sa{SnIv tafþ2014-þ15 FÂ.-]n.-Xew

kÀÆ-in£ A`n-bm³ þtI-cfw

sa{SnIv taf FÂ.-]n.-Xew kÀÆ-in£ A`n-bm³ ImkÀtIm-Sv, KWnX ]T-\-¯n kwØm-\-¯n\v amXr-IbmIpw hn[w sshhn-[yhpw \qX-\-hp-amb {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä Ignª hÀj-§-fn GsäSp¯p \S-¯n-bn-«p--v. 2008se ]mTy-]-²Xn ]cn-jvI-c-W-¯n \memw ¢mknse ]mT-]pkvI-¯n CSw t\Snb XWÂþ KWn-X-k-l-]-T-\-Iym-¼v, Iem-Pm-Y-IÄ, At\z-jW s{]mP-IvSp-IÄ, hnjz amXvkv, sFþ-amXvkv XpS-§nb {]hÀ¯\ ]²-Xn-IÄ AXn NneXpam-{Xw.

2014-þ15 hÀj-¯n Fkv.-F-kv.F tIcfw, teWn§v F³lm³kvsaâ v taJ-ebn FÂ.]n hn`m-K¯ - n sa{SnIv taf kwL-Sn-¸n-¡m-\pÅ {]hÀ¯-\§ - Ä¡v t\XrXzw \ÂIm³ ImkÀtKmUv PnÃ-sb-bmWv Npa-X-e-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. PnÃ-bnse {]K-Ûcmb KWnX A[ym-]-I-cpsS Iq«m-bva-bn sa{Sn-¡vta-f-bpsS {]hÀ¯\ ]²Xn ka-{Kam-bn-¯s¶ ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡m³ PnÃbv¡v km[n-¨p. ImkÀtImSv PnÃ-bnse 3, 4 ¢mkp-If - n KWnX ]T-\¯ - n \ne-\n¡p¶ lmÀUvkvt]m«p-IÄ ]cn-lc - n-¡m-\p-XI - p¶ Xc-¯n sa{SnIv Af-hp-IÄ, A\p-`h - ] - c - n-]m-Sn-If - m¡n amäpI-bmWv sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. PnÃ-IÄ¡v Bh-iym-\p-k-cWw Iq«n-tNÀ¡-ep-IÄ \S¯n sa{SnIv taf kwLSn-¸n-¡m-\pÅ hg-¡hpw {]hÀ¯\ ]cn-]m-Sn-bn Dd-¸m-¡n-bn-«p--v.

sa{Sn¡v taf-bpsS {]kàn

Xm³ Pohn-¡p¶ Npäp-]m-Sns\ ASp-¯-dn-bm\pw kaq-l-¯nsâ `mK-ambn Pohn¡p-hm\pw Hcmsf {]m]vX-\m-¡p-¶-Xn KWn-X-]-T-\-¯n\v/ henb {]m[m-\y-ap--v. X\n¡v Npäp-apÅ temIs¯ KWn-X-]-c-ambn t\m¡n ImWm³ Ign-bpI F¶Xv Ip«n t\tS- p ¶ KWn- X - t i- j n- b m- W v . ]cn-Nn-X-amb Hcp Imcy-s¯, kw`-hs¯ AYhm kz´w A\p-`-h-§sf KWn-X-]-cambn hnh-cn-¡m³ HcmÄ¡v Ign-bp-t¼m-gmWv t{imXm-hn\v ]qÀW AÀ°-¯n AXv a\-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-I. Hcp {]iv\s¯ KWn-X-]-c-ambn hnh-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ, Asæn Nn{Xo-I-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ Bh-iy-amb Kuc-h-¯n {]iv\s¯ kao-]n-¡m³ Ign-bpw. ASn-Øm\ KWn-Xt- ijn aäv KWnX {]{In-bm-ti-jn-IÄ, KWn-Xm-ib cq]o-Ic - W - w, \nXyPo-hn-X-¯nse {]mtbm-KnI KWnX {]iv\-§Ä \nÀ[m-cWw sN¿m-\pÅ Ignhv XpS-§nbh ss{]a-dn-X-e-¯n KWn-X-]-T-\-¯nsâ e£y-§-fmbn \nÀh-Nn¨n«p--v. \ofw, `mcw, kabw XpS-§nb sa{SnIv Af-hp-IÄ ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sm\pw {]tbm-Kn-¡m\p-apÅ Ht«sd A\p-`-h-§Ä Ip«n¡v \nXy-Po-hn-X-¯n \n¶pw e`n-¡p-¶p--v. PymanXn, DÅ-f-hv, cq]/ Id³kn F¶nh kw_-Ôn¨ A\p-`-h-§fpw kzm`m-hn-I-am-bn-¯s¶ Ip«n¡v ap¶n-se-¯p-¶p. ta kqNn-¸n¨ taJ-e-I-fnse Bi-bcq]o-I-c-Ww, D]-I-c-W§Ä ssIImcyw sN¿m-\pÅ Ignhv, {]iv\\ - nÀ[m-cW - t- ijn F¶nh kwJym-t_m-[hpw {Inb-Ifpw F¶ taJ-e-bn-te-Xn-s\-¡mÄ efn-X-ambn Ip«n-IÄ¡-\p-`-h-s¸-Sp¶p F¶Xv bYmÀ°y-am-Wv. kwJy, kwJy-IÄ D]-tbm-Kn-¨pÅ hnhn[ {Inb-IÄ F¶nh ]Tn-Xm-hns\ kw_Ôn-t¨-S-t¯mfw AaqÀ¯-ambn \ne-\n¡p-¶p. \ofw, `mcw, ka-bw, DÅ-f-hv, Id³kn, PymanXn F¶n-h-sbms¡ kwJy-Isf aqÀ¯-ambn Ip«n¡v ap¶n Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡m-\pÅ kt¦-X-§-fm-Wv. Ip«n-IÄ¡v Xmc-Xt- ays\efn-Xa - mb KWn-Xm-ib - § - s - fbpw, KWn-Xt- a-Je - I - s - fbpw Iq«p-]n-Sn¨v {]bmkw t\cn-Sp¶ {Inb-IÄ, {]tbm-Kn-I-{]-iv\-§Ä XpS-§nb taJ-e-Ifnse Bi-bc - q-]o-Ic - W - hpw {]{In-bm-ti-jn-hn-Ik - \ - hpw km[y-am-¡pI F¶-XmWv sa{SnIv taf e£y-an-Sp-¶-Xv.

sa{SnIv taf {]hÀ¯\ hni-Zmwiw

teWn§v F³lm³kvsaâ v t{]m{Kmw (FÂ.-C.-]n)-bn 2014-þ15 hÀj-¯nse temhÀ ss{]adn hn`m-K-¯nse {][m-\-s¸« C\-amWv sa{SnIv taf. Dt±-iy-§Ä: tsa{SnIv Af-hp-I-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v 3,4 ¢mkp-I-fn Ip«n-IÄ t\tS--p¶ Bib-§Ä, ]T-\-t\-«-§Ä F¶nh BÀÖn-¡p-¶-Xn-\v. t\nXy-Pn-hn-X-¯n Ip«n-IÄ ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ sa{Sn¡v Af-hp-I-fp-ambn _Ôs¸« A\p-`-h-§sf {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp¯n KWn-X-¯nse aäp-ta-J-e-I-fnse Bi-bcq-]o-I-cWw ^e-{]-Z-am-¡p-I. tsa{SnIv Af-hp-I-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v D]-I-c-W-§Ä \nÀ½n-¡m\pw ssIImcyw sN¿p-hm-\p-apÅ tijn Dd-¸m-¡Â. ttemhÀ ss{]a-dn-bnse KWn-X-aq-e, _pÅ-än³ t_mÀUp-IÄ F¶nh ^e-{]-Zambn kÖo-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-ambn _Ô-s¸« {]mtbm-KnI [mcW hnI-kn-¸n-¡p-I. tkwL-{]-hÀ¯-\§ - Ä, Ifn-IÄ F¶n-hb - psS km[yX {]tbm-P\ - s - ¸-Sp¯n KWnX hnj-b-¯n {]bmkw t\cn-Sp¶ Ip«n-IÄ¡v ssI¯m§v Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯p-I. tKWn-X-{]-{In-bm-ti-jn-IÄ¡v Du¶Â \ÂIp¶ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä Hcp-¡pI hgn \nXy-Po-hn-X-¯n KWn-X-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸« {]iv\ ]cn-l-c-W-tijn hfÀ¯p-I, {]iv\-\nÀ[m-c-W-¯nsâ hyXy-kvX-h-gn-IÄ t_m[y-s¸-Sp-I. tKWnX ]T-\-¯n XmÂ]cyw P\n-¸n¨psIm-v KWnXw Bbm-k-c-ln-Xhpw Bkzm-Zy-I-c-hp-am¡n amäp-I.

{]hÀ¯\ cq]-tcJ 3, 4 ¢mkp-I-fnse sa{SnIv Af-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸« ¢mkv dqw {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä {]{In-bm-_Ôn-X-ambn ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡n-b-Xn\v tij-amWv sa{SnIv Af-hp-I-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸« samUyqfp- I Ä Ah- X - c n- ¸ n- t ¡- - X v . t kne-_kv {KnUv, bqWnäv s{^bnw, F¨v.-_n, Sn._n F¶nh hni-I-e\w sNbvXXnsâ ASn-Øm-\-¯n \mev taI-e-I-fmWv sa{SnIv taf-bpsS ]cn-[n-bn DÄs¸-Sp¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. (\o-fw, `mcw, DÅ-f-hv, ka-bw) t \mWbw/ Id-³kn F¶nh D]-tbm-Kn-¡m\pw {Inb sN¿m-\p-apÅ Ah-k-c-§Ä ta kqNn-¸n¨ taJ-e-I-fn \ÂIn-bn-«p--v. t aq¶mw-¢m-knse bqWn-äp-I-fmb cq]-§Ä tNcp-t¼mÄ(4),-t\-chpw Ime-hpw(6),-Af-¶p-t\m-¡mw(8),-`mcw Adnbmw(9) F¶n-hbpw \memw-¢m-knse B\bpw Ddp-¼pw(2),]-e-Xp-f-fn-s¸-cp-sh-Åw(3),\mw \mSn\pw \mSv \ap-¡pw(4),-ap-¯Èn ]d-ªXpw Rm³ Adn-ªXpw(6) F¶o bqWn-äp-Isf B[m-c-am-¡n-bmWv sa{Sn¡v taf-bpsS {]hÀ¯\-§Ä \nÝ-bn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. t sa{SnIv {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä kwL-Sn-¸n-¡m-\m-h-iy-amb kma-{Kn-IÄ hnZym-e-b-¯n inÂ]-im-e-bn-eqsS \nÀ½n-¡-Ww. A\n-hm-cy-amb Nn{X-§Ä, kma-{Kn-IÄ F¶nh _n.-BÀ.-kn-IÄ hnZym-e-b-¯n\v hnX-cWw sN¿-Ww. \ofw, `mcw F¶o taJ-e-I-fpambn _Ô-s¸« kma-{Kn-IÄ aq¶mw-X-c-¯n-sâbpw, kabw, DÅ-f-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸« kma-{Kn-IÄ \memw Xc-¯n-sâbpw t\Xr-Xz-¯n \nÀ½n-¡-Ww. sa{Sn-Iv Zn-\-¯n ]c-kv]cw ssIamdn {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯m³ {i²n-¡-Ww. inÂ]-im-e-bn ¢mk-[ym]n-I, Ìm^v F¶n-hÀs¡m¸w \nÝnX ¢mknse Ip«n-IÄ, Ah-cpsS c£n-Xm-¡Ä F¶n-h-sc-¡qSn \nÀ_-Ô-ambpw ]s¦-Sp-¸n-¡-Ww. t \ofw, `mcw, DÅ-f-hv, kabw F¶n-h-bp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v \mev shtÆsd {]hÀ¯\ samUyq-fp-I-fmWv X¿m-dm-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. aq¶v, \mev ¢mkp-I-fn \nÝnX taJ-ebp-ambn _Ô-s¸« ]mT-`mKw ]qÀ¯n-bm-b-Xn\v tijw aq¶v aWn-¡qÀ ssZÀLy-apÅ sa{Sn¡v {]hÀ¯\w kwL-Sn-¸n-¡-Ww. t 3 aWn-¡qÀ ssZÀLy-apÅ Cu {]hÀ¯\ samUyqÄ Htc kabw Bi-b-cq-]o-I-cW-¯n\v XSkw t\cn« ]Tn-Xm-¡Ä¡pÅ ]cn-lm-c-{]-hÀ¯-\-ambpw Ip«n-Isf hnebn-cp¯n t{KUv sN¿p-¶X - n-\pÅ bqWnäv Xe Ak-kvsaân\mbpw A[ym-]nI {]tbmP-\-s¸-Sp-¯-Ww. t {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡n-S-bn A\n-hm-cy-ambn \ÂtI--p¶ hyàn-KX hÀ¡vjo-äpIÄ kvIqÄX-e¯ - ntem kvt]m¬kÀjn-¸n-eqsStbm Dd-¸m-¡p-¶Xv DNn-Xa - m-bn-cn-¡pw.

