ijh{kk gk;j lsd.Mjh ¼Higher Secondary Examination½ fo"k; & Hkwxksy ¼Subject -Geography½ vkn'kZ iz'u i=&lsV **lh** le; & 3 ?k.Vs

iw.kkZad & 75 vad

Time - 3 Hours

Max. Marks - 75

funsZ'k & ¼1½

lHkh iz'u vfuok;Z gSaA

¼2½

iz'u&i= esa fn, x, funsZ'k lko/kkuhiwoZd i<+dj iz'uksa ds mRrj fyf[k,A

¼3½

iz'u Ø- 1 ls 4 rd oLrqfu"B iz'u gSa] ftuds varxZr fjDr LFkku dh iwfrZ] ,d ,d okD; esa mRrj nsuk] lgh tksM+h cukuk rFkk lgh fodYi dk p;u djuk gSA izR;sd iz'u ds fy, 5 vad vkoafVr gSaA

¼4½

iz'u Ø- 5 ls 10 rd izR;sd iz'u ds fy, 4 vad vkoafVr gSaA

¼5½

iz'u Øekad 11 ls 15 rd izR;sd iz'u ds fy, 5 vad vkoafVr gSaA

¼6½

iz'u Øekad 16 esa 6 vad vkoafVr gSaA

¼7½

iz'u Øekad 5 ls 16 rd izR;sd iz'u esa vkarfjd fodYi fn;s x;s gSaA

¼8½

iz'u Øekad 13 dks fo'o ds ekufp= esa vafdr dhft, rFkk ekufp= dks viuh mRrj&iqfLrdk esa layXu dhft,A

Instruction (1)

All questions are compulsory.

(2)

Read the instruction of question paper carefully and answer the questions.

(3)

Question No. 1 to 4 are objective types which contain fill in the blanks, Answer in one sentence, Match the pairs and choose the correct answer Each question is allotted 5 marks

(4)

Question No. 5 to 10 carry 4 marks each.

(5)

Question No. 11 to 15 carry 5 marks each.

(6)

Question No. 16 Carries 6 marks

(7)

Internal options are given in question No. 5 to 16

(8)

Show question No. 13 in the outline map of world and attach the map in your answer book. 1

izkn'kZ iz'u&i= ¼Hkwxksy½ 1-

fuEufyf[kr fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ dhft,A ¼v½

-------------------------------- dks Hkkjr dk ekupsLVj dgk tkrk gSA

¼c½

ekuo dks i`Foh dh mit --------------------------------- us crk;k gSA

¼l½

ØsMfjd jSVtsy ------------------------------------ns'k ds HkwxksosRrk FksA

¼n½

Hkkjr dk Tokjh; canjxkg ---------------------------- gSA

¼b½

vk/kqfud lH;rk dk vk/kkj --------------------------- m|ksx gSA

5 vad

Fill in the blanks of the following

2-

(a)

_______________is stated as Manchster of India

(b)

______________ Stated human as a born of Earth.

(c)

Fedrik Retzel was famous Geographist of __________ Country

(d)

_____________is tide port of India

(e)

_______________ Industry is the root of modern civilization.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls izR;sd dk ,d okD; esa mRrj fyf[k, ¼v½

Hkkjr dk jk"Vªh; i{kh dkSu lk gS \

¼c½

vHkzd mRiknu esa Hkkjr dk fo'o esa dkSu lk LFkku gS \

¼l½

ekuo Hkwxksy dk ;FkkFkZ foHkktu fdlus fd;k \

¼n½

loZizFke lqij dEI;wVjj cukus okyk dkSu lk ns'k gS \

¼b½

futh {ks= ds m|ksxksa ij fdl dk LokfeRo gksrk gS \

5 vad

Answer the following in one sentence each (i)

Which is the National bird of India ?

(ii)

What is the position of India in world in area of Mica Production ?

(iii)

Who as done the real classification of Human Geography ?

(iv)

Which country prepared super computer for first time ?

(v)

Who possesses the private sector of Industries?

2

3-

lgh tksM+h cukb;sA ^v*

5 vad ^c*

1-

ykSg&Likr m|ksx

1- dkuiqj

2-

lwrh oL= m|ksx

2- caxykSj

3-

isVªks jlk;u m|ksx

3- te'ksniqj

4-

phuh m|ksx

4- r{kf'kyk vkSj uk yank

5-

Kku vk/kkfjr m|ksx

5- lwjr

Match the columns : "A"

"B"

1.

Iron-Steel Industry

1.

Kanpur

2.

Cotton Textile Industry

2.

Bagalore

3.

Petro-chemical industry

3.

Jamshedpur

4.

Sugar Industry

4.

Takshila and Nalanda

5.

Knowledge based industry

5.

Surat

4-

lgh fodYi dk p;u dh dhft;sA ¼v½

lgh fodYi p;u dhft, %&

¼1½

ckxkuh Qly gS &

¼2½

¼3½

5 vad

¼v½

/kku ¼pkoy½

¼c½

xsgwa

¼l½

twV

¼n½

pk;

Hkkjr dh lcls yEch xSl ikbi ykbu gS &

¼v½

cjkSuh ls fnYyh

¼c½

gthjk ls txnh'kiqj

¼l½

vgenkckn ls eFkqjk

¼n½

vkuan ls vgenkckn

Hkkjr esa lcls vf/kd lk{kjrk nj fdl jkT; esa gS &

¼v½

if'pe caxky

¼c½

mRrj izns'k

¼l½

dsjy

¼n½

e/;izns'k

3

¼4½

¼5½

[kfut vk/kkfjr m|ksx gS %& ¼v½

ykSg&Likr

¼c½

twV m|ksx

¼l½

'kDdj m|ksx

¼n½

dkxt m|ksx

fiV~lcxZ vkS|ksfxd {ks= fdl m|ksx ds fy, fo'ks"k :i ls izfl) gS&

¼v½

ykSg&Likr m|ksx

¼c½

eksVj m|ksx

¼l½

oL= m|ksx

¼n½

jlk;u m|ksx

Select the correct answer (1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

5-

Plantation crop is(a)

Pedy (Rice)

(b)

Wheat

(c)

Jute

(d)

Tea

Longest gas pipe line of India is (a)

Barauni to Delhi

(b)

Hajira to Jagdeshpur

(c)

Ahamdabad to Mathura

(d)

Anand to Ahmadabad

In which state of India Litracy rate is maximum(a)

West Bengal

(b)

Uttar Pradesh

(c)

Kerla

(d)

Madhya Pradesh

Minral based industry is (a)

Iron steel industry

(b)

Jute Industry

(c)

Sugar Industry

(d)

Paper Industry

For which industry pitsburg industrial ara is specially famous(a)

Iron steel Industry

(b)

Motor Industry

(c)

Textile Industry

(d)

Chemical Industry

vk/kqfud uxjksa dh dksbZ pkj fo'ks"krk,a fyf[k,A

4 vad

Write any four characteristics of Modern Cities

vFkok (OR) xzkeh.k vf/koklksa ds izdkj fyf[k,A Write the types of rural settlements. 4

6-

ok;q ifjogu dh dksbZ pkj mi;ksfxrk,a fyf[k,A

4 vad

Write any four uses of air transport.

vFkok (OR) varjkZ"Vªh; O;kikj ds dksbZ pkj izeq[k ykHk fyf[k,A Write four main advantages of international trade.

