vkn’kZ iz’u i= gk;j lsdsUMjh ijh{kk O;olkf;d vFkZ’kkL= Business Economics (Hindi and English Version) Time – 3 Hours

M. M. - 100

funsZ’k %& %& ¼1½

lHkh iz’u vfuok;Z gSA

¼2½

iz’u&i= esa fn;s x;s funsZ’k lko/kkuh iwoZd i<+dj iz’uksa ds mRrj fyf[k,A

¼3½

iz’u&i= esa nks [k.M fn;s x;s gSa [k.M&^v* vkSj [k.M&^c*

¼4½

[k.M&v esa fn;s x;s iz’u Øekad 1 ls 5 rd oLrqfu"B iz’u gSa] ftuds vUrxZr fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ lR;@vlR;] ,d 'kCn esa mRrj] lgh tksM+s cukuk rFkk lgh fodYi dk p;u djuk gSA izR;sd iz’u 5 vad dk gSaA

¼5½

[k.M & c esa iz’u Øekad 6 ls 20 esa vkarfjd fodYi fn;s x;s gSaA

¼6½

iz’uksa ds fy, fu/kkZfjr vad muds lkeus fn;s x;s gSaA

Instructions : – (1)

All questions are compulsory.

(2)

Read the instructions of question paper carefully and write their answer.

(3)

There are two Parts - Section-‘A’ and Section-‘B’ in question paper.

(4)

In Section-‘A’ Question No. 1 to 5 are objective type which contain fill in the Blanks, True / False, one word Answer, Match the column and choose the correct Answers. Each question is Allotted 5 marks.

(5)

Internal option are given in Q. No. 6 to 20 in Section-B.

1

[k.M ^v^ (Section-A)

oLrqfu"B iz’u (Objective Type questions)

1-

lgh fodYi pqfu, & 1½









5

lkewfgd ekax ,oa lkewfgd iwfrZ larqyu fcUnq ij fu/kkZfjr gksrh gS & v½ mRiknu dh ykxr

c½ izHkkoiw.kZ ekax

l½ oLrqvksa dh ekax

n½ oLrqvksa dh iwfrZ

ctV ij okn fookn ds ckn ernku dkSu djokrk gS \ v½ jk"Vªifr

c½ iz/kkuea=h

l½ yksdlHkk Lihdj

n½ foRea=h

fuEu esa ls fdldks lkoZtfud ,dkf/kdkj izkIr gS & v½ iqLrd dh dkWihjkbZV

c½ vfÝdk esa ghjs dh [kku

l½ ,d rkj lsok

n½ mRiknd la?k

ljdkj }kjk LVhy vFkkWfjVh vkWQ bafM;k fyfeVsM dh LFkkiu dh x;h& v½ lu~ 1855

c½ lu~ 1873

l½ lu~ 1953

n½ lu~ 1973

mRiknu ds lk/ku dh ekax gksrh gS v½

oLrqvksa ds ekax ds lkeku c½

izR;{k ekax



vizR;{k ekax

O;qRiUu ekax



Select the correct answer – i)

ii)

Aggregate demand and agreegate supply depend on equilibrium point of a) Cost of production

b) Effective demand

c) Demand of Goods

d) Supply of Goods

Who does voting after discussion on budget a) President

b) Prime Minister

c) Speaker of Lok Sabha

d) Finance Minister 2

iii)

iv)

Who gets public monopoly out of these a) Copy right of book

b) Diamond mine of Africa

c) Post telegraph service

d) Producer Organization

Government of India establishes steel Authority of India Ltd. in a) 1855

v)

2-

b) 1873

c) 1953 d) 1973 The demand factors of production is a) Equal to the demand of goods

b) Direct Demand

c) Indirect Demand

d) Derived Demand

fuEufyf[kr fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ dhft, & 1½ ldy ?kjsyw iwath fuekZ.k

=

5

ldy ?kjsyw fLFkj iwWth fuekZ.k $ ----------------------------A

2½ ,Me fLeFk us djkjksi.k ds ---------------- fl)kar cuk, gSaA 3½ ,dkf/kdkfjd izfr;ksfxrk dh ladYiuk ------------------- uked vFkZ’kkL=h us fodflr dhA 4½ ns’k dh ljdkj dh vk; dk laxzg --------------------- djrh gSA 5½ Hkkjr esa lwrh oL= m|ksx dk izkjaHk lu~ -------------------- esa gqvkA Fill in the blanks of the following – i) Gross domestic capital formation = Gross domestic fixed capital formation + ........................... ii) Adam Smith has propogated ................. principles of taxation. iii) The concept of monopoly competition was given by ............... iv) Colection of Income by ................... the Govt. of the country. v) In year ...................... the cotton textile mill started in India.