t sa{SnIv taf-bn aq¶v, \mev ¢mknse apgp-h³ Ip«n-Ifpw ]s¦-Sp-¡p-¶p-s- ¦nepw H¶mw ]mZ-aq-ey-\nÀW-b-¯n sa{SnIv Af-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v tNmZy-§Ä¡v kn, Un t{KUv e`n¨ Ip«n-Is - f-bmWv Cu {]hÀ¯-\§ - f - n-eqsS hnZym-ebw e£yw sht¡- Xv. kvIqÄ Xe-¯n SmÀPäv {Kq¸ns\ \nÝ-bn-¡p-¶-Xp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v tNmZy-hni-I-e\w \S-¯mw. t 3 aWn-¡qÀ ssZÀLy-apÅ 4 sa{SnIv {]hÀ¯-\-samUyq-fpIÄ ¢mkvX-e-¯n kwL-Sn-¸n-¨-Xn\v tij-amWv hnZym-e-b-¯n sa{SnIv Iym¼v kwL-Sn-¸n-t¡-- Xv. sa{SnIv Iym¼v F¶Xv Ip«n-IÄ¡pÅ GI-Zn\ KWnX {]hÀ¯-\amWv .{]hÀ¯-\k-abw \jvS-s¸-SmsX Xs¶ aq¶v, \mev ¢mkp-I-fnse Ip«n-IÄ¡m-bpÅ sa{SnIv Iym¼v kwL-Sn-¸n-¡m³ {i²n-¡-Ww. t sa{SnIv Iym¼v Cu ]²-Xn-bpsS t]mÌv sSÌmWv. \mev sa{SnIv Af-hp-I-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸« [mc-W-IÄ {]tbm-Kn-¡m-\p-XIpw hn[w {]hÀ¯-\m-[n-jvTn-X-ambn Ifn-Ifn-eq-sS-bmWv sa{SnIv Iym¼nsâ samUyqÄ X¿m-dm-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. {]hÀ¯-\-¯n\n-Sb - n Ip«n-IÄ ]qcn-¸n-¡p¶ hÀ¡v joäp-IÄ tiJcn¡p-Ibpw hne-bn-cp¯n hyànK-X-ambn t{KUv \ÂIp-Ibpw thWw. t {]nþsSÌv t{KUv, sa{SnIv Iym¼v {]hÀ¯-\-t{KUv F¶nh Xmc-Xayw sNbvXv ]²Xn-bpsS ^oUv_m¡v tiJ-cn¨v hnZym-ebw _n.-BÀ.-kn¡v ssIam-d-Ww. _n.-BÀ.-knIÄ Ch t{ImUo-I-cn¨v dnt¸mÀ«v klnXw PnÃbv¡v ^oUv_m¡v Ipdn¸v X¿m-dm¡n \ÂI-Ww. t hÀjm-´y-¯n \S-¡p¶ kvIqÄ anIhv ]cn-]m-Sn-bn sa{SnIv ÌmÄ Hcp¡n hnZymebw \nÀ½n-¨Xpw, tiJ-cn-¨-Xp-amb apgp-h³ kma-{KnI-fpsSbpw {]ZÀi\w kwL-Sn¸n-¡W - w. t sa-{SnIv taf-bp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v \S¶ ]cn-]m-Sn-IÄ IrXy-ambn tUmIyp-saâ v sNbvXv XÕ-abw hnZym-eb t»mKn {]kn-²o-I-cn-¡m-\pw, t{]m{Km-an-s\m-Sp-hn cN-\- tUm-Iyp-satâ-j³ _n.-BÀ.-kn-bn G¸n-¡p-Ibpw thWw.

sa{SnIv taf-þ-{]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä \¼À 1

{]hÀ¯-\-§Ä sa{SnIv taf hnj³ cq]o-I-cWw

2. 3.

Ime-b-fhv

Npa-Xe

2014 BKkvXv

Fkv.-Fkv.F ImkÀtImUv

{]hÀ¯-\-]-cn-]m-Sn-IÄ X¿m-dm-¡Â

2014 BKkvXv

Fkv.-Fkv.F ImkÀtImUv

PnÃm-Xe ]cn-io-e\w

2014 sk]väw-_À

PnÃm dntkmgvkv {Kq¸v

4.

D]-Pn-Ãm-Xe/ _n.-BÀ.kn ]cn-io-e\w

2014 sk]väw-_À

5.

kvIqÄ Xe sa{SnIv inÂ]-ime

aq¶v, \mev \nÝnX bqWnän\v tijw

kvIqÄ Fkv.-BÀ.Pn kn.-]n.-Sn.F

kvIqÄ-þ-sa-{SnIv Zn\-§Ä ({]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä) aq¶v, \mev \nÝnX bqWnän\v tijw

kvIqÄ Fkv.-BÀ.Pn kn.-]n.-Sn.F

6. 7.-

sa-{SnIv þ GI-Zn\ ]cn-io-e\w

s^{_p-hcn c-mw-hmcw

8.

kvIqÄ Xe sa{SnIv sU (A-k-kvsaâ v)

s^{_p-hcn Ah-km\ BgvN

9.

]©m-b¯v Xe sa{SnIv taf

2015amˬvB-Zy-hm-cw

10.

anI-hv-þ-sa-{SnIv {]ZÀi\w

2015 amÀ¨v (G-{]nÂ)

t»m¡v dntkmgvkv skâÀ

_n.-BÀ.kn kvIqÄ Fkv.-BÀ.Pn kn.-]n.-Sn.F _n.-BÀ.kn hnZym-ebw

kÀÆ-in£ A`n-bm³ þtI-cfw sa{Sn-¡Â sUþ2014-þ15 `mcw {]hÀ¯\ samUyqÄ \nXy Pohn-X-¯nsâ `mK-amWv sa{SnIv Af-hp-IÄ. sa{SnIv Af-hp-I-fn Gähpw {][m\-s¸« H¶mWv `mcw. ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X¯ - n km[-\§ - Ä hm§p-t¼mgpw hn¡p-t¼mgpw Btcm-Ky-{]-iv\-§Ä NÀ¨-sN-¿p-t¼mgpw `mcw Hcp Ahn-`m-Py-L-S-I-am-Wv. AXp-sIm--pXs¶ Ip«n-IÄ¡pw `mc-§Ä Duln-¨p-]-d-bm\pw icn-bmb Af-hp-Xq¡ D]-I-c-W-§Ä D]-tbm-Kn¨v `mc-§Ä Xq¡n t\m¡m\pw {]mtbm-KnI Pohn-X-¯nse `mc-hp-ambn _Ôs¸« {]iv\-§Ä A]-{K-Yn-¡m\pw ]cn-l-cn-¡m\pw Ign-tb-- Xp--v. ]mT-]p-kvX-I-¯nse {]hÀ¯-\-§-tfm-sSm¸w IqSp-X km[y-X-IÄ Hcp-¡p-I-bmWv C¯cw sa{SnIv tafIfneqsS sN¿p-¶-Xv. {]hÀ¯-\w-þ1 _mKn\v `mcw IqSp-Xtem? Bibw: hyXykvX hkvXp-¡-fpsS `mcw IrXy-ambn Af¶pIs--¯p-¶p. hyXykvX `mc-§sf Xmc-Xayw sN¿p-¶p. kabw: 1 1/2 aWn-¡qÀ kma-{Kn-IÄ: thbnwKv sajo³ {]hÀ¯\hni-Zmwiw aq¶mw-X-c-¯nse sIm¨p-an-Sp-¡n-bmWv A\p. ¢mkn IY-]-d-bm\pw ]m«p-]m-Sm\p-sams¡ F¶pw ap¶n \n¡p-¶Xv A\p-hm-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m Cubn-sS-bmbn A\phn\v ]T-\m-Im-cy-§-fn th-{X {i²-bn-Ã. CS-¡nsS kvIqfn hcm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶p. Ft¸mgpw NpaÂth-Z-\bpw ]pdw thZ-\-bp-am-Wv. Aѳ A\p-hn-s\bpw Iq«n tUmIvSsd ImWm³ t]mbn. tUmIvSÀ A\-hns\ ]cn-tim-[n-¨p. Fhn-sS-sbm-s¡-bmWv thZ-\?. tUmIvSÀ tNmZn¨p. A\p thZ-\-bpÅ Øe-§Ä sXm«p-Im-Wn-¨p. _mKmWv hnó-þ-tUm-IvSÀ ]d-ªp. sNdnb Ip«n-IÄ IqSp-X `mc-apÅ _mKv Xq¡p-¶-Xn-\memWv C§s\ thZ-\bp--m-Ip¶Xv . AXn-\m _mKnsâ `mcw Ipd-¡-Ww. A\p-hn-s\-t¸mse \n§fpw `mcw IqSnb _mKv Npa-en Xq¡n-bmtWm kvIqfn hcp-¶-Xv? \n§-tfm-tcm-cp-¯-cp-sSbpw _mKnsâ Xq¡w F{X-bp--mIpw? F§s\ I- p - ] n- S n¡pw? \n§Ä Ft¸m-sg-¦nepw kz´w-`mcw t\m¡n-bn-«pt-m? GXn-emWv `mcw t\m¡n-bXv? Ip«n-IÄ¡v ]d-bm-\-h-k-cw-þ-sh-bnwKv sajo³ F¶ [mcW cq]o-I-cn-¡Â.

