SUPPORTING INFORMATION ‘Biogeography and diversification of the Pacific ant genus Lordomyrma Emery’ by Andrea Lucky and Eli M. Sarnat Journal of Biogeography

Appendix S1 Collection data sorted by taxon ID. Nomenclature follows Bolton et al. (2006), plus additional changes documented in Sarnat (2006), Shattuck & Barnett (2007), Lucky & Sarnat (2008) and Branstetter (2009). AU = Australia, CF. = Central African Republic, CN = China, CR = Costa Rica, JP = Japan, MG = Madagascar, MY = Malaysia, NC = New Caledonia, PG = Papua New Guinea, PH = Philippines, SB = Solomon Islands, US = United States. Taxon ID Ancyridris cf. polyrhachioides Calyptomyrmex kaurus

Collection ID

Collector

Locality

MJ2015

M. Janda

PG: Morobe Prov., Finisterre Mts.

BLF4130(9)

B.L. Fisher

Cyphoidris exalta

BLF 4000(49)

B.L. Fisher

Genus undet. PH03 Lordomyrma AU01 L. AU02 L. azumai

2.v.2004 AL305 PSW15656.08 EG09VIII07-11

L. cf. bhutanensis 01

CGY37

L. cf. bhutanensis 02

CGY37

L. curvata

EPE69.10

G.D. Alpert A. Lucky P.S. Ward K. Eguchi C. Griswold et al. C. Griswold et al. E.P. Economo

L. desupra

PSW 15766

P.S. Ward

L. epinotalis L. NC01 L. cf. caledonica L. cf. crawleyi L. PG01 L. PH01 L. PH02 L. polita A L. polita B L. reticulata L. rugosa L. sarasini L. stoneri L. striatella

EMS2610 JLB-TR31 EMS646 EMS823 EMS886 20.iii.2003 9.viii.2003 EMS1909 EMS2389 NBTC88S4-1D EMS2147 JLB-TR30 FJVL301_K10_01 EPE93.8

E.M. Sarnat J. LeBreton E.M. Sarnat E.M. Sarnat E.M. Sarnat G.D. Alpert G.D. Alpert E.M. Sarnat E.M. Sarnat N.B. Tawatao E.M. Sarnat J. LeBreton J.K. Wetterer E.P. Economo

CF.: Prefecture Sangha-Mbaéré: Parc National Dzanga-Ndoki CF.: Prefecture Sangha-Mbaéré: Parc National Dzanga-Ndoki PH: Mt. Isarog AU: QLD Smithfield AU: QLD Cairns JP: Mt. Oonogara-dake CN: Yunnan, Gaoligongshan, Shibali CN: Yunnan, Gaoligongshan, Shibali FJ: Vanua Levu,Drawa FJ: Viti Levu, 1.75km SE Waimoque Settlement SB: Makira I. NC: Tiebaghi NC: Planie des Lacs PG: Gulf Prov., 2km NW Wabo PG: Gulf Prov., 1 km SW Wabo PH: Panicuason PH: Naga City FJ: Koro I., Mt. Nabukula FJ: Vanua Levu, Mt. Vatudiri MY: Sabah, Borneo, Danum Valley FJ: Viti Levu, Tomanivi NC: Tiebaghi FJ: Viti Levu,Nakobalevu FJ: Beqa I.

L. sukuna A L. sukuna B L. sukuna C L. tortuosa A L. tortuosa B L. vanua L. vuda Mayriella ebbei Meranoplus cf. radamae Myrmecina graminicola Myrmica tahoensis

FJVL316_K03_01 FJVL334_K02_01 EMS2143 EMS2100 EMS2393 EPE62.08 EMS2335 PSW 13799

J.K. Wetterer J.K. Wetterer E.M. Sarnat E.M. Sarnat E.M. Sarnat E.P. Economo E.M. Sarnat P.S. Ward

FJ: Ovalau I., Draiba Vlg. FJ: Taveuni I., Qacavulo Pt. FJ: Viti Levu, Naqaranibuluti FJ: Koro I., Mt. Kuitarua FJ: Vanua Levu, Mt. Vatudiri FJ: Vanua Levu, Delaikoro FJ: Viti Levu, Koroyanitu AU: ACT Booroomba Rocks MG: Fianarantsoa: Forêt d'Atsirakambiaty

BLF 7226

B.L. Fisher

PSW 14658

P.S. Ward

JP: Hokkaido, Nopporo Forest

PSW 14767

P.S. Ward

Rogeria stigmatica

EMS1988

E.M. Sarnat

Stenamma expolitum Temnothorax rugatulus

BLF10429

B.L. Fisher

US: CA Alpine Co. Sonora Pass FJ: Cakaudrove, Vanua Levu, Mt. Navatadoi CR: Heredia, La Selva Biol. Sta.

