www.elsevier.nl/locate/poly Polyhedron 20 (2001) 179– 183

Synthesis and crystal structure of a copper(I) complex containing tetrathiomolybdate and dihydrobis(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)borate ligands: [Et4N]2[(Bp%)CuMoS4Cu2(m-Bp%)2Cu2MoS4Cu(Bp%)] (Bp% = H2B(3,5-Me2Pz)2) and crystal structure of [(Bp%)2Cu] Azizolla Beheshti a,*, William Clegg b, Moayad Hosaini Sadr a a b

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Shahid Chamran Uni6ersity, Ah6az, Iran Department of Chemistry, Uni6ersity of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK Received 19 May 2000; accepted 20 September 2000

Abstract Complex (1), [Et4N]2[(Bp%)CuMoS4Cu2(m-Bp%)2Cu2MoS4Cu(Bp%)], was synthesised in acetone by substituting Cl− ligands of [MoS4(CuCl)3]2 − by bidentate Bp% ligands. It crystallises as a centrosymmetric dimeric anion, containing MoS24 − and Bp% units coordinated to Cu(I) atoms to form a novel structure. Bis(pyrazolyl)borate ligands are both bridging and terminal chelating. The copper(I) atoms have two different geometries: 3-coordinate by two S of thiomolybdate and one N of bridging Bp%, and 4-coordinate by two S of thiomolybdate and two N of terminal Bp%. An acetonitrile solution of complex (1) is unstable in air and deposits crystals of (2), [(Bp%)2Cu]. In complex (2), the Cu(II) atom resides on an inversion centre with square planar co-ordination. The crystal structure and molecular geometry of (2) are similar to those of its fluorinated analogue [H2B(3,5(CF3)2Pz)2]2Cu. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Metal thiolate; Bis(pyrazolyl)borate; Copper(I) complexes; Thiomolybdate; Molybdenum complexes; Crystal structure

1. Introduction The chemistry of mixed-metal chalcogenide clusters containing both Group 6 and Group 11 metals, with [MOn S4n ]2 − units (M=Mo, W; n =0 – 2), is of continuing interest. This arises largely from their suitability as models for some biological systems and their structural variety [1–3]. The first biological function of MoSCu clusters was recognised in ruminants [4], and it was claimed that the antagonism between copper and molybdenum can cause copper deficiency in ruminants [5]. On the other hand, poly(pyrazolyl)borate ligands have a seminal role in developing co-ordination chemistry [6–8], and they offer possible synthetic models of histidine chelating sites in some metalloproteins [9]. In addition, complexes of pyrazolylborate ligands with copper have been considered as synthetic models of

copper proteins [10]. Therefore we planned to prepare MoSCuN systems by mixing the two ligands [MoS4]2 − and Bp% (=H2B(3,5-Me2Pz)− 2 ), as a potential model of copper proteins such as plastocyanin [11]. In this paper we report the synthesis, characterisation and crystal structure of [Et4N]2[(Bp%)CuMoS4Cu2(mBp%)2Cu2MoS4Cu(Bp%)], (1), and (Bp%)2Cu, (2). As far as we are aware, complex (1) is the first one with a dimeric structure containing poly(pyrazolyl)borate ligands (both bridging and terminal) and thiometalates (MoS24 − ) simultaneously. Complex (2) has been prepared previously [12], but its crystal structure is reported here for first time.

2. Experimental

2.1. General procedures * Corresponding author. Tel.: +98-611-360-018; fax: +98-611337-009. E-mail address: [email protected] (A. Beheshti).

Starting materials were purchased from commercial sources and purified by standard procedures [13]. Liter-

0277-5387/01/$ - see front matter © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. PII: S 0 2 7 7 - 5 3 8 7 ( 0 0 ) 0 0 5 9 4 - 5

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ature methods were used for the preparation of KBP% [14], (NH4)2[MoS4] [15], (NEt4)2[MoS4] [15], and (NEt4)2[MoS4(CuCl)3] [16]. CuCl (reagent grade) was washed with acetic acid on a filter several times and dried with absolute ethanol three times, the white product was treated with dry diethylether and dried under vacuum. Unless stated, all manipulations were performed under a purified nitrogen atmosphere by standard Schlenk techniques. Solvents were dried, deoxygenated, and distilled before use [13].

