Prediction of Head Orientation Based on the Visual Image of a Three Dimensional Space Kyunghan Kim and Bernard J. Martin Proceedings of SAE Digital Human Modeling for Design and Engineering Conference, Arlington, VA, June 26-28, 2001. Head movements contribute to the acquisition of targets in visually guided tasks such as reaching and grasping. It has been found that head orientation is generally related to the spatial location of the visual target (Gauthier et al. 1986). Therefore, it is important to predict and model head orientation and posture. The movement of the head in a three dimensional space can be described using six degrees of freedom including anterior-posterior, lateral, and vertical translations, and roll, yaw, and pitch rotations. Though the head moves in a 3D-space, the monocular visual input guiding the movement is composed of a 2D image representation formed on the retina. Thus the 3D world can be represented by a 2D image viewed by the head. By assuming that the planning of the head movement is based on the 2D visual image, we can considerably minimize the degrees of freedom that are necessary for the prediction. In the present study, we analyze the head orientation and posture with a theoretical reconstruction of the 2D visual image on the retina in a set of experiments simulating a driving situation, rather than using the 6-degrees of freedom representation in 3D space. For each visual target, the head error, defined as the deviation of head orientation from the target, was computed from the virtual image. It was observed that head error (azimuth and elevation) varies systematically as a function of the location of the target in 3D space. From the error model it is then possible to estimate head orientations and postures in the 3D-space. However it is still necessary to determine which posture would be preferred over another for a given error. We assume that this equivalency problem could be resolved if we consider the nature of the concurrent task (e.g., mechanical constraints in reaching or lifting, and visual demands such as precise identification or simple orientation of the target), which can be considered as constraints to be added to the model. abs2001_10

Prediction of Head Orientation Based on the Visual ...

degrees of freedom including anterior-posterior, lateral, and vertical translations, and roll, yaw, and pitch rotations. Though the head moves in a 3D-space, the ...

11KB Sizes 2 Downloads 92 Views

Recommend Documents

Aqueous Solubility Prediction of Drugs Based on ...
A method for predicting the aqueous solubility of drug compounds was developed based on ... testing of the predictive ability of the model are described.

Aqueous Solubility Prediction of Drugs Based on ...
Structural parameters used as inputs in a 23-5-1 artificial neural network included 14 atom- type electrotopological ... to ensure that the distribution of properties relevant to ...... The Integration of Structure-Based Drug Design and Combinatorial

ON ELO BASED PREDICTION MODELS FOR THE ...
Jun 4, 2018 - Elo ratings as they were on 28 march 2018 for the top 5 nations (in this rating) are as follows: Brazil Germany Spain Argentina France. 2131.

A CAPTCHA Based On Image Orientation - Research at Google
Apr 20, 2009 - another domain for CAPTCHA generation beyond character obfuscation. ... With an increasing number of free services on the internet, we ..... 100. 200. 300. 400. 500. Figure 8: An image with large distribution of orientations.

Google hostload prediction based on Bayesian ... - Research at Google
1. Introduction. Accurate prediction of the host load in a Cloud computing data .... the batch scheduler and its scheduling strategy. Our objective ... whole process.

Google hostload prediction based on Bayesian ... - Research at Google
Compared with traditional Grids [16] and HPC systems, the host load prediction in Cloud ...... for map-reduce jobs [8] based on Hadoop Distributed File System. (HDFS) [29]. ... scientific application's signature (a set of fundamental operations).

Visual stability based on remapping of attention pointers
Object files: A temporary representation combining an object's identity, ..... target's feature data are to be found in earlier visual cortices which are shown, highly.

Division Orientation on the Administration of the New PHIL-IRI.pdf ...
Division Orientation on the Administration of the New PHIL-IRI.pdf. Division Orientation on the Administration of the New PHIL-IRI.pdf. Open. Extract. Open with.

Argumentation-based Information Exchange in Prediction Markets
Essentially, a Multiagent Prediction Market (MPM) is composed of (a) a ... ing the likelihood of that specific prediction to be correct, i.e. a degree of confidence.