PSW 14868

P.S. Ward

US: UT, American Fork Canyon

Vollenhovia emeryi

ANTC 4012

D.S. Kjar

US: District of Columbia, Georgetown University

Appendix S2 Models of sequence evolution for selected data partitions. Dataset

Data Partition

# Bases

Model

Ingroup

28S + ArgK + LW Rh + CAD

2489

SYM+I+G

––

28S

497

HKY+I

––

ArgK (exons only)

696

SYM+I

––

LW Rh

539

HKY+I+G

––

CD

757

HKY+I

––

LW Rh intron

81

K80

––

LW Rh exons

458

HKY+I+G

––

CD intron

207

HKY

––

CD exons

550

HKY+G

Outgroup

28S + ArgK + LW Rh

1732

GTR+I+G

––

28S

497

HKY+I+G

––

ArgK (exons only)

696

SYM+I+G

––

LW Rh

539

HKY+I+G

––

LW Rh intron

81

K80+G

––

LW Rh exons

458

HKY+I+G

Appendix S3 Primers used for sequencing ArgK(AK), 28S rDNA (28S), LW Rh (LR) and CAD (CD). Coordinates for 28S are based on Drosophila melanogaster, GenBank sequence M21017. All others are based on Apis mellifera, from GenBank sequences XM_393888 (CD), U26026 (LR) and AF023619 (AK). Coordinates in AK begin at the start of the coding sequence. Sources: A = Belshaw & Quicke, 1997; B = P. S. Ward, UC Davis, pers. comm.; C = Ward et al., in press, D = this study, E = Ward & Downie, 2005. Primer

Primer sequence

Coordinates

Source

28S3665F

AGA GAG AGT TCA AGA GTA CGT G (22-mer)

3665–3686

A

28S4068R

TTG GTC CGT GTT TCA AGA CGG G (22-mer)

4068–4047

A

AK1F5

ATG GTT GAY GCY GCH GTT YTN GAY AA (26-mer)

1–26

B

AK244F

GAY CCC ATY ATY GAC GAY TAY CA (23-mer)

244–266

C

AK308R

AA RTC YTT KGG CGG RTG YTT RTC (23-mer)

308–286

B

AK346EF

AG GGT GAR TAC ATC GTR TCH ACT CG (25-mer)

~346–368

C

AK392R

TC CAA RGA GCG RCC GCA TC (19-mer)

392–374

C

AK4F2

GTT GAY GCY GCY GTT YTG GAY AA (23-mer)

4–26

C

AK720ER

AC CTG YCC RAG RTC ACC RCC CAT (23-mer)

~720–700

C

CD1258F

CAG GCS GGA GAR TTY GAY TAY TCR GG (26-mer)

1258–1283

B

CD1276F

TAY TCR GGY TCG CAR GCS ATH AAR GC (26-mer)

1276–1301

B

CD1316R

GA YTC YTC YTT YAR YGC YTT DAT SGC (26-mer)

1316–1291

B

CD1491R

GCC GCA RTT NAG RGC RGT YTG YCC (24-mer)

1491–1468

C

CD852EF

ACAG T TAY GGN AAT CGY GGH CAY AA (26-mer)

~852–872

B

CD892F

GGY ACC GGR CGT TGY TAY ATG AC (23-mer)

892–914

C

CD915F

C TCG CAG AAT CAY GGA TTT TGY GT (24bp)

915–938

D

LR143F

GAC AAA GTK CCA CCR GAR ATG CT (23-mer)

143–165

E

LR639ER

YTTAC CG RTT CCA TCC RAA CA (21-mer)

