ੇࢩሦୱϐ ғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫ࡰ܄‬኱ ङඳϟಏ ύࣴଣი໗ 3126/18/13 1

ύࣴଣი໗ॄೢϐࡰ኱ ୯ϣςԖϐࡰ኱ ੇ ഌ Ӆ ӕ

΋/ғ‫ނނ‬ᅿӭኬ‫ࡰ܄‬ኧ Β/‫ނુ࠶ڙ‬ᅿ Ο/ѦٰΕߟᅿ Ѥ/‫ނ‬ᅿᙦࡋᖿ༈ ϖ/୷Ӣӭኬ‫܄‬ Ϥ/࣑ྴᕛ ੇ Ύ/ੇࢩԡࢉ ୱ ࡰ Ζ/ၸᅕ ኱ ΐ/ੇࢩߥៈ୔

୯ϣคՠ୯ѦԖҔ‫ࡰޑ‬኱ ΋/੝‫ނۓ‬ᅿ ੇ ഌ Β/੝‫෈ۓ‬Ӧ Ӆ Ο/Ϧ҇ཀ᛽ ӕ

2

ഌˣ࣑ྴᕛ୯ϣѦ౜Ԗࡰ኱ ୯ϣ

୯Ѧ • ࣑ྴᕛᕴᡏᔠ b* ࢲ࣑ྴᙟᇂ౗ c* ࡰ኱ғ‫ޑނ‬ᙦࡋ d* Ӛᜪԡࢉ‫܈‬Γࣁઇᚯ Ӣη • εൕᕛ.࣑ྴᕛ‫ޑ‬ᙟᇂ౗ǵ ࣑ྴᕛԝΫ౗ǵ࣑ྴқ ϯǵ਻ংᡂᎂǵ࣑ྴ‫ޑ‬ ᕷ෗ᆶΕబǵਓၯǵᅕ ཰฻ว৖ჹ࣑ྴ଼ந‫ޑ‬ ቹៜ฻

)Ҟ߻٬Ҕ) ࣑ྴᕛᙟᇂय़ᑈ

3

ഌǵ࣑ྴᕛ „ ࡰ኱‫ۓ‬က: ࣑ྴᕛᙟᇂय़ᑈ „ ෳໆБԄǺճҔࣴ‫ز‬ፓࢗၗ਑ीᆉǴаനԐၗ਑ࣁ୷ྗॶǴीᆉ‫؂‬ԃ ቚуᆶ෧Ͽ‫ޑ‬К‫ٯ‬Ƕ(94)

„ ၗ਑ٰྍ: Ѡ᡼࣑ྴᕛᏢ཮‫୺ૼہڙ‬Չ࣑ྴᕛᕴᡏᔠӅԖΖԃϐၗ਑Ƕ

࣑ྴᕛ.୯Ѧࡰ኱ᇥܴ •

ҁ໘ࢤඕᒧ‫ޑ‬ӭኧ୯ৎค ࣑ྴᕛǴ‫ࢂ܈׭‬ኧໆόӭ ӢԶᆶ‫ځ‬дࡰ኱ӝ‫ٳ‬Ƕฅ ԶǴ‫ڀ‬ഢ࣑ྴᕛғᄊ‫ޑس‬ ୯ৎӵᐞࢪǴ‫ྴ࣑ځ‬ᕛ‫ޑ‬ ᅱෳᆶᆅ౛࣬྽ֹ๓Ǵᖐ εൕᕛ‫ྴ࣑ޑ‬ᕛ଼நᅱෳ ೕฝࣁ‫ٯ‬Ǵϣ৒ό໻௖‫ز‬ ࣑ྴᕛ‫ޑ‬ᙟᇂ౗ǵ࣑ྴᕛ ԝΫ౗ǵ࣑ྴқϯǵ਻ং ᡂᎂǵ࣑ྴ‫ޑ‬ᕷ෗ᆶΕబǵ ਓၯǵᅕ཰฻ว৖ჹ࣑ྴ ଼ந‫ޑ‬ቹៜ฻Ǵёᇥࢂ࣬ ྽၁ᅰЪॶளॷ᜔Ƕ 4

