UK and US political vocabulary and political systems Are the things below about the UK/ USA/ both? (Most are only about one of those countries) Backbenches/ Backbenchers Buck House Buckingham Palace Cabinet Camp David Chancellor (of the Exchequer) Chequers Coalition government Confirmation hearings Congress Cross-bench Downing Street Filibustering Foreign Secretary Governor Heir to the throne Her Majesty’s Government Home Secretary House of Commons House of Lords House of Representatives Houses of Parliament Independent candidates Labour (= The Labour Party) Leader of the House Leader of the Opposition Mayor Member of Parliament Monarch MP MEP Number 10 Number 11 Peers PM President Primaries Prime Minister Senate Speaker Supreme Court Term limits The Conservatives (= The Conservative Party) The Constitution Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

The Democrats (= The Democratic Party) The GOP The Palace of Westminster The Queen’s Speech The Republicans (= The Republican Party) The right to bear arms The First Amendment The Tories The White House Two-party system Westminster Whips Whitehall Which things above are different words for the same thing? Which things in different systems are more or less equivalent? These things have different meanings in the two countries. What are they? Red Blue Conservative Liberal Which country’s system seems more similar to your country’s? What are the similarities and differences? Try to explain your own country’s political system. Explain what you know about these recent political stories, using vocabulary from above if you like.  Barack Obama’s re-election campaign  Cash for honours  Cash for questions  Mitt Romney  Reform of the House of Lords  The coalition government  The Hutton Enquiry/ The Smoking Gun  The parliamentary expenses scandal  The phone hacking scandal  The Tea Party Do the same for recent political stories from your country.

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

UK and US political vocabulary and political systems Answer key Backbenches/ Backbenchers - UK Buck House/ Buckingham Palace – UK Cabinet – Both (though only the UK has a real cabinet system) Camp David – US equivalent to Chequers - UK Chancellor (of the Exchequer) - UK Coalition government - UK Confirmation hearings - US Cross-bench - UK Downing Street/ Number 10 – UK equivalent to White House - US Filibustering – both (though only formally part of the debates in the US) Foreign Secretary - UK Governor – US (though most British overseas territories and Commonwealth countries still have governors) Heir to the throne - UK Her Majesty’s Government - UK Home Secretary - UK House of Commons – UK equivalent to House of Representatives - US House of Lords – UK equivalent to Senate - US Houses of Parliament/ Westminster/ The Palace of Westminster – UK equivalent to Congress - US Independent candidates - both Labour (= The Labour Party) equivalent to the Democrats - US Leader of the House - US Leader of the Opposition - UK Mayor - both Member of Parliament/ MP - UK Monarch - UK MEP - UK Number 11 - UK Peers - UK PM/ Prime Minister – UK President - US Primaries - US Speaker - both Supreme Court - both Term limits - US The Conservatives (= The Conservative Party)/ The Tories – UK equivalent to Republicans/ GOP - US The Constitution - US The Queen’s Speech - UK The right to bear arms - US The First Amendment - US Two-party system – US (though the UK system usually works out that way) Whips - UK Whitehall - UK Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

UK and US political vocabulary and political systems - UsingEnglish.com

Explain what you know about these recent political stories, using vocabulary from above if you like. Barack Obama's re-election campaign. Cash for honours.

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