2.2. Physical measurements

2.4. Synthesis of [Cu(Bp%)2] (2)

UV –Vis spectra of the ligands and complexes were recorded on a JASCO model 7850 spectrophotometer. IR spectra were obtained on FT BOMEM MB102 or SHIMADZU IR-470 infrared spectrophotometers using pressed KBr disks with polystyrene as reference. 1H NMR and 13C NMR were obtained using a Bruker DRX500 AVANCE spectrometer.

2.3. Synthesis of (NEt4)2[Bp%CuMoS4Cu2(v-Bp%)2 Cu2MoS4CuBp%] (1) (NEt4)2[MoS4(CuCl)3] (0.8 g, 1 mmol) and KBp% (0.51 g, 2.1 mmol) were dissolved in Analar acetone (160 ml). After the reaction mixture had been stirred for 18 h at room temperature (r.t.), the deep violet solution was filtered to remove the precipitated KCl and the filtrate was evaporated by vacuum pump. The black sticky Table 1 Crystallographic data

Chemical formula Formula weight Crystal system, space group a (A, ) b (A, ) c (A, ) i (°) V (A, 3) Z Dcalc (g cm−3) v (mm−1) Crystal size (mm) qmax (°) Reflections collected Independent reflections Transmission No. of parameters R (F, F 2\2|) Rw (F 2. all data) Goodness-of-fit on F 2 El. density extremes (e A, −3)

(1) C56H104B4Cu6Mo2N18S8 1902.4 monoclinic, C2/c 24.977(3) 15.6031(18) 23.734(3) 115.481 8349.9(17) 4 1.513 2.032 0.40×0.20×0.20 25.0 38855 7374 (Rint = 0.0936) 0.497–0.687 424 0.0595 0.1808 1.091 1.68 and −1.42

precipitate was triturated in toluene (3× 30 ml), washed with diethyl ether (3× 25 ml) and dried in vacuo for 6 h. IR (KBr, cm − 1): w(MoS) 463(s), 438(m); w(BH) 2255 –2435 (multiplet). Electronic spectrum (acetone, nm): 512, 326. 1H NMR (acetone-d6): l 1.20 (t, CH3, Et4N), 2.09 (s, CH3(Pz)), 2.11 (b, CH3(Pz)), 2.30 (s, CH3(Pz)), 3.19 (q, −CH2, Et4N), 5.62 and 5.67 (s, H4C(Pz)). 13C NMR (acetone-d6): l 7.52 (CH3, Et4N), 12.96 (CH3(Pz)), 14.64 (CH3(Pz)), 52.59 (–CH2, Et4N), 104.43 (4C(Pz)), 142.73 (CCH3(Pz)), 148.23 (CCH3(Pz)).

(2) C20H32B2CuN8 469.7 monoclinic, P21/n 7.7845(6) 17.6798(13) 8.5293(6) 96.444(2) 1166.46(15) 2 1.337 0.960 0.40×0.30×0.30 28.7 6519 2756 (Rint = 0.0191) 0.686–0.802 147 0.0297 0.0861 1.063 0.35 and −0.34

A solution of (1) in acetonitrile is unstable and storing the solution at room temperature in air deposited cubic violet crystals identified as [Cu(BP%)2]. For comparison, (2) was also prepared by a literature method [12]. IR (KBr, cm − 1): w(BH) multiplet at 2460 –2240.

2.5. X-ray crystallography Black crystals of complex (1), suitable for X-ray diffraction study, were grown by slow evaporation at − 10°C of a saturated solution of (1) in acetone containing a small amount of toluene. Slow evaporation of an acetonitrile solution of (1) at room temperature led to the violet crystals that were identified as (2). For both compounds, diffraction studies were performed on a Bruker AXS SMART CCD diffractometer with narrow frames (0.3° in …). Mo Ka radiation (u= 0.71073A, ) was employed for data collection at 160 K. Absorption corrections were semi-empirical from symmetry-equivalent and repeated reflections. The structures were solved by direct methods and refined by full-matrix leastsquares on all unique F 2. Non-hydrogen atoms were refined with anisotropic displacement parameters. Hydrogen atoms were included in calculated positions and refined with isotropic displacement parameters riding on those of the parent atoms. There is possibly some disorder in the chelating Bp% ligand, indicated by relatively large displacement parameters for some atoms, but this was not resolved. Crystal data, structure solution and refinement for (1) and (2) are summarised in Table 1. Programs were standard Bruker AXS control and integration software, and SHELXTL [17].