3-

fuEufyf[kr esa lR;@vlR; fyf[k, &

5

1½ eqnzk dh iwfrZ ij izR;{k fu;a=.k fdl iz.kkyh }kjk fd;k tkrk gS \ 2½ oLrq dh dher fu/kkZj.k esa lcls egRoiw.kZ rRo D;k gS \ 3½ jk"Vªh; vk; dk forj.k fdldks fd;k tkrk gS \ 4½ vf/kdre lkekftd dY;k.k fl)kar ds iz.ksrk dkSu gSa \ 5½ jk"Vªh; _.k ij C;kt D;k dgykrk gS \ 3

Answer in one word – i) Which system directly control supply of money ? ii) Which element plays an important role in determining the price of a Commodity ? iii) Who was the recipients of the national dividend ? iv) Who is the propounder of the theory of maximum social welfare ? v) What is the interest on national loan.

4-

[email protected] xyr crk,a &

5

1½ Hkkjr esa jsy ctV lkekU; ctV esa 'kkfey gksrk gSA 2½ ,dkf/kdkj esa

AR > MR

gksrk gSA

3½ fdlh lk/ku dh iwfrZ mldh volj ykxr ij fuHkZj ugha gksrhA 4½ vizR;{kd djksa dh pksjh vf/kd gksrh gSA 5½ dks;ys dks dkyk lksuk dgk tkrk gSA Write in True / False of the following i) In India rail budget is included in general budget. ii) In monopoly AR>MR. iii) The supply of any factor of production is not depends on its opertunity cost. iv) In indirect tax, tax evasion is more. v) Coal is called the black gold.

5-

tksfM;ka cukb;s & ^^v** 1½ ,dkf/kdkjh

5 &

^^c** d½ MkyVu

2½ djkjksi.k dk mRikndrk dk fl)kar

&

[k½ csLVsfcy

3½ ykHk dk tksf[ke fl)kar

&

x½ vk/kkjHkwr m|ksx

4½ iwath vk/kkfjr m|ksx

&

?k½ lkekftd ,oa vkfFkZd fodkl

5½ ctV dk mn~ns’;

&

M-½ mRiknu ij fu;a=.k

&

p½ gkWys

&

N½ djkjksi.k 4

Make correct pair for section ‘A’ choose from section ‘B’ – “A”

“B”

i)

Monopaly

-

a)

Dalton

ii)

Principle of Productivity of taxation

-

b)

iii)

Risk theory of rent

-

c)

Basic Industry

iv)

Capital based Industry

-

d)

Social and economic progress

v)

Importance of budget

-

e)

Control over production

-

f)

Hawley

-

g)

Taxation

Bastabil

[k.M ^c^ (Section-B)

y?kq mRrjh; iz’u (Short Answer type questions)

6-

vk; o jkstxkj ds ijaijkoknh fl)kar dh fo’ks"krk fy[ksa \

4

Write the characterstics of traditional theory of income and employment.

vFkok (Or) ijaijkoknh fl)kar rFkk dsUl ds fl)kUr dh rqyukRed varj crk,aA Distinguish between classical theory and Keynsian theory of employment.

7-

vkfFkZd fo’ys"k.k esa lkaf[;dh dk D;k egRo gS \

4

What is the importance of statistics in economic analysis.

vFkok (Or) izkFkfed ,oa f}rh;d lead esa varj crk,aA Write the difference between primary data and secondary data.

8-

O;SfDrd vk; D;k gS \ O;SfDrd vk; dh x.kuk dSls dh tkrh gS \

4

What is Personal Income ? How is personal income computed ? 5

vFkok (Or) jk"Vªh; vk; ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ jk"Vªh; vk; ekius dh O;; x.kuk fof/k dks laf{kIr esa le>k,aA What do you mean by National Income ? Explain briefly expenditure method of measuring National income.

9-

vHkkoh ekax dk vFkZ crk, \ vHkkoh ekax ds dkj.k la{ksi esa crk,sa

4

What is deficit demand ? State briefly the reason of deficit demand.

vFkok (Or) iw.kZ jkstxkj dh /kkj.kk dk egRo crk,aA Write the importance of full employment.

1010-

Hkkjr esa jk"Vªh; vk; esa o`f) gsrq 4 lq>ko nsa A

4

Give four sugestion for increasing of national income in India.

vFkok (Or) ;fn fdlh ns’k dk fo’kq) ?kjsyw mRikn 25]00]000 :- rFkk f?klkoV O;; 5]00]000 :gS rks ldy ?kjsyw mRikn Kkr djsa \ Find the GDP in NDP of a country is Rs. 25,00,000 and depreciation cost is Rs. 5,00,000.

1111-

lef"V vFkZ’kkL= dh ifjHkk"kk fy[ksaA bldh rhu fo’ks"krk,a fy[ksa \

4

Define Macro Economics. Write three characterstics of macro economics.

vFkok (Or) ^^lef"V ,oa O;f"V vFkZ’kkL= ,d nwljs ds iwjd gSa & O;k[;k djsaA Explain how “macro and micro economics suppliment each other” ?