ੇࢩғ‫҅ނ‬аᡋΓ‫ޑ‬ೲࡋӧ੃Ѩ" Ѡ᡼ዊ໔஥ങᜪဂᆫӧၸѐ31.41ԃ໔ങᅿςε൯ ൯෧ϿǴКၨ 2:::.3112)411ӭᅿ*<2:7:.2:96)ऊ261ᅿ*< ijıIJıĮijıIJIJ⊿悐⎒∑ᶳ ᶵ⇘Ķı䧖ˤ ⎬䥹䈑䧖㔠 䥹⎵

὿⎵

昮柕欂䥹

昮柕欂

31

1969-1985 1991-2001

㷃⮹/⡆≈䧖㔠

2010-2011

7

-24

1

殁䥹*

殁ĩ㴟毣Īī

22

3

-19

-

晨殃䥹

晨殃

28

11

-17

3

沂䥹



32

17

-15

7

⇢⯦殃䥹ī

⇢⯦殃ī

10

1

-9

-

欳䥹*

欳ī

10

1

-9

-

圜圞欂䥹

圜圞欂

10

2

-8

-

歐䥹*

歐ĩ䞛㔹Īġī

10

2

-8

2

⚃滺欐䥹

⚃滺欐

9

1

-8

-

慹毿欂䥹

慹䶂欂

6

0

-6

-

㒔晨殃䥹

Ⅾ晨殃

6

0

-6

-

歼䥹*

歼ĩ䁷欂Īġī

6

1

-5

1

淂⒍欂䥹

淂⒍欂ī

5

0

-5

-

⣑䪢殃䥹

⣑䪢殃

10

6

-4

-

species 戨㻊欂

4

0

-4

-

櫂殃䥹

櫂殃ī

4

1

-3

-

殽嗶䥹

殽嗶

17

18

+1

6

点 䴻㾇欂䧖 点 Economic 戨㻊欂䥹

5

Ѡ᡼ч೽ੇୱӚᅿၗ਑)όӕፓࢗБ‫܌*ݤ‬ளങᅿኧ‫ߏޑ‬ය)26ԃ*ᡂϯᖿ༈ 欂䧖㔠

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

L1

⮵䄏䪁

100

ōIJ嵐⊊

L3 Ctrl

90 80 70 60 50

40 30 20

㟠ᶨ㼃㯜䍲䐂䢩 89⸜ 90⸜ 91⸜ 92⸜ 93⸜ 94⸜ 95⸜ 96⸜ 97⸜ 98⸜ 99⸜ 100⸜ 101⸜ 102⸜ 103⸜

50

㟠Ḵ㼃㯜䍲䐂䢩

10

䷥䧖㔠S ⢾䧖㔠

㟠ᶨ⸽⇢䵚

0

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40

ℏ䧖㔠 䶂⿏( ䷥䧖㔠S)

䷥欂䧖㔠S ⢾S

35

40

ℏS 䶂⿏( ䷥欂䧖㔠S)

㟠Ḵ⸽⇢䵚

30 25

30

20

20

15 10

10

5

0

0

90⸜

91⸜

92⸜

93⸜

94⸜

95⸜

96⸜

97⸜

98⸜

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100⸜ 101⸜ 102⸜ 103⸜

90⸜

91⸜

92⸜

93⸜

94⸜

95⸜

96⸜

97⸜

ങᅿኧ 160 140

142 134

120 100 80

120

124 107

95 87

82 76

73

N2 N1+N2

111

105

78

85

90 80

73

75

46

51 47

61 56

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67

66

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51 48

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124

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6

?

ങྍࢂӵՖ੃Ѩ‫ޑ‬ǻ ઇᚯғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫ޑ܄‬ఠЋ ... (E.O.Wilson ғ‫ނ‬୮‫ޑ‬҂ٰ)

H: Habitat destruction ෈Ӧઇᚯ (37%) I: Invasive species Εߟᅿ P: Pollution Ԧࢉ

੿҅চӢόܰᙶమǴࡺܰӚԾ ‫ڕ‬ೢ (ࡹ۬ǵᅕ҇ǵ੃຤‫ޣ‬..)

