iw.kkZad 100

gk;j lsds.Mªh ijh{kk iz’u i= fo"k;&jktuhfr 'kkL= d{kk 12

le; 3 ?kaVk

funsZ’k %& ¼1½

lHkh iz’u vfuok;Z gSA

¼2½

iz’uksa ds funsZ’k lko/kkuhiwoZd i<+dj mÙkj fyf[k;sA

¼3½

iz’u Øekad 1 ls 5 rd oLrqfu"B iz’u gS] izR;sd iz’u 5 vad dk gSA

¼4½

iz’u Øekad 6 ls 21 rd lHkh iz’uksa esa vkUrfjd fodYi fn;s x;s gSaA

¼5½

iz’u Øekad&6 ls 12 rd izR;sd iz’u ds 4 vad fu/kkZfjr gSA

¼6½

iz’u Øekad 13 ls 19 rd izR;sd iz’u ij 5 vad fu/kkZfjr gSA

¼7½

iz’u Øekad 20 rFkk 21 esa izR;sd iz’u ij 6 vad fu/kkZfjr gSA

NOTE – (i)

All Questions are compulsory.

(ii)

Read the instructions of Question paper carefully and write their Answers.

(iii)

Q. Nos. 1 to 5 are objective types each question carry 5 marks.

(iv)

Internal – Options are given in all Q. Nos. 6 to 21

(v)

Q. Nos 6 to 12 carry 4 Marks each.

(vi)

Q. Nos. 13 to 19 carry 5 Marks each.

(vii)

Q. Nos. 20 to 21 Carry 6 Marks each.

iz’u 1

fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ dhft, %&

¼1½

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa --------------------- ekSfyd vf/kdkj gSA

¼2½

-------------------- us loZizFke tkfrizFkk dks lq/kkjus dk iz;kl fd;kA

¼3½

Hkkjr us o"kZ ----------------------- esa izFke vkf.od ijh{k.k fd;k FkkA

¼4½

lu~ 1945 esa vesfjdk us ukxklkdh ,oa ij v.kqce fxjk;k FkkA

¼5½

vkfFkZd mnkjhdj.k dk mn~ns’; ------------------------ds voljksa esa o`f) djuk gSA Fill in the blanks:-

(i)

In Constitution ________________ Fundamental Rights.

(ii)

Firest in all _________________Improved the Castism.

(iii)

Indias First Atomic test held in year_________________

(iv)

In 1945 Amarica dropped Atomic bomb at Nagasaki and _____________

(v)

The Aim of Economic Relaxation in to increase______________.

iz’u 2 ¼v½

lgh fodYi pqudj fyf[k, %& usg: fy;kdr le>kSrk dc gqvk & (i)

¼c½

1952

(ii)

1949

(iii) 1950

lafo/kku fuekZ.k esa dqy fdruk le; yxk & (i)

2 o"kZ 11 ekg 18 fnu

(ii)

(iii) 2 o"kZ 09 ekg 10 fnu ¼l½

(iv) 2 o"kZ 08 ekg 18 fnu

{ks=okn

(ii)

lekpkj i= (iii) nwjlapkj

(iv) oS’ohdj.k

la;qDr jk"Vª la?k dh LFkkiuk dc gqbZ %& (i)

¼b½

2 o"kZ 10 ekg 18 fnu

Hkkjrh; yksdra= ds le{k pqukSfr;k gS %& (i)

¼n½

(iv) 1951

1995

(ii)

1950

(iii) 1948

(i) 1946

Hkw&eaMyhdj.k D;k gS & (i)

fo’o dk e.Myhdj.k

(iii) lkaLÑfrd Økafr

(ii)

izns’k dk e.Myhdj.k

(iv) izknsf’kd Økafr

Select the correct Answer. (A)

When did NEHRU- LIYAKAT Pact done. (i)

(B)

1952

(ii)

1949

(iii)

1950

How much time has been taken in constitution Formation.

(iv)

1951

(C)

(D)

(i)

2 years 11 month 18 days

(ii)

2 years 10 month 18 days

(iii)

2 years 09 month 18 days

(iv)

02 years o8 month 18 days

Challenges before INDIAN DEMOCRACY. (i)

Regionalism

(iii)

Television

iz’u 3

News-Paper (iv)

Globalization

(iii)

1948

When did U.N.O. Establish. (i)

(E)

(ii)

1945

(ii)

1950

(i)

World Globalization

(ii)

State Globalization

(iii)

Cultural Revolution

(iv)

State Revolution

lgh tksM+s cukb, &

c

NBoka 'kkdZ f’k[kj lEesyu

1962

Hkkjr ij phu dk vkØe.k

1992

Hkkjr & usiky ikjxeu laf/k

tuSok

fo’o LokLF; laxBu dk eq[;ky;

dksyEcks lu 1991

jk"Vªh; fiNM+k oxZ vk;ksx ds izFke v/;{k

U;k;ewfrZ vkj-,u- izlkn

Match the Correct Pairs:(i)

Sixth Conference of “SAARC”

-

1992

(ii)

CHINA Attack to INDIA

-

1962

(iii)

NEPAL-INDIA CROSS BORDER

-

tsusok

-

Colombo 1991

-

Judge R.N. Prasad

Geneva

TREETY. World Health Organization Head Quarter (v)

1946

What is Globalization?

v

(iv)

(iv)

Firest Precedent of National Back Word commission.

iz’u 4

izR;sd iz’u dk ,d okD; esa mRrj nhft, %&

¼1½

ljdkj dh 'kfDr ij fdlds }kjk fu;a=.k j[kk tk ldrk gSA

¼2½

Hkkjr dk lafo/kku dc ykxw gqvk\

¼3½

,dxqV fujis{k ns’k dk uke fyf[k,

¼4½

lqj{kk ifj"kn esa LFkk;h lnL;ksa dh la[;k fdruh gS\

¼5½

Hkkjr&phu ;q) dc gqvk Fkk\

Write Answer in one sentence each: (i)

Who control on the power of Government?