1212-

eqnzk dh ,d mfpr ifjHkk"kk fy[ksa rFkk eqnzk ds pkj egRo crk,a &

4

Write an Adequate definition of money. Write four important of money.

vFkok (Or) 6

dsUnzh; cSad ,oa O;kikfjd cSad esa dksbZ ikap varj crk,aA Distiguish between Central Bank and Commercial Bank.

1313-

Hkqxrku larqyu dh izfrdwyrk ls D;k vk’k; gS \ bls Bhd djus ds pkj mik; crk,as What do you mean by adverse balance of payment ? Give four methods of correcting it.

vFkok (Or) fons’kh fofue; nj ds fu/kkZj.k dh lfp= O;k[;k djsa \ Explain the determination of rate of foreign exchange with the help of diagrm.

1414-

cktkj ewY; ,oa lkekU; ewY; esa varj crk,sa &

5

State the difference between market Price and normal price.

vFkok (Or) ewY; fu/kkZj.k esa le; rRo dh ek’kZy dh vo/kkj.kk dk lfp= o.kZu djsaA Explain Marshal’s concept of time element in price determination (give suitable diagrams).

1515-

O;kikj larqyu ,oa Hkqxrku larqyu esa varj crk,saA

5

Write the difference between balance of payment and trade.

vFkok (Or) Hkqxrku larqyu dh pkyw [kkrs ,oa iawth [kkrs dh enksa dks fy[ksaA Write the items of current account and capital account of a balance of payment.

7

nh?kZ mRrjh; iz’u (Long Answer type questions)

1616-

ctV dh ifjHkk"kk fy[ksaA ctV ds izdkj crk,sa \

6

Give the definition of Budget. Write the types of budget.

vFkok (Or) lkoZtfud O;; ls D;k le>rs gSa \ buds izdkj fy[ksaA What do you mean by public expenditure ? Write the types of public expenditure.

1717-

fjdkMksZa ds yxku fl)kar dh lfp= O;k[;k djsaA

6

Explain the Recordian theory of Rent with the help of diagram.

vFkok (Or) ykHk dh nj esa fHkUurk ds D;k dkj.k gSa \ What are the causes of differnce in rate of profit.

18-

dj vioapu ls D;k le>rs gSa\ dj vioapu ds ikap dkj.k crk,a

6

What do you mean by tax evasion ? State five causes of tax evasion.

vFkok (Or) vf/kdre lkekftd ykHk ds fl)kar dh laf{kIr O;k[;k djsaA Explain briefly the theory of maximum social advantage.

1919-

[kk|kUu Qlysa ,oa uxn Qlyksa ls D;k D;k vk’k; gSA buesa varj crk,a

6

What do you mean by food crop and cash crop. Explain any five difference between them.

vFkok (Or) Hkkjr esa o`gr iSekus ds m|ksxksa ds N% ykHk crk,aA Write any six advantages of large scale industries in India.

8

2020-

funsZ’kkad fdls dgrs gSa \ funsZ’kkad cukus esa dkSu dkSu lh dfBukbZ;ka vkrh gSa \ What do you mean by index number ? Write the main difficulties while making index number.

vFkok (Or) fuEu leadksa ls ek/; Kkr djsaA izkIrkad Nk= la[;k

0&10

10&20

20&30

30&40

40&50

10

22

20

18

10

Calculate mean from the following Marks

0-10

10-20

20-30

30-40

40-50

No. of Students

10

22

20

18

10

……..…xx……….

9

gk;j lsds.Mjh lfVZfQdsV ijh{kk O;kolkf;d vFkZ’kkL= vkn'kZ mRrj iz-1

lgh mRrj pqudj fy[ksa & ¼izR;sd 1 vad½

mRrj&

v-

ii

c-

ii

l-

iii

n-

iv

b-

iv

iz-2

fjDr LFkkuksa dh iwfrZ djsa &

mRrj&

i)

LVkWd esas ifjorZu

ii) pkj iii) izks- psEcjyhu iv) fjtoZ cSad vkWQ bafM;k v) lu~ 1818

iz-3

,d 'kCn esa mRrj nsa &

mRrj&

i)

cSafdax O;oLFkk

ii) le; rRo iii) mRiknu ds lk/kuksa dks iv) MkYVu v) gLrkarj.k Hkqxrku

10

iz-4

[email protected] &

mRrj&

i)

vlR;

ii) lR; iii) vlR; iv) lR; v) lR;

iz-5 mRrj&

tksfM;ka feykbZ;s & “B””

“A”

1- ,dkf/kdkj

&

mRiknu fu;a=.k

2- djkjksi.k dk mRiknu dk fl)kUr

&

osLVsfcy

3- ykHk dk tksf[ke dk fl)kUr

&

gkWys

4- iwath vk/kkfjr m|ksx

&

vk/kkjHkwr m|ksx

5- ctV dk mn~ns’;