3. Results and discussion

3.1. Synthesis The complex (1) was synthesised by substitution of Cl− ligands by bidentate Bp% ligands in [MoS4(CuCl)3]2 − :

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3.2. Crystal Structure of (NEt4)2[Bp%CuMoS4Cu2(v-Bp%)2Cu2MoS4CuBp%] (1)

Fig. 1. Structure of the [Bp%CuMoS4Cu2(m-Bp%)2Cu2MoS4CuBp%]2 − anion in (1), showing the numbering scheme. H atoms are omitted for clarity. Table 2 Selected bond lengths (A, ) and angles (°) for (1) a MoS(1) MoS(3) MoCu(1) MoCu(3) Cu(2)N(21) Cu(3)N(13A) Cu(1)S(2) Cu(2)S(4) Cu(3)S(3) N(13)N(14) N(23)N(24) N(14)B(1) N(24)B(2) S(4)MoS(1) S(1)MoS(3) S(1)MoS(2) N(11)Cu(1)S(1) S(1)Cu(1)S(2) N(23)Cu(2)S(4) N(23)Cu(2)S(3) N(21)Cu(2)S(4) N(13A)Cu(3)S(2) MoS(1)Cu(1) MoS(2)Cu(3) MoS(3)Cu(2) Cu(2)S(3)Cu(3)

2.192(3) MoS(2) 2.241(2) MoS(4) 2.6180(12)MoCu(2) 2.6276(11)Cu(1)N(11) 2.083(7) Cu(2)N(23) 1.914(6) Cu(1)S(1) 2.231(2) Cu(2)S(3) 2.255(3) Cu(3)S(2) 2.220(2) N(11)N(12) 1.383(9) N(21)N(22) 1.378(12) N(12)B(1) 1.550(12) N(22)B(2) 1.613(18) 109.98(10) 110.34(11) 107.74(9) 125.7(2) 108.00(9) 121.0(3) 113.6(2) 111.7(3) 121.2(2) 72.77(8) 71.23(7) 71.56(7) 102.57(9)

S(4)MoS(3) S(4)MoS(2) S(3)MoS(2) N(11)Cu(1)S(2) S(4)Cu(2)S(3) N(23)Cu(2)N(21) N(21)Cu(2)S(3) S(3)Cu(3)S(2) N(13A)Cu(3)S(3) MoS(2)Cu(1) Cu(1)S(2)Cu(3) MoS(3)Cu(3) MoS(4)Cu(2)

2.268(2) 2.183(2) 2.6478(13) 1.921(7) 1.985(7) 2.222(3) 2.287(2) 2.244(2) 1.364(9) 1.317(11) 1.564(12) 1.50(2)

108.17(9) 113.11(11) 107.47(8) 125.5(2) 104.20(9) 93.0(3) 113.4(2) 109.10(9) 129.1(2) 71.77(7) 104.49(10) 72.17(7) 73.23(8)

a Symmetry operator (inversion) for equivalent atoms: A 1−x, 1−y, 1−z.

2(NEt4)2[MoS4(CuCl)3]+ 4KBp% “(NEt4)2[Bp%CuMoS4Cu2(m-Bp%)Cu2MoS4CuBp%] + 4KCl +2NEt4Cl Direct reaction of (NEt4)2[MoS4] with CuCl and KBp% in acetone led to oily products. Compound (1) is stable in air and can be stored in a dessicator at r.t. for months.