(ii)

When Indian constitution started?

(iii)

Write the name of Non-Alligned country?

(iv)

How many permanent members in Security Council?

(v)

iz’u 5

When INDO-CHINA WAR HEAD.

lR;@vlR; fyf[k;s%&

¼1½

fofo/krk esa ,drk Hkkjrh; laLd`fr gS\

¼2½

miHkksDrk vkanksyu dks xzkeh.k {ks= esa fodflr djus dh dksbZ mi;ksfxrk ugh gSA

¼3½

Hkkjrh; ukxfjdksa dks vius ekSfyd vf/kdkj ,oa dÙkZO;ksa dk Kku gksuk vko’;d gSA

¼4½

Hkkjr us dHkh fdlh jk"Vª ij vkdze.k ugh fd;k] pkgs iMkslh jgk gks ;k nwjLFkA

¼5½

ifjorZu vk/kqfudhdj.k dh igyh 'krZ gSA

Write True or False:(i)

Unity in Differences is Indian Culture.

(ii)

There are no use of consumers- Movement in Rural – Region.

(iii)

It is necessary to have knowledge of fundamental Rights and Responsibilities to Indian Citizen.

(iv)

India never Attacked on any country neither nearest nor distant

(v)

The first condition of Mordnisation is change.

iz’u 6

Hkkjr foHkktu ds pkj dkj.k fyf[k,\ Write four Causes of India-Dividation

vFkok

(Or)

'kj.kkFkhZ fdls dgrs gS] 'kj.kkFkhZ leL;k dks la{ksi esa crkb;s\ What is Refugee, Write the Problems of Refugee?

iz’u 7

fu;kstu ds pkj izeq[k mn~ns’; fyf[k;s\ Write four main Aims of Planning?

vFkok

(Or)

{ks=h; vlarqyu dk D;k vk’k; gS\ What is meant by “Creami Layer?”

iz’u 8

fuj{krk D;k gS] fuj{krk ds nks dkj.k fyf[k;s\ What is illiteracy Write two causes?

vFkok

(Or)

{ks=h; vlarqyu dk D;k vk’k; gS\ What is meant by “Regionalism- Immbalance”?

iz’u 9

^^fpidks vkanksyu** D;k gS\ What is “Chipko- Movement”?

vFkok

(Or)

i;kZoj.k iznw"k.k ds dksbZ pkj dkj.k fyf[k;s\ Write Four Causes of “Environmental- Pollution”

iz’u 10

iap’khy ds fl)kar fyf[k;s\ Write Principal of “Panchsheel”?

vFkok

(Or)

'khr;q) ls D;k vk’k; gS\ What is Cold –War ?

iz’u 11

Hkkjr ds iMkslh ns’kks ds uke fyf[k;s\

Write the name of Negibhour Countries of India?

vFkok

(Or)

rk’kdUn& le>kSrk dc vkSj fdlds chp gqvk\ When and which Tashkand- Pact between?

iz’u 12

oS’ohdj.k dk D;k vFkZ gS\ What do you understand by Globalization?

vFkok

(Or)

vk/kqfudhdj.k ds pkj y{k.k fyf[k;s\ Write four type of Morbhization?

¼y?kq mRrjh; iz’u½ iz’u 13

(Short Ans. Type Qus.)

^^d’ehj &leL;k** ij laf{kIr ys[k fyf[k;s\ Write a short note on “Kashmir- Problem”

vFkok

(Or)

Hkkjr esa jkT;ksa ds iquZxBu dh D;k vko’;drk gS o.kZu fdth;s\ Write Necessity of Reformation states in India?

iz’u 14

;kstuk vk;ksx ds dk;Z fyf[k;s\ Write the Works of Planning-Commission”?

vFkok

(Or)

vuwlwfpr tkfr;ksa ds fodkl ds fy;s ljdkj }kjk D;k &D;k iz;kl fd;s x;s gS\ fyf[k;saA What Government did for the Development of schedule caste?

iz’u 15

Hkkjr esa jk"Vªh; ,dhdj.k ds ekxZ esa Hkk"kkokn ,d izeq[k ok/kk gS& la{ksi esa fyf[k;s\ Castism is main reason in the way of “National-integration”- Write in brief?

vFkok

(Or)

vkfFkZd vlekurk dks nwj djus ds mik; fyf[k;s\ How we can remove the Economic Immbalance?

iz’u 16

jk"Vªh; efgyk &vk;ksx ds dk;Z ,oa 'kfDr;kWa fyf[k;s\ Write works and Power of National women commission

vFkok

(Or)

ouks dh dVkbZ ls D;k nq"ifj.kke gq;s\ What Demerit of De-Forestation?