&

lkekftd ,oa vkfFkZd fodkl

iz-4

ijaijkoknh fl)kUr dh fuEufyf[kr fo’ks"krk,W &

mRrj&

1½ ekax ,oa iwfrZ esa Lor% larqyu LFkkfir gksuk gSA 2½ vfr mRiknu 3½ csjktxkjh dh dYiuk fujk/kkj 4½ gLr{ksi jfgr vkfFkZd lekt 5½ jkstxkj fnykus okyh ykxr dk Lor% izxV gksukA ¼fdUgh pkj fcUnqvksa ij laf{kIr fopkjA izR;sd fcUnq gsrq ,d vad fu/kkZfjr gSaA½ vFkok

11

ijaijkoknh fl)kUr ,oa dsUl ds fl)kUr esa varj &

Ø-

ijaijkoknh fl)kUr

dsUl dk fl)kUr viw.kZ jkstxkj dh n’kk

1-

iw.kZ jkstxkj jgrk gSA

2-

jkstxkj o`f) etnwjh dVkSrh ls laHko gSA jkstxkj gsrq lexz ekax esa o`f) vko’;d

3-

O;f"V n`f"Vdks.k

lef"V n`f"Vdks.k

4-

Cpr esa o`f) ,oa larqfyr ctV

fofu;ksx esa o`f) ds lkFk ?kkVs dk ctV

5-

dher fu/kkZj.k eqnzk iwfrZ }kjk

dher fu/kkZj.k lexz ekax }kjk

6-

nh?kZdkyhu lkE;

vYidkyhu lkE;

7-

iw.kZ jkstxkj Lor% lHkk ;kstuk }kjk

iw.kZ jkstxkj ljdkjh gLr{ksi }kjk

¼fdUgh pkj fcUnqvksa ij laf{kIr fopkjA izR;sd fcUnq gsrq ,d vad fu/kkZfjr gSaA½ iz-7

vkfFkZd fo’ys"k.k esa lakf[;dh dk egRo & 1½ fu;kstu esa lkaf[;dh dk egRo 2½ mRiknd ds fy, egRo 3½ O;kikjh ds fy;s egRo 4½ vFkZ’kkL= esa lkaf[;dh dk egRo 5½ fof’k"V O;olk;ksa esa lkaf[;dh dk egRo tSls cSad] fcuk] lV~Vk] jsyos bR;kfn esa 6½ O;olk; ,oa okf.kT; esa lakf[;dh ¼4 fcUnqvksa dks fy[kus ij izR;sd ds fy, ,d vad½ vFkok

12

izkFkfed ,oa f}rh;d lead esa varj &

Ø-

izkFkfed lead

f}rh;d laed

1-

vuqla/kku drkZ Lo;a ,df=r djrk gSA

iwoZ ls ,df=r

2-

ekSfyd dPps eky dh rjg

fufeZr eky dh rjg

3-

le; /ku ,oa Je [kpZ gksrk gSA

le; /ku ,oa Je dh cpr

4-

mn~ns’; ds vuqdwy

ges’kk mn~ns’;ksa ds vuqdwy ugha gksrs

5-

iwoZ fu/kkZfjr mn~ns’; gsrq ,df=r

mn~ns’;ksa ds vuqdwy cukuk gksrk gSA ¼pkj fcUnq fy[kus ij izR;sd ij ,d vad½

iz-8

,d o"kZ essa fdlh ns’k ds O;fDr;ksa ,oa ifjokjksa dks lHkh L=ksrksa ls okLro esa izkIr vk; rFkk gLrkaj.k Hkqxrku dk ;ksx oS;fDrd vk; dgykrh gSA tks vk; forfjr ugha gksrh og vforfjr ykHk ds #i esa QeksZa ds ikl jg tkrh gS fuxe dj rFkk fuxe cpr ds #i esaA bls oS;fDrd vk; esa 'kkfey ugha fd;k tkrk gSA ¼2 vad½ oS;fDrd vk; dh x.kuk fuEu lw= ls dh tk ldrh gS & oS;fDrd vk; & jk"Vªh; vk;&lkoZtfud {ks= ls ?kjsyw mRikn ls izkIr vk; & fuxe dj & vforfjr ykHkA

¼2 vad½

vFkok jk"Vªh; vk; dk vk’k; fdlh ns’k }kjk ,d o"kZ esa mRikfnr lHkh vafre oLrqvksa rFkk lsokvksa ds ekSfnzd ewY; ls gSA ek’kZy] ihxw] fQ’kj bR;kfn us jk"Vªh; vk; dh ifjHkk"kk nsrs gq, jk"Vªh; vk; dk vFkZ Li"V fd;k gSA jk"Vªh; vk; dk ekiu djrs le; iwath ds f?klkoV O;; dks ?kVk fn;k tkrk gS rFkk fons’kksa ls izkIr vk; dks tksM+ fn;k tkrk gSA