7-

Hkkjr esa tula[;k o`f) dks lhfer j[kus ds fy, dksbZ pkj mik; fyf[k,\ 4 vad Write any four suggestions to control the population growth of India ?

vFkok (OR) Hkkjrh; tula[;k dh dksbZ pkj fo'ks"krk,a fyf[k, \ Write any four characteristics of Indian Population ?

8-

izfrj{kk uxj ,oa /kkfeZd uxj ls D;k vk'k; gS \ buesa mnkgj.k lfgr varj fyf[k,A 4 vad What do you mean by defence town and religious town ? Write the differences with example ?

vFkok (OR) uxj gh fofHkUu O;olkf;d xfr fof/k;ksa ds dsUnz gksrs gSa] Li"V dhft,A Cities are the centre of different commercial activities, explain.

9-

vkUrfjd ty ifjogu ,oa rVorhZ ty ifjogu esa pkj varj fyf[k,A

4 vad

Write four differences between inland water transport and coastal water transport

vFkok (OR) Hkkjr esa lM+dksa dh dksbZ pkj fo'ks"krk,a fyf[k,A Write any four problems of Roads in India.

10-

Hkwfe dh xq.koRrk ?kVus ds dksbZ pkj dkj.k fyf[k, \

4 vad

Write any four reasons of Land digradation ?

vFkok Hkkjr esa xjhch nwj djus ds dksbZ pkj mik; fyf[k,A Write any four solution of poverty in India 5

vFkok (OR) 11-

vestu unh csflu {ks= eysf'k;k ls fiNM+ x;k gS] D;ksa \ 4 vad Why has Amazon rive basin left out in the development in comparison with Malasia ?

vFkok (OR) tula[;k dh rhoz o`f) ds QyLo:i fodkl ij iM+us okys dksbZ ikap izHkko fyf[k,\ Write any five influences of rapid growth of population on the development.

12-

dqVhj m|ksx vkSj o`gr~&m|ksx esa dksbZ ikap varj fyf[k,A

5 vad

Write any five differences between Cottage industry orr large scale industry.

vFkok (OR) thfodksiktZu d`f"k D;k gS \ bldh dksbZ pkj fo'ks"krk,a fyf[k,A What is subsistance agriculture ? Write any four characteristics of it.

13-

fo'o ds ekufp= esa fuEufyf[kr dks n'kkZb, %& ¼1½

dsi dkfgjk jsyekxZ

¼2½

iukek ugj

¼3½

eSfDldks dh [kkM+h

¼4½

dksydkrk cUnjxkg

¼5½

iFkZ uxj

5 vad

Show the following in the map of world (i)

Cape-Cahira Rail Route

(ii)

Panama Canal

(iii)

Bay of Maxico

(iv)

Kolkata Port

(v)

Parth Town

6

vFkok (OR) fo'o ds ekufp= esa fuEufyf[kr dks n'kkZb,A ¼1½

uhy unh

¼2½

fgUn egklkxj

¼3½

flaxkiqj

¼4½

U;w;kdZ ls yanu ekxZ

¼5½

vkLVªsfy;k Vªkal dkWfUVus.Vy jsy ekxZ

Show the following in the map of world

14-

(i)

Neel River

(ii)

Indian Ocean

(iii)

Singapore

(iv)

Newyork to London Sea route

(v)

Australia trans-Continental Railway route

pk; dh mit ds fy, vko';d HkkSxksfyd n'kk,a fyf[k,A

5 vad

Write the required geographical conditions for Tea cultivation.

vFkok (OR) m|ksxksa dh LFkkiuk ij izHkko Mkyus okys ikap izeq[k dkjdksa dks mnkgj.k lfgr fyf[k,A Write five factors effecting the establshment of industries with examples.

15-

nwfj;ksa dks de djus esa lapkj ds lk/ku fdl izdkj ;ksxnku djrs gSa] Li"V dhft,A

6 vad

How the means of communications reduces the distances, explain.

vFkok (OR) Hkkjr esa ty ifjogu dk egRo fyf[k,A Write the importance of water transport in India.

16-

lnkcgkj ou vkSj ir>M+ ou ¼ekulwuh½ ouksa esa dksbZ N% varj fyf[k,A

6 vad

Write any six differences between evergreen forest and monsoon forest.

vFkok (OR) i'kq lalk/kuksa dk egRo fyf[k,A Write the importance of animal resources.

7

ijh{kk gk;j lsd.Mjh ¼Higher Secondary Examination½ fo"k; & Hkwxksy ¼Subject -Geography½ vkn'kZ mRrj& lsV **lh** 1-

vkn'kZ mRrj %&

5 vad

fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ ¼v½

vgenkckj

¼c½

dqekjh bZ-lh- lSEiqy

¼l½

teZuh

¼n½

dksydRrk

¼M½

ykSg&Likr

¼izR;sd lgh ij 1 vad rFkk 5 lgh ij iw.kZ 5vad izkIr gksaxs½ 2-

vkn'kZ mRrj %&

5 vad

,d okD; esa mRrj %& ¼v½

Hkkjr dk jk"Vªh; i{kh eksj gSA

¼c½

vHkzd mRiknu esa Hkkjr dk fo'o esa izFke LFkku gSA

¼l½

ekuo Hkwxksy dk ;FkkFkZ foHkktu thuczw'k us fd;kA

¼n½

loZizFke lqij dEI;wVj cukus okyk ns'k la;qDr jkT; vesfjdk gSA

¼M½

futh {ks= ds m|ksxksa ij O;fDr fo'ks"k dk vf/kdkj gksrk gSA

¼izR;sd lgh ij 1 vad rFkk 5 lgh ij iw.kZ 5vad izkIr gksaxs½ 3-

lgh tksM+h cukb;sA ^v*

5 vad ^c*

1-

ykSg&Likr m|ksx

1- te'ksniqj

2-

lwrh oL= m|ksx

2- lwjr 8

3-

isVªks jlk;u m|ksx

3- caxykSj

4-

phuh m|ksx

4- dkuiqj

5-

Kku vk/kkfjr m|ksx

5- r{kf'kyk vksj ukyank

¼izR;sd lgh ij 1 vad rFkk 5 lgh ij iw.kZ 5vad izkIr gksaxs½ 4-

lgh fodYi dk p;u %&

5 vad

¼ i½

¼n½

pk;