(8%֖਻ংᡂᎂ)

P: Population Γαၸӭ O: Overexploitation ၸࡋճҔ (Overfishing) ၸᅕ (55%) (Dulvy et al. (2003)

ഌୱ +,332

ੇୱ 2+33,

΋૓Γ‫ޑ‬ᇡ‫ޕ‬:਻ংᡂᎂ>Ԧࢉ>ߚ‫ਂݤ‬ን>෈Ӧઇᚯ - 欂栆㗗䓇ン䲣䆇梲Ⰼ庫檀䘬ỵ昶(嬲≽ᷳ⼙枧⚈⫸㚜⣂炻⍵ㅱ䘬㗪攻㚜ㄊ)) 7 - ⯨悐⛘⋨䘬∯䁰㯋῁嬲⊾ vs. ℐ䎫㯋῁嬲怟

ࢠǵੇ ੇࢩԡࢉ୯ϣѦ౜Ԗࡰ኱ ୯ϣ )Ҟ߻٬Ҕ* ੇୱᕉნН፦ӝ਱౗ ȐхࡴqIॶǵྋ਼ໆǵख़ߎឦᙿǵ ႉǵ؄ǵልǵᎋӅी8໨ȑ ȐՉ୏Бਢᕮਏࡰ኱ȑ b* ‫ݞ‬οН፦ၲԋόલ਼ǵόวૌ )EPɧ3nh0M*ϐ‫ݞ‬οߏࡋК‫ٯ‬ c* ੇࢩᕉნࠔ፦ၲҘᜪϷΌᜪ኱ ྗ‫ݞޑ‬αኧໆ ҂ٰ)TEHt*.. ӧՋϡ3136ԃа߻ǴႣٛϷε൯ ෧ϿӚԄӚኬ‫ࢩੇޑ‬ԦࢉǴЀ‫ځ‬ ࢂٰԾഌ΢ࢲ୏‫ޑ‬ԦࢉǴхࡴੇ ࢩቲక‫ނ‬аϷᔼᎦԦࢉǶ

୯Ѧ • ३ෝ-ғ‫ࡰނ‬኱ᔈҔ‫ੇܭ‬Н Н፦ᅱෳ • म୯-ჹғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫܄‬ᓸΚϐ ᖿ༈ǺԦࢉ

• JPD.VOFTDPȐȨᖄӝ୯௲ ࣽЎಔᙃȩ‫܌‬ឦȨၠࡹ۬ ੇࢩ‫ہ‬঩཮ȩȑ.ੇୱ‫ڱ‬ ֣ • CJQ.ࢲ‫܄‬ේჹᕉნϐԦࢉ 8

ࢠǵੇୱᕉნН፦ӝ਱౗ • ࡰ኱‫ۓ‬က;!ੇୱᕉნН፦ᅱෳኧᏵӝ਱౗Ǵ߯аȨੇୱᕉნϩᜪϷੇࢩᕉ ნࠔ፦኱ྗȩࣁ୷ྗǴຑ՗ੇୱН፦಄ӝᕉნࠔ፦኱ྗำࡋǶ • ीᆉБԄ߯ஒӚෳઠН፦ᅱෳ่݀ȐхࡴqIॶǵྋ਼ໆǵख़ߎឦᙿǵႉǵ ؄ǵልǵᎋӅी8໨ȑǴᆶ‫܌ځ‬ឦੇୱᕉნϩᜪᆶН፦኱ྗ຾Չൂ΋Кၨ ಍ीǶ •

ϦԄǺൂ΋໨Ҟӝ਱౗)ʘ*!ɨ Ȑൂ΋໨ҞН፦಄ӝН፦኱ྗ‫ޑ‬ᕴԛኧ0 ൂ΋໨ҞН፦ࡰ኱ԖਏᅱෳᕴԛኧȑØ211ʘ ᕴӝ਱౗)ʘ*!ɨ Ȑ8໨Н፦ࡰ኱໨Ҟ಄ӝН፦኱ྗ‫ޑ‬ᕴԛኧȑ08!໨Н፦ࡰ ኱ԖਏᅱෳᕴԛኧØ211ʘ • ၗ਑ٰྍ;Չࡹଣᕉߥ࿿Нߥೀ • ЬᒤᐒᜢȐ٩Ᏽғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫ុ҉܄‬ว৖Չ୏ीฝ‫܌‬ጓӈȑǺᕉߥ࿿)ϣࡹ೽ǵ ࿶ᔮ೽* 9

䓚栆㴟➇㴟㲳䑘⠫⑩岒㧁㸾℞㯜岒枭䚖⍲㧁㸾ῤ⤪ᶳ堐烉 㯜 岒 㯓暊⫸㽫⹎㊯㔠(pH) 㹞㯏慷 䓇⊾暨㯏慷 ⣏儠㠧却佌(CFU/100ml) 㯐㯖 ䷥䢟 㯘⊾䈑 愂栆 䣎䈑⿏㱡傪