So¨À ¢mkn shbnwKv sajo³ sIm-p-h-cp-¶p. FÃm-h-cpsS Xq¡hpw _mKnsâ Xq¡hpw \½Ä Is--¯m³ t]mhp-I-bm-Wv. Ip«n-Isf 5 t]À hoX-apÅ {Kq¸p-I-fm-¡p-¶p. Hmtcm {Kq¸n-sebpw FÃm Ip«n-Ifpw Ah-c-h-cpsS _mKpw Npa-en Xq¡n shbnwKv sajo-\n Ibdn \n¶v Xq¡w Is--¯p-¶p. AXn-\ptijw _mKv amän Ip«n-IÄ am{Xw \n¶pw Xq¡w Is--¯p-¶p. (In-tem{Kmw am{Xw aXn) _mKpw Ip«nbpw tNÀ¶pÅ `mcw ImWp-t¼mgpw Ip«n-bpsS `mcw ImWp-t¼mgpw Xmsg \ÂInb hÀ¡vjo-än {Kq¸nse FÃm Ip«n-Ifpw c-v `mc-§fpw tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯-Ww. AXn-\mbn `mcw ImWm³ XpS-§p-¶-Xn\v ap¼p-Xs¶ hÀ¡vjo-äp-IÄ Ip«n-IÄ¡v \ÂIWw. hÀ¡vjo-ävþ- 1 _mKnsâ `mcw

{Ia \¼À ♦ ♦

t]cv

Ip«nbpw _mKpw tNÀ¶pÅ `mcw

Ip«n-bpsS `mcw

_mKnsâ `mcw

IqSp-X `mc-apÅ _mKv D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xmcv? Ipdhv `mc-apÅ _mKv D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶tXm? So¨-tdmSv þ Ip«n-I-fpsS `mcw ]n¶oSv hyàn-KX s{]mss^-en tNÀ¡-Ww. ♦ C\n _mKnsâ `mcw Is- - ¯ m- a tÃm? hyàn-K-X-ambn FÃm-hcpw _mKp-I-fpsS `mcw Is--¯p-¶p. _mKp-I-fpsS `mcw Is--¯nb tijw hÀ¡vjo-änsâ Xmsg \ÂInb IqSp-X `mcapÅ _mKv D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ Ip«n-sbbpw Ipdhv `mcapÅ _mKv D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ Ip«nsbbpw Is- - ¯ p- ¶ p. hyàn-KX {]hÀ¯-\-¯n\v tijw {Kq¸p-I-fn ]¦p-sh¨v Is--¯nb Imcy-§Ä icnbm-sW¶v Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯-Ww. So¨À Bh-iy-amb klm-b-§Ä \ÂI-Ww. Hmtcm {Kq¸pw Ah-cpsS IqSn-b-`m-chpw Ipdª `mchpw ]¦p-sh¨v ¢mknse IqSnb `mcapÅ _mKpw Ipdª `mc-apÅ _mKpw Is--¯p-¶p. F¨v.-_n-bn Fgp-Xp-¶p. Bibw: `mc-¯nsâ bqWn-äp-IÄ X½n-epÅ ]c-kv]-c-_Ôw Is--¯p-¶p. (In.-{Kmw, {Kmw) {Xmkv D]-tbm-Kn¨v `mcw IrXy-ambn Af-¶p-I-s- ¯p-¶p. `mchp-ambn _Ô-s¸« {]mtbm-KnI {]iv\-§Ä \nÀ²m-cWw sN¿p-¶p. kma-{Kn-IÄ: {Xmkv, Xq¡-¡-«-IÄ (50 {Kmw, 100-{Kmw, 200-{Kmw, 500-{Kmw, 1 In.-{Kmw) kabw: 2 1/2 aWn-¡qÀ

{]hÀ¯\ hni-Zmwiw FÃm-hcpw _mKp-I-fpsS `mcw Is--¯n-btÃm? A\p-hn-t\mSv tUmIvSÀ ]d-ªXv HmÀ½bntÃ? \½Ä D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ kvIqÄ _mKnsâ `mcw Ipd-¡-Ww. F§s\ Ipd¡mw? AXn-\mbn Fs´ms¡ sN¿mw? ♦ \n§-fpsS kvIqÄ _mKn Fs´ms¡ km[-\-§-fmWv DÅXv? ]pkvI-§Ä hm«À t_m«n t¹äv/ Sn^n³ t_mIvkv Ip«n-IÄ ]d-bp-t¼mÄ _n.-_n-bn Fgp-XWw C³kv{Sp-saâ v t_mIv k v , hm«À t_m«n F¶o km[- \ - § - f psS Xq¡w Is- - t ¯t- ? F§s\ Is-¯pw? ♦ Cu shbnwKv sajo- \ n sh¨v Is- - ¯ mtam? So¨-tdmSv: (t¹äv shbnwKv sajo-\n sh¨v t\m¡-Ww. IrXy-ambn `mcw ]d-bm³ Ign-bp¶nà F¶v Ip«n-IÄ Xncn-¨-dn-b-Ww.) ♦ F¦n atäXv D]-I-c-W-amWv D]-tbm-Kn-¡pI? {Xmkv ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. IqSmsX {Xmkn `mcw ImWm³ D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ 50-{Kmw, 100-{Kmw, 200-{Kmw, 500-{Kmw, 1 In.{Kmw Xq¡-¡-«-Ifpw ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. {Xmkn km[-\-§Ä Xq¡n-hm-§nb A\p-`-h-§Ä ]d-bn-¡mw. Xq¡-¡-«n-IÄ FSp¯v t\m¡n `mcw IqSn-b-hbpw Ipd-ª-hbpw ]cn-N-b-s¸-Smw. Xq¡-¡-«-I-fpsS ]pd¯v Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-¡p¶ Af-hp-Ifpw ]cn-N-b-s¸-S-Ww. ♦ IqSp-X `mcw GXv Xq¡-¡-«¡v? ♦ Ipdhv `mcw GXv Xq¡-¡-«¡v? 1000{Kmw BWv 1 In.{Kmw F¶ Bi-bhpw sNdnb Xq¡-¡-«-IÄ F§-s\-sbÃmw tNÀ¶m 1 In.{Kmw In«p- s a¶pw DÅ Bibw Ip«n cq]o- I - c n- t ¡- - X p- - v . AXn-\mbn Cu hÀ¡vjoäv D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯-Ww. hÀ¡vjo-äv-þ2 1In.{Kmw F¶mÂ? Nn{X-kq-N\ 1 In.{Kmw I«-þ-Xq-¡-¡-«-bpsS Nn{Xw Xs¶ \ÂI-Ww. aäv Xq¡-I«IÄ hÀ¡vjo-än Ahn-sS-hnsS hc-¡-Ww, 100 {Kmansâ þI-«-IÄ, 50 {Kmansâ I«-IÄ 200 {Kmansâ I«-IÄ 1 In.-{Kmw, 50 {Kmansâ þI-«-IÄ 200 {Kmansâ I«-IÄ, 100 {Kmansâ þI-«-IÄ 100 {Kmansâ þI-«-IÄ, 200 {Kmansâ 3 I«-IÄ 500 {Kmansâ 1 I«, 200 {Kman-sâþ I« 100 {Kman-sâþ I«

F¦n Cu I«-IÄ D]-tbm-Kn¨v 2 In.{Kmw Xq¡n-sb-Sp-¡p¶sX§s\? 5 Intem-{Kmtam? 2 In.-{Km-an-sâbpw \ap-¡m-h-iy-apÅ aäv Xq¡-¡-«-Ifpw \nÀ½n-¨mtem? F¦n GsXms¡ Xq¡-¡-«-IÄ \nÀ½n-¡-Ww? {Kq¸n Btem- N n¨v Is- - ¯ p- ¶ p. Ip«n-Isf 4/5 t]cpÅ {Kq¸p-I-fm-¡p-¶p. Hmtcm {Kq¸n\pw 3 hoXw XpWn-k-©n-IÄ (hyXy-kvX-\n-dw) \ÂIp-¶p. (200 {Kmw, 500-{Kmw, 2.-In.-{Kmw) Xq¡-¡-«-I-fmWv {Kq¸p-IÄ \nÀ½n-t¡--Xv.) XpWn-k-©nI-fn \nd-¡m-\pÅ aWÂ/ Acn F¶n-hbpw \ÂI-Ww. \nÀ½mW coXn {Kq¸p-IÄ Xs¶ NÀ¨ sNbvXv Xocp-am-\n-¡-s«. Xocp-am-\n¨ tijw Hcp Øe¯v {Iao-I-cn¨ {Xmkn Xq¡-nt\m¡n Xq¡-¡-«-IÄ X¿m-dm-¡-s«. So¨-tdmSv: ¢mkn IqSp-X Ip«n-I-fp-s- ¦n H¶n-e-[nIw {Xmkp-IÄ {Iao-I-cn¡m³ {i²n-¡p-a-tÃm. X¿m-dm-¡nb Xq¡-¡-«-IÄ¡v ]pd¯v XpWn-k-©n-bn amÀ¡À sIm-v `mcw Fgp-Xn-sh-¡-Ww.AX-sÃ-¦n s]mXp-[m-c-W-bp--m¡n \nÝnX Xq¡-¡-«-IÄ \nÝnX \nd-¯n-epÅ k©n D]-tbm-Kn¨v \nÀ½n-¡m³ Bh-iy-s¸-Smw. . \nÀ½mWw icn-bmtbm? Hmtcm {Kq¸pw \nÀ½n¨ Xq¡-¡-«-I-fpsS `mcw IrXy-amtWm F¶v ]cn-tim-[n-t¡s-? F§-s\-sbÃmw ]cn-tim-[n¡pw? . Htc `mcw hcp¶ Xq¡-¡-«-IÄ (hy-XykvX {Kq¸p-IÄ \nÀ½n-¨-Xv)c-p `mK¯pw sh¨v. . D-m-¡nb Xq¡-¡-«bpw icn-bmb Xq¡-¡-«bpw D]-tbm-Kn¨v So¨-tdmSv: {Kq¸v {]hÀ¯\w ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡nb tijw 5 In.-{Km-ansâ Hcp Xq¡-¡« So¨-dpsS klm-b-t¯m-Sp-IqSn \nÀ½n-¡-Ww. (\nÀ½mW Xq¡-¡-«-IÄ sa{SnIv tUbn {]ZÀi-\-¯n DÄs¸-Sp-¯-Ww) {Xmkpw Xq¡-¡-«-Ifpw X¿m-dm-bn-¡-gn-ªp. C\n _mKnse km[-\-§Ä Xq¡n t\m¡matÃm?

hÀ¡vjo-äv-þ3 {Ia-\-¼À

`mcw IqSn-b-sX-§s\?

km[-\-¯nsâ t]cv

Duln¨ `mcw In.{Kmw {Kmw

icn-bmb `mcw In.{Kmw {Kmw

BsI `mcw FÃm-hÀ¡pw hÀ¡vjoäv \ÂIp-¶p. Hmtcm Ip«nbpw Xsâ _mKn-epÅ km[-\-§-fpsS t]cp-IÄ hÀ¡vjo-än Fgp-X-s«. t]sc-gpXn¡gn-ª-tijw Hmtcm km[-\-¯n-sâbpw `mcw Duln-s¨-gp-Xm³ \nÀt±-in-¡Ww.(-I-¿n ]nSn-¨p-t\m-¡n Duln-¡m³ Ah-kcw \ÂImw). FÃm-hcpw Duln-s¨-gpXn F¶v So¨À Dd¸v hcp-¯-Ww.