¼[email protected] vad½

13

jk"Vªh; vk; dh x.kuk djus dh ^^O;; x.kuk fof/k** og fof/k gS ftlesa oLrqvksa ,oa lsokvksa ij fd;s x;s vafre O;; dh x.kuk dh tkrh gSA bl fof/k dks miHkksx rFkk fuos’k fof/k Hkh dgrs gSa D;ksafd miHkksx rFkk fuos’k dk ;ksx dj x.kuk dh tkrh gSA vafre miHkksx ds fy, oLrqvksa rFkk lsokvksa dh ekax x`gLFk] mRiknd QeZ rFkk ljdkj }kjk fd;k tkrk gSA O;o fof/k ds vuqlkj vafre miHkksx vkSj fuos’k ij fd;k x;k O;; lkewfgd #i ls jk"Vªh; vk; dgykrk gSA vr% jk"Vªh; vk; & fuft vafre miHkksx O;; $ ljdkj dk vafre miHkksx O;; %$ ldy ?kjsyw LFk;h iawth fuekZ.k $ LVkWd esa ifjorZu $ ewY;oku oLrqvksa dh 'kq) izkIrh $ 'kq) fu;kZr & cktkj dher ij ldy ?kjsyw mRikn & f?klkoV & ¼[email protected] vad½

vizR;{k dj $ fons’kksa ls 'kq) lk/ku vk;A iz-9

mRrj & vHkkoh ekax dk vFkZ bl fLFkfr ls gS tc lexz ekax ;k dqy ekax] lexz iwfrZ ;k dqy iwfrZ ls de gksrh gSA vFkkZr~ tc vFkZO;oLFkk esa iw.kZ jkstxkj Lrj cuk, j[kus ds fy, ftruk O;; vko’;d gksrk gS mruk ugh gksrk rks mls vHkkoh ekax dgrs gSaA vHkkoh ekax dks fLFkrh esa miyC/k lk/kuksa dk iw.kZ mi;ksx ugha gks ikrk ftlls vFkZO;oLFkk esa vuSfrd csjktxkjh ik;h tkrh gSA ¼[email protected] vad½ vHkkoh ekax ds dkj.k & 1½ izHkko iw.kZ ekax esa dehA 2½ vk; ,oa O;; esa ls larqyu dk vHkko 3½ cpr dks izksRlkgu 4½ Lopfyr fuos’k esa dHkh 5½ eqnzk dh iwfrZ esa deh 6½ djksa esa o`f) 7½ fu;kZr ekax esa deh ¼iakp fcUnqvksa dks fy[kus ls izR;sd

[email protected]

vad½ 14

vFkok iw.kZjkstxkj dh /kkj.kk dk egRo fuEu fcUnqvksa ij gS & 1- csjktxkjh dh lekfIr 2- vkfFkZd fodkl 3- U;wure vko’;Drkvksa dh iwfrZ 4- Lkekftd okrkoj.k ¼izR;sd fcUnq ds laf{kIr fooj.k ij ,d vad½ iz-10

mRrj & jk"Vªh; vk; esa o`f) gsrq pkj lq>ko & 1½ vuqdwy i`"VHkwfe dk fuekZ.k 2½ iwath fuekZ.k esa o`f) 3½ mi;qDr fuos’k
=

'kq) ?kjsyw mRikn $ f?klkoV O;;

= 25,00,000 + 5,00,000

= 30,00,000 #-

15

iz-11

mRrj & izks- cksfYMax dh ijhHkk"kk & lef"V vFkZ’kkL= dk laca/k O;fDrxr ek=kvksa ds v/;;u ls ugha] cfYd bu ek=kvksa ds lewg ls gksrk gSA budk laca/k O;fDrxr vk; ls u gksdj jk"Vªh; vk; ls gksrk gS] O;fDrxr fderksa ls ugha] cfYd fderksa ds Lrj ls gksrk gS O;fDrxr mRiknu ls ugha cfYd jk"Vªh; mRiknu ls gksrk gSA ¼2 vad½ fo’ks"krk,a & 1½ O;kid n`f"Vdks.k 2½ O;kid fo’ys"k.k 3½ vk; o jkstxkj fl)kUr 4½ ijLij fuHkZjrkA ¼3 fcUnqvksa esa izR;sd dks ,d vad½ vFkok lef"V ,oa O;f"V ,d nwljs ds iwjd gS & 1- O;f"V vFkZ’kkL= dh lef"V ij fuHkZjrk