iz’u 17

Hkkjrh; fons’k&uhfr ds ikap fl)kar fyf[k;s\ Write Five Principal of Indian foreign Poliey

vFkok

(Or)

ruko 'kSfFkY; ds vH;qn; ds dkj.k fyf[k;s\ Write reasons of “Detenate”?

iz’u 18

Hkkjr ikfdLrku ds laca/kks dks la{ksi esa le>kb;s\ Write in brief Indo-Pak Relation?

vFkok

(Or)

Hkkjr ,oa usiky ds laca/kksa dks la{ksi esa le>kb;s\ Describe in brief Indo-Nepal Relation?

iz’u 19

la;qDr jk"Vª la?k ds izeq[k mn~ns’; fyf[k;s\ Write Main Aims of United Nations organization?

vFkok

(Or)

lqj{kk ifj"kn ds dk;ksZ dh leh{kk dhft;sa\ Criticise Works of Security Council?

nh?kZ mÙkjh; iz’u iz’u 20

(Long Ans Type Questions)

Hkkjrh; &lafo/kku dh izeq[k fo’ks"krk,s fyf[k;s\ Write main characteristics of Indian-Constitution?

vFkok

(Or)

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ds Jksr crkb;s\ Write sources of Indian –Constitution?

iz’u 21

vUrZjk"Vªh; eqnzk dks"k ds mn~ns’;ksa dk o.kZu dhft;s\ Describe Aims of Indian monitery fund?

vFkok

(Or)

^^lkdZ** ls D;k vk’k; gS] blds mn~ns’;ksa dk o.kZu dhft;sa\ What is meant by “SAARC”, Describe it aims?

vkn'kZ&mRrj oLrqfu"B mRrj mRrj- 1 izR;sd lgh fodYi ij 1 vad (1)

1950

(2)

2 o"kZ 11 ekg 18 fnu

(3)

{ks=okn

(4)

lu~ 1948

(5)

fo’o dk e.Myhdj.k

mRrj- 2 fjDr LFkkuks dh iwfrZ%& (1)

6

(2)

egkRek xka/kh

(3)

1974

(4)

fgjksf'kek

¼izR;sd lgh ij ,d vad½

(5)

mRrj- 3 lgh tksfM;k¡%& (1)

lu 1991 dksyEcks

(2)

lu~ 1962

(3)

lu~ 1992

(4)

tsusok

¼izR;sd lgh tksMh ij ,d vad½

jkstxkj

(5)

U;k;ewfrZ vkj-,u- izlkn

mRrj- 4 ,d okD; ;k 'kCn esa mRrj (1)

lafo/kku

(2)

1950

(3)

Hkkjr

(4)

N%

(5)

1962

¼izR;sd lgh iz’u ij ,d vad½

mRrj- 5 lR;@vlR; (1)

lR;

(2)

vlR;

(3)

vlR;

(4)

lR;

(5)

lR;

¼izR;sd lgh ij ,d vad½

mRrj- 6 ¼60 'kCnksas ij pkj vad½

¼pkj dkjd ij 4 vad½

Hkkjr foHkktu ds dkjd fuEu gS%& 1- eqfLyeksa esa lkEiznkf;drk dh Hkkouk 2- vaxzstks }kjk eqfLye lkEiznkf;drk dks c
ikfdLrku eas cls vYila[;d leqnk; flD[k tks foHkktu ds dkj.k foLFkkiu ds f’kdkj Fks os Hkkjr esa vkdj clsA

(2)

Hkkjr esa cls vyila[;d leqnk; eqlyeku budks Hkh flD[kksa ds LFkku ij ikfdLRkku esa foLFkkfir gksuk Fkk ysfdu bUgs Hkkjr esa gh cus jgus dk vf/kdkj /keZ fujis{k Hkkjrh; ljdkj ds dkj.k izkIr gqvkA

mÙkj &7 dk mÙkj

¼pkj mn~ns’;ks ij 4 vad½

(1)

m|ksxksa ds fodkl dh ;kstuk cukukA

(2)

fu/kZurk vkSj csjkstxkjh dk mUewyu djukA

(3)

fuj{krk dk mUewyu djuk

(4)

lkekftd U;k; dh LFkkiuk djuk vFkok lEiUu oxZ ;k Øhehys;j Crimy Leyer ls gekjk vk’k; fiNMs oxZ ds ,sls

lnL;ksa ls gS tks lkekftd vkSj 'kS{kf.kd n`f"V ls vis{kkd`r csgrj fLFkfr esa vk pqds gSA blds vUrZxr fiNMs oxZ ds os lHkh yksx lfEefyr gSA ftudk O;kid fodkl gqvk gSA ¼lEiUu oxZ½

Øhehys;j esa fdlh O;[email protected] dks lfEefyr djus dk vk/kkj

vk; ds L=ksr fuf’pr fLFkfr rFkk lkekftd foLrkj dh fLFkfr dks ekuk x;k gSA mÙkj 8 dk mRrj xjhch ds lkFk &lkFk vf/kdka’k turk vui<+ gSA ns’k eas cgqer nfjnz ukjk;.k fuj{kj egkpk;ksZ dk gSA tks u rks 'kklu dh okLofodrkvksa dks le> ikrs gSA vkSj uk gh vius er dk Lora= iz;ksx dj tkrs gSA fuj{kj dgykrs gSA dkj.k%& ¼1½

tula[;k o`f)

