IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 329- 334

International Journal of Research in Information Technology (IJRIT) www.ijrit.com

ISSN 2001-5569

Review on Various Application of Cloud computing in Agriculture sector Miss. A. P. Ghatol 1, Dr. G. R. Bamnote 2 1

2

student, CSE Department, S.G.B.A.University Amravati, Maharashtra, India [email protected]

Head Of The Department, S.G.B.A.University Amravati, Maharashtra, India [email protected]

Abstract Most of the countries are dependant on the Agriculture, so as the population is increased, we have to focus on the production in Agriculture. Agriculture is most important sector with the majority of the rural population in developing countries depending on it. By using different Information and Communication Techniques, farmers are trying to find innovative ways for higher production. Introduction of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) has seen a keen role in daily life of farmers. The conventional methods used by the farmers, particularly in India, are very slow and unreliable. But the significant investment cost for ICT infrastructure and maintenance is one of the primary drawbacks. With the evolution of Cloud Computing the service providers are coming up with better solutions for the end users. This upcoming technology is predicted to bring revolutionary changes to the agriculture sector. The new devices like tablets and new services like Cloud Computing have great potential in agriculture. Cloud Computing provides better resource management and effective cost control. This paper is based on the elaboration of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Application Cloud Computing Technology.

Keywords: Cloud Computing, ICT, Wireless Sensor Actor Network, Agri – Cloud, Mobile Cloud. 1. Introduction We are trying hard for the ease of higher production in the agriculture field. Information and communication have always been an indispensible part of human race. Thus the farmers sought information from each other to make the maximum profit. The crops are damaged in field itself due to disease attacks and lack of information resources. This loss grows more than 40% in total annually. Information Communication Technology (ICT) plays a vital role to overcome such short comings. In past few years, Information Technologies and tools are being implemented in the agriculture sector to cater to these information needs. The initial expenditure for setting up the ICT infrastructure and ever growing demands for the cloud computing, so by using the cloud computing, it provides reliable, user friendly and cheaper ICT tools in agriculture. It enables the users to make use of various services and tools with pay-per use basis without the need to know the physical location and configuration of the system that delivers the services.

Miss. A. P. Ghatol ,

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IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 329- 334

2. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to draft the possible social and "digital gap" condition in the agriculture. It means a management support in the Agriculture. The ICT usable for long term (for example electronic education for rural areas) and as well as short term (for example local market price and weather information) cases. The ICT can be used for help to collect and share the existing human capital.

2.1 Actually there are five main drivers of the use of ICT in agriculture [8]: • Low-cost and pervasive connectivity The Internet and the mobile coverage increased which resulted decreased costs and increased competition. • Adaptable and more affordable tools The adaptable and more affordable technologies and devices has also increased the ICT’s relevance to smallholder agriculture. Innovation has reduced the price of phones, laptops, software, scientific instruments. Mobile applications are also becoming more useable for isolated communities. The existing technology (for example SMS) can provide mobile banking, market price alert, extended transaction possibilities. • Advances in data storage and exchange The increased data storage capacity and the ability to access and share data remotely have improved the use of ICT in agriculture. The possiblity to share knowledge and exchange data have created opportunities to involve more stakeholders in agricultural research. The capacity of hard drives have continued to rise, making cheaper to store data The cloud computing offers shared computing resources through the Internet. • Innovative business models and partnerships The private sector became more interested in use of ICTs because their profit potential is clear. The public sector maintains great interest in ICT as providing better public services in agriculture. Private companies that have invested in technology and applications are often interested in working with the public sector to provide their products and services to smallholders. New forms of business incubation and knowledge brokering are also contributing to ICT in agriculture. Incubators identify investors and other suitable partners, including technical expert.

3. Cloud Computing Cloud computing is regarded as a technology which makes available the IT allied services in a very simple and user friendly manner at an affordable cost, without really knowing and getting involved in the technicalities of how and what to do in providing the needed services. It offers the charm of cloud computing is that the services may be availed whenever and wherever needed. It also reduces the cost of availing those services drastically. At the same time, it offers involvement of very less manpower and maintenance of those services. It also makes users free from certain concerns such as buying software, maintaining them up to date, maintenance of data etc. Cloud computing offers various models based on user requirement. Three of the most basic cloud computing models are: Software as a Service (SAAS): It includes the ICT working environment tools such as software, web applications etc. without buying/downloading and installing in specific machines. Another feature of this model is that the users are charged for whatever has to be used for a specific duration, against the traditional way of buying and paying for the full application. Platform as a Service (PAAS): In this particular model the end-users are offered the computing platform for designing and developing specific applications without the need to buy the license or the product. PaaS also takes care of hosting those applications without much concern about hardware and data storage requirement. It also guarantees the availability of the platforms and their security. Infrastructure as a Service (IAAS): This model usually includes perceptible as well as irrperceptible components used in availing ICT services, such as virtual computers, traffic monitoring and redirecting, basic network components etc. This is the most prominent benefit of cloud computing as the organizations invest the most in establishing infrastructure. Cloud computing have five universal values: • Reduction of initial cost. Miss. A. P. Ghatol ,

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IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 329- 334

• • • •

Allocation of resources on demand without limit. Maintenance and upgrades performed in the back-end. Easy rapid development including collaboration with other systems in the cloud. More possibilities for global service development.