2 vad

2- lef"V dh O;f"V ij fuHkZjrk

2 vad

3- laE;qylu dk dFku &

1 vad

budk foLrkj djus ij izR;sd fcUnq dks foLrkj djus ij 1 vad iznku djsA iz-12

mRrj & fofHkUu vFkZ’kkfL=;ksa }kjk nh x;h eqnzk dh ifjHkk"kk ds vk/kkj ij eqnzk dh ,d ifjHkk"kk ;g gS & ^^eqnzk ,slh oLrq gS ftls foLr`r #i esa fofue; ds ek/;e] ewY; ds ekid] _.kksa ds vafre Hkqxrku rFkk ewY; ds lap; ds lk/ku ds #i esa Lora= ,oa lkekU; #i ls Lohdkj fd;k tkrk gSA

¼1 vad½

16

eqnzk dk egRo & 1½ mRiknu

2½ mi;ksx

3½ fofu;e

4½ forj.k

5½ jktLo esa egRo ;k

eqnzk ls miHkksDrk dks ykHk & eqnzk ls mRiknu dks ykHk & Je foHkktu ,ao forj.k laHko] iwath dh xfr’khyrk] Hkkoh lkSns orZeku esa lHko] oLrq fofue; iz.kkyh ds nks"kksa dk fujkdj.k] cpr dks fofu;ksx esa ifjofrZr djuk] jk"Vªh; ,drk esa lgk;d] lkekftd dY;k.k dh eki rFkk HkkSfrd izxfr laHkoA

¼4 vad½

¼izR;sd fcUnq ds fy, ,d vad dksbZ pkj fcUnq dks laf{kIr foLrkj vko’;d½ vFkok dsUnzh; cSad rFkk O;kikfjd cSad esa varj & vk/kkj Lo#i

dsUnzh; cSad ns’k dk loksZPp cSad laiw.kZ

O;kikfjd cSad ykHk dekus okyh laLFkk dsUnzh; cSad ds v/khu

cSafdax ij fu;a=.k mn~ns’;

tufgr dk mn~ns’;

ykHk dekuk mn~ns’;

LokfeRo

ljdkjh laLFkk

LokfeRo ljdkjh rFkk xSj ljdkjh gks ldrk gS

izfr;ksfxrk

dksbZ izfr Li/khZ ugha

vU; O;kikfjd cSadks ls izfr;ksfxrk

uksV fuxZeu uksV fuxZeu dk ,dkf/kdkj cSadj

og cSadksa dks cSad ljdkj dk

dksbZ vf/kdkj ugha turk dk cSad

¼blh izdkj ds ikap fcUnqvksa ij vad izR;sd ,d vad½

iz-13

¼5 vad½

Hkqxrku larqyu esa vlarqyu ls vk’k; & Hkqxrku larqyu fdlh ns’k esa ,d fuf’pr le; esa leLr fons’kh ysu&nsu dk fooj.k gSA Hkqxrku larqyu esa n`"; rFkk vn`"; nksuksa izdkj dh ensa 'kkfey gksrh gSaA blesa ,d ns’k dh ysunkfj;ksa rFkk nsunkfj;ksa dk fooj.k gksrk gSA tc fdlh ns’k dh nsunkfj;kW mldh ysunkfj;ksa ls vf/kd gks tkrh gSa rks Hkqxrku larqyu izfrdqy dgykrk gSA ¼1 vad½

17

izfrdqyrk dks Bhd djus ls pkj mik; & 1½ fu;kZr dks izksRlkgu 2½ vk;kr dks grksRlkfgr djuk 3½ vk;kr izfrLFkkiu 4½ fons’kh _.k

5½ fofue; fu;a=.k

6½ fons’kh i;ZVdksa dks izksRlkgu

7½ mRiknu esa o`f) 8½ eqnzk dk voewY;u 9½ fons’kh fuos’k dks izksRlkgu 10½ dherksa esa deh A ¼mijksDr esa ls dksbZ pkj fcUnq dk alf{kIr fooj.k nsus ij izR;sd dks 1 vad½ vFkok fons’kh fofue; nj dk fu/kkZj.k & ¼1½ fons’kh fofue; dh ekax & fons’kh fofue; dh tkap mu yksxksa }kjk dh tkrh gS tks ;k rks fons’kksa ls oLrqvksa ,oa lsokvksa dk vk;kr djrs gSa ;k fons’kksa esa viuh iwath dk fofu;kstu djuk pkgrs gSaA eakx rd dh rjg fons’kh fofue; dk eakx rd gksrk gS tks fons’kh fofue; dh ekax rFkk fofue; nj ls fu/kkZfjr gksrh gSA ¼[email protected] vad½ y

fofue; nj O

x

¼2½ ¼2½ fons’kh fofue; dh iwfrZ & fons’kh fofue; dh iwfrZ mu yksxksa }kjk dh tkrh gS tks fons’kksa dks viuh oLrqvksa ,oa lsokvksa dk fu;kZr djrs gSa fofue; iwfrZ rFkk ¼[email protected] vad½

fofue; nj esa lh/kk laca/k gksrk gSA y

fofue; nj O

S

S

x

iwfrZ

18

fofue; dk larqyu fcUnq & ftl fcUnq ij fons’kh fofu;e dh ekx rFkk fons’kh fofue; dh iwfrZ ,d nwljs dks dkVrh gS og larqyu fcUnq gskrk gS rFk mlh fcUnq nj fons’k fofue; nj fu/kkZfjr gksrh gSA iz-14

dk mRrj & cktkj ewY; ,oa lkekU; ewY; esa varj & Ø-

Cktkj ewY;

lkekU; ewY;