㧁㸾ῤ ᶫ澽Ḽ│ℓ澽Ḽ Ḽ澽˕ẍᶲ Ḵẍᶳ ᶨ˕˕˕ᾳẍᶳ ˕澽ᶱ ˕澽˕Ḽ ˕澽˕ᶨ ˕澽˕ᶨ Ḵ

˞ǷణᚆηᐚࡋࡰኧǺคൂՏǶ ˟Ƿεဉఎ๵ဂǺ‫؂‬100డϲНኬӧᘠጢ΢‫܌‬ౢғϐ๵ပኧǶ ˠǷ‫ځ‬ᎩǺడլ/ϦϲǶ ˡǷ҂੝ձຏܴϐ໨Ҟ‫ځ‬኱ྗॶаനε৒೚ໆ߄ҢǶ

ḁ栆㴟➇㴟㲳䑘⠫⑩岒㧁㸾℞㯜岒枭䚖⍲㧁㸾ῤ⤪ᶳ堐烉 㯜 岒 㯓暊⫸㽫⹎㊯㔠(pH) 㹞㯏慷 䓇⊾暨㯏慷 㯘⊾䈑 愂栆 䣎䈑⿏㱡傪





㧁㸾ῤ ᶫ澽Ḽ│ℓ澽Ḽ Ḽ澽˕ẍᶲ ᶱẍᶳ ˕澽˕ᶨ ˕澽˕ᶨ Ḵ

᷁栆㴟➇㴟㲳䑘⠫⑩岒㧁㸾℞㯜岒枭䚖⍲㧁㸾ῤ⤪ᶳ堐烉 㯜 岒 㯓暊⫸㽫⹎㊯㔠(pH) 㹞㯏慷 䓇⊾暨㯏慷 㯘⊾䈑 愂栆





㧁㸾ῤ ᶫ澽˕│ℓ澽Ḽ Ḵ澽˕ẍᶲ ℕẍᶳ ˕澽˕Ḵ ˕澽˕ᶨ

10

• ीᆉ኱ྗࢂցϼቨ᚞@ 11

३ෝ:ੇНН፦ᅱෳ • ३ෝᕉნߥៈ࿿‫ੇޑ‬НН፦ᅱෳीჄӧҁෝੇୱǵϣ᡼Ϸᗉ॥༠೛ Ԗऊ:1ঁН፦௦ኬઠϷ71ঁੇ‫׉‬؈ᑈ‫ނ‬௦ኬઠǶ • ᅱෳಭ΢းԖ΋೽Ӄ຾‫ྕޑ‬ᡶుওय़ሺǴёӕਔෳໆ૶ᒵӭ໨‫ނ‬౛ ϷϯᏢ੝‫܄‬ǴхࡴНྕǵለᡵॶǵᡶࡋǵషᐜࡋ‫ک‬ྋှ਼Ǵ٠ஒኧ ᏵջਔᒡΕಭ΢‫ޑ‬ႝတ‫س‬಍ǶԜѦǴᕉნߥៈ࿿٠௦໣ੇНϷੇ‫׉‬ ؈ᑈ‫ނ‬ኬҁǴ຾ՉᔼᎦ‫ނ‬ǵख़ߎឦǵԖᐒ‫ނ‬Ϸεဉఎ๵฻40ᅿόӕ ୖኧ‫ޑ‬ϯᡍϩ‫݋‬ǶੇНН፦ᅱෳᓎ౗΋૓ࣁ‫؂‬Д΋ԛǴԶ؈ᑈ‫ނ‬ᅱ ෳ߾ࣁ‫؂‬ԃ‫ٿ‬ԛǶ • Н፦ࡰ኱:३ෝੇННୱӅჄϩࣁ10ঁН፦ᆅ‫୔ڋ‬Ǵ‫ࣣ୔؂‬Ԗ΋঺‫ݤ‬ ‫ޑۓ‬Н፦ࡰ኱Ƕᕉნߥៈ࿿‫؂‬ԃࡪྣӧ76ঁੇНᅱෳઠ‫܌‬ள‫ޑ‬ኧᏵǴ ຑ՗ЬाН፦ࡰ኱(ӵྋ਼ǵߚᚆη਽ේǵคᐒේǵεဉఎ๵)‫ޑ‬ၲ ኱౗Ƕ ྋ਼Ϸεဉఎ๵ࢂ‫ٿ‬໨ёϸࢀੇНН፦ ‫ޑ‬ख़ाୖኧǶ ྋ਼ж߄ྋှ‫ੇܭ‬Нϣ਼਻‫֖ޑ‬ໆǶ๊ ε೽ҽ‫ࢩੇޑ‬ғ‫֡ނ‬ሡ٩ᒘྋှӧНύ ‫ٰ਻਼ޑ‬ᆢ࡭ғ‫ڮ‬Ƕ εဉఎ๵ࢂΓᜪᕨߡϣ‫ޑ‬΋ᅿಒ๵Ǵ೯ தҔբϸࢀНύᕨߡԦࢉ‫ޑ‬ำࡋǴεဉ ఎ๵֖ໆຫଯ߄Ң‫ڙ‬ᕨߡԦࢉ‫ޑ‬ำࡋຫ 12 εǶ