Fig.1. Cloud Computing Framework

4. Applications of Cloud Computing in various ways: 4.1 MAD-Cloud Architecture: Framework of MAD-Cloud propose expertise service to farmers regarding cultivation of crops, pricing, and fertilizers to be used etc. Scientists working at Agriculture research stations can add their discoveries, suggestions regarding modern techniques for cultivation, usage of fertilizers, can obtain cultivation history of the region etc. MAD-Cloud framework at SaaS layer supports various services to Farmers to interact with cloud by using any cheaper ways or IOT such as Sensors, Mobile devices, Scanners etc. MAD-Cloud can use existing cloud infrastructures like networks, servers etc. MAD-cloud framework is a layered architecture contains layers like4.1. 1. MAD-Data Acquisition Layer (MDAL): MDAL is deployed as SaaS in Cloud which provides various interface services to be used by different types of consumers with different devices. It uses Internet and query data by using their applications service interfaces. IOT which provides services to be used by farmers, agriculture experts or government officials to add or

Fig.2 Architecture of MAD-framework

Miss. A. P. Ghatol ,

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IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 329- 334

4.1.2. MAD-Data Processing layer (MDPL): MDPL is a Data processing layer contains libraries which will accept data in various formats from various devices and converts into uniform format and performs computations on large data sets and reports to consumers of MAD-cloud. MDPL provides service contains libraries for Data security, Data Processing, Expert Decision making and Data Reporting. Further MDPL has divided into following modules: a) MAD-Secure Data Service module b) MAD-Data Processing service module c) MAD-Expert Service Module d) MAD-Solution reporting Service module. 4.1.3. MAD-Data Storage Service layer (MDSSL): MDSSL is data storage layer supports database infrastructure facilities to store large amounts of data which is required in agriculture sector for results to be accurate. MDSSL is deployed as IaaS in cloud which allows data sharing and usage. 4.2 Agro-Mobile : This application covers the proposal of how a mobile cloud computing is useful to the farmers in their day-to-day agricultural needs. In this, we present a concept model of MCC technology for farmer’s daily need on a simple handheld device called ‘Agro-Cloud’ [15]. In Figure 3. below, an AgroMobile server is established that includes Application Service Providers (ASP) providing on-demand software, called software as a service (SaaS), over the network architecture to the customer(s). Here, customers are the farmers how don’t have technical knowledge about the software to use and maintain. The developer is connected to the ASP and the end users are connected to Agro-Mobile infrastructure providing application services. The applications involved are designed such that it is simple and easy in use, for literates as well as for illiterates, both. The end users can be a smartphone, tablet, laptop, or phablet which supports the 2.5G, 3G or 4 G technologies, distributed all over. The concept of mobile cloud is used in this project to solve various issues which simple mobile devices are unable to achieve.

Fig.3. The Proposed by (Prasad-2013) Agro-Mobile System Model. Application Service Providers (ASP) and Mobile End User 4.3 WSAN linked to cloud computing system: Researchers worldwide have investigated the adoption of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technology and cloud computing in the field of agriculture. In this application, an effective approach to overcome some of the issues related to agricultural productivity is presented. The proposed approach involves using wireless sensor actor networks (WSANs) in combination with cloud computing services to help farmers optimize the use of available resources in their agricultural tasks. Micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) have gained increasing attention during the recent years. MEMS facilitate the development of smart wireless sensor actor networks (WSAN). The main activities of the sensors are to sense and measure the environmental data from the fields and process the data with the help of decision making unit for actuating the process. Sensor nodes that sense the data of the environment and a group of actor nodes which act according to the decision taken by the decision making system linked Miss. A. P. Ghatol ,