¼ii½

¼c½

gthjk ls txnh'kiqj

¼iii½

¼l½

dsjy

¼iv½

¼v½

ykSg&Likr m|ksx

¼v½

¼v½

ykSg Likr m|ksx

¼izR;sd lgh ij 1 vad rFkk 5 lgh ij iw.kZ 5vad izkIr gksaxs½ 5-

4 vad

vk/kqfud uxjksa dh fo'ks"krk,¡ %& ¼v½

vk/kqfud uxj foLr`r {ks=ksa esa fLFkr gksrs gSA buesa cM+h cM+h lM+ds cktkj o pkSM+h xfy;ka pkSM+h gksrh gSA

¼c½

;s uxj T;kferh; vkdkjks ds lkFk dVs gq, IykVksa esa cls gksrs gSA buesa vk/kqfud ifjogu] fctyh ikuh dh iwjh iwjh lqfo/kk gksrh gSA

¼l½

Je foHkktu ,oa fof'k"Vhdj.k viuh pje lhek ij gksrs gSA

¼n½

buesa [kk|kuksa dh lqfo/kk gksrh gSA 'khr HkaMkjks esa [kk| inkFkZ rFkk nokba;k vkfn lqjf{kr j[kh tkrh gSA

¼b½

bu uxjksa esa dyk dkS'ky] lkfgR;] foKku] f'k{kk LokLFk; j{kk] chek cSafdax] iqLrdky;] vtk;c?kj] bEiksfj;e] O;kikj dsUnz] flusek ?kj] fFk;sVj [ksy ds eSnku] m|ku vkfn lqfo/kk,a ik;h tkrh gSA

¼mijksDr esa ls dksbZ 4 lgh fcUnq fy[kus ij izR;sd ij 1 vad rFkk 4 lgh ij 4 vad izkIr gksaxsA ½

¼vFkok ½ vkn'kZ mRrj %& 9

xzkeh.k vf/kokl fuEufyf[kr pkj izdkj ds gksrs gSA %& ¼v½

l?ku cLrh%& bl cLrh esa edku ikl ikl ,d nwljs ls tqM+s gq, rFkk xfy;ka ldjh gksrh gSA xkWo ds dsUnz esa tu la[;k dk ladsUnz.k gksrk gSA edku fcuk fdlh ;kstuk ds cus gksrs gSA buesa tula[;k izk;% vf/kd gksrh gSA xaxk] czEgiq= ds mitkm eSnkuksa esa l?ku cfLr;ka feyrh gSA

¼c½

la;qDr cLrh %& bl cLrh esa ,d eq[; xkWo o xkaoks ds ckgj mlds iqjos cls gksrs gSA xkao ds ckgj vf/kd Vksys cls gksus dk eq[; dkj.k cLrh dk T;knk cM+k vkdkj] l?ku clko ,oa LFkku dk vHkko gksuk gksrk gSA xaxk ;equk ds eSnkuks esa ;s cfLr;ka feyrh gSA vij[kaf.Mr cLrh %& bl cLrh esa edku ,d nwljs ls nwj o i`Fkd i`Fkd cus gksrs gSA fdUrq lHkh ?kj feykdj cLrh dk fuekZ.k djrs gSA vi [kaf.Mr cLrh ds fuekZ.k esa tkfr rFkk /keZ dk fo'ks"k egRo gksrk gSA xaxk ?kk?kjk nksvko] mijhxaxk] ds ck<+ xzLr {ks= esa ,slh cfLr;ka feyrh gSA

¼l½

¼n½

izdh.kZ ;k fo[kjh gqbZ cfLr;ka %& bl izdkj dh cLrh esa ?kj nwj nwj cus gksrs gSA vkSj muds e/; esa d`f"k {ks= gksrk gSA

¼mijksDrkuqlkj lVhd fooj.k nsus ij iw.kZ 4 vad izkIr gksaxsA izR;sd fcUnq ds fy, 1 vad izkIr gksxk½

6-

vkn'kZ mRrj %& ok;q ifjogu dk egRo %& ¼v½

ok;q;ku ifjogu dk lcls xfr'khy lk/ku gSA ok;q;ku ds }kjk fo'o ds nwjLFk LFkkuks esa Hkh 65 ?kaVs ls vf/kd ugh yxrs gSA

¼c½

;g gYdh] dherh rFkk 'kh?kz [kjkc gksus okyh oLrqvksa ds ifjogu dk eq[; lk/ku gSA

¼l½

orZeku le; esa mRiUu gksus okyh vkink,a tSls ck<+] vdky] ,oa ;q) vkfn ds le; jkgr dk;Z igq¡pkus esa ok;q ifjogu ls lqfo/kk gksrh gSA

¼n½

;q) esa ok;q ifjogu dks fdlh Hkh ns'k dh lcls cM+h 'kfDr ekuk tkrk gSA 10

¼M½

ok;q;ku ls ioZrh;] e:"kFkyh; o egklkxj {ks=ksa esa ;k=k lqxerk ls dh tk ldrh gSA

¼.k½

d`f"k esa dhVuk'kdksa ds fNM+dko esa ok;q;ku ds }kjk lgk;rk feyrh gSA

¼mijksDr fcUnq ds vfrfjDr vU; dksbZ 4 lgh fcUnq fy[kus ij izR;sd ij 1 vad rFkk 4 lgh ij iw.kZ 4 vad izkIr gksaxs½

¼vFkok½ varjkZ"Vªh; O;kikj ds ykHk %& ¼v½

blds }kjk miHkksDrkvks dsk mRre ,oa lLrh oLrq,¡ izkIr gksrh gSA

¼c½

vk;kr }kjk m|ksx esa yxus okys dPps eky dh iwfrZ lEHko gksrh gSA

¼l½

varjkZ"Vªh; O;kikj ls fofHkUu jk"Vªks ds chp laca/k lq/kjrs gS] lg;ksx] lnzHkkouk rFkk fe=rk ea o`f) gksrh gSA