XpSÀ¶v Hmtcm-cp-¯-cmbn h¶v\ Ah-cpsS _mKnse km[-\-§Ä Xq¡n t\m¡-s«. Xq¡w t\m¡p-t¼mÄ So¨À Bh-iy-amb \nÀt±iw \ÂI-Ww. ♦ shÅw \nd¨ hm«À t_m«n- e mWv Xqt¡- - X v . ♦ ]pkvX-I-§Ä t\m«p-]p-kvXIw/ sSIvÌv ]pkvX-I-§Ä thsd thsd Xq¡-Ww. ♦ hÀ¡v joän Fgp-Xp-t¼mÄ In.-{Kmw. {Kmw Xncn-s¨-gp-Xm³ \nÀt±-in-¡-Ww. Bh-iy-sa-¦n _n.-_n-bn So¨À FgpXn ImWn-¡-Ww. FÃm Ip«n-Ifpw C§s\ `mcw Is-¯n Fgp-Xnb tijw _mKnse km[-\-§-fpsS BsI `mcw Is- - ¯ - s «. So¨-tdmSv: _mKnsâ `mcw t\cs¯ Is- - ¯ n- b n- « p- - t Ãm. km[- \ - § - f psS BsI `mcw t\cs¯ In«nb `mc-t¯-¡mÄ IqSm³ ]mSn-Ã-tÃm, GsX-¦nepw Ip«n-IÄ¡v A§s\ hcp- ¶ p- s - ¦ n ho- p w Xq¡n- t \m¡n IrXy- s ¸- S p- ¯ - W w. ._mKnsâ BsI `mchpw _mKnse km[-\-§-fpsS `mchpw Is--¯n-¡-gn-ªn-cn-¡p¶p. `mcw Ipd-¡m³ Fs´ms¡ sN¿m³ Ignbpw? NÀ¨- b mWv \S- t ¡- - X v . Hmtcm km[-\hpw FSp-¯p-sIm-v NÀ¨ \S-¡-Ww. NÀ¨-bn h¶ Imcy-§Ä C§s\ ]«n-I-s¸-Sp-¯mw. Hgn- h m- ¡ - s ¸- t S- - h

]Icw amÀ¤-§Ä

hm«À t_m«nÂ

¢mkn Xs¶ IpSn-shÅw e`y-am-¡pI `£W t¹äv / Sn^n³ t_mIvkv ¢mkn Xs¶ kq£n-¡p-I. FÃm-hcpw kvIqfn \n¶v D¨-`-£Ww Ign-¡p-I.

]pkvX-I-§-fpsS F®w

.........................................................................................

cq]-s¸-Sp-¯nb \nK-a-\-§Ä _n._n/ NmÀ«n t{ImUo-I-cn-¡-Ww. Ip«n-IÄ t\m«p-]p-kvXI-¯n Fgp-X-Ww. XpSÀ¶v Fsâ _mKn \n¶pw Hgn-hmb `mcw F{X-sb¶v Ip«n-IÄ Is--¯-Ww. AXn\mbn Cu hÀ¡vjoäv {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯-Ww. hÀ¡-jo-äv-þ4 `mcw Ipdt¨ \¼À

Hgn-hm-¡p¶ km[\w

Hgn-hm-¡nb BsI `mcw

`mcw In.{Kmw

Ct¸mÄ Fsâ _mKnsâ `mcw C\n Cu KWn-X-]-kn sNbvXp-t\m-¡p-I t Fsâ I¿n 1 In.-{Kmw, 3 In.{Kmw, 9 In.{Kmw Xq¡-¡-«-I-fp--v. Ch D]-tbm-Kn¨ 1 In.{Kmw apX F{X In.{Kmw hsc-bpÅ `mc-§Ä Xq¡m³ Ign-bpw? Ip«n-IÄ hyàn-K-X-am-bpw, {Kq¸nepw sNbvXv t\m¡s« 13 In.{Kmw hsc-bpÅ FÃm `mc-§fpw Xq¡mw. F¶Xv Ip«n-IÄ¡v Is--¯m³ Ign-bp¶n-sÃ-¦n So¨À ImWn¨p sImSp-¡-patÃm? {]hÀ¯-\w-þ3 Bibw: {Kman-t\-¡mÄ sNdnb Af-hmb anÃn.{Kmw ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¶-Xn\v 1000 anÃn{Kmw BWv Hcp {Kmw F¶v Xncn-¨dn-bp-¶-Xn\v. kma{Kn: hÀ¡vjoäv kabw: 1/2 aWn-¡qÀ {]hÀ¯\ hni-Zmwiw A\p-hnsâ tN¨n-bpsS hnhm-l-am-bn. hnhm-l-¯n\v kzÀ®w hm§m³ Iena PzÃ-dn-bnemWv t]mb-Xv. kzÀ®w hm§n-b-Xnsâ _nÃv Aѳ A\phnsâ I¿n-emWv sImSp-¯-Xv. AhÄ _nÃn \n¶v hnhn[ B`-c-W-§-fpsS Xq¡w t\m¡n. B _nÃn-Xm. BsI kzÀ®-¯nsâ Xq¡-sa-{X-bm-sW¶v Is-¯n t\m¡q.

hÀ¡vjo-äv-þ5 kzÀ®-¯nsâ `mcw Iena PzÃdn

ame hf-þ1 hf-þ2 s\Ivtekv I½Â tamXncw BsI

\¼À-þ216 `mcw {Kmw 18 12 16 17 8 5

hne anÃn {Kmw 200 300 150 100 250 200

So¨-tdmSv: anÃn-{Km-ap-ambn _Ô-s¸« NÀ¨-th-Ww. sNdnb hkvXp-¡-fp-ambn _Ôn-¸n¨v `mcw ]dªv t_m[y-s¸-Sp-¯-Ww. DZm: ISpIv aWn-bpsS `mcw Acn-a-Wn-bpsS `mcw

sam«p-kq-Nn-bpsS `mcw Ch-bpsSsbms¡ `mcw t\m¡m³ GXv D]-I-c-W-§-fmWv D]-tbm-Kn-¡pI? kzÀ®-`mcw hm§m³ t]mb A\p-`-h-§Ä tNmZn-¡-Ww. AhnsS kzÀ®w Xq¡m³ D]-tbm-Kn¨ D]-I-c-W-s¯-¡p-dn¨v tNmZn-¡-Ww. (Im-Wn¨v ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯m³ km[y-X-bp-s- ¦n sN¿-Ww) C{Xbpw {]hÀ¯-\-¯n-\p-ti-j-am-hWw hÀ¡vjoäv ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡m³ \nÀt±-in-t¡--Xv {]hÀ¯-\w-þ4 Assk³saâ v Xq¡/`mc-¨mÀ«v \nÀ½n¡mw Ip«n-Isf 5 t]cpÅ {Kq¸p-I-fm¡n amämw.-{Kq-¸n 1 In.-{Kmw,2 In.{Kmw NmÀ«v X¿m-dm-¡p¶p.-Xq¡w AS-bm-f-s¸-Sp-¯nb dm¸-dp-IÄ H«n-¨p-sh-¨mWv NmÀ«v X¿m-dm-t¡--Xv.(-D-Zmþ tkm¸p-I-hÀ,-t]Ìv IqSv ) Hcp NmÀ«nsem«n¨ Ih-dp-I-fnse BsI Xq¡w tNÀ¶m 1 In.- { Kmw/ 2 In.{Kmw D- m - I - W w. hSw- h en Soap- - m ¡mw Xq¡w t\m¡n hSw-hen Soans\ Hcp-¡m³ Bh-iy-s¸-«m Sow X¿m-dm-¡m³ Ip«n-IÄ¡v Ign-bntÃ?

kÀÆ-in£ A`n-bm³ þtI-cfw sa{Sn-¡Â sUþ2014-þ15 DÅ-fhv {]hÀ¯\ samUyqÄ KWn-Xm-i-b-§Ä t DÅ-f-hv, enäÀ, anÃn-en-äÀ F¶nh X½n-epÅ ]c-kv]c _Ôw hni-Zo-I-cn-¡p-¶p. t Afhp ]m{X-§Ä D]-tbm-Kn¨v IrXy-ambn Af-¡p-¶p. t DÅ-f-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸« {]mtbm-KnI {]iv\-§Ä ]cn-l-cn-¡p-¶p. BsI kabw {]hÀ¯-\w-þ1 Ip¸n-bn shÅw \nd-bv¡Â Bibw . DÅ-fhv Is--¯p-¶-Xn\v IrXy-amb GI-I-§Ä Bh-iy-amWv F¶v Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶p. kma-{Kn-IÄ ♦ Htc hmbv h«-apÅ hnhn[ hep-¸-¯n-epÅ Ip¸n-IÄ {Kq¸p-I-fpsS F®-¯n-\-\p-k-cn¨v ♦ _¡äv {Kq¸n\v H¶p-hoXw ♦ enäÀ, anÃn-en-äÀ Afhv D]-I-c-W-§Ä (a-cp-¶nsâ Afhv ]m{X-§Ä, Hu¬kv ]m{X-§Ä ) ♦ hnknÂ, kvtImÀt_mÀUv kabw: 60 an\p«v {]hÀ¯-\-{Iaw: A[ym-]nI Ip«n-Isf A©wK sNdp-{Kq-¸p-I-fm¡n Ifn-Ø-e-t¯¡v sIm-p-t]m-Ip-¶p. Hcp-h-i¯v Htc hep-¸-apÅ _¡-än {Kq¸n-\-\p-k-cn¨v shÅw \nd¨p sh¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. adp-h-i¯v {Kq¸n-\-\p-k-cn¨v hyXykvX hep-¸-apÅ Ip¸n-IÄ shbv¡p-¶p. Ip¸n-I-fpsS hmbv h«w Hcp t]mep-Å-Xm-sW¶v Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯p-¶p. Ip«n-IÄ¡v \nÀt±iw \ÂIp-¶p. ♦ H¶mas¯ hnknen aÕcw Bcw-`n-¡p-Ibpw c-m-as¯ hnknen aÕ-c-k-abw Ah-km-\n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-w ♦ \nÝnX ka-b-¯n-\Iw Gähpw IqSp-X shÅw Ip¸n-bn \nd-bv¡p¶ {Kq¸ns\ hnP-bn-I-fmbn {]Jym-]n-¡pw. ♦ Htc {Kq¸n-tebpw AwK-§Ä Ip¸n-sh¨ `mK¯v H¶n\p ]nd-In H¶mbn \n¶p-thWw shÅw Hgn-t¡-- Xv. ♦ {Kq¸n\p e`n-¡p¶ t]mbâ v H¶mw-Øm-\w 10 t]mbnâ v , c- m w- Ø m- \ w 5 t]mbnâ v aq¶mw-Øm\w 2 t]mbnâ v

So¨-dpsS {i²bv¡v Ip¸n-I-fn shÅw \nd-bp-¶-Xn\p ap³]v So¨À c-m-as¯ hnkn \ÂIn Ifn Ah-km\n-¸n-¡p-¶p. So¨-dpsS CS-s]-S hnP- b nsb F§s\ Is- ¯ mw? hyXykv X DÅ- f - h p- I - f pÅ ]m{X- § - f m- b - X p- s Im- v IrXy- a mbn Af- t ¡- Bhiyw ¢mkn kwPm-X-am-hp-¶p. Afhp ]m{X-§Ä kÖo-I-cn¨ {]tXyI Øew Ip«n-I-fpsS {i²bn s]Sp¯p¶p. Afhv D]-I-c-W-¯nsâ km[yX A\p-k-cn¨v Ht¶m ct-m D]-I-cWw am{Xw BZy-L-«¯n FSp-¡mhq F¶v {Kq¸n-t\mSv \nÀt±-in-¡p-¶p. Ip«n-IÄ {Kq¸n shÅ-¯nsâ Af-hp-IÄ Is--¯p-¶p. hnP-bn-I-fpsS t]mbâ v kvtImÀ t_mÀUn tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. . FÃm {Kq¸p-Ifpw D]-tbm-Kn-¨-tijw _¡-än-epÅ _m¡n shÅw Hcp-t]mse BtWm? . GXv {Kq¸nsâ _¡-än-emWv IqSp-X shÅw? F{X? Ipdthm? . CXv Is--¯m³ GXv Afhv D]-I-c-W-amWv IqSp-X Bhiyw? {Kq¸p-IÄ¡v Afhv D]-I-cWw \ÂIp¶p {Kq¸p-IÄ {]hÀ¯\w ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡p-¶p. enäÀ Afhv D]-I-c-W-¯nsâ Ipdhv ]cn-l-cn-¡m³ Ip¸n-sIm-v \nÀ½n¨ Afhv ]m{Xhpw D]-tbm-Kn-¡mw. {]hÀ¯-\w-þ2 Fsâ Dulw \n§-fp-tSXpw Bi-b-§Ä Afhp ]m{X-§Ä D]-tbm-Kn¨v IrXy-ambn Af-¡p-¶p. DÅ-f-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸« {]mtbm-KnI {]iv\-§Ä ]cn-l-cn-¡p-¶p. kma-{Kn-IÄ hyXykvX DÅ-f-hp-I-fpÅ Ip¸n-IÄ(100 anÃn. 200 anÃn, 500 anÃn, 750-an-Ãn, 1 enäÀ, 2en-äÀ) Afhv D]-I-c-W-§Ä t^mÀam-äv-þ1 (hy-àn-K-Xw) Ip«n-bpsS t]cv t^mÀam-äv-þ2 {Kq¸nsâ t]cv..... Ip«n-bpsS t]cv Dulw

