this facility to be offered in mobile phones?

[1]

(b) Describe two ways to download the photo files from the mobile phone to a computer. 1

2 [2]

(c) Access to the Internet is also offered to mobile phone users. Give two advantages of this technology. 1

2 [2]

© UCLES 2008

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7 9

The following algorithm inputs 100 numbers and outputs which number is the smallest and which number is the largest. 10 largest = 0 20 smallest = 0 30 for x = 0 to 100 40 input number 50 if number > largest then largest = number 60 if number < smallest then smallest = number 70 x=x+1 80 next x 90 print largest, smallest There are three errors in this algorithm. Locate these errors and suggest what changes should be made to the algorithm. Error 1

Change 1

Error 2

Change 2

Error 3

Change 3

[6]

© UCLES 2008

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8 10 Read the following flowchart carefully.

START

A = 0, B = 0, C = 0 X=1

Input N

Is X ≤ N

No

Output A, B, C

Yes Input T

Is T > 0

Yes

A=A+1

No Is T < 0

Yes

B=B+1

No C=C+1

X=X+1

Draw the trace tables for the following sets of test data (i)

5, 30, 20, –20, 10, –30

(ii) 8, 0, 0, –10, 5, 20, 0, 0, 0

© UCLES 2008

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STOP

9 (i)

X

N

T

A

B

C

Output

X

N

T

A

B

C

Output

(ii)

[6]

© UCLES 2008

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10 11 Draw the truth table for the following logic network: A

AND

OR B

X

OR AND

C

NOT

A

B

C

1

1

1

1

1

0

1

0

1

1

0

0

0

1

1

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

X

[4]

© UCLES 2008

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11 12 Draw a logic network and truth table for the following logic problem: “A sprinkler (S) is ON if either temperature alarm (T) is ON and cooler alarm (C) is ON or vent alarm (V) is OFF and cooler alarm (C) is ON” Working

Logic network:

Truth table:

T

C

V

1

1

1

1

1

0

1

0

1

1

0

0

0

1

1

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

S

[9] © UCLES 2008

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12 13 (a) Many of the portable memory devices available at the moment use either solid state or miniature hard disk drives. Choose two devices and state which memory type is used and why it is used. Device 1 Type of memory

Reason for choice

Device 2 Type of memory

Reason for choice

[6]

(b) New recording systems use hard drives to store movie files. How is it possible to record on the hard drive at the same time as reading from it?

[2]

© UCLES 2008

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13 (c) Two rival companies offer devices which store music files in a digital format. Music files are down loaded from the Internet. Give two possible reasons why the music files play back correctly on one machine but not the other.

1

2 [2]

14 The use of video conferencing has increased considerably in recent years. (a) Give two effects on companies in adopting video conferencing. 1

2 [2]

(b) Give two social effects of adopting video conferencing. 1

2 [2]

© UCLES 2008

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14 15 Using the Internet it is possible to home in on live images which show aerial photographs of buildings anywhere on the Earth. (a) How are the photographs of buildings generated?

[1]

(b) It is possible to have the aerial photograph placed on top of a more traditional road map. Give an advantage to the user of having this facility.

[1]

(c) Give one additional facility of having online maps available on the Internet.

[1]

© UCLES 2008

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15 16 A system uses 8 digit numbers with an additional eighth digit used as a check digit. (a) Give two types of error which can be detected using a check digit when transmitting data. 1

2 [2]

(b) Each of the eight digits in the number has a digit position. e.g.

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3 0 5 5 1 6 2 5

← ←

digit position digits (digit in position 1 is the check digit)

The validity of the check digit is found using the following calculation: • multiply each digit by its digit position • add together the results of the multiplications • divide the sum by 11 • if the remainder is ZERO then the number is valid For example, in the above number we have a sum of 110. Dividing by 11 gives a remainder of 0. Thus the number is valid. For each of the following 8 digit numbers, indicate whether they are valid or not. Show all working. (i) 8 1 3 9 1 2 0 7 Working:

Valid number? (ii) 5 5 0 3 1 6 1 7 Working:

Valid number? © UCLES 2008

[6] 7010/01/SP/11

[Turn over

16 17 Airports put a unique bar code on all luggage to ensure it is loaded on to the correct flight. (a) What validation check is made on a bar code number?

[1] (b) Give two pieces of information that could be stored on the file that links to each unique bar code. 1

2 [2] (c) Give one advantage of using bar codes in this application.

[1]

(d) Give an example of another application for bar codes.

[1] 18 Many systems are now controlled by microprocessors and sensors. Name two different sensors which could be used to control the following systems: Automatic doors

Central heating [2]

© UCLES 2008

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17 19 The exchange rate between the US Dollar (US$) and the Brazilian Real (R$) changes every day. Write an algorithm, using pseudocode or otherwise, which inputs the exchange rate for every day over a 10 year period (assume that each year = 365 days) and then outputs the following: • • • •

The average (mean) exchange rate The best (highest) exchange rate The worst (lowest) exchange rate The number of occasions when the exchange rate was above 2.0

[6]

© UCLES 2008

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18 BLANK PAGE

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity. University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

© UCLES 2008

7010/01/SP/11

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL ... - Max Papers

1 State two desirable properties of processors found in laptop computers. ... 9 The following algorithm inputs 100 numbers and outputs which number is the ...

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