¼n½

lw[kk o vdky dk lkeuk vk;kr }kjk djus esa lQyrk feyrh gSA

¼M½

izfrLi/kkZ dh Hkkouk ls mRre dksVh dk rFkk fofHkUu izdkj dk u;s u;s :i esa mRiknu lqyHk gksrk gSA

¼<+½

dksbZ Hkh ns'k fdlh oLrq dk vk;kr rHkh djrk gS tc mldk ;gka mRiknu vf/kd eagxk iM+rk gSa vr% vk;kr ls lLrk eky fey tkrk gSA ¼mijksDr esa ls dksbZ 4 lgh ij iw.kZ 4 vad izkIr gksxsaA½

7-

vkn'kZ mRrj%& Hkkjr esa tula[;k o`f) dks lhfer j[kus ds lq>ko %&

¼v½

f'k{kk dk izpkj&izk;% vkdM+s ls izkIr tkudkjh esa ;g ns[kk x;k gS fd f'kf{kr ifjokjksa es vf'kf{kr ifjokjks dh rqyuk esa de cPps gksrs gSA vr% f'k{kk ds izpkj izlkj djds tula[;k o`f) ij fu;a=.k fd;k tk ldrk gSA

¼c½

fookg dh vk;q esa o`f) %& ns'k esa vkt Hkh cky fookg izFkk py jgh gSA QyLo:i efgykvksa dk iztuu dky c<+ tkrk gSA ftlls vf/kd la[;k esa larkus mRiUu gksrh gSA vr% cky fookg ij l[rh ls dkuwuh izfrca/k yxk;k 11

tkuk vko';d gSA blds fy, fookg dh vk;q yM+dh ds fy, 18 o"kZ ,oa yM+ds ds fy, 21 o"kZ dks l[rh ls ykxw fd;k tk,A ¼l½

ifjokj fu;kstu%& ifjokj fu;kstu ds fofHkUu dk;ZØeksa dk izpkj izlkj djuk larfr dky esa vfr vko';d gSA bl dk;ZØeksa dsk vkanksyu dk :i fn;k tkuk pkfg,A

¼n½

larfr lq/kkj dk;ZØe %& laØe.k jksxks ls xzLr O;fDr;ksa ds fopkj ,oa lrkuksRifRr ij l[rh ls lkFk izfrca/k yxk;k tk,A

¼M½

lkekftd lqj{kk u c`)koLRkk lqj{kk dh

¼.k½

LokLF; lsok o euksjatu ds dk;ZØeksa dks miyC/k djk;k tk,A

lqj{kk dk;ZØe %& ns'k esa o`)koLFkk]csjkstxkjh] ;k nq?kZVuk ls feyus ds dkj.k gh yksx cM+s ifjokj dh bPNk j[krs gsa vr% isa'ku] csjkstxkjh] HkRrk] o`)kJe vkfn pyk dj tu lk/kkj.k esa Hkkouk iSnk dh tk,A

¼mijksDr lfgr vU; dksbZ 4 fcUnq dk o.kZu fy[kus ij izR;sd ij 1 vad rFkk 4 lgh ij iw.kZ 4 vad izkIr gksaxs½

¼vFkok½ vkn'kZ mRrj %& Hkkjr dh tula[;k dh fo'ks"krk,¡%& ¼v½

Hkkjr dh tula[;k fofHkUu tkfr;ksa dk fefJr lewg gSA

¼c½

Hkkjr dh tula[;k esa lkekftd] tkrh; oxhZdj.k ik;k tkrk gSA tSls czkEg.k] {kf=;] oS'; RkFkk lwnz

¼l+½

fyax vuqikr esa varj ik;k tkrk gSA ;gk¡ izfr gtkj iq:"k ij 933 fL=;ksa dk vuqikr gSA

¼n½

54-4 izfr'kr yksd vtZd tula[;k esa vkrs gSA blls vtZd tula[;k ij vf/kd Hkkj i<+rk gSA

¼M½

Hkkjr fofHkUu /kekZoyEch yksxks ,oa Hkk"kk Hkk"kh ykssxks dk ns'k gSA

¼.k½

ns'k dh tula[;k dh o`f) nj vf/kd gSA ¼mijksDrkuqlkj dksbZ 4 fcUnqvks o.kZu fy[kus ij izR;sd fcUnq ij 1 vad rFkk 4 lgh ij 4 vad izkIr gksaxsA½ 12

8-

Ø

vkn'kZ mRrj %&

5 vad

izfrj{kk uxj ,oa /kkfeZd uxj ls vk'k; ,oa varj dk mnkgj.k }kjk Li"Vhdj.k %& izfrj{kkuxj /kkfeZduxj

1- izR;sd ns'k viuh lsuk j[krk gS] 1- ftu uxjksa ds fodkl esa eafnj] lSfud izf'k{k.k ,oa lSfud dk;ksZ gsrq efLtn] xq:}kjk us egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk vnk dh gSA o muds pkjks ftu uxjksa esa Nkofu;ka cukbZ tkrh vksj uxj cl x, gS os /kkfeZd gS mUgsa izfrj{kkuxj dgrs gSA uxj dgykrs gSA 2- izfr j{kk uxjksa esa vL= 'kL= fuekZ.k] 2- bu uxjks ds fodkl essa lkekftd ijh{k.k] lqj{kk vkfn dk;Z fd;s tkrs laxBu ij /keZ dk izHkko vf/kd gSA gksrk gSA 3- bu uxjksa dsa fofHkUu izdkj dh 3 /kkfeZd vkLFkk ds dkj.k nwj nwj ds yksx ogka vkrs gSA ftlls O;kikj lsokvksa dh vko';drk gksrh gSA c<+rk tkrk gSA dbZ O;olk;h ogka QyLo:i ogk¡ dk O;olk; /khjs /khjs vkdkj cl tkrs gS og LFkku c<+rk tkrk gSA izxfr djrk tkrk gSA 4- vEckyk] esjB] tcyiqj] iwuk] eÅ] 4- okjklk.kh] gfj}kj] eFkqjk] mTtSu] iqjh jkes'oj] ve`rlj] vtesj vyhx<+] ukxiqj] >kWlh] vkxjk] vkfn vkfn /kkfeZd uxj gSA izfrj{kk uxj gSA ¼mijksDrkuqlkj o.kZu fy[kus ij izR;sd fcUnq ij 1 vad rFkk 4 lgh ij 4 vad izkIr gksaxsA½ ¼vFkok½ vkn'kZ mRrj %& uxj gh fofHkUu O;kolkf;d xfr fof/k;ksa ds dsUnz gksrs gSA dFku dk Li"Vhdj.k%& uxjksa dk tUe o fodkl fofHkUu dk;ksZ ls gksrk gSA QyLo:i viuh fLFkfr] mlesa jgus okys fuokfl;ksa dh :fp rFkk thou ;kiu ds fy, viuk, x;s fofHkUu O;olk;ksa ds dkj.k vusd O;olk;ksa ds dsUnz cu tkrs gSA m|ksx] O;kikj] okf.kT;] mPp lsokvksa dh miyC/krk vkSj iz'kklfud dk;kZy;ksa dh LFkkiuk ls ;s ,d gh le; essa ifjogu uxj] [kfut dsUnz] f'k{kk vksj LokLF; o iz'kklfud uxjksa dk Lo:i /kkj.k djrs ysrs gSA ¼mijksDrkuqlkj o.kZu fy[kus ij 4 vad izkIr gksaxsA½ 13