Fsâ Dulw

icn-bm-bXv

hyXymkw

amÀ¡v

BsI

kabw: 45 an\p«v {]{Inb sa{Sn-¡v sU bpsS `mK-ambn H¯p tNcp¶ s]mXp-Ø-e¯v {Kq¸p-I-fpsS F®-¯n-\\p-k-cn¨v \nco-£W aqe-IÄ Hcp-¡p-¶p. {]kvXpX aqe-I-fn aqt¶m AXn-e-[n-Itam Ip¸n-If - n DÅ-fhv IrXy-Xs - ¸-Sp¯n (200 anÃn, 500 anÃn, 700-an-Ãn...) shÅw \nd¨p hbv¡p¶p. Ip¸n-I-fpsS ]pds¯ em_-ep-IÄ adt¨m FSp¯p Iftªm IrXy-amb Af-hn am{Xw shÅw \nd¨ Ip¸n¡v \¼À \ÂIp-¶p. So¨À \ÂIp¶ \nÀt±-i-§Ä t {Kq¸p-IÄ \nÀt±-in-¡p¶ aqe-I-fn sN¶v Ip¸n/ ]m{X-¯n DÄs¡mÅp¶ shÅ-¯nsâ Afhv Duln¨v hyàn-K-X-ambn X¶n-«pÅ t^mÀamän FgpXn AtX Øm\¯p Xs¶ hbv¡p-I. t Dulw {Kq¸nse FÃm-hcpw hyàn-K-X-ambn Fgp-Xnb tijw asämcp aqe-bn sN¶v Ip¸n-bnse shÅ-¯nsâ Afhv D]-I-c-W-§Ä D]-tbm-Kn¨v IrXy-X-s¸-Sp-¯p-I. t hyàn-KX - a - mb t^mÀam-än icn D¯-c§ - Ä¡v 5/10 t]mbnâ v\ÂIWw. thyàn-K-X-ambn Fgp-Xnb hnh-c-§Ä t{ImUo-I-cW t^mÀam-än-te¡v amän Fgp-XWw. t I s - - ¯ n b Dulw 50-anÃn/ 100 anÃn hsc-bpÅ hyXymkw sXämbn ]cn- K - W n- t ¡- - X n- à . t Hmtcm {Kq¸n\pw e`n¨ t]mbâp-IÄ ]cn-tim-[n¨v hnP-bn-Isf Is-¯p-I. t\cs¯ X¿m-dm¡n hcp¶ kvtImÀ t_mÀUn {Kq¸nsâ kvtImÀ tNÀ¡-Ww. Fsâ Dulw \n§-fp-tSXpw (Xp-SÀ{]-{In-b) kma-{Kn-IÄ ♦ hyXykvX Af-hp-I-fn-epÅ hyXykvX ]c¶ Ìo ]m{X-§Ä 5 F®w (I-dn-]m-{Xw,Iªn t¹äv...) ♦ hyXykvX DÅf-hp-I-fpÅ Ip¸n-IÄ A©v F®w ♦ hyXykvX DÅfhpI-fpÅ ¥mkp-IÄ A©v F®w ♦ hyXykvX ¥mkv ]m{X-§Ä A©v. {]{Inb Hcp tImÀW-dn Hcn\w ]m{X-§Ä am{Xw {Iao-I-cn-¡p-¶p.(-D-Zm-þ-hy-XykvX Afhn-epÅ Ìo ]m{X-§Ä Hcn-S-¯v) C¯-c-¯n \men\w ]m{X-§Ä \mep tImÀW-dp-Ifn-embn {Iao-I-cn-¡p-¶p. A[ym-]nI Hcp tImÀW-dnse ]m{X-§-fn Htc Af-hn shÅ-

sam-gn-¡p-¶p.(-DZ- m-þh - y-XykvX Af-hn-epÅ Ìo ]m{X-§f - n-sems¡ 300 anÃo enäÀ) ASp¯ tImÀW-dnse ¥mkp-I-fn-seÃmw 50 anÃo enäÀ F¶n-§-s\) Ip«n-IÄ hyàn-K-X-ambn Hmtcm {Kq¸nepw sN¶v F{X anÃn enäÀ/ enäÀ shÅw D-v F¶v Duln¨v tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯-Ww. XpSÀ¶v tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯nb t]¸À ]c-kv]cw ssIam-dpIbpw shÅ- ¯ nsâ Afhv Af¶v Is- ¯ n {]Jym- ] n¨v icn D¯cw Is- - ¯ p- ¶ p. Gähpw IqSp-X icn Is--¯n-b-hsc t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¡p-¶p. {Kq¸v/ hyàn-KX kvtImÀ CXn ]cn- K - W n- t ¡- - X n- à . {]hÀ¯-\w-þ3 Rm\pw Fsâ Npäp-]mSpw {]ZÀi-\-¯n-te¡v (A-ssk³saâ v) Bibw anÃn-en-äÀ, enäÀ F¶nh X½n-epÅ ]c-kv]-c-_Ôw hni-Zo-I-cn-¡p-¶p. kma-{Kn-IÄ: NmÀ«v t]¸À/ lmÀUv t_mÀUv {Kq¸n\v H¶p-hoXw sktÃm-Sm¸v shÅ, kvsI¨v s]³. kabw : 15 an\p«v {]hÀ¯\w So¨À Ip«n-Isf t\c-s¯-bpÅ X§-fpsS {Kq¸p-I-fn-te¡v £Wn-¡p-¶p. ¢mkn \S-¯p¶ {]ZÀi\ aÕ-cs¯ Ipdn¨v \nÀt±iw \ÂIp-¶p. \nÀt±-i§ - Ä t\ne-hn-epÅ {Kq¸-Sn-Øm-\-¯n Xs¶-bm-bn-cn¡pw XpSÀ¶pw aÕ-cw. tamÀ¡-än e`y-am-Ip¶ {ZmhI D¸-¶-§-fpsS Ih-dp-IÄ, Ip¸n-IÄ Ch-bmWv tiJcn¨v {]ZÀin- ¸ n- t ¡- - X v . tHcp D¸-¶-¯nsâ Hcp Af-hn-epÅ t]¡-äv, Ip¸n H¶p am{Xta {Kq¸v {]ZÀi-\¯n-\mbn Xnc-sª-Sp-¡m³ ]mSp-Åq. tD¸-¶-§-fpsS Af-hp-IÄ IrXy-ambn tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cn-¡-Ww. tHcp D¸-¶-¯n\v Hcp t]mbâpw `wKn-bmbn Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\v 10 t]mbnâpw {Kq¸n\v \ÂIpw. t¢mkv {]ZÀi\ Znhkw \nÝ-bn-¡p-¶p. tCS-¡me hne-bn-cp-¯-en-eqsS sa¨-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. {]hÀ¯-\w-þ4 Af-hp-]m{Xw \nÀ½n¡mw A½-am-cp-sSbpw c£n-Xm-¡f - p-sSbpw klm-bt- ¯msS Hmtcm Ip«n¡pw H¶p-hoXw Afhv D]-I-c-Ww. ]gb Ip¸n-I-fpsS hmbvh«w apdn¨p amänbpw ]gb ]m{X-§Ä D]-tbm-Kn¨pw X¿m-dm-¡p¶ ]m{X-§-fn s]Àa-\â v amÀ¡À D]-tbm-Kn¨v kq£va-X-tbmsS sNdnb Af-hp-ap-X tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p.

kÀÆ-in£ A`n-bm³ þtI-cfw sa{Sn-¡Â sUþ2014-þ15 \ofwþ{]hÀ¯\ samUyqÄ ]hÀ¯-\w-þ1 \ap-s¡mcp SqÀ t]mImw Bh-iy-amb kabw Bibw: \ofw Af-¡p-¶-Xn-\pÅ bqWn-ämWv aoäÀ. ]T-\-t\-«wþ hyXykvX \of-§Ä aoäÀ kvsIbn D]-tbm-Kn¨v Af¶p Is--¯p¶p. kma-{Kn-IÄ: aoäÀkvsI-bn D-m-¡p-¶-Xn\v Bh-iy-amb do¸À (5-F-®w) s]Àa-s\â v amÀ¡À (5 F®w) hm«ÀXow ]mÀ¡nse {]th-i\ \nc¡v {]ZÀin-¸n-¡p¶ t_mÀUv NmÀ«v. Dbcw (skâo-ao-äd - nÂ)

100Â Xmsg 100-ap-XÂ 120-hsc 121 apXÂ 140-hsc 141 apXÂ160-hsc 160\v apI-fnÂ

{]th-i\\nc¡v

50 -cq] 70 cq] 90 cq] 120 cq] 150 cq]

{]hÀ¯\w 1 So¨À Ip«n-I-tfmSv hm«ÀXow ]mÀ¡n-te¡v SqÀ t]mIp-¶-Xn-s\-¡p-dn¨v NÀ¨-sN-¿p-¶p. AhnsS ImWp¶ {]th-i\ \nc-¡nsâ t_mÀUv Ip«n-Isf ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. Hmtcm Ip«n¡pw GXp \nc- ¡ n- e pÅ Sn¡- ä mWv FSp- t ¡- - X v F¶v Is- - ¯ m³ Bh- i y- s ¸- S p¶p. CXv Is--¯p-¶-Xn\v Hmtcm-cp-¯-cp-tSbpw Dbcw ImW-W-sa¶pw AXn\v aoäÀ kvsIbn Bh-iy-am-sW¶pw t{ImUo-I-cn-¡p-¶p. XpSÀ¶v Ip«nIsf A©v {Kq¸p-I-fm¡n aoäÀ kvsIbn \nÀ½n-¡m-\m-h-iy-amb kma-{Kn-IÄ \ÂIn kvsIbn \nÀ½n-¡m³ Bh-iys¸-Sp-¶p. aoäÀ kvsIbn hne-bn-cp-¯p-¶-Xn-\mbn ¢mkn kqN-I-§Ä X¿m-dm¡n {Kq¸v hne-bncp-¯p-¶p. XpSÀ¶v aoäÀ kvsIbn D]-tbm-Kn¨v ({Kq-¸nsâ klm-b-t¯m-sS) Dbcw Is-¯n FgpXp-¶p. So¨À Db-c-¯nsâ Ém_n-\-\p-k-cn¨v 5 aqe-I-fn-embn Ip«n-I-tfmSv {Kq¸m-Im³ Bh-iy-s¸Sp-¶p. Hmtcm {Kq¸pw B Ém_nse AwK-§Ä¡-\p-k-cn¨v sNehv Is-¯n Fgp-Xp-¶p. (DZm: 121\pw 140\pw CS-bn 6 t]cp-s- ¦n 6x90= 540 cq])