ຑ՗ЬाН፦ࡰ኱)ӵྋ਼ǵߚᚆη਽ ේǵคᐒේǵεဉఎ๵*‫ޑ‬ၲ኱౗Ƕ

13

३ෝᕉߥ࿿ӧҁෝΐঁН፦ᆅ‫୔ڋ‬Ӆ೛Ԗ 25ঁੌෞᝯᜪᅱෳઠǴ‫؂‬Д௦໣ኬࠔ຾Չ ੌෞᝯᜪᅿဂᡂϯϩ‫݋‬Ƕ

14

३ෝ:ағ‫ࡰނ‬኱ᅱෳੇНН፦ ऍ୯ǵу৾εǵᐞࢪǵཥՋើ‫ک‬΋٤ኻࢪ୯ৎ֡ᑈཱུ௦Ҕ ғ‫ࡰނ‬኱ٰᅱෳੇࢩԦࢉǴаᔆံϯᏢϷ‫ނ‬౛ୖኧϐό‫ى‬Ƕ

• • • • •

Condition Factor (CF) of fish‫ޥ‬ᅈࡋ Hepatosomatic Index (HSI) of fish ‫ط‬ᡏКࡰኧ Gonadosomatic Index (GSI) of fish ғ෗ဏࡰኧ Fin erosion of fish ങ៧ᆭឳำࡋ Body burden of heavy metals and trace organics in mussels ຢ‫ن‬ᡏϣख़ߎឦᆶ༾ໆԖᐒ‫ނ‬

15

म୯-ੇࢩԦࢉ • ੇࢩԦࢉǺੇୱύ‫ޑ‬6໨Ԗ্‫ނ‬፦ᕴӝȐᙿǵ؄ǵ ልǵႉ‫ک‬ᎋ฻5 ख़ߎឦϷ1Ԗᐒϯӝ‫ނ‬lindaneȑ

16

ੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬ ¾ ϩᜪǺ༟ጤᜪȐ౟ᇂǵ౟ηǵᓓ‫ڀ‬ǵЋ঺ǵѺОᐒǵᅕ‫ڀ‬฻ȑǵߎឦᜪȐᓓ‫ڀ‬ǵ ᎑ᡞǵ៓ํᆛ฻ȑǵ࣒ዟᜪȐ࣒ዟ౟ǵᐩ‫ݰ‬ǵੌ኱฻ȑǵᐎጤᜪȐ਻ౚǵ‫ܦ‬Ꭰǵ ᐎҜโ฻ȑ฻:εᜪ88ಒ໨Ƕ ¾ ፓࢗၗ਑߄ൂጄ‫ٯ‬Ǻၗ਑໨Ҟхࡴ‫֣ڱ‬ϩᜪdpefǵඔॊǵኧໆǵख़ໆ

¾ ፓࢗӦᗺϩᜪǺੇ᠁ȐΓΚǴ4ঁД΋ԛǴ?>!6ԃǶ‫ځ‬дၗ਑ӵੇ᠁ߏࡋǵ៻ ࡋǵ॥ӛǵ‫؂‬ԃೖ࠼ኧҞ฻ȑǵੇۭȐወНΓ঩Ǵ4ঁД2ԃ΋ԛǹ‫܈‬٬Ҕ‫ܦ‬ ᆛ0းഢǴ2ԃ΋ԛǶ‫ځ‬дၗ਑ӵੇۭ෈Ӧඔॊȑǵੇय़Ȑ٬Ҕ‫ܦ‬ᆛ‫܈‬ಭଫ0० ᐒᇿෳǴ4ঁД2ԃ΋ԛȑ 17 䋷ᯉֶⓀ˖ UNEP/IOC Guidelines on Survey and Monitoring of Marine Litter (2009)