vkn'kZ mRrj %& vkarfjd o rVorhZ; ty ifjogu esa varj %& vkarfjd ty ifjogu iVorhZ; ty ifjogu

1- vkarfjd ty ifjogu dk eq[; 1- bldk eq[; ek/;e leqnz dk ek/;e ufna;k gSA 2- blesa vfuf'pr ty Lrj gksrk gSA

rVorhZ {ks= gSA 2- bl ifjogu esa bl izdkj dh leL;k ugh gksrh gSA

3- vkarfjd ty ifjogu esa ugjsa de 3 rVorhZ ty ifjogu esa vikj ty xgjh gksrh gsA 4- blesa iqy ck/kk,a mifLFkr djrs gSA

jkf'k gksrh gSA 4- blesa iqy tSlh cka/kk,a ugh gksrh gSA

5 unh ry esa volknks ds teko gksus ls 6- rVorhZ; ty ifjogu esa ;g ukSdk lapkyu esa dfBukbZ gksrh gsA

leL;k ugh gksrh gSA

¼mijksDr lfgr vU; dksbZ 4 varj fy[kus ij izR;sd ij 1 vad rFkk 4 lgh ij iw.kZ 4 vaad izKir gksxsaA½ ¼vFkok½ vkn'kZ mRrj %& Hkkjr esa lM+dksa dh leL;k,a %& ¼1½

lM+d laca/kh dk;ns dkuwu lHkh jkT;ksa esa ,d leku ,oa ljy ugh gSA

¼2½

lM+d ifjogu esa dj dh njsa Åaph gSaA

¼3½

Hkkjr dh vf/kdka'k lM+das dPph gS] ftlds dkj.k bu ij o"kZ Hkj vkokxeu ugha fd;k tk ldrk] D;skafd o"kkZ ds le; {kfrxzLr gksus ls xkaoksa dk laca/k lM+d ls dV tkrk gSA

¼4½

etcwrh dh n`f"V ls Hkkjrh; lM+dsa mruh fVdkÅ ugha gSa ftruh fVdkÅ if'peh ns'kksa dh gksrh gSaA

14

¼5½

Hkkjrh; lM+dksa esa ifjogu dh Hkkj o ;k=h
¼6½

lM+dksa ds vuqikr esa ml ij pyus okys okguksa dh la[;k cgqr de gSA ¼mijksDr lfgr vU; dksbZ 4 fcUnq fy[kus ij izR;sd ij 1 vad rFkk 4 fcUnq ij iw.kZ vad izkIr gksaxs½

10-

Hkwfe dh xq.koRrk ?kVus ds dkj.k %&

5 vad

¼1½ e`nk vijnu %& e`nk vijnu ls izfro"kZ yk[kksa ehfVªd Vu mitkÅ feV~Vh cg tkrh gS blls Hkwfe dh mitkÅ {kerk de gksrh tkrh gSa ¼2½ e`nk esa lw{e thoksa dk ?kVuk %& d`f"k esa mRiknu o`f) gsrq jklk;uksa o dhVuk'kdksa ds iz;ksx ls Hkwfe dh moZjrk c<+kus okys tho tUrq tSls daapqvk] dsadM+k] esa
¼mijksDrkuqlkj dksbZ pkj lgh fcUnq fy[kjus ij izR;sd ij 1 vad rFkk 4 lgh ijiw.kZ 4 vad izkIr gksaxsA½

vFkok xjhch nwj djus ds mik; ¼1½ f'k{kk dk foLrkj %& xjhch nwj djus gsrq ns'k esa jkstxkj iwjd f'k{kk vfuok;Z fd;k tk, rkfd yksx vius thou ;kiu ds fy, mldk ykHk mBk ldsaA ¼2½ tula[;k o`f) ij fu;a=.k %& xjhch nwj djus gsrq ns'k esa tula[;k dh o`f) esa fu;a=.k djuk vfuok;Z gSA ftlls budk thou Lrj Åapk gks ldsA ¼3½ y?kq o dqVhj m|ksx dk fodkl & Hkkjr ds xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa vf/kd ls vf/kd y?kq o dqVhj m}ksxksa dk fodkl fd;k tk, ftlls yksxksa dks o"kZ Hkj jkstxkj miyC/k gks ldsxk tks xjhch nwj djus esa lgk;d gSA ¼4½ flapkbZ ds lk/kuksa esa o`f)& o"kkZ dh vfuf'prrk ds QyLo:i lw[kk] ck<+] vdky dh fLFkfr fufeZr gksrh gS ftls nwj djus ds fy, flapkbZ dh i;kZIr lqfo/kk miyC/k djk;h tk, ftlls yksxksa dks o"kZ Hkj jkstxkj miC/k gks lds vkSj mudk thou Lrj Åij mBsA ¼mijksDr lfgr vU; dksbZ 4 fcUnq o.kZu lfgr fy[kus ij izR;sd ij 1 vad rFkk 4 lgh ij iw.kZ 4 vad izkIr gksaxsA½