1-

vfr vYidkyhu

nh?kZdkyhu ewY;

2-

ekax ,oa iwfrZ dk vLFkk;h larqyu

ekax ,oa iwfrZ dk nh?kZdkyhu larqyu

3-

ekax dk izeq[k ,oa lØh; izHkko

iwfrZ dk vf/kd izHkko

4-

iquZmRiknuh; rFkk fu:Riknuh;

dsoy iquZmRiknuh; oLrqvksa dk ewY;

lHkh oLrqvksa dk 5-

okLrfod ewY;

dkYifud ewY; ¼izR;sd fcUnq ij ,d vad½

¼5 vad½

vFkok fu/kkZj.k esa ek’kZy dk le; rRo le; dks pkj Hkkxksa esa ckWVk & 1½ vfr vYidky

2½ vYidky

3½ nh?kZdky

4½ vfr nh?kZdky

¼pkjks fcUnqvksa ds o.kZu ij 1 vad izfr fcUnq $ 1 vad fp= ds fy,½ 5 vad iz-15

O;kikj larqyu ,oa Hkqxrku larqyu esa varj & Ø-

O;kikj larqyu

Hkqxrku larqyu

1-

vk;kr o fu;kZr dk varj

dqy nsunkfj;ksa o ysunkfj;ksa dk varj

2-

n`"; ensa 'kkfey

n`"; ,oa vn`"; ensa 'kkfey

3-

Hkqxrku larqyu dk ,d Hkkx

vf/kd O;kid vo/kkj.kk

4-

izfrdwy gksuk fpark dk fo"k; ugha

izfrdqy gksuk vkfFkZd fLFkfr dk izfrd

5

;g dHkh Hkh izfrdwy ;k vuqdwy gks

lnk larqfyr gksuk pkfg,

ldrk gS 19

vFkok Hkqxrku larqyu ds pkyw [kkrs ,oa iwath [kkrsdh ensa & Pkk Pkkyw [kkrs & 1½ eky 2½ vn`"; ensa & v- lsok,a&;k=k ifjogu] chek] ldy jk"Vªh; vk; ,oa O;; c- varj.k & ljdkjh] futh l- fuos’k vk; & 3½ dqy pkyw [kkrk & iawth [kkrk & 1½ fons’kh fuos’k 2½ _.k & blesa v- fons’kh lgk;rk c- okf.kT; m/kkj l- vYidkyhu vfuoklh Hkkjrh; tek jkf’k;ka 3½ cSafdax iawth 4½ #i;k _.k lsok 5½ vU; iwath iz-16

dqy iawth [kkrk

¼5 vad½

ctV dh ifjHkk"kk & ctV ,d ,slk fofRr; ,oa ikfjekf.kd fooj.k gS tks ,d fuf’pr le; ds fy, iwokZuqekfur gksrk gS] ftlesa bl le;kof/k ds varxZr fuf’pr mn~ns’;ksa dks izkIr djus ds fy, viuk;h tkus okyh uhfr nh gksrh gSA fdlh Hkh vFkZ’kkL=h dh ifjHkk"kk &

¼1 vad½

ctV ds izdkj & 1½ dsUnzh; ctV ,oa jkT; ctV 2½ jktLo ctV ,oa iwathxr ctV 3½ ;kstuk ctV ,oa xSj ;kstuk ctV 4½ ewY; ctV ,oa vuqiwjd ctV 5½ larqfyr ,oa vlarqfyr ctV

¼izR;s fcUnq ds 1 vad½ 20

vFkok lkoZtfud O;; & lkoZtfud O;; og jkf’k gS tks ljdkj ,d lkekftd foRrh; o"kZ esa lkewfgd miHkksx ds fy, vko’;d oLrqvksa ,oa lsokvksa izR;{k ;k fj;k;rksa ds #i esa] lekftd dY;k.k ds gLrkarj Hkqxrku ds fy, iwath xr oLrqvksa ij [kpZ djrh gSA