ஒ୯βჄϩӳ൳ঁ୔ ୱ຾Չੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬ᅱෳ

ऍ୯ੇࢩߥ‫཮ڐػ‬--

୯ৎੇࢩቲక‫ނ‬ᅱෳीฝ

‫ד‬πၮҔइᒵь૶ᒵ ‫֣ڱ‬ಔԋ

ኧᏵϩ‫ࡕ݋‬Ǵև౜ੇ ࢩቲక‫ࡰނ‬኱

18

ੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬ᆶၸᅕǵੇࢩለϯ฻ӕӈࣁȨੇࢩӒᐒȩ • ૖ഁߥៈ‫཮ڐ‬ϩ‫݋‬2009ԃԿ2012ԃ‫ޑ‬ృ᠁่݀ว౜Ǵխࢱᓓ‫ڀ‬ Ȑરǵ༟ጤǵߥ᜽ᓪᇙ೷ϐᓓ౯ǵᓓ‫ڀ‬ȑ‫ޑ‬ኧໆև౜ᛈࣆ‫܄‬ԋ ߏǴςӧ2012ԃຬຫ༟ጤ೓‫ޑ‬ኧໆǴԋࣁੇࢩቲక‫ނ‬ಃ΋ӜǶ • ၸѐ10ԃٰǴੇࢩғ‫ނ‬ᎁੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬Զឺᙅठԝᆶᇤ१ठԝ‫ޑ‬௃ ‫ݩ‬΢ϲΑѤԋǶ • ӧчϼѳࢩ‫ޑ‬ങဂ‫؂‬ԃӞ຾1.2࿤Կ2.4࿤Ꮢ‫ޑ‬༟ጤǶ • ੇࢩȨ༾༟ጤȩཞ্ғ෗ΚǴΓᜪǵചᜪΨ‫্ڙ‬Ƕ • Ѡ᡼ΓҔȨ༟ȩԋ᠅ǴӄѠ΋ԃҔ௞291ሹঁǴѳ֡‫؂‬Γԃ٬Ҕ ٬Ҕ 893ঁǴ฻‫؂ܭ‬Ϻ٬Ҕ3/8ঁǴՠჹКྣኻ࿉‫؂‬ԃ‫؂‬Γѳ֡2:9ঁǴ :9ঁǴ Ѡ᡼ӭΑ4/:७Ƕ

19

૖ഁߥៈ‫཮ڐ‬3125022031߄ҢǴ ϞԃѠ᡼നཥΜεੇࢩቲక‫ނ‬ ٩ኧໆ௨Ӝ٩‫ࢂׇ‬Ǻ༟ጤ࿗Тǵ ߥ᜽ᓪ࿗Тǵર೓༟ጤ೓ǵ࣒ ዟ໯਑౟ǵ֎ᆅᠳ܏෇Ϸ࠾঺ǵ ౟ᇂǵխࢱᓓ‫ڀ‬ǵ๨ဓǵՊܺ ᎠηЋ঺ǵ༟ጤ໯਑౟Ƕ‫ځ‬ύǴ ༟ጤౢࠔК‫ٯ‬ଯၲ99/9&Ƕ

20

Ӛ୯ଞჹੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬ϐբࣁ •

ऍ୯ᕉი໒Ӄ‫ٯ‬Ǵा୯ৎुȨੇࢩ༟ጤ‫֣ڱ‬ȩᆅ‫ڋ‬኱ྗǶ

ऍ୯҇໔იᡏȨғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫܄‬ύЈȩ33Вӛᖄٖᕉߥ࿿ගҬፎᜫਜǴ ा‫؃‬ᕉߥ࿿٩ྣȠృН‫ݤ‬ȡȐDmfbo!Xbufs!Bduȑ೛ҥੇࢩ༟ጤ‫ڱ‬ ֣Ԧࢉᆅ‫ڋ‬኱ྗ