11-

^^vestku unh csflu {ks= eysf'k;k ls fiNM+ x;k gS^^ fuEu izdkj ls Li"V gS %&

5 vad

leku HkkSxksfyd n'kkvksa ,oa leku lalk/ku gksus ij Hkh ekuoh; vko';drkvksa ,oa egRodka{kkavksa ds dkj.k dksbZ {ks= vf/kd fodkl dj ikrk gS vkSj nwljs {ks= fiNM+s jg tkrs gSA tSls vestu unh csflu o eysf'k;kA nksuksa gh {ks=ksa eas Hkwe/; js[kh; tyok;q rFkk l?ku ou ik;s tkrs gSa] ij 16

eysf'k;k vaxzstksa ds iz;kl ds QyLo:i jcM+ ckxokuh ds dkj.k vestu unh csflu dh vis{kk vf/kd fodkl dj x;k gSA eysf'k;k esa iwath] Je] laxBu rFkk jcM+ fu;kZr djus dh bPNk ds QyLo:i bldk fodkl gqvk gSA tcfd vestu unh csflu blds vHkko esa vkt Hkh fiNM+k gSA ¼mijksDrkuqlkj lgh o.kZu fy[kus ij iw.kz 5 vad izkIr gksaxsA½

vFkok tula[;k dh rhoz o`f) ds QLo:i fodkl ij i<+us okys izHkko %& ¼1½ d`f"k Hkwfe ij vR;kf/kd ncko & tula[;k dh rhoz o`f) ds dkj.k d`f"k Hkwfe fujUrj NksVs&NksVs VqdM+ksa esa caVrh tkrh gS rFkk mRiknu {kerk de gks tkrh gSA ¼2½ izkd`frd lalk/kuksa dk rhozrk ls 'kks"k.k %& tula[;k o`f) ls izkd`frd lk/kuksa dk rhoz xfr ls 'kks"k.k gksus yxrk gS blls lk/kuksa dh deh gks tkrh gSA edku] Hkkstu] oL= vkfn dh leL;k,a mRiUu gks tkrh gSaA ¼3½ izfr O;fDr de vk; %& tula[;k dh rhoz o`f) ds QyLo:i izfr O;fDr vk; de gks tkrh gS jk"Vªh; vk; c<+us ij Hkh jk"Vªh; vk; esa o`f) ugha ikrh gSA ¼4½ csjkstxkjh esa o`f) %& tula[;k dh o`f) ls vkt izR;sd O;fDr dks dke ns ikuk ,d cgqr cM+h leL;k cu pqdh gSA Qyr% csjkstxkjh esa o`f) gks jgh gSA ¼5½ thou Lrj esa fxjkoV %& tula[;k c<+us ls oLrqvksa ,oa lsokvksa dh deh gks tkrh gS ftlds ifj.kke Lo:i thou Lrj uhps fxjrk gSA ¼6½ f'k{kk ,oa LokLF; lqfo/kkvksa esa deh] i;kZoj.k iznw"k.k esa o`f) vkfn vusd leL;k,a mRiUu gks tkrh gSaA ¼mijksDr lfgr vU; dksbZ lgh 5 fcUnqvksa dk o.kZu djus ij izR;sd ij 1 vad rFkk 5 lgh ij 5 vad½ 17

12-

dqVh m|ksx ,oa o`gr~ m|ksx esa varj y?kq ,oa o`gr m|ksx esa varj y?kq m|ksx

5 vad

o`gr m|ksx

1-

dqVhj m|ksx ifjokj ds lnL;ksa 1- o`gr m|ksx vf/kd la[;k esa }kjk mudh n{krk ds vk/kkj ij Jfedksa dh lgk;rk ls pyk;s tkrs pyk;s tkrs gSaA gSaA

2-

bu m|ksxksa esa iwath cgqr de ;k 2- buesa vf/kd iwath dh vko';drk uke ek= dh yxrh gSA gksrh gSA

3-

;s NksVs iSekus ds m|ksx gksrs gSaA 3- ;s cM+s iSekus ds m|ksx gksrs gSaA

4-

buesa oLrq dh xq.koRrk ij 4- buesa oLrq dh xq.koRrk ij fo'ks"k fo'ks"k /;ku ugha fn;k tkrk gSA /;ku fn;k tkrk gSA

5-

buesa LFkkuh; lkexzh mRiknu fd;k tkrk gSA

6-

bu m|ksxksa esa e'khuksa dk iz;ksx 6- bu m|ksxksa eas vfrvk/kqfud ,oa de ;k ugha ds cjkcj gksrk gSA ÅtkZ ls pyus okyh Lopfyr e'khuksa dk iz;ksx gksrk gSA

7-

buesa Vksdjh cukuk] feV~Vh ds 7- buesa twV m|ksx] lwrh oL= crZu cukuk] pwfM+;ka cukuk m|ksx] ykSg bLikr m|ksx vkfn vkfn 'kkfey gSA 'kkfey gSaA

8-

bu m|ksx dk izca/k lk/kkj.k 8- bu m|ksxksa dk izca/k tfVy gksrk gksrk gS] mRiknu dh n{krk ih<+h gSA nj ih<+h LFkkukarfjr gksrh gSA

ls 5- buesa LFkkuh; dPps eky rFkk ckgj ls vk;frr dPps eky ls mRiknu gksrk gSA

¼mijksDr lfgr dksbZ vU; 5 lgh varj fy[kus ij izr;sd ij 1 vad rFkk 5 lgh ij iw.kZ 5 vad izkIr gksaxs½

18

vFkok thfodksiktZu d`f"k ls vk'k; ,ao mldh fo'ks"krk, & Qlysa LFkkuh; vko';drk dh iwfrZZ ds fy, gh mRiUu dh tkrh gSA bl d`f"k dk eq[; mn~ns'; Hkwfe ds mRiknu ls vf/kd ls vf/kd tula[;k dk Hkj.k iks"k.k djuk gSA ¼1½ vknzZ izns'kksa esa pkoy] vknzZ&'kq"d izns'kksa o flapkbZ okys Hkkxksa esa] xsgwa] eksVs] vukt frygu rFkk lks;kchu dh Qlysa mRiUu dh tkrh gSaA ¼2½ bl d`f"k esa lk/kkj.k vkStkjksa dk iz;ksx rFkk ekuoh; Je dks vf/kd egRo fn;k tkrk gSA ¼3½ vf/kdre mRiknu ysus dk iz;kl fd;k tkrk gS] blds fy, feV~Vh esa moZjrk cuk;s j[kus gsrq [kkn rFkk moZjdksa dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA ¼4½ vf/kdka'k mitkÅ Hkwfe esa d`f"k dh tkrh gSA vr% pkjkxkgksa dk vHkko gks tkrk gS] ftlls i'kq ikyu de gks tkrk gSA ¼5½ [ksr izk;% NksVs vkdkj ds gksrs gSa rFkk o"kZ essa ,d] nks rhu rFkk pkj&pkj Qlysa rd iSnk dh tkrh gSaA ¼mijksDrkuqlkj vk'k; fy[kus ij 1 vad rFkk dksbZ pkj lgh fcUnqvksa dk o.kZu djus ij 4 vad izkIr gksaxs ½