¼2½

csjkstxkjh

¼3½ f’k{kk O;oLFkk ¼4½ f’k{kk izlkj dk vHkko vFkok

{ks=h; vlarqyu dk vFkZ gS jk"Vª ds lHkh {ks=kas dk larqfyr :Ik esa fodkl u gksdj dqN {ks=ksa dk vf/kd fodkl gks tkuk rFkk dqN {ks=ksa dk de ;k vfodflr jguk dqN {ks=ksa esa d`f"k m|ksx lkekftd thou esa vPNh ek=k eas fodkl yksxksa dh vPNh vkfFkZd fLFkfr vkSj dqN {ks=ksa esa d`f"k m|ksx rFkk fodkl ;kstukvksa dk de fodflr gksuk vkSj yksxksa dh vkfFkZd n’kk dk detksj gksuk o muds lkekftgd thou vkSj futh thou dk Lrj fuEu izdkj gksuk fofHkUu yksxksa dh vk; esa Hkkjh varj dk gksuk {ks=h; vlarqyu gSA {ks=h;

vlarqyu ls yksxksa esa vlarks"k] dq"Bk

vkSj i`Fkdrk dh Hkkouk,a iSnk gksrh gSA tks jk"Vª dh ,drk vkSj v[k.Mrk ds fy;s [krjukd gSA mÙkj& 9

¼4 vad½ fpidks vkanksyu ouksa dks dkVus ls cpkus ds fy;s o`{kksa ls fpiddj vfglad

rjhdksa ls o`{kksa dks cpkus dh ,d rduhdh ;k /kkj.kk gSA fpidks vkanksyu 26 ekpZ lu~ 1974 esa gqvk js.kh xkao dh ,d lk/kkj.k efgyk o`{kksa dks dkVus ls jksdus ds fy;s vkxs vkbZA xkSjk

nsoh us xkao esa ?kj&?kj tkdj yMfd;ksa vkSj efgykvksa dks

izfrjks/k djus ds fy;s izsfjr fd;kA eqjkjh yky vkSj xkSjk nsoh ds usr`Ro esa 27 vU; fL=;ksa vkSj yMfd;ksa us isMks ls tkdj fpiduk 'kq: fd;k efgykvksa dk dguk Fkk fd ;s taxy gekjk ek;dk gSA bls ge fdlh Hkh dher ij dkVus ugh nsxsa ;gh ?kVuk fpidksa vkanksyu ds uke ls tkuh tkrh gSA vFkok i;kZoj.k iznw"k.k ds dkj.k fuEu gS%& ¼1½ HkkSfrd fodkl dks vR;f/kd egRo ¼2½ ouks dk fouk’k ¼3½ d`f"k dk O;kikjhdj.k ¼4½ iznw"k.k mRiUu djus okys m|ksxksa dk foLrkj ¼5½ cMs+ iSekus ij [kuuA mÙkj- 10

iap’khy ds fl)kar fuEu gS%& 1- izR;sd jkT; dks nwljs jkT; dh izknsf’kd v[k.Mrk vkSj loksZPplRrk dk lEeku djuk pkfg,A 2- ,d nwljs jkT; ij vkØe.k u djukA 3- ,d nwljs ds vkarfjd ekeykssa esa gLr{ksi u djukA 4- ,d nwljs ds lkFk lekurk rFkk ikjLifjd ykHk ds fl)karks ds vk/kkj ij laca/k LFkkfir djukA 5- 'kkafre; lg vfLkRo ds fl)kar ds vfLrRo dk fodklA vFkok 'khr;q) ls vk’k;%&

'khr;q) u gksrs gq;s Hkh ;q) dh Hkh ifjfLFkfr cuk;s j[kus

dh dyk gSA ftlesa nksuks ;q) 'kkafriw.kZ jktuSfrd laca/k j[krs gq, Hkh ijLij 'k=qHkko j[krs gSA 'khr;q) esa gfFk;kjksa dk iz;ksx ugh gksrk gSA ;g oSpkfjdrk ls lacaf/kr gSA nksuks ns’kksa ds e/; nq"izlkj] oSpkfjd Vdjko ,oa euks&oSKkfudrk izfr}Unrk ls lacaf/kr gSA 'khr;q) ds nkSjku ;q) dk eSnku ekuo efLr"d gksrk gSA mÙkj - 11 Hkkjr ds iMkslh- ns’k%&

¼4 vad½

1- ikfdLrku 2- HkwVku 3- usiky 4- Jh yadk 5- caXykns’k 6- phu 7- cekZ vFkok

lksfo;r iz/kkuea=h us ikfdLrku ds jk"Vªifr v¸;wc [kka vkSj Hkkjr ds iz/kkuea=h Jh yky cgknqj 'kkL=h dks okrkZ ds fy;s rk’kdUn esa vkeaf=r fd;kA 10 tuojh 1966 dh ,sfrgkfld rk’kdUn le>kSrs ij nksuks ns'kks us gLrk{kj fd;sA mÙkj - 12

¼4 vad½ oS’ohdj.k og izfØ;k gS ftlesa iwjk fo’o ,dhd`r gksdj ,d fo’kky oSf’od

cktkj ;k xzke cu tkrk gSA oS;fyl ,oa fLeFk ds vuqlkj ^^oS’ohdj.k ,d ,slh izfØ;k gS ftlesa lkekftd laca/k vis{kkd`r nwjh jfgr vkSj lhek jfgr cuk;s tkrs gSA vFkok vk/kqfudhdj.k ds y{k.k%& 1- foHksnhdj.k 2- lekurk 3- lkoZHkkSfedrk 4- ifjorZu dh {kerk mÙkj - 13