The crystal structure of (1) consists of discrete [Bp%CuMoS4Cu2(m-Bp%)2Cu2MoS4CuBp%]2 − anions and [NEt4]+ cations. The cluster dianion consists of two polynuclear metal –sulfur fragments, connected by a pair of m-Bp% bridges to form a centrosymmetric dimer (Fig. 1). Table 2 lists selected bond distances (A, ) and angles (°). In the anion, there are two distinctly different coordination geometries about copper atoms. The Cu(1) and Cu(3) atoms adopt trigonal planar geometry with bond angles ranging from 108.0 to 125.7° and they are each co-ordinated by two sulfur atoms from thiomolybdate with average CuS distance of 2.229 A, , and one nitrogen atom from a bridging bis(pyrazolyl)borate ligand with average CuN distance of 1.917 A, . By contrast Cu(2) has distorted tetrahedral arrangement with bond angles ranging from 93.0°to 121.0° and it is co-ordinated by two sulfur atoms from thiomolybdate with average CuS distance of 2.271 A, and two nitrogen atoms from a chelating terminal bis(pyrazolyl)borate ligand with average CuN distance of 2.034 A, . Bonds involving four co-ordinate Cu are somewhat longer than those for three co-ordinate Cu, as has been seen for a tricopper complex in which Cu atoms have similar co-ordination environments [18]. The geometry of the MoS4 core is approximately tetrahedral, but the existence of three copper atoms with different coordination geometries leads to slightly distorted tetrahedral angles about molybdenum, varying from 108.17 to 113.11°. All atoms of the MoS4Cu3 core are arranged in three essentially planar four-membered rings having the central Mo atom as a common point [19 –21]. The S(1) and S(4) atoms are doubly bridging to molybdenum and copper centres, whereas the S(2) and S(3) atoms are triply bridging to molybdenum and two copper atoms each. The MoS bonds involving triply bridging S are longer (average value 2.255 A, ) than those for doubly bridging S (average value 2.188 A, ). The very acute angles about the sulfur atoms bridging Cu and Mo [ranging from 71.56(7) to 73.23(8)°], together with the short MoCu distances [ranging from 2.6180(12) to 2.6478(13) A, ] are suggestive of direct molybdenum –copper bonding interactions [Cu(I) (d10)Mo(VI) (d0) charge delocalization]. Although no definitive statement can be made about the existence of a metal –metal bond, the observed distances are consistent with strong attractive interaction between Cu and Mo atoms as expected when placing two metals with greatly different formal oxidation states Cu(I) and Mo(VI) in close proximity as they are in this cluster. Interestingly, the arrangement and co-ordination environment of Cu atoms in (1) are similar to those of blue copper proteins such as plastocyanin, which is

A. Beheshti et al. / Polyhedron 20 (2001) 179–183

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involved in electron transfer in photosynthesis. The Cu centre in poplar plastocyanin has a distorted arrangement and the donors are N of imidazol rings of two histidines, S of methionine and S of the thiol group of cystein. The arrangement about Cu involves three short bonds (average 2.09 A, ) in an almost planar trigonal geometry with a fourth, longer CuS bond (2.90 A, ), and the bond angles at Cu range from 85 to 132° [11]. In the light of these structural similarities, we consider that complex (1) can be considered as a synthetic model for copper proteins like mentioned above.

and air stability of these two complexes are similar, suggesting similar steric effects for CH3 and CF3 substituents on pyrazolyl rings. The CuN distances in (2) are also similar to those found for [{HB(3,5(CH3)2Pz)3}Cu]2 (1.986 A, ) [23]. The Cu(NN)2B ring in (2) adopts a characteristic boat conformation [22,23]. As a result, the endo hydrogens of BH2 moieties and the hydrogens of CH3 groups in the 3-positions partially shield the copper centre from below and above the CuN4 plane, as can be seen from Fig. 2.

3.4. NMR Studies 3.3. Crystal Structure of (Bp%)2Cu, (2) 1

A perspective view of (2) is shown in Fig. 2 and selected bond distances (A, ) and angles (°) are listed in Table 3. The complex (2) crystallises as discrete molecules with four nitrogen atoms coordinated to Cu(II) in a square planar arrangement with approximately equal NCuN angles (88.85 and 91.15°) and the copper atom resides on inversion centre. The molecular geometry and bond angles in (2) are comparable to those of [H2B(3,5-(CF3)2Pz]2)2Cu, (87.1 and 92.9°), but the CuN distances (1.9740 and 1.9786 A, ) are slightly shorter in (2) than in the fluorinated analogue (2.00 A, ) [22]. In addition to structural parameters, the solubility

H NMR studies at variable temperatures and 13C NMR at r.t. showed that the compound (1) in solution has fluxional behaviour even at − 90°C. This behaviour is often seen for polypyrazolyl borate complexes [23].