19

13-

fo'o ds ekufp=

¼1½ ¼3½ ¼5½

dsi dkfgjk jsyekxZ eSfDldks dh [kkM+h iFkZ uxj

6 vad

¼2½ ¼4½

iukek ugj dksydkrk cUnjxkg

¼mijksDr dks lgh vafdr djus ij izR;sd ds fy, 1 vad iznku djsa½

20

vFkok

¼1½

uhy unh

¼2½

fgUn egklkxj

¼3½

flaxkiqj

¼4½

U;w;kdZ ls yanu ekxZ

¼5½

vkLVªsfy;k Vªkal dkWfUVus.Vy jsy ekxZ

¼mijksDr dks fo'o ds ekufp= esa lgh&lgh vafdr djus i izR;sd ds fy, 1 vad rFkk lHkh lgh gksus ij dqy 5 vad izkIr gksaxsA

14-

vkn'kZ mRrj %& pk; dh mit ds fy, vko';d HkkSxksfyd n'kk,%& ¼v½ tyok;q%& pk; dh mit ds fy, m".k vknzZ tyok;q mRre jgrh gSA ¼c½ rkieku %& 250 ls 300 lsfYl;l rd mPp rkieku pk; mit ds fy, vko';d gksrk gSA rFkk ikyk blds fy, gkfudkjd gSA 21

¼l+½ o"kkZ %& pk; dh mit ds fy, 150 ls-eh- 200 ls-eh okf"kZd o"kkZ vuqdwy gksrh gSA iwjs ekSle esa :d :d dj o"kkZ gksuk dqgjk ,oa /kqa/k dk ekSle ykHkdkjh gksrk gSA tks lw;Z dh rst fdj.kksa ls pk; dh dksey ifRr;ksa dh j{kk djrh gSA ¼n½ e`nk %& blds fy, xgjh] mitkÅ QkWLQkjsl thoka'k rFkk yksgka'k ;qDr e`nzk Js"B gksrh gSA ¼M½ Hkwfe %& pk; ds ikS/kks dks rS;kj djuk] iafDr;ka pquuk] lq[kkuk] ,oa fMCcksa esa can djuk vkfn ds fy, vf/kd la[;k esa lLrs o dq'ky Jfedksa dh vko';drk gksrh gSA bl dk;Z dks T;knkrj fL=;k¡ o cPps djrs gsA ¼mijksDrkuqlkj dks Li"V djus ij 1 vad rFkk 5 ij iw.kZ 5 vad izkIr gksxsaA½

¼vFkok½ m|ksxks dh LFkkiuk ij izHkko Mkyus okys izeq[k dkj.k %& ¼1½

dPpk eky %& m|ksxksa ds fy, dPps eky dh miyC/krk vko';d gSa blds vHkko esa m|ksx LFkkfir ugh gks ikrs gSA tSls eqEcbZ esa lwrh oL= m|ksx dh LFkkiuk dk izeq[k dkj.k dikl mRiknu {ks= dh fudVrk gSa

¼2½

'kfDr ds lk/ku %& m|ksxks esa e'khuks dks pykus gsrq ÅtkZ dh vko';drk gksrh gA vr% m|ksxks dh LFkkiuk 'kfDr ds lk/kuks dh izkfIr ds lehi LFkkuksa esa gh dh tkrh gSA tSls te'ksniqj ykSg&Likr m|ksx dh LFkkiuk NksVk ukxiqj iBkj dks;yk {ks= dh lehirk ds dkj.k gqbZ gSA

¼3½

iwath ,oa cktkj %& m|ksxks dks pykus gsrq Hkkjh ek=k esa iwath rFkk rS;kj eky dks cspus ds fy, cktkj dh vko';drk gksrh gS dksydkrk esa m|ksxksa ds fodkl ds dkj.k iwath ,oa cktkj dh lqfo/kk dk ik;k tkuk gSA

22

15-

¼4½

izpqj tykiwfrZ %& m|ksxksa ds fy, ty ,d egRoiw.kZ vko';d rRo gSA gqxyh unh ds fdukjs twV m|ksx ds LFkkuh;dj.k dk eq[; dkj.k i;kZIr ek=k essa LoPN ty dk ik;k tkuk gSA

¼5½

ifjogu ;k ;krk;kr ds lk/ku %& dPps eky ,oa rS;kj eky dks m|ksxksa rd ykus ,oa cktkjksa rd igqapkus ds fy, ifjogu lqfo/kk m|ksxksa ds fy, vfuok;Z vko';drk gSA vr% tks LFkku lHkh izdkj ds ty] Fky ,oa ok;q ekxkssZa dh lqfo/kk ls lEiUu gksrs gSa os LFkku m|ksxksa dh LFkkiuk o fodkl ds fy, vkn'kZ okrkoj.k rS;kj djrs gSaA eqEcbZ] dksydkrk] psUubZ lHkh izdkj ds ty] Fky o ok;q ekxksZa ls lEiUurk ds dkj.k o`gr~ vkS|ksfxd {ks= cu x;s gSaA

¼6½

Je miyC/krk %& Je dh miyC/krk m|ksxks ds LFkkuh;dj.k ij izHkko Mkyrk gSA tks m|ksxJe iz/kku gksrs gSA os vf/kd tula[;k okys {ks=ksa esa LFkkfir gksrs gS] tSlS pwM+h] o dkWp dk lkeku cukus okyk m|ksx vf/kd tula[;k ds dkj.k fQjkstkckn esa LFkkfir gqvk gSA

¼7½

vU; dkj.k %& tSls tyok;q mPpop jktLo] lqfo/kk] 'kkldh; uhfr] dq'ky izca/k vkfn dk Hkh m|ksxks dh LFkkiuk ij izHkko i<+rk gSA