¼5 vad½ Lora=rk ds i'pkr~ nks u;s jk"Vª Hkkjr ikfdLrku cusA d’ehj Hkkjr dh mRrj

if’pe lhek ij fLFkr gksus ds dkj.k Hkkjr vkSj ikd nksuks dks tksMrk gSA d’ehj ds rRdkthu jktk gfj flag us viuh fj;klr tEew dks Lora=rk j[kus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA d’ehj ij vkf/kiR; tekus ds fy;s 1965 ,oa 1971 esa Hkkjr ls ikd us ;q) fd;kA ijarq vlQy jgkA lqj{kk ifj"kn us bl leL;k ds lek/kku ds fy;s ikap jk"Vªks dh ,d lfefr dh bl lfefr us ekSds ij vkdj fujh{k.k fd;k rFkk nksuksa i{kksa ls ;q) can djus dh ,oa fuEu 'krksZ ds vk/kkj ij ;q) can djus dh vihy dhA 1- ikd d’ehj lss lsuk gVk ysA 2- ikd }kjk [kkyh fd;s x;s {ks=ksa dk 'kklu LFkkuh; vf/kdkjh la;qDr jk"Vª la?k dh ns[k&js[k esa djsaA

3- bl fl)kar ds vk/kkj ij nksuks i{k yach okrkZ ds ckn 1 tuojh 1949 dks ;q) fojke ds fy;s lger gks x,A d’ehj ds foy; dk fu.kZ; tuer laxzg ds vk/kkj ij gksuk FkkA ;q) fojke js[kk fu/kkZfjr gks tkus ds QyLo:i ikd ds ikl d’ehj dk dqN {ks= jg x;k ftls mlus vktkn d’ehj uke fn;kA vFkok ns’kh fj;klrksa dk Hkkjr la?k esa ,dhdj.k ,oa rkRdkyhu O;oLFkk FkhA bl ckr dh vko’;drk lHkh oxksZ esa eglwl dh xbZA nf{k.k jkT;ksa esa Hkk"kk;h vk/kkj ij jkT;ksa ds iquZxBu dh ekax tksj idMus yxhA lafo/kku lHkk }kjk ftl le; lafo/kku fuekZ.k fd;k tk jgk Fkk] mlh le; Hkk"kk;h vk/kkj ij jkT;ksa ds fuekZ.k dh ekax Lo;a lafo/kku lHkk esa mBus yxhA jkT;ksa ds iquZxBu dh vko’;drk dks fuEu dkjd Hkh gSA 1- Hkk"kk;h ,d :irk%& jkT;ksa es iquZxBu Hkk"kk;h vk/kkj ij fd;k x;k ftlls Hkkjr esa Hkk"kk;h ,drk dks ,d :I esa latks;s j[kus dk iz;kl fd;k x;kA ftlls Hkk"kk;h vk/kkj ij ,drk LFkkfir gks ldsaA 2- ,d Hkk"kk ,d jkT; ds fy;s%&

fofHkUu jkT;ksa esa ,d gh Hkk"kk dk iz;ksx

fd;k tk; rFkk lHkh jkT;ksa dks laxfBr dj ,dhd`r djus ds fy;s Hkh jkT;ksa dk iquZxBu fd;k x;kA 3- Hkk"kk dk izpkj%&

yxHkx lHkh jkT;ksa esa jkT;ksa dk iquZxBu Hkk"kk ds vk/kkj

ij fd;k x;kA 4- jk"Vªh; ,drk%&jkT;ks a ds iquZxBu ds }kjk {ks=h; Hkkoukvksa vkSj jk"Vªh; ,drk ds ,drk%& e/; larqyu LFkkfir djus ,oa ikjLifjd laca/kksa dks n`< cuk;sa j[kus dh egRoiw.kZ vko’;drk gSA lu 1956 esa jkT; iquZxBu vk;ksx us 14 jkT;ksa vkSj 06 dsUnz 'kkflr jkT;ksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq laL=qfr dhA

iz’u- 14

5 dk;Z esa izR;sd ij 1 vad

;kstuk vk;ksx ds izeq[k dk;Z%& 1- jk"Vª ds ekSfyd iwathxr rFkk ekuo lalk/kuksa dk vuqeku yxkukA 2- ;kstuk ds fofHkUu pj.kksa dk fu/kkZj.k djuk rFkk izkFkfedrk ds vk/kkj ij lalk/kuksa ds vkoaVu dk izLrko djukA 3- Lkjdkj dks vkfFkZd fodkl dh ck/kkvksa ls voxr djkukA 4- ;kstuk dh izxfr dk ewY;kadu djukA 5- le;≤ ij dsUnzh; ljdkj rFkk jkT; ljdkjkas }kjk fo’ks"k leL;kvksa ij jk; ekaxus ij lykg nsukA vFkok vuwlwfpr tkfr tkfr ds fodkl ds fy;s fd;s x;s iz;Ru fuEu gS%& 1-

vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa ds mEeh}okjksa ds fy;s izf’k{k.k dh O;oLFkkA

2

vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa ds Nk=ksa ds fy;s izh&eSVªhd ,oa iksLV eSVªhd Nk=o`fRriznku djukA