Cu coXn-bn Hmtcm hn`m-Khpw Is--¯nb sNehv ]c-kv]cw ssIam-dn-btijw ¢mknse Ip«n- I Ä¡v BsI th- Sn¡äv NÀPv v Is- - ¯ p- ¶ p. Hmtcm Ip«nbpw Af¶v Is--¯nb Dbcw Ah-cpsS sl¯vImÀUn tNÀ¡p-¶p. {]hÀ¯-\w-þ2 BtcmKy ipNn-Xz-io-e-§-fpsS {]m[m\yw t_m[y-s¸-Sp-¯p¶Xn-\mbn NÀ¨ \S-¯p-¶p.Xp-SÀ¶v Ip«n-IÄ NphsS sImSp¯ tNmZym-hen D]-tbm-Kn¨v s{]mPIvSv sN¿p¶p. kÀsÆ-t^mdw Ip«n-bpsS t]cv ¢mkv hbÊv Dbcw Xq¡w cà-{Kq¸v tInWdpw I¡qkv Sm¦pw X½n-epÅ Zqcw F{X-bmWv? tAe-¡p-IÃpw InWdpw X½n F{X-Zqcw ]men-¡p¶p? . tASp-¡-f-bn \n¶pw ]pd-t¯¡v hnSp¶ aen-\-Pew sI«n-¡n-S¡p- ¶ pt- m ? Ds- - ¦ n AXv InW- d n \n¶pw F{X- A- I - s e- b mWv ? tho«n I¶p- I men sXmgp- ¯ pt- m ? Ds- - ¦ n AXv ho«n \n¶v F{X AI-se-bmWv? Ip«n-IÄ 6 t]cpÅ {Kq¸n H¯p-tN-cp-¶p.-t^mÀam-änse hnh-c-§Ä ]¦p-sh-¡p-¶p. B-tcm-Ky-I-c-ambn anI¨ A´-co£w GXv ho«n-em-sW¶v Is--¯p-¶p. {]hÀ¯-\w-þ3 dnº¬ Ifn Bibw: 100- skâo-ao-ä-dp-IÄ tNÀ¶-XmWv Hcp-ao-äÀ ]T- \ - t \- « wþ 1 aoä- d n 100- s kâo- a o- ä - d p- I Ä Ds- ¶ v Is- ¯ n hni- Z o- I - c n- ¡ p- ¶ p. kma-{Kn-IÄ: 5 hyXykvX \nd-¯n-epÅ t]¸À kv{Sn-¸p-IÄ (5 \nd-¯n-epÅ NmÀ«v t]¸dn \n¶pw apdn-s¨-Sp-¯-Xv.) 5 aoäÀ kvsIbn-ep-IÄ 15-sk.-ao-äÀ kvsIbn (5) 30-sk.-ao-äÀ kvsIbn (5)

{]hÀ¯\ coXn ¢mknsâ 5 aqe-I-fn-embn So¨À ap³Iq«n Hcp-¡nb Øe¯v Hmtcm \nds¯ kqNn-¸n¨v AhnsS B \nd-¯n-epÅ t]¸À kv{Sn-¸p-IÄ (10-sk.-ao-äÀ(2), 20.-sk.-ao(2), 30-sk.-ao(2), 40sk.-ao(2), 50-sk.-ao(1) F®w hoXw kÖo-I-cn-¨n-«p--v. ♦ Hmtcm Ip«n¡pw So¨-dpsS ssI¿n \n¶pw 10-sk.-ao, 20-sk.-ao, 30-sk.-ao, 40-sk.-ao, 50-sk.ao \of-¯n-epÅ kv{Sn-¸p-Ifn \n¶pw H¶phoXw \ÂIp-¶p. ♦ In«nb dnº-Wnsâ \ofw kvsIbn D]-tbm-Kn¨v IrXy-ambn Hmtcm-cp-¯cpw AXn-\p-ap-I-fn tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. ♦ Htc \ndw t]¸À kv{Sn-¸p-IÄ In«nb Ip«n-IÄ B aqe-bn sN¶v {Kq¸m-Ip-¶p. XpSÀ¶v X§-fpsS I¿n-epÅXpw aqe-bn-ep-Å-Xp-amb dnº-Wp-IÄ D]-tbm-Kn¨v ]c-am-h[n F®w 1 aoäÀ dnº-Wp-IÄ D-m-¡m-\m-h-iy-s¸-Sp-¶p. ♦ In«nb t]¸À kv{Sn-¸p-IÄ apdn-¨p-I-f-bmt\m H¶n-\p-ta asäm¶v Ib-dn-h-cmt\m ]mSn-söv \nÀt±-in-¡p-¶p. ♦ (-FÃm t]¸À kv{Sn-¸p-Ifpw D]-tbm-Kn-¨v) ]c-am-h[n 1 aoäÀ dnº¬ D- m - ¡ p- ¶ - h - c mWv hnP- b n- I Ä. ♦ Hmtcm {Kq¸pw X§-fp--m-¡nb 1 aoäÀ dnº-Wp-IÄ UkvIn H«n-¨p-h-bv¡p-¶p. ♦ t]¸À kv{Sn-¸p-IfpsS \ofhpw BsI skâ-ao-äÀ \ofhpw ]«n-I-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. ♦ D¸-¶hpw ]«n-Ibpw hne-bn-cp-¯m-\pÅ kqN-I-§Ä ¢mkn X¿m-dm¡n {Kq¸v hne-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. {]hÀ¯-\w-þ4 Npä-f-hnse amäw kabw Bibw: Hcp cq]-¯nsâ Npän-ep-apÅ BsI \of-amWv Npä-fhv ]T-\-t\-«wþ hnhn[ cq]-§-fpsS Npä-fhv Is--¯p-¶p. kma-{Kn-IÄ-þ-Np-hsS sImSp¯ coXn-bn apdn-s¨-Sp¯ cq]-§Ä/ hÀ¡vjoäv

3cm 9 cm

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{]hÀ¯-\-coXn þta sImSp¯ coXn-bn ImÀUvt_mÀUp-I-fn NmÀ«p-t]-¸-dn apdns¨-Sp¯ cq]-§Ä/ hÀ¡vjoäv Ip«n-IÄ¡v (1 hoXw) \ÂIn {Kq¸n cq]-§fpsS Npä-fhv Is--¯p-¶p. ]c-kv]cw ssIamdn Af¶p hne-bn-cp-¯p¶p. hyXym-k-ap--m-b-Xnsâ (IqSn-b-Xpw, IpdªXpw amä-an-Ãm-¯-Xpw) bpàn hni-Zo-I-cn-¡p¶p Assignment anÃn-ao-äÀ Zqcw F¶ Afhv t_m[y-s¸-Sp-¶-Xn-\v) hnhn[ hÀ¯-am\ ]{X-§Ä hmbn-¡p¶ Ip«n-IÄ, Hmtcm-¶nepw F{X-tImfw hmÀ¯-IfmWv DÅ-sX¶pw Hmtcm tImf-§Ä¡n-S-bn-ep-apÅ AIew FÃm ]{X-¯nepw Htc-t]mse- b mtWm F¶pw Is- ¯ m- ³ \nÀt±- i n¡mw

kÀÆ-in£ A`n-bm³ þtI-cfw sa{Sn-¡v sUþ2014-þ15 kabwþ{]hÀ¯\ samUyqÄ BapJw FÂ.]n hn`m-K-¯n ka-bw-þ-sa-{SnIv Af-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸« Bi-b-cq-]o-I-c-W-hpw, {]mtbm-KnI A\p-`-hhpw Ip«n-IÄ¡v e`n-t¡-- Xp--v. aq¶mw-¢m-knse 6þmwas¯ bqWnämb t\chpw Ime-hpw, \memw ¢mknse 6þmw bqWn-ämb ap¯Èn ]d-ªXpw Rm³ Adn-ªXpw F¶o ]mT-`m-K§Ä ka-bh - p-ambn _Ô-s¸-«p-ÅX - m-Wv. FÂ.]n hn`m-K¯ - nse ]cn-k-c-]-T-\-¯nepw ka-b-[m-cW {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp¯n \nK-a-\-cq-]o-I-cWw \S-t¯--p¶ A\- h [n kµÀ`- § - f p- - v . ka- b - h p- a mbn _Ô- s ¸« Ip«n- I Ä t\tS- ]T- \ - t \- « - § Ä/ Bi- b - § Ä, tijn- I Ä F¶nh ka- { K- a mbn I- p - s Im- v Pohn- X - K - Ô n- b mb kzm`m- h nI ]T-\m-\p-`-h-§Ä Hcp-¡m-\mWv sa{SnIv Zn\-¯n {i²n-t¡-- Xv. CXn\v klm-b-I-amb {]hÀ¯\ samUyq-fmWv Xmsg \ÂIn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. hnZym-eb kml-N-cyw, hn`-h-§Ä F¶nh {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp¯n samUyq-fns\ k¼p-jvS-am¡n Adn-h-\p-`h ]cn-]m-Sn-bm¡n amäm³ {i²n-¡p-a-tÃm. kabw: sa{SnIv Zn\w 1 \nÀ½m-W-inÂ]-ime kwLm-S\w: aq¶v, \mev ¢mkp-If - nse Ip«n-IÄ, A[ym-]n-I, c£n-Xm-¡Ä F¶n-hÀ H¯ptNÀ¶v kvIqÄ {]hÀ¯\ kabw \jvS-s¸-Sm¯ hn[-¯n ka-b-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸« kma-{Kn-IÄ \nÀ½n-¡Â. \nÀ½n-t¡--h:þ 1. 12 aWn-¡qÀ t¢m¡v (Hcp Ip«n¡v H¶v) 2. sa{Sn¡v t¢m¡v (4 F®w) 3. ]nd- ¶ mÄ Ie- - À 4. hyXykvX hm¨v, t¢m¡v, ssSw]okv tiJ-cn-¡Â. kma-{Kn-IÄ . k¬]m¡v joäv-þ1 . sa{SnIv t¢m¡v Nn{X-§Ä . Ie---dp-IÄ . kvsIbnÂ, amÀ¡À . ]i . \«v, t_mÀUv, hmjÀ . ]n³ . ¹mÌnIv SMv ¢o\À