~639–624

E

Appendix S4 GenBank accession numbers for DNA sequences. Sequences followed by symbols were published previously: (*) = Brady et al., 2006, (†) = Branstetter (2009) and (♦) = Ward & Downie, 2005. Taxon ID Ancyridris cf. polyrhachioides Calyptomyrmex kaurus Cyphoidris exalta Genus undet. PH03 Lordomyrma AU01 L. AU02 L. azumai L. cf. bhutanensis 01 L. cf. bhutanensis 02 L. curvata L. desupra L. epinotalis L. NC01 L. cf. caledonica L. cf. crawleyi L. PG01 L. PH01 L. PH02 L. polita A L. polita B L. reticulata L. rugosa L. sarasini L. stoneri L. striatella L. sukuna A L. sukuna B L. sukuna C L. tortuosa A L. tortuosa B L. vanua L. vuda Mayriella ebbei Meranoplus cf. radamae Myrmecina graminicola Myrmica tahoensis Rogeria stigmatica Stenamma expolitum Temnothorax rugatulus Vollenhovia emeryi

ID #: 28S GU085729 GU085728 GQ410999† GU085754 GU085747 GU085730 GU085753 GQ411005† GQ411002† GU085742 GQ411000† GQ411001† GU085748 GU085749 GU085744 GU085745 GU085750 GU085751 GU085741 GU085740 GU085752 GU085743 GU085746 GU085739 GU085738 GU085737 GU085736 GU085735 GU085734 GU085733 GU085732 GU085731 EF013007 * EF013008 * EF013015 * AY703562 ♦ GU085755 GQ411003† EF013070 * EF013077 *

ID #: AK GU085756 GU085757 GU085758 GU085759 GU085760 GU085761 GU085762 GU085763 GU085764 GU085765 GU085766 GU085767 GU085768 GU085769 GU085770 GU085771 GU085772 GU085773 GU085774 GU085775 GU085776 GU085777 GU085778 GU085779 GU085780 GU085781 GU085782 GU085783 GU085784 GU085785 GU085786 GU085787 GU085788 GU085789 GU085790 GU085791 GU085792 GU085793 GU085794 GU085795

ID #: LR GU075819 GU075846 GQ411015† GU075844 GU075837 GU075820 GU075843 GQ411009† GQ411008† GU075832 GQ411016† GQ411014† GU075838 GU075839 GU075834 GU075835 GU075840 GU075841 GU075831 GU075830 GU075842 GU075833 GU075836 GU075829 GU075828 GU075827 GU075826 GU075825 GU075824 GU075823 GU075822 GU075821 EF013587 * EF013588 * EF013595 * AY703763 ♦ GU075845 GQ411011† EF013650 * EF013657 *

ID #: CD GU085796 N/A GU085797 GU085798 GU085799 GU085800 GU085801 GU085802 GU085803 GU085804 GU085805 GU085806 GU085807 GU085808 GU085809 GU085810 GU085811 GU085812 GU085813 GU085814 GU085815 GU085816 GU085817 GU085818 GU085819 GU085820 GU085821 GU085822 GU085823 GU085824 GU085825 GU085826 N/A N/A N/A GU085827 GU085828 N/A N/A N/A

References Belshaw, R. & Quicke, D.L.J. (1997) A molecular phylogeny of the aphidiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 7, 281-293. Bolton, B., Alpert, G., Ward, P.S. & Naskrecki, P. (2006) Bolton's catalogue of ants of the world: 1758-2005. CD-ROM. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. Brady, S.G., Schultz, T.R., Fisher, B.L. & Ward, P.S. (2006) Evaluating alternative hypotheses for the early evolution and diversification of ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 103, 18172-18177. Branstetter, M.G. (2009) The ant genus Stenamma Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) redefined, with a description of a new genus Propodilobus. Zootaxa, 2221, 41-57. Lucky, A. & Sarnat, E.M. (2008) New species of Lordomyrma (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Southeast Asia and Fiji. Zootaxa, 1681, 37-46. Sarnat, E.M. (2006) Lordomyrma (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Fiji Islands. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers, 90, 9-42. Shattuck, S.O. & Barnett, N. (2007) Revision of the ant genus Mayriella (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 80, 437-458. Ward, P.S., Brady, S.G., Fisher, B.L. & Schultz, T.R. (in press) Phylogeny and biogeography of dolichoderine ants: effects of data partitioning and relict taxa on historical inference. Systematic Biology. Ward, P.S. & Downie, D.A. (2005) The ant subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): phylogeny and evolution of big-eyed arboreal ants. Systematic Entomology, 30, 310-335.

Supplementary Online Material

Branstetter, M.G. (2009) The ant genus Stenamma Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) redefined, with a description of a new genus Propodilobus. Zootaxa,.

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