᝵਱ើࡹ۬ᑈཱུှ،ੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬ୢᚒǶ

ੇࢩߥ‫཮ڐػ‬᝵਱ើीฝ࿶౛Dbmvn EvodboᇥǺȨ‫ࢩੇޑॺך‬ᅱ ௓ीฝόՠ୏঩ኧίՏੇࢩߥ‫ޑ཮ڐػ‬Ϧ҇ࣽᏢৎమ౛ੇ᠁Ǵ‫׳‬ ᇆ໣ੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬ቚу‫ޑ‬᛾ᏵǴᡣεৎ‫ݙ‬ཀ‫ډ‬ୢᚒ‫ޑ‬ᝄख़‫܄‬ǶӢԜ኷ ‫ـ‬᝵਱ើࡹ۬‫ޑ‬ᑈཱུբࣁǴ฼ౣ‫܄‬Ӧ๱Ћှ،ੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬ୢᚒǶȩ



ᗬВᕉნӝբ཮᝼Ǵࣴ᝼ੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬ୢᚒǶ

Ᏽᗬ୯ѦҬ೽ϟಏǴ‫ٿ‬୯ஒӧ཮᝼΢൩ᚈᜐϷܿч٥‫ک‬ӄౚᕉნ ӝբБਢǵੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬ୢᚒǵӧܿч٥ԛ୔ୱᕉნӝբीჄ ȐOFBTQFDȑ‫ک‬ՋчϼѳࢩՉ୏ीჄȐOPXQBQȑਣࢎϣуம୔ୱ ᕉნӝբ‫ޑ‬Бਢ຾Չ୘૸Ƕ



ዋ෫ੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬ϩᜪǴᕇ୯ሞޭ‫ۓ‬Ƕ

ዋ෫ᑜࡹ۬ᕉߥֽ::ԃ௴୏ੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬ϩᜪፓࢗǴว౜ዋ෫؅᠁‫֣ڱ‬ ഖԖ9ԋٰԾᎃ߈‫ޑ‬ύ୯Ǵፓࢗၗ਑Ψᕇள୯ሞੇࢩ‫֣ڱ‬మନՉ୏ᒤ Ϧ࠻ޭ‫ۓ‬Ǵ៌ฦ୯ሞᆛઠǴςԖ263ঁ୯ৎǵ72࿤Γԛ΢ᆛᘤំǴԋ фѺៜዋ෫ӧ୯ሞ‫ޑ‬ӜᖂǶ 21 Ɂၗ਑ٰྍ;Ѡ᡼ᕉნၗૻύЈ

ӄౚ:BIP--ࢲ‫܄‬ේჹᕉნϐԦࢉ • եਏ٬Ҕ‫ޥ‬਑‫ک‬ϯҡᐯ਑཮Ꮴठࢲ‫܄‬ේࢬѨ‫ډ‬ᕉ ნύǴᝄख़ፂᔐғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫܄‬Ǵхࡴ਻ংᡂᎂǵε ਻ቫჹࢬቫ‫ޑ‬ૌ਼ᐚࡋቚଯǵ‫ੇݮ‬ғᄊ‫س‬಍ᓬᎦ ϯǵහ݅ᆶβᝆ‫ࢬྛک‬෫‫ݲ‬ለϯǴаϷғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ ‫ޑ܄‬഼ѨǶ

22

਎ǵၸᅕ୯ϣѦ౜Ԗࡰ኱ ୯ϣ

୯Ѧ

(Ҟ߻٬Ҕ‫)ޑ‬ ࿶ᔮੇୱ‫؂‬ԃ‫؂‬ѳБϦٚᅹᏒኧ(ғౢ ໆ)/‫؂‬ԃ‫؂‬ѳБϦٚᅕᕇᏒኧǶ ᅕಭᕴ ᏒኧϷ‫؂‬ԃफ़ե‫ޑ‬Ꮢኧ (Չ୏Бਢᕮਏࡰ኱ȑ a) ԖਏᅕಭᕴኧϷ‫؂‬ԃ෧Ͽ‫ޑ‬ಭኧ b) ‫ۓ‬ය‫ۓ‬ᗺᇆ໣ᅕ཰ၗྍၗ਑ c) Ϧ໒ᅕᕇၗ਑ᕴ฽ኧᆶቚу฽ኧ d) ‫ڗ‬ጌၴೕኧ e) ӦБᆅ౛‫ׯ‬๓ᅕ཰ၗྍਢ‫ٯ‬ኧ f) ੇࢩߥ‫࠹ػ‬Ꮴ൑ԛኧ g) ‫୔ޗ‬ᅕ཰ْӺ໗ኧ ҂ٰ)TEHt* ӧՋϡ3131ԃа߻Ǵ࿣З཮೷ԋၸࡋᅕን‫ޑ‬ ံշǴ੃ନ཮շߏJVVᅕን‫ံޑ‬շ