{]hÀ¯\ hni-Zmwiw 1. 12 aWn-¡qÀ t¢m¡v k¬]m¡v/ ImÀUvt_mÀUv joäv t¢m¡v Ub-ensâ amXr-I-bn hr¯m-Ir-Xn-bn apdn-s¨-Sp¯v ka-bs¯ kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶ kwJy-IÄ tcJ-s¸-Sp¯n t¢m¡v \nÀ½n-¡-Ww. ¹mÌn¡v SMv ¢o\À sNdpXpw hepXpw apdn-s¨-Sp¯v A{K-`mKw IqÀ¸n¨v aWn-¡qÀ, an\p«v kqNn-IÄ X¿m-dm-¡mw. ]n¶oSv ]n³ D]-tbm-Kn¨v kqNn t¢m¡nsâ a[y-¯n Dd-¸n¨v 12 aWn-¡qÀ t¢m¡v X¿m-dm-¡mw. Hcp aWn-¡q-dn-\n-S-bn-epÅ `mKw Ip«n-IÄ t]\/ s]Àa\â v amÀ¡À sIm- v tcJ- s ¸- S p- ¯ - s «. kwJy- I Ä Fgp- X p- ¶ - X n\v ]Icw Ie- - d n \n¶v sh«n-sb-Sp-t¯m, Ìn¡À t]¸-dn {]nâ v sNbvtXm H«n¨v sh¨m t¢m¡v at\m-lc-ambn amdpw. 2. sa{SnIv t¢m¡v k¬]m¡v joäv/ ImÀUv t_mÀUn hyXy-kX hep-¸-¯n-epÅ aq¶v hr¯-§Ä sh«nsb-Sp-¡p-¶p. \Sp-hnse sNdnb hr¯w t¢m¡v, AXn-t\mSv tNÀ¶v 12 Nn{X-§Ä AYhm {]hr¯n kqN\ tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯nb henb hr¯w Gähpw ASn-bn Gähpw henb hr¯w (F.-Fw, ]n.Fw F¶-Xns\ {]Xn-\n-[m\w sN¿p¶ Nn{X-§Ä tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯n-b-Xv) F¶ {Ia-¯n sh¨v a[y-¯n ]n³/ \«v, t_mÄ«v D]-tbm-Kn¨v Dd-¸n-¨m sa{SnIv t¢m¡nsâ Ub X¿mdmbn. ]n¶oSv ap¼v t¢m¡v \nÀ½n¨ {]Imcw aWn-¡qÀ, an\p«v kqNn-IÄ Dd¸n-¡mw. 3. ]nd- ¶ mÄ Ie- - À ¢mknse Ip«n-I-fn Hcp amkw ]nd-¶mÄ hcp¶ Ip«n-I-sfÃmw H¯p tNÀ¶v ]nd-¶mÄ Ie- - À X¿m- d m- ¡ p- ¶ p. {]kv X pX amks¯ Ie- - À Ip«n- I Ä Xs¶ kz´- a mbn Is-¯n NmÀ«v t]¸-dn hc¨v X¿m-dm-¡p-¶p. Ah-c-h-cpsS ]nd-¶mÄ Zn\w tcJ-s¸Sp¯n sh¡p-¶p. {Kq¸n\v Ie--À \nÀ½m-W-¯n\v klm-b-I-c-amIpw hn[w A[ym-]nI Cu hÀjs¯ {][m-\-Zn-\-§Ä tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯nb NmÀ«v {]ZÀin-¸n-¡-Ww.

P\p-hcn þ26 amÀ¨v þ8 G{]nÂþ14 Pq¬-þ2 BKvkvXv-þ15 HIvtSm-_À-þ2 Unkw-_À-þ25

RmbÀ i\n Xn¦Ä Xn¦Ä shÅn hymgw hymgw

4. ka-bwþ hm¨v, t¢m¡v {]ZÀi\w c£n-Xm-¡-fpsS kl-I-c-W-t¯msS kabw Adn-bm-\p-]-tbm-Kn¨ D]-I-c-W-§-fpsS {]ZÀi\w kwL-Sn-¸n-¡Â.

{]hÀ¯\ samUyqÄ kabw: 3 aWn-¡qÀ cmhnse ]{X-¡m-csâ aWn-b-Sn-sbm¨ tI«mWv D®n-¡p-«³ DWÀ¶-Xv. Ah³ t¢m¡v t\m¡n. kabw 5.30 Fsâ ]qhm-e\v F´p-]än F¶pw 4 aWn¡v Iqhn Fs¶ kabw Adn-bn-¡m-dp-- tÃm. ]{Xw hmbn-¨p. kabw 6 aWn-bm-bn. ]Ãv tX¡m³ Ah³ {_sj-Sp¯p. C\n Ac-a-Wn-¡qÀ Ign-ªm kqcy³ DZn-¡pw. A½n-Wn-¸-ip-hns\ Id-bv¡m³ cmta-«³ 7a-Wn¡v F¯m-dp--tÃm. Cs¶-´p-]än D®n Btem-Nn-¨p. Nmb IpSnbpw Ipfnbpw Ignªv 9a-Wn¡v D®n kvIqfn-te¡v ]pd-s¸-«p. hgn-bn Infn-I-tfmSpw Xp¼n-I-tfmSpw In¶mcw ]dªv t\cw sshIn. Ah³ kabw t\m¡n. At¿m 9.45 Bbn. Akw»n XpS§n-¡m-Wpw.. D®n-¡p-«sâ Hcp Znh-k-¯n C\nbpw Ht«sd hnti-j-§-fp--v. Ah GsXm-s¡-sb¶pw Hmtcm¶pw GXv ka-b-¯mWv \S-¶-sX¶pw t¢m¡v t\m¡n ]d-bmtam? . {Kq¸n sa{SnIv t¢m¡p-IÄ \ÂIp-¶p. D®n-¡p-«sâ Hcp Znh-ks¯ hnti-j-§fpw ka-bhpw Is-¯n Ip«n-IÄ Fgp-Xm³ \nÀt±-in-¡p-¶p. Nn{X-kq-N\ 1 ]{X-¡m-c³ ssk¡n-fnÂ-þ-ssI-bn ]{Xw t_¡v {Ku-n hoSv 2. ]qhm-e³ tImgn Iqhp-¶p. 3. ]Ãv tX¡p-¶p. 4. kqtcym-Zbw ImWp¶ D®n 5. ]ip-hns\ Id-¡p-¶ cmta-«³. t\m¡n \n¡p¶ D®n 6. D®n-kvIq-fn-te¡v ]pd-s¸-Sp-¶p. ]nd-In Aѳ/ A½ 7. Akw»nbpsS ap¶n D®n 8. kvIqfnse D¨-`-£Ww 9. kvIqfn Ip«n-IÄ Ifn-¡p¶p 10. cm{Xn D®n ]Tn-¡p-¶p. ]nd-In kabw 8.15 11. Dd-§m³ InS-¡p¶p kabw 9.40 12. D®n sse{_-dn-bn \n¶v Cd-§n-h-cp-¶p. ]nd-In sse{_dn F¶v Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Cu Nn{X-§Ä hc-¨Xv A\p-_-Ô-ambn \ÂIn-bn-«p--v. sa{Sn¡v t¢m¡v D]-tbm-Kn-¨pÅ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä 1. D®n-¡p-«sâ Hcp Znh-ks¯ hnti-j§Ä Nn{Xw t\m¡n Is--¯Âþ Hmtcm-¶nsâbpw kabw Ip«n-IÄ Is-¯n ]d-bp-¶p. {Kq¸n t¢m¡n Hmtcm-¶n-sâbpw kabw {Iao-I-cn-¡p-¶p. 2. {Kq¸v Xe aÕcw: L«w 1 Hcp {Kq¸v sa{SnIv t¢m¡n kv{Io\n Hcp cq]w {]ZÀin-¸n-

¡p-¶p. c-m-as¯ {Kq¸v t¢m¡n kabw skäp-sN-¿p-¶p. Xncn¨pw Cu {]hÀ¯\w ]qÀ¯nbm-¡m-\-h-kcw \ÂIp-¶p. L«w-þ2 sa{SnIv t¢m¡nse F.Fw/ ]n.Fw {]Xn-\n-[n-I-cn-¡p¶ hr¯-hpw, kv{Io\nse Nn{Xhpw {Iao-I-cn¨v {]ZÀin-¸n-¡p-¶p. c- m - a s¯ {Kq¸v kabw {Iao- I - c n- ¡ p- ¶ p. Hcp {Kq¸v kabw {Iao-I-cn-¡p-¶p. ASp¯ {Kq¸v B ka-bs¯ {]hr-¯n, F.Fw/]n.Fw F¶nh {Iao-I-cn-¡p¶p tNmZy \nÀ½mWw D®n-¡p-«sâ Hcp Zn\wþ ka-b-¸«nI t\m¡n F{X tNmZy-§Ä \nÀ½n¡mw? ({Kq-¸p-Xe aÕ-cw) Hcp {Kq¸nsâ tNmZy- ¯ n\v c- m - a s¯ {Kq¸v D¯cw Is- - ¯ p- ¶ p. 12 aWn t¢m¡n kabw {Iao-I-cn-¡Â Ip«n-IÄ {Kq¸p-X-e-¯n kvIqÄ ]ncoUn s_Ã-Sn-¡p¶ kabw t¢m¡n {Iao-I-cn¨p shbv¡p-¶p. So¨À \nÀt±iw \ÂIp-¶p. (A-kw»n , ]nco-Uv-þ7,D¨-`-£-Ww,kvIqÄ ipNo-I-c-Ww, hmb\m-aq-e, {UnÂ) BsI 12 kab§Ä Hcp {Kq¸v aq¶v ka-b-§Ä t¢m¡n {Iao-I-cn¨v {]ZÀin-¸n-¡-Ww) Hmtcm {Kq¸pw sNbvXXv icn-bmtWm F¶v aäv {Kq¸p-IÄ hne-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. 3. ]nd- ¶ mÄ Ie- - À \nÀ½mWw ¢mknse Ip«n-I-fn Hcp amkw ]nd-¶mÄ hcp¶ Ip«n-I-sfÃmw H¯p tNÀ¶v ]nd-¶mÄ Ie- - À X¿m- d m- ¡ p- ¶ p. {]kv X pX amks¯ Ie- - À Ip«n- I Ä Xs¶ kz´- a mbn Is-¯n NmÀ«v t]¸-dn hc¨v X¿m-dm-¡p-¶p. Ah-c-h-cpsS ]nd-¶mÄ Zn\w tcJ-s¸Sp¯n sh¡p-¶p. {Kq¸n\v Ie--À \nÀ½m-W-¯n\v klm-b-I-c-amIpw hn[w A[ym-]nI Cu hÀjs¯ {][m-\-Zn-\-§Ä tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯nb NmÀ«v {]ZÀin-¸n-¡-Ww. ]nd-¶mÄ Ie--À sh¨v Fs´ms¡ tNmZy-§Ä cq]o-I-cn-¡m³ Ignbpw? Hcp {Kq¸nsâ tNmZy- § Ä¡v c- m - a s¯ {Kq¸v D¯cw Is- ¯ n ]d- b p- ¶ p. Xncn¨pw {]hÀ¯\w ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡m-\h-kcw \ÂIp-¶p. 4. ka-bw-þ-{]-ZÀi\w c£n-Xm-¡-fpsS kl-I-c-W-t¯msS kabw Adn-bm-\p-]-tbm-Kn¨ D]-I-c-W-§-fpsS {]ZÀi\w kwL-Sn-¸n-¡Â. {]ZÀi- \ - ¯ n Fs´m- s ¡- b p- - m hpw? hnhn[ Xcw hm¨p-IÄ (A-\-tem-Kv, UnPn-äÂ, ssSw]o-kv, t¢m¡v...) ]g-b-Ime D]-I-c-W-§Ä sIm-v Fs´ms¡ {]hÀ¯-\-§-fmImw? hm¨v/ t¢m¡v \nco-£n¨v {]tXy-IX Is--¯Â. hnhn[ ka-b§ - Ä {Iao-Ic - n-¡m\pw Aedmw skäp-sN-¿m-\p-apÅ A\p-`h - § - Ä Ip«n-IÄ¡v