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IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 329- 334

together by wireless medium are known as wireless sensor actor. The layered architecture shown in below Fig .3. contains 3 groups: A. Sensing group B. Cloud service group C. Actuator group These groups are briefly described below: A. Sensing Group: The sensing group consists of various sensors for checking temperature, humidity, pressure, etc. These sensors collect real time data from the field and forward the sensed data to sensor data storage unit which in turn forwards the data to the cloud for further processing. B. Cloud Service Group: The cloud service further contains the following layers: a) Agricultural-Data Acquisition Layer (ADAL): It uses the Internet to provide services to be used by farmers and agricultural experts to add or query data by using their applications service interfaces such as browsers, tablet PCs, sensor devices or mobile devices. The ADAL, deployed as SAAS in Cloud, provides various interface services to be used by different types of consumers with different devices. ADAL services layer is mainly used for agricultural data acquisition and to supply solutions to users. b) Agricultural Data Processing Layer (ADPL): It is a data processing layer with libraries that accept data in various formats from different devices and convert them into uniform formats. It performs computations on large data sets and reports to consumers of agricultural-cloud platform as a service. It also encapsulates a layer of software and provides it as a service that can be used to build higher level services. ADPL, deployed as PAAS in an agricultural-cloud, contains library modules to be used to build high-level agriculture- based applications. ADPL provides services that contain libraries for data security, data processing, expert decision making, and data reporting.

Fig. 4. Agricultural WSAN Cloud

C. Actuator Group: The actuator group consists of set of actor nodes which will act on the environment based on the decision given by decision unit. The controllers in the actor nodes receive digital data from the Miss. A. P. Ghatol ,

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IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 329- 334

cloud and generate action commands. The analog signals resulting from the action commands are sent to the hardware devices to perform the intended actions.

5. Conclusion In this paper, we concentrate on the ICT, how can improved the performance of ICT and Also the ICT toolcloud computing can play the role in agriculture sector. Cloud computing promises several benefits in different ways, which covers the proposal of how a mobile cloud computing is useful to the farmers in their day-to-day agricultural needs. WSANs provide valuable information for harvesting, work management, growth of crops, and prevention of crop diseases. MAD-Cloud Architecture provides Data analyser services used by farmer, agri-expert, Data processing services Data storage services in the database. These proposes the increament in the production.Thus, it cleares Communication technologies and broadband Internet are increasingly perceived as a critical factor in social and economic development.

References [1] S. C. Mittal, “Role of Information Technology in agriculture and its Scope in India”, www.iffco.nic.in/applications/brihaspat.nsf/0/.../$FILE/it_fai.pdf, (2012). .[2] M. Yuan, “Mobile Computing”, Harbin: Harbin Industrialization University, (2008), pp. 2-10. [3] L. Guan, K. Xu, S. Meina and S. Junde, “A Survey of Research on Mobile Cloud Computing” Proceeding of 10th International Conference on Computer and Information Science (ICIS), IEEE/ACIS, (2011), pp. 387-392. [4] “Scope of Agriculture Education in India”. http://www.indiaeducation.net/Agriculture/Scope.asp. [5] Goyal , A., 2010. “Information, direct access to farmers, and rural market performance in Central India” In: Policy Research Working Paper 5315, World Bank, Washington, DC. [6] Hori M., Kawashima E., Yamazaki T. (2010): “Application of Cloud Computing to Agriculture and Prospects in Other Fields”, Fujitsu Science Technology Journal, Vol. 46. No. 4. 446-464 p.p. [7] Sasvari P. (2011): “The Economic Impacts of Information and Communication Technology In The Hungarian Economy”, Journal of Applied and Practical Information Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2011 [8] The World Bank , 2011 : “ICT in Agriculture Connecting Smallholders to Knowledge, Networks, and Institutions” , Report Number 64605 [9] Jianxun Zhang, Zhimin Gu,and Chao Zheng (2010), A Summary of Research Progress on Cloud Computing, Application Research of Computers, Vol. 27, No. 2, 429-433. [10] Cloud computing and emerging IT platforms: Vision, hype, and reality for delivering computing as the 5th utility R Buyya et al. / Future Generation Computer Systems 25 (2009) 599_616 [11] Kun Qian, "The Application of Cloud Computing in Agricultural Management Information System", Hubei Agricultural Sciences Vol.5,No.-1, 2012, 159 162. [12] Karuna Chandraul, “An Agriculture Research on Cloud Computing”,V-3, No.5 (December 2013) [13] Mr. Mahesh D. S, “A Cloud Computing Architecture with Wireless Sensor Networks for Agricultural Applications” VOL.2, NO.1,JAN-14, 34–38 [14] Dr. G Sahoo, “Applications of Cloud Computing for Agriculture Sector”, CSI Communications/ November 2013/www.csi-india.org. [15] Shitala Prasad, “AgroMobile: A Cloud-Based Framework for Agriculturists on Mobile Platform” Vol.59, (2013), pp.41-52. [16] Bhagawan Nath, “Application of Cloud Computing in Agricultural Sectors for Economic Development”. [17] Róbert Szilágyi, “New information and communication technologies in agriculture - factors, drivers and application possibilities”, Journal of Agricultural Informatics. 2012 Vol. 3, No. 1.

Miss. A. P. Ghatol ,

IJRIT

334

Review on Various Application of Cloud computing in ... - IJRIT

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