¼mijksDr rFkk vU; dksbZ lgh fcUnqvksa esa ls 5 fcUnq fy[kus ij 1½ vad rFkk o.kZu lfgr 5 fcUnq fy[kus ij izR;sd ij 1 vad rFkk 5 lgh ij 5 vad izkIr gksaxs½ vkn'kZ mRrj %& nwfj;ksa dks de djus esa lapkj lk/kuksa dk ;ksxnku lapkjds uohure lalk/ku Vsyhfotu] d`f=emix`g VsysDl] QSDl vkfn gS] Vsyhfotu ds ek/;e ls ge fo'o ds fdlh Hkh LFkku ij ?kfVr gks jgh ?kVukvksa dks ?kj cSBs ns[k lqu ldrs gSA d`f=e mix`gksa dks fdlh fo'ks"k iz;kstu ds fy, varfj{k esa jkdsVksa dh lgk;rk ls LFkkfir djrs gSA buds ek/;e ls ge ekSle laca/kh lSfud xfrfof/k;ksa laca/kh] [kfut lalk/ku laca/kh tkudkjh fp= lfgr izkIr djrs gSa VsySDl rkj }kjk lans'k Hkstus dk la'kksf/kr :i gSA QSDl ds ek/;e ls ge i=ksa] fp=ksa lans'kksa dks mlh :i esa vU; LFkku ij Hkst ldrs gSaA ;s lHkh lk/ku [kphZys gSA ijUrq buds ek/;e ls lans'k 'kh?kz o xksiuh; rjhds ls igqaprs gSaA bl izdkj ge ns[krs gSa fd buds ek/;eksa ls fo'o ds fdlh Hkh 23

{ks= dh tkudkjh dqN gh {k.kksa esa izkIr dj ldrs gSa ;k ns[k ldrs gSaA ;k ckr dj ldrs gSa ftlls ;g dguk xyr ugha gksxk fd fo'o fleVdj NksVk gksrk tk jgk gSA mijksDrkuqlkj foLrkj nsus ij iw.kZ 5 vad izkIr gksaxsA

vFkok Hkkjr esa ty ifjogu dk egRo %& ¼1½ ifjogu dk lcls lLrk lk/ku %& blesa u rks jsy dh iVfj;k fcNkuh iM+rh gSa vkSj u gh lM+dsa cukuh iM+rh gSaA lM+dkas o jsyekxksZa ds j[kj[kk dh Hkkafr ty ekxksZa ij dksbZ O;; ugha djuk iM+rkA Hkkj
24

16

lnkcgkj ou o ir>M+ ouksa ¼ekulwuh ou½ esa varj 6 vad lnkcgkj ou ekulwuh ou

1-

;s ou 200 ls-eh- ls vf/kd o"kkZ 1- ;s ou 75 ls 200 ls-eh- rd o"kkZ okys {ks=ksa esa ik;ss tkrs gSaA okys {ks=ksa esa ik;s tkrs gSaA

2-

bu ouksa esa o`{kksa dh ÅapkbZ 50 2- buouksa esa o`{kksa dh ÅapkbZ 30 ls ehVj ls Hkh vf/kd gksrh gSA 45 eh- rd gksrh gSA

3-

bu ouksa esa o`{k vf/kd l?ku 3- ;s ou lnkckj ouksa dh Hkkafr l?ku gksrs gSaA ugha gksrs gSaA

4-

bu ouksa ds o`{kksa dh ydM+h 4- bu ouksa ds o`{kksa dh ydM+h dBksj gksrh gSA bekjrh o ewY;oku gksrh gSA

5-

bu ouksa dk vkfFkZd egRo de 5- ;s ou vkfFkZd n`f"V ls vf/kd gSA egRoiw.kZ gSaA

6-

;s ou o"kZHkj gjs Hkjs jgrs gSaA

7-

bu ouksa ds izeq[k o`{k jcj] 7- bu ouksa ds eq[; o`{k lky] egksxuh] bcksuh] rkM+] vkcuwl] lkxkSu] 'kh'ke] vkaoyk] vke panu ckal vkfn gSA vkfn gSaA

8-

lnkcgkj ou l?kurk ds dkj.k 8- ekulwuh de l?ku gksus ds dkj.k vkokxeu gsrq nqxZe gksrs gSaA vkokxeu ds fy, lqxe gksrs gSaA

6- bu ouksa ds o`{k 'kq"d o xzh"e dky esa viuh lHkh ifRr;ka ,d lkFk fxjk nsrs gSaA

¼mijksDrkuqlkj lVhd dksbZ 5 varj fy[kus ij izR;sd ij 1 vad rFkk 5 ij 5 vad izkIr gksaxs ½

vFkok i'kq lalk/kuksa dk egRo %& ¼1½ d`f"k dk;Z esa lgk;d d`f"k esa i'kqvksa dk egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku gS tSls gy [khapus] csyxkM+h [khapus] cks>k
ds vuqlkj 1]185 djksM+ dk;Z'khy ?k.Vs izfro"kZ i'kq 'kfDr ls izkIr fd, tkrs gSaA ¼2½ nqX/k dh izkfIr&i'kqvksa ls mRre ikSf"Vd inkFkZ nw/k izkIr gksrk gSA nw/k dk mRiknu 1984&85 esa 380 yk[k Vu FkkA ¼3½ i'kqvksa ls peM+k o [kky izkIr gksrk gS muls fofHkUu izdkj dh lkexzhrS;kj dh tkrh gSA ¼4½ xkscj ,oa [kkn & i'kqvksa ds xkscj ls mRre [kkn rFkk xkscj xSl dk mRiknu gksrk gS rFkk daMs Hkh izkIr gksrs gSaA 1984&85 esa yxHkx 80 djksM+ Vu [kkn i'kqvksa ls izkIr fd;k x;k FkkA ¼5½ Åu dh izkfIr & HksM+ksa ls Åu izkIr gksrk gS Åu dk mi;ksx diM+s] dEcy xyhps vkfn cukus esa fd;k tkrk gSA 2002&03 esa 5 djksM+ 18 yk[k fd-xzk- Åu dk mRiku gqvk FkkA ¼6½ ekal dh izkfIr & i'kqvksa ls ekal dh izkfIr gksrh gSA ekal cgqr cM+h tula[;k dk eq[; [kk| inkFkZ gSA 1984&85 esa nl yk[k Vu ekal i'kqvksa ls izkIr gqvk FkkA ¼7½ jk"Vªh; vk; dk L=ksr & ns'k dh dqy jk"Vªh; vk; dk 23% Hkxk i'kq /ku ls izkIr gksrk gSA ¼8½ gfM~M;ksa ,oa lhaxksa dh izkfIr %& e`r i'kqvksa ls gfM~M;ksa ,oa lhax dh izkfIr gksrh gSA ¼9½ ifjogu ds vPNs lk/ku&i'kq ifjogu ds vPNs lk/ku gksrs gSaA tSls& cks>k
26

SET4 HUMANITIES GROUP Giography.PDF

13 in the outline map of world and attach the map in. your answer book. Page 1 of 26 ... 4- phuh m|ksx 4- r{kf'kyk vkSj uk yank. 5- Kku vk/kkfjr m|ksx 5- lwjr.

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