¼2 vad½

izdkj & 1½ fodklkRed O;; 2½ xSj fodklkRed O;; 3½ ;kstuk O;; 4½ xSj ;kstuk O;; ¼izR;sd fcUnq ds foLrkj ij 2 vad½ iz-17

dk mRrj & fjdkMksZ dk yxku fl)kUr & fl)kUr dh ifjHkk"kk &

1 vad

fl)kUr dh C;k[;k &

[email protected] vad

fp= rkfydk &

[email protected] vad vFkok

ykHk dh nj esa fHkUurk ds dkj.k lglh dh ykHk dh njsa fHkUu&fHkUu gksus ds fuEu dkj.k gSa & 1- dq'kyrk 2- vkdfLedrk 3- izfr;ksfxrk 4- mRiknu ykxr esa fHkUurk 5- lapkyu ,oa izca/ku dh ;ksX;rk 6- tksf[ke esa varj 7- foKkiu dk izHkko 21

iz-18

dk mRrj & dj vioapu dk vk’k; & dj nkrk }kjk ljdkj dks pqdk, tkus okys dj ls cpuk ;k dj dh pksjh djuk dj vioapu dgykrk gSA dkj.k dkj.k %& 1½ dj dh Åaph njsa 2½ dj iz.kkyh dk tVhy gksuk 3½ Hkz"Vkpkj 4½ ewY; o`f) 5½ uSfrdrk dk vHkko 6½ dj u pqdkus dh ekufldrk 7½ dkuwuh lykgdkjksa dh lsok,W 8½ n.M ds izko/kkuksa esa f’kfFkyrk vFkok vf/kdre lkekftd ykHk dk fl)kUr & bl fl)kUr dk izfriknu MkYVu us fd;k gSA muds vuqlkj ljdkj Hkh ,d O;fDr dh rjg vius vk; ,oa O;; lek;kstu djrh gSA ifjHkk"kk ,oa C;k[;k &

¼2 vad½

1- dj dh izR;sd bdkbZ ls mRiUu C;k[;k & fcUnq dk laf{kIr foLrkj

¼2 vad½

2- lkoZtfud O;; dh izR;sd bdkbZ ls mRiUu ykHk & fcUnq dk laf{kIr fooj.k

¼2 vad½

22

iz-19

[kk|kUu [kk|kUu Qlysa ,oa uxn Qlyksa ls vk’k; & [kk|kUu Qlysa os gksrh gSa tks eq[;#i ls Hkkstu ds dke vkrh gSa & tSls & xsgwa] pkoy] Tokj] eDdk] cktjk] pukA uxn Qlysa os gksrh gS tks izR;{k #i ls Hkkstu ds dke ugh vkrh ijarq bUgs cspdj uxn jkf’k izkIr dh tkrh ldrh gSA ¼1 vad½ varj %& [kk|kUu Qlyksa ,oa uxn Qlyksa esa varj & Ø-

[kk|kUu Qly

uxn Qly

1-

mRiknu ;kstuk ds fy,

O;kikfjd n`f"Vdks.k

2-

[kk|kUu dgrs gS

v[kk|kUu dgrs gSa

3-

xsgwa] pkoy] Tokj]

dikl] twV] jcj

4-

d`f"k Hkwfe ds cM+s Hkkx ij

[kk|kUu ls de Hkwfe ij mRiknu

5

is; inkFkZ 'kkfey ugha gSa

is; inkFkZ lacaf/k d`f"k mRikn 'kkfey ¼5 vad½

vFkok o`gn m|ksx ds ykHk & 1½ jk"Vªh; vk; esa o`f) 2½ larqfyr fodkl 3½ jkstxkj esa o`f) 4½ fodkl dk vk/kkj lqn`<+ 5½ d`f"k ij ls tu la[;k dk Hkkj de 6½ fu;kZr lao/kZu 7½ d`f"k dk fodkl 8½ fons’kh iawth dks vkdf"kZr djus esa 9½ izfrj{kk lq/kkj ¼fdUgh N% fcUnqvksa dk laf{kIr fooj.k izR;sd fcUnq dks ,d vad½ 6 vad 23

iz-20

funZs’kkad fdls dgrs gSa\ ,d mfpr ifjHkk"kk &

¼1 vad½

funsZ’kkad cukus esa dfBukbZ;ka & 1- vk/kkj o"kZ ds pquko esa dfBukbZ 2- izfrfuf/k oLrqvksa dk pquko 3- oLrqvksa ds fder ds ladyu esa dfBukbZ 4- oLrqvksa ds Hkkj esa dfBukbZ 5- vkSlr fudkyus esa dfBukbZ vFkok lka[;dh ek/; & Marks

No. of Student

M. V.

Dx

F

X

(A – 25)

fdx

0 – 10

10

5

- 20

- 200

10 – 20

22

15

- 10

- 220

20 – 30

20

25

0

0

30 – 40

18

35

10

180

40 – 50

10

45

20

200

N = 80

∑fdx = - 40

X = A + ∑fdx

X = 25 + - 40

n

80

X = 25 + - 1 2

X = 25 – 5

X = 24.5

Ans. 24

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