\ÂIp-¶p. c-v ssSw ]okn Htc ka-bw sh¨v þ Aedmw {Iao-I-cn-¡p¶p Htc ka-b¯v Aedmw ASn-¡m-¯Xv F´p sIm-m-bn-cn¡mw? sk¡ânse hyXymkw ho-pw Aedmw Htc kabw {Iao-I-cn¨v \ÂIp-¶p. sk¡ânse hyXymkw UnPn-ä hm¨v D]-tbm-Kn¨v Is--¯p-¶p. c-v Aedmw ASn-¡p-¶-Xnse hyXymkw F{X sk¡â v? Assk³saâ v 1. ssSw tS_nÄ X¿m-dm¡Â (hy-àn-K-Xw) 2. hcp¶ aq¶p ak-¯nse ¢mkv Ie--À cq]o-I-c-Ww( kwL {]hÀ¯\w) 3. kabw \nco-£n-¡Â (Sn.hn ,td-Untbm F¶n-h-bnse hmÀ¯, aäv ]cn-]m-Sn-IÄ...)

kÀÆ-in£ A`n-bm³ þtI-cfw sa{Sn-¡Â sUþ2014-þ15 GI-Zn\ sa{Sn¡v Iym¼v samUyqÄ 1. _mUvPv \nÀ½mWw Hmtcm Ip«n¡pw _mUvPv \nÀ½n-¡m-\m-hi - y-amb \nÀt±-i§ - fpw hne-bn-cp-¯Â t^mÀamäpw AS-§nb hÀ¡vjoäv \ÂIp-¶p. _mUvPv \nÀ½m-W-¯n-\m-h-iy-amb I{Xn-I, t»bvUv, s]³knÂ, kvsIbÂ, dn_¬, NmÀ«v t]¸À F¶n-hbpw \ÂIp-¶p. Ip«n-IÄ AhÀ¡v In«nb \nÀt±-ia - \ - p-kc - n¨v Bh-iy-amb Af-hp-Is - f-Sp¯v _mUvPv \nÀ½n¡p-¶p. ♦ Iq«p-Im-c-\p-ambn ]c-kv]cw ssIamdn hne-bn-cp-¯Â t^mÀamäv ]qcn-¸n-¡p-¶p. ♦ So¨À hne-bn-cp-¯Â t^mÀamäv tiJ-cn-¡p-¶p. hne-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. ♦ 4 Af-hp-Ifpw icn-bm-b-hÀ¡v Nph-¸v , 3 F®w ]¨ 2 F®w Idp-¸v, Hsc®w aª s]m«v/ ÌmÀ _mUvPn H«n-¡p-¶p. ♦ Ìm¼näv D]-tbm-Kn¨v _mUvPv `wKn-bm-¡mw. ♦ Cu _mUvPv sa{SnIv taf Znhkw Ip«n-IÄ¡v hnX-cWw sN¿p-¶p. hÀ¡vjoäv _mUv P v D- m - ¡ m- \ pÅ \nÀt±- i - § Ä 1. Cu IS-em-knsâ hen-¸-apÅ _mUvPv \nÀ½n-¡-pI 2. t]cv Fgp-Xm³ 5 sk.-ao-äÀ, 5 anÃo-ao-äÀ hc hc-bv¡p-I. 3. ¢mkv Fgp-Xm³ Hcp skao. 8 anÃo-aoäÀ hc hc-bv¡p-I. 4. 10 sk.ao \of-apÅ dn_¬ apdn-s¨-Sp-¡-pI. 5. AXv aS¡n ]n³ sN¿-pI _mUvPv hne-bn-cp-¯Â t]cv: _mUvPnsâ \ofw hoXn t]cnsâ hc-bpsS \ofw dn_-Wnsâ \ofw hne-bn-cp-¯nb BfpsS t]cv H¸v

sa{SnIv taf {]hÀ¯-\w-þ1 k½m\w t\Smw Hmtcm Ip«n¡pw _mUvPv \ÂIp-¶p. _mUvPnse s]m«v Øm\-s¯-bmWv kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv Øm\w 1 Nph¸v 2 ]¨ 3 Idp¸v 4 aª

k½m\w 321 cq]. 271 cq] 221 cq] 171 cq]

AXn-\-\p-k-cn¨v k½m-\-sa-Sp-¡mw. Ifn-t\m-«p-Ifpw \mW-b-§fpw Hcp¡n sh¨-Xn \n¶pw Hmtcm Ip«nbpw k½m-\-¯pI F®n-sb-Sp-¡p-¶p. Htc \nd-¯n-epÅ _mUvPv In«n-b-hÀ {Kq¸m-¡p-¶p. {Kq¸n hne-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. s]m«v \ÂIp-¶p. {Kq¸nsâ BsI k½m-\-¯pI Is--¯p-¶p. hyàn-KXw {Kq¸v NmÀ«n tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p¶p ]c-kv]cw hne-bn-cp-¯p¶p So¨À hne-bn-cp-¯p¶p bm{X t]mImw FÃm-hÀ¡pw Ipd¨v XpI In«n-b-tÃm. C\n \ap¡v Hcp bm{X t]mbmtem? Hmtcm {Kq¸pw Hmtcm Øe-t¯-¡mWv bm{X. þØe-t¸-sc-gp-Xnb \dp-s¡-Sp-¡p-¶p. þH-¸-apÅ \nÀt±-i-§fpw hmbn-¡p-¶p. (10 aoäÀ ]Sn-ªm-tdm«v/ sXt¡m«v/ hS-t¡m«v/ Ing-t¡m«v t]mIp-I. 5ao-äÀ he-t¯m«v t]mhpI AhnsS Bcm-Wp-ÅXv? AhÀ ]d-bp-¶Xv tIÄ¡q. A§s\ sN¿q). þ\nÝnX Øes¯ ap-¯Èn (c£n-Xmhv / So¨À) Bh-iy-amb km[-\-§-fpsS enÌv Hmtcm-cp-¯À¡mbn \ÂIp-¶p. þC\n A\m-Zn-¡-S-bn-te-¡v.( km[-\-§Ä,-{Xmkv F¶nh Hcp¡n IS kÖo-I-cn-¡mw) Hmtcm-cp-¯cpw AhÀ¡v In«nb km[-\§ - Ä hm§p-¶p. `mcw Duln-s¨-Sp-¡p-¶p. bYmÀ° Afhv Xq¡n _nÃv X¿m-dm-¡p-¶p. hne-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. IrXy-X-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. þ{Kq-¸nsâ _nÃv X¿m-dm-¡p-¶p. (NmÀ«nÂ) þap-¯-Èn¡v \ÂIp-¶p. þhn-ebncp-¯p-¶p. So¨À/ {Kq¸p-IÄ ]c-kv]-cw.

bm{X XpS-cp-¶p. \nÀt±i Én¸v ap¯Èn \ÂIp-¶p. shÅ-sa-Sp¡mw Zmlw XoÀ¡mw 2 {Kq¸p-IÄ ap¯Èn \ÂInb Én¸pambn shÅ-sa-Sp-¡m³ t]mIp-¶p. þÉn¸n tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯nb shÅ-¯n-\-\p-k-cn-¨pÅ Af-hp-]m{Xw Duln-s¨-Sp-¡p-¶p. þAf-¶p-t\m-¡p-¶p. þAh hÀ¡v joän tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. þ]-c-kv]cw ssIamdn hne-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. hÀ¡vjoäv Ip«n-bpsS t]cv: ap¯-Ènsb klm-bn¡mw. ¢mkv ap¯Èn ]dª {]Imcw Rm³ hm§nb km[-\-§Ä. km[\w

\nc¡v Xq¡w

hne

BsI Fsâ {Kq¸n-epÅhsc-Ãm-hcpw hm§nb km[-\-§-fpsS _nÃv. \¼À 328 aª-Wn-¡S km[\w

BsI

t]cv................................................. Xo¿Xn \nc¡v

Xq¡w

hne

hÀ¡vjoäv H¶n-s\{X `mcw (Xq-¡w) Ip«n-bpsS t]cv: ¢mkv: Hcp ]gw/ ]¨-¡-dn-bpsS `mcw Duln-s¨-gp-Xp-I. bYmÀ° `mcw Is--¯p-I. Dulm-hp-ambpÅ hyXymkw ImWp-I. F{X Dul-§Ä IrXy-ambn F¶p ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-I. Hmtcm ]ghpw / ]¨-¡-dnbpw GI-tZiw F{Xsb-®-ap--m-bm Hcp Intem{Kmw BIpw F¶p Is- - ¯ p- I . Nn{Xw

Duln¨ `mcw

bYmÀ° Afhv

Dul-hpam-bpÅ hyXymkw

1 Intem{Kmw Dulw B¡m³ IrXy- a mbht h - F ® w bpsS F®w

am§ t]c-¡ t\{´-¸-gw kt¸m-« tX§ ]mh-bv¡ X¡m-fn hÀ¡vjoäv þ`mcw F{X? Ip«n-bpsS t]cv: ¢mkv Hmtcm Pohn-sbbpw/ hkvXp-hn-s\bpw AXnsâ `mc-hp-ambpw bqWn-äp-ambn hc¨v tbmPn-¸n-¡p-I. Nn{Xw `mcw bqWnäv B\ Iznâ apb ]ip BSv {Kmw tImgn anÃn{Kmw Hmt«m-dn£ S¬ _kv ssk¡nÄ Intem{Kmw

bm{X-bnse tImÀW-dn \ÂIm-hp¶ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä GsXms¡ \of-a-f¡mw 1) 6 sk.-ao, 8sk.-ao, 9sk.an \of-apÅ 3 kvsIbn D-v. Ch D]-tbm-Kn¨v GsXms¡ \of-§Ä (sk.-ao) Af¡mw? D¯cw: 1,2,3,5,6,7,8,9,11,14,15,17,23. Zmlw XoÀ¡mw 2) 5 {Kmkv \ndsb \mc-§m-sh-Å-ap--v. 5 ¥mkn ]IpXn \mc-§m-sh-Å-ap--v. 5 Hgnª ¥mkp- a p- - v . Ch aq¶p Ip«n- I Ä¡v sImSp- ¡ - W w. Hcp \n_- Ô - \ - b p- - v . aq¶p t]À¡pw Htc Af-hn \mc-§m-shÅw In«-Ww. Htc F®w ¥mkpw In«-Ww. \mc-§m-shÅw Hcp ¥mkn \n¶v asäm-¶n-te¡v Hgn-¡m³ ]mSn-Ã. FFG-Full glass, HFG- Half filled glass ,EG- Empty glass 1. 2 FFG 2. 2 FFG 3. 1FFG

1 HFG 1HFG 3HFG

2 EG 2EG 1EG

ap¯p \ÂImw IS-¯p-I-S¡mw 3) C\n- b pÅ bm{X- b n \mev IShv IS- t ¡- - X p- - v . Hmtcm IS- h nepw ap¯pw \ÂI- W w. Hcp IS-hn \ÂIn-b-Xn-t\-¡mÄ H¶v IqSp-X-e-bm-cn-¡Ww c-mw IS-hn AXn-t\-¡mÄ H¶p IqSp-X aq¶mw IS-hn AXn-t\-¡mÄ H¶p IqSp-X \memw IShnepw sImSp-¡Ww. C\n ap¯p-IÄ ssI¿n _m¡n-bp--m-Im\pw ]mSn-Ã. \n§Ä¡pÅ ap¯p-IÄ A©-c-ao-äÀ he-t¯m«v k©-cn-¨m Ahn-sS-bpÅ Ipgn-bn \n¶psa-Sp-¡mw. ]t£ Hcp Imcyw Ccp-]Xn\pw ap¸-Xn\pw CS-bn-epÅ F®w ap¯p-IÄ am{Xta FSp-¡m-hq.

sa{Sn¡v t¢m¡v (c- m w seb- d n- t e- ¡ v )

ssa metric mela-package.pdf

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