I

l/)cv,vA

MMA M.c)

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TWO MARKS:

1. What are the importa[ces of ioinls in precast structures

lvhen compared to cast in situ structurcs? In cast in situ stt.ucture\ lhc joints drc provided to relieve the strcsscs due to temperature and shrinkag.e and also to accommodate, the construction sequence for placement of concrete. But in case of precast structures apart from the a bove reason we require iolnts to conncct various olernents oIstrrrctures.

2.

What is the need for expansion ioint in precast structures? (May/lune ZOlZ) Expansion joints are necessary in precast structures in order io attow for the expansion and cooling ofvarious members due changing in temperature. ln precast s-tructures the shrinkage takes place before the assembling of members, therefore the spacing of cxpansion ioints may be 1.5 to 2 times grelter than in monorithic structures. Expansion ioints are usualiy Formed at the joint ofroofing members and main girders.

3. What are connectio\s? (May /lune 2012) In precast members to overcome operational difficulties the member are disunited into smalier elements. Connections are used to get required structures by joining thc scpJrJte smaller elements.

4.

What are the different types of connections? 'fhere are tvvo types ofconnectiorls i. Wet connections (with mortar or in situ concrete] ii. Dry connections ( with welding and boltingl

5.

What are the points to t e considered while designing the connections? l. l,oading under working condition ii. Stability of str.uctures ii i. l,oad conditions during construction iv. Illfcct ofshrinl(age, creep and temperature Unequal settlcmcnts.

6,

What rre thc dillerent conncctions nrade in prefat ricated structures? (lolumn to colurnn connections ii.

iii.

Il0arn to beam connections Main bcam [o sccondary boam conncctions.

7. What

zrre the different types ofioints? (Ncv/Dec 2013) Expansion Joints Contraction joints Crack control joints

i. ii. iii. iv.

Constructionioints

B, What are the materials used for concrete ioints?

i. ii. iii. 9.

Flexible board Dowels Sealants

Based on location within a buildin& how conncctions can be classificd? Based oll localioll within a building conncctions arc classified into vortical and h orizontal joints. Vertical ioints connect the-vertical taces of adlolning wall panels and primarily resist vertical seismic shear forces. Horizontal joints connect the horizontal faces of the adjoining wall and floor panels and resist both gravity and seismic loads.

lO.What are the functions or importance of ioints? (May /lluJ)e 2OO9) Joirrts between internal and extcrnal wall pancls shJll be designed to resist the forces acting on them without excessive deformation and cracking. They shall also be able to accommodate the deviations in the dimensions of the wall panels durrng produclion and erecrions 11. Define

. It .

/IUNE2ol2) is desirable for the structure should be load bearing as soon as possible, ioint.

(M AY

prefcrably, immediately after assembly. In additional demand is that, the joint should require only a Iittle material and should not be labour observing [i.e) cost should be minimum.

12.What are the requirements ofioint!, (MAY/IuNE 2009, 2012)

. .

. .

Thc forming and construction ofjoints requires greatly increased control. The dcsign and construction of joints should normalise with the materials used.

Joints must be designed and executed to cnsurc dimensional tolerance. n rel.rtive displacement ofthe joint member should be impossible.

to

be

13.Write the types/classification of ioints: (MAY/JUNE 2013) a) As per dimensional tolerance:

i. ii. !ll.

Butt joint Splayed joint I'in joint

b) As per functions:

i

i. ii. ii.

Rigid

joint

Hinge iike Shod

joint

joint

c) As dependlng on necessity ofin-situ concreting:

i. ii.

Dryjoint Wet joint

l4.What is the significance of connections in precast constructions? (April/May

2Otr)

i. ii. iii. iv. v.

Loading under working condition

Stabiliryofstructures Load conditions duri[g construction Effect ofshrinkage, creep and temperature

Uncqualsettlements.

15.What is meant by expansion ioints? {May,/lune 2013} Expansion joints allow expansion and contraction of a member without generating potentially damaging forces within the member itself or the surrounding structures. 16.State post tensioned connections. (Nov/Dec 2013) PosL tensioned connections can gencrally be joined for simpler than the usual reinforced coDcre[e structures. ln post tensioned structures the forming of joints does not cause difficulties. ln this all the joints are course rigid and moment bearing,

pfs unit 5 2marks_NoRestriction.pdf

l/)cv,vA MMA M.c) I fv. TWO MARKS: ... What are the different types of connections? 'fhere are tvvo ... What are the requirements ofioint!, (MAY/IuNE 2009, 2012).

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