3

v-tk- Nk=ksamds fy;s fons’kh Nk=o`fÙk;kaA

4-

v-tk- efgyk ,oa cky&fodkl ds fy;s ijke’kZnk=h dh O;oLFkk djukA

5- vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa ds fodkl dk;Z esa yxh xSj ljdkjh laLFkkvksa dks vuqnku iznku djukA mÙkj - 15

¼5 vad½

Hkkjr essa vkfFkZd vlekurk nwj djus ds Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ds fuekZrkvksa }kjk gj laHko iz;kl fd;s x;s gS%& 1-

vuqPNsn 23 ds varZxr 'kks"k.k dk fu"ks/k fd;k x;k gSA

2-

vuqPNsn 24 ds varZxr csxkj dk fu"ks/k fd;k x;k gSA

3-

uhfr&funsZ’kd rRo ds varxZr leku dk;Z ds fy;s leku osru dh ckr dgh xbZA

4-

vuqPNsn 39 ¼,½ 39 ¼ch½ esa fo|eku gS] fd 39 ¼,½ ds vuqlkj jkT; dh bl ckr ds fy;s lps"V jgsxk fd ekSfyd lalk/kuksa dk leku forj.k gSA

5-

blh izdj 39 ¼ch½ ds rgr jkT; bl ckr dh dksf’k’k djsxk fd iwath dk dqN gh gkFkksa esa ladsUnz.k u gksus ik;saA vFkok Hkk"kk ,d ,slk ek/;e gS fd tks yksxksa dks ,d nwljs ds lehi ykrk gSA ijarq

nqHkkX;Z ls vkt Hkk"kk;h fookn us ,drk dks vk/kkr igaqpk;k gSA Hkkjrh; yksdra= ij Hkk"kkokn ds fuEufyf[kr izHkko iMs%& 1- jk"VªHkk"kk dh leL;k%& leL;k

Lora=rk izkfIr ds brus o"kZ ckn Hkh Hkk"kk;h leL;k

T;ks dh R;ksa gSA fgUnh dks jk"VªHkk"kk rks cuk;k x;k] ijarq mls iwjh rjg ykxw ugh fd;k x;k] blls vaxszth Hkk"kk dk cksy ckyk jgk gSA 2-

Hkk"kk;h vk/kkj ij jkT;ksa dk fuekZ.k%& k

Hkkjr

esa

Hkk"kk;h

vk/kkj

ij

jkT;ksa dk fuekZ.k gqvk gS vc Hkh mudh ekax mB jgh gSA 3- Hkk"kk;h vk/kkj ij vUrZjk"Vªh; fookn%& fookn Hkk"kk;h vk/kkj ij dbZ ckj jkT;ksa ds chp ruko rFkk vkilh la?k"kZ iSnk gks tkrs gS rFkk fglkaRed :i /kkj.k dj ysrs gSA 4- Hkk"kk;h fookn dks laoS/kkfud ekU;rk fn;s tkus gsrq la?k"kZ%&

Hkkjr esa Hkk"kk

dks laoS/kkfud ekU;rk fn, tkus ds fy;s dbZ ckj fglkaRed la?k"kZ Hkh gq;s gSA lafo/kku es dqy 14 Hkk"kk dk mYys[k Fkk ckn esa flU/kh] ef.kiqjh dksad.kh rFkk usikyh Hkk"kk dks Hkh ekU;rk nh xbZA 5- Lkekftd ruko rFkk lkEiznkf;drk dks c<+kok%& ok

Hkk"kkokn

esa

lkekftd

ruko rFkk lkEiznkf;drk dks gh c
mÙkj - 16

¼5 vad izR;sd dk;Z ij 1 vad½

jk"Vªh; efgyk vk;ksx ds dk;Z o 'kfDr;ks dk fooj.k jk"Vªh; efgyk vk;ksx vf/kfu;e 1990 ds varZxr jk"Vªh; Lrj ij jk"Vªh; efgyk vk;ksx dk xBu fd;k x;kA ;s lHkh vk;ksx dsUnz ljdkj }kjk lapkfyr gksrs gS 1- dk;Z ,oa 'kfDr;ka%& lafo/kku vkSj vU; fof/k;ksa ds v/khu efgykvksa ls lacaf/kr leLr ekeyksa dks vUos"k.k vkSj ijh{k.k djukA 2- efgykvks ds l’kfDrdj.k ,oa muds prqZeq[kh fodkl ds fy;s uhfr;ka ,oa ;kstukvksa dk fu/kkZj.k djukA 3- efgykvksa ds izfr foHksn ,oa vR;kpkj ds ekeyksa dk vUos"k.k djukA 4- efgykvksa dh n’kk lq/kkjus gsrq mik; ds fØ;kUo;u gsrq lq>ko nsukA 5- efgykvksa ds fodkl ds fy;s ekxZ iz’kLr djukA vFkok ouks dh dVkbZ dk i;kZoj.k ij fuEu nq"izHkko gksrs gS%& 1- Hkw&L[kyu dh c
ou vk|ksfxd izfr"Bkuksa ds /kqa;s ls c
Hkkjr dh fons’k uhfr%& ¼1½

xqVfujis{krk ;k vlyaXurk dh uhfr fo’o 'kkafr dh LFkkiuk ds fy, mDr nksuks xqVksa esa ls fdlh Hkh xqv esa lfEefyr u gksuk gh mi;qDr le>kA