4. Supplementary material Crystallographic data for the structural analysis have been deposited with the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre, CCDC No. 143 989 for compound 1 and CCDC No. 143 988 for compound 2. Copies of this information may be obtained free of charge from The Director, CCDC, 12 Union Road, Cambridge CB2 1EZ, UK (fax: +44-1223-336-033; e-mail: [email protected] or www: http://www.ccdc. cam.ac.uk).

Acknowledgements We thank Mr H.R. Bijanzadeh from Tarbiat Modarres University for recording the NMR spectra. One of authors, M.H. Sadr is grateful to Tarbiat Moalem University (Tabriz) for their scholarship support, and W. Clegg thanks EPSRC (UK) for equipment funding.

References Fig. 2. Structure of [(Bz%)2Cu], (2), showing the numbering scheme. Table 3 Selected bond lengths (A, ) and angles (°) for (2) a CuN(1) N(1)N(2) N(2)B N(1)CuN(3) CuN(1)N(2) N(1)N(2)B N(2)BN(4)

1.9740(15) 1.3701(19) 1.555(2) 88.85(6) 116.94(11) 116.58(14) 106.75(15))

CuN(3) N(3)N(4) N(4)B N(1)CuN(3A) CuN(3)N(4) N(3)N(4)B

1.9786(14) 1.3711(19) 1.555(2) 91.15(6) 116.47(11) 116.90(14)

a Symmetry operation (inversion) for equivalent atoms: A 1−x, 1−y, 1−z.

[1] H.W. Hou, X.Q. Xin, S. Shi, Coord. Chem. Rev. 153 (1996) 25. [2] R.H. Holm, Chem. Soc. Rev. 10 (1981) 455 and references therein. [3] Y. Jeanin, F. Secheresse, S. Bernesa, F. Robert, Inorg. Chim. Acta 198– 200 (1992) 493. [4] W.S. Ferguson, A.H. Lewis, S.J. Walson, Nature 141 (1943) 553. [5] A. Mu¨ller, E. Diemann, R. Jostes, H. Blo¨gge, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 90 (1981) 934. [6] S. Trofimenko, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 89 (1967) 3170. [7] S. Trofimenko, Inorg. Chem. 1 (1970) 99. [8] S. Trofimenko, Chem. Rev. 93 (1993) 943. [9] (a) T. Kitajima, T. Koda, S. Hashimoto, T. Kitagawa, Y. Moro-oka, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 113 (1991) 5664. (b) R. Osterberg, Coord. Chem. Rev. 12 (1974) 309. (c) S. Trofimenko, Acc. Chem. Res. 4 (1971) 17.

A. Beheshti et al. / Polyhedron 20 (2001) 179–183 [10] (a) J.S. Thompson, T.J. Marks, J.A. Ibers, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 101 (1979) 4180. (b) R.E. Davis, T.A. Dodds, T.H. Hseu, J.C. Wagnon, T. Devon, J. Tancrede, J.S. McKennis, R. Pettit, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 96 (1974) 7565. [11] (a) A.G. Sykes, Adv. Inorg. Chem. 36 (1991) 377. (b) E.I. Solomon, K.W. Penfeild, D.E. W. Lcox, Struct. Bonding 53 (1983) 1. [12] F. Bonati, G. Minghetti, G. Banditelli, J. Organomet. Chem. 87 (1975) 365. [13] D.D. Perrin, W.L.F. Armarego, Purification of Laboratory Chemicals, third ed., Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1988. [14] (a) S. Trofimenko, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 89 (1976) 3170. (b) S. Trofimenko, Inorg. Synth. 12 (1970) 99. [15] J.W. McDonald, G.D. Friesen, L.D. Rosenhei, W.E. Newton, Inorg. Chim. Acta 72 (1983) 205.

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Synthesis and crystal structure of a copper(I)

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