¼2½

'kkafr iw.kZ lg vfLRkRo esa fo’okl j[kukA

¼3½

eS=h iw.kZ laca/k fo’o ds lHkh ns’kksa ls cuk;sa j[kukA

¼4½

Hkkjr dh fons’k uhfr dk fl)kar lkezkT;okn vkSj mifuos’kokn dk fojks/k djuk gSA

¼5½

Hkkjr iztkra= ,oa jaxHksn uhfr dk fojks/k djrk gSA og fu’kL=hdj.k uhfr esa fo’okl j[krk gSA Hkkjr jk"Vªh; fgrksa dh lqj{kk ,oa lao/kZu djrk gS ,oa la;qDr jk"Vªla?k esa iw.kZ vkLFkk j[krk gSA mlds dk;ksZ esas mldh iw.kZ enn djrk gSA vFkok

ruko 'kSfFkY; ds vH;qn; ds mRrjnk;h dkjd fuEufyf[kr gS%& 1- ijek.kq ;q) dk [krjk 2- lksfo;r la?k dh 'kkafriw.kZ lgvfLrRo dh uhfrA 3- D;wck felkbZy ladV 4- Lksfo;r la?k dh vkfFkZd vko’;drk,sa 5- lksfo;r la?k o phu ds e/; c
¼5 vad½ ¼120 'kCnksa ij 5 vad½

Hkkjr ,oa ikfdLrku ds izkjEHk ls gh e/kqj laca/k ugh jgs lkFk gh vUrjkZ"Vªh; eapksa ij f}i{kh; eqn~nksa dk mBkrk jgk gS ikfdLrku vesfjdk ls lSfud lkexzh ?kkrd 16 foeku gkQZu uked tgkt vkfn [kjhnkjh dj jgk gSA 1997 esa Hkh mlus fQj ls lSU; lkexzh nsuk vkfFkZd enn ,oa lSU; izf’k{k.k nsuk 'kq: fd;k gSA Hkkjr esa fl[kksa dh vkradoknh lgk;rk djuk izf’k{k.k nsuk] vkfFkZd enn nsus ds rF; lkeus vk;s gSA ftlds QyLo:Ik dVqrk c<+h gSA ikfdLrku }kjk tEew d’ehj esa vkradokfn;ka dh xfrfof/k;ksa dks izksRlkgu nsukA bLykeh ,drk ds uke ij vjc jk"Vªks ds lkFk ?kfu"V laca/k cukuk ,slh fLFkfr esa nksuks ds e/; lq/kkj gsrq vko’;d dne mBkus ls e/kqj laca/k LFkkfir gks ldsxsaA vFkok Hkkjr usiky laf/k 1950 ls bu ns’kksa esa laca/k LFkkfir gq, nksuksa ns’kksa esa vkokxeu] fuokl] laifRr vk;ksx O;kikj djus dh Lora=rk nh xbZA 1950 esa gh Hkkjr Hkwfe ls jktra= ds fo:) vkanksyu pyk vkSj og yksdra= dh LFkkiuk gqbZ jktifjokj dks Hkkjr us 'kj.k nhA Hkkjr usiky laca/kksa esa fuEu ckrs izeq[k gS%& 1- usiky dk Hkkjr ls mis{kk dj phu ls e/kqj laca/k LFkkfir dj o"kZ 1956 esa phu ds lkFk usiky dh lqj{kk dh laf/k djuk blls Hkkjr dks phu ls [krjk mRiUu gksxkA 2- usiky }kjk phu ls Hkkjr ds ijke’kZ ds fcuk gfFk;kj [kjhnuk rFkk phu ls O;kikfjd laca/k LFkkfir djukA 3- usiky dk vf/kdka’k vaUrjkZ"Vªh; vk;kr&fu;kZr Hkkjr ds jkLrs ls gh gksrk gS usiky Hkkjr ls lqfo/kk;s pkgrk gS fdarq Hkkjr ds fgrks dh vuns[kh djrk gSA bl dkj.k erHksn mRiUu gq, gSA mÙkj - 19 la;qDr jk"Vª la?k ds izeq[k mn~ns’; fuEufyf[kr gS%& 1- vkus okyh ih
¼5 vad½

2- ewyHkwr ekuo vf/kdkjks] euq"; dh xfjek vkSj dk;Z rFkk iq:"k L=h ,oa jk"Vªksa esa fodkl dks etcwr djukA 3- ,slh fLFkfr;ka dk fuekZ.k djuk ftlesa U;k; rFkk laf/k ,oa varjk"Vªh; fof/k ds vU; L=ksarks ls mn~Hkwr mRrjnkf;Roksa dk ikyu fd;k tk ldsaA 4- Lkekftd izxfr rFkk thou ds csgrj Lrj dks c
vUrjk"Vªh; 'kkafr ,oa lqj{kk dh LFkkiuk djukA

¼[k½

lHkh jk"Vªks ds e/; eS=hiw.kZ laca/kksa dk fodkl djukA

¼x½

lkekftd] vkfFkZd] lkaLd`frd ,oa ekuoh; {ks=kas esa varjk"Vªh; lg;ksx dks izksRlkfgr ,oa iq"V djukA

¼?k½

la;qDr jk"Vª la?k dks ,d ,slk dsUnz cukuk tgka bu lkekU; mn~ns’;ksa dh iwfrZ ds fy;s jk"Vªksa ds vyx&vyx iz;klksa esa lkektL; LFkkfir fd;k tk ldsaA vFkok

la;qDr jk"Vª la?k pkVZj ds vuqlkj lqj{kkifj"kn dk eq[; dk;Z varjk"Vªh; 'kkafr ,oa lqj{kk cuk;s j[kuk gS bl O;oLFkk dks Hkax djus okys ns’kksa dks dBksj dk;Zokgh djus dk vf/kdkj izkIr gS vr% blds fuEufyf[kr dk;Z gS%& 1- dwVuhfrd] vkfFkZd o lSfud dk;Zokgh dk vkns’k nsus dk vf/kdkjA 2- vkns’k lnL; jk"Vªksa ds fy;s ck/;dkjh gksrk gSA 3- flQkfj’k ij egklHkk jk"Vªksa dks uohu lnL;rk iznku djrh gSA 4- lnL;rk ds vf/kdkj ls oafpr djukA 5- vUrjkZ"Vªh; fooknksa dks lqy>kus ds fy;s] iapksa e/;LFkksa ,oa vUrZjk"Vªh; U;k;y; dks fu.kZ; dk lq>ko nsukA 6- vkfFkZd izfrca/k yxkus dh vkKk ns ldrh gSA 7- lqj{kk ifj"kn dh egklHkk dh fu;qfDrA mÙkj - 20

¼6 fo’ks"krkvksa ij 6vad½

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dh izeq[k fo’ks"krk;s%& fdlh ns’k dk lafo/kku ml ns’k dh fo’ks"k vko’;drkvksa ds vuq:I gksrk gSA vkSj blh dkj.k izR;sd lafo/kku dk viuk ,d fof’k"V Lo:i gksrk gSA bl euksHkko dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ds fuekZrkvksa us Hkkjr tSls fo’kkydk; cgqtkrh;] cgqHkk"kh; rFkk cgqy lEiznk; okys jk"Vª ds fy, mi;qDr lafo/kku dk fuekZ.k fd;kA (1)

fyf[kr ,oa fo’kky lafo/kku

(2)

dBksj o yphys dk lfEeJ.k

(3)

laiw.kZ izHkqRo laiUu

(4)

lektoknh ;k iaFk fujis{krk

(5)

Lora= ,oa fu"i{k U;k;ikfydk

(6)

ekSfyd vf/kdkj ,oa ewy drZO;

(7)

vYila[;d rFkk fiNMs oxksZ ds dY;k.k dh lqfo/kk;saA

(8)

lalnh; 'kklu iz.kkyhA vFkok Hkkjr dk lafo/kku 1935 ds Hkkjr 'kklu vf/kfu;e rFkk fofHkUu ns’kksa ds

lafo/kkuksa ls izHkkfor lafo/kku gSA blds fofHkUu L=ksr fuEu gS%& 1- fcVªsu dk lafo/kku%& o/kku fcVªsu ds lafo/kku ls lalnh; 'kklu iz.kkyh fof/k fuekZ.k izfØ;k fo/kkf;dk ds v/;{k dk in bdgjh ukxfjdrk vkSj U;k;ikfydk ds
4- dukMk dk lafo/kku %&

Hkkjr dks jkT;ksa dh ;wfu;u dgk tkrk gS] ;s izsj.kk

dukMk dh gSA Hkkjrh; lafo/kku fuekZrkvksa ds lkeus Hkh lafo/kku dh jpuk djrs le; jk"Vª dh ,drk vkSj v[kaMrk dk iz’u cMk gh egRoiw.kZ FkkA 5- vkWLVsªfy;k dk lafo/kku %& 'kfDr;ksa dh yach lwph leorhZ fo"k;ksa ij dsUnz ljdkj vkSj jkT; ljdkjksa esa erHksn ds le; mldk gy fuezyus dk rjhdk vkLVªsfy;k ds lafo/kku ls fy;k x;k gSA 6- teZuh dk lafo/kku %&

ladVdkyhu voLFkk esa jk"Vªifr dks O;kid vf/kdkj

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku us ns j[ks FksaA ukxfjdksa ds ekSfyd vf/kdkjksa vkSj la?kh;
6vad ¼izR;sd mn~ns’; ds o.kZu ij 1 vad½ varjk"Vªh; eqnzk dks"k dh LFkkiuk ds eq[; mn~ns’; fuEufyf[kr gS%& 1- ekSfnzd lg;ksx dks c
lkdZ dk iwjk uke nf{k.k ,f’k;kbZ {ks=h; lg;ksx la?k gSA ;g nf{k.k ,f’k;k ds ns’kksa dh vkilh esy&tksy c
nf{k.k&,f’k;k esa fLFkr ns’kksa dh turk ds thou Lrj dks Åij mBkus dk iz;kl djukA

II.

nf{k.k ,f’k;k ds lkekftd] vkfFkZd rFkk lkaLd`frd fodkl esa rhozrk ykukA

III.

lnL; ns’kksa dh lkewfgd vkRe fuHkZjrk esa o`f) djukA

IV.

ijLij lg;ksx ,oa fopkj foe’kZ }kjk ,d nwljs ns’kksa dh leL;kvksa dk ewY;kadu djukA

V.

lkekftd] lkaLd`frd] rduhdh rFkk oSKkfud {ks=ksa esa ijLij lgk;rk nsuk .......................................

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