• ኻ࿉-ᙖҗКၨਔ໔ϣΕబǵ ᒃങғ‫ނ‬ໆǵ‫ڕ‬ങໆᆶԝΫ ౗‫ޑ‬ᖿ༈ • Rainer Froese, 2004Ǻ3 ࡰ኱ ှ،ၸᅕୢᚒ a) ᅕᕇύԋዕങϐК‫ٯ‬Ǵа 100ʘࣁҞ኱Ƕ b) ᅕᕇύ‫ڀ‬ന٫ߏࡋങϐК ‫ٯ‬Ǵа100ʘࣁҞ኱Ƕ c) ऩࢂ҂೛‫ਂۓ‬ንങϐᡏߏ ΢ज़Ǵ߾٩Ᏽᅕᕇύȸε ࠠౢռങȹϐК‫ٯ‬Ǵа0ʘ ࣁҞ኱ǹК‫ٯ‬ऩࢂ30ʘ-40 ʘǴж߄ങဂϐԃស่ᄬ ۘёǶ 23

਎ǵၸᅕ „ࡰ኱ٰྍǺESI(94) „ࡰ኱‫ۓ‬က: ࿶ᔮੇୱ‫؂‬ԃ‫؂‬ѳБϦٚᅹᏒኧ(ғౢ ໆ)/‫؂‬ԃ‫؂‬ѳБϦٚᅕᕇᏒኧǶ „ෳໆБԄǺਥᏵ૶ᒵၗ਑ीᆉϐǴағౢΚε ‫ܭ‬ᅕᕇໆਔය‫ޑ‬ၗ਑ࣁ୷ྗॶǴीᆉ‫؂‬ԃቚуᆶ ෧Ͽ‫ޑ‬К‫ٯ‬Ƕ(94) 澿ಒ೽ϩ໨Ǻ • 1. Ӛ‫ۑ‬ᅕᕇᅿᜪϷᡂϯǶ • 2. ᅕᕇոΚໆǶ 24

• ‫ۓ‬က

• 311:҉ុ཮ࡰ኱ӜᆀǺၸᅕ

Ȩ࿶ᔮੇୱ‫؂‬ԃ‫؂‬ѳБϦٚᅹғౢໆ0ᅕᕇໆȩନа 33111Ƕ‫ځ‬ύǴ33111ࣁᕉნ҉ុࡰ኱)Fowjsponfoubm! tvtubjobcmf!joefy-!FTJ*ၸᅕ฻ભவനৡ‫ޑ‬ಃΎભǴा ၢϲ‫ډ‬ಃϤભϐߐᘖॶǴӢԜҁࡰ኱а၀ॶ଺ࣁ኱ྗϯ ϐ୷ྗॶǶ • ҁࡰ኱ӵև౜Πफ़ᖿ༈Ǵж߄୯ৎჹᅕ཰ၗྍϐճҔ ࣁߚ҉ុ‫܄‬Ƕ җ‫ܭ‬ҁࡰ኱‫س‬಍ᆶੇࢩၗྍϷ‫ځ‬ғౢΚ࣬ᜢǴࡺҁࡰ኱ ᆶȨੇࢩߥៈ୔ȩԖ‫ޔ‬ௗ࣬ᜢᖄǴ‫ځ‬дӵȨϺฅੇ۞К ‫ٯ‬ȩϷȨ‫ڙ‬ᇸࡋаΠԦࢉ‫ݞ‬οК౗ȩ฻Ǵёૈჹҁࡰ኱ ౢғ໔ௗቹៜǶ ҁࡰ኱ϐၗ਑ٰྍࣁၭ‫཮ہ‬ᅕ཰࿿Ǵ‫ځ‬ኧᏵ߾ࢂਥᏵӚ ᑜѱᅕ཮಍ीϐ่݀Ƕҁࡰ኱ᗨฅԖ:6!Կ:9!ԃѤԃ‫ޑ‬ ၗ਑ǴЪᅕ཰࿿Ψஒ࡭ុග‫ٮ‬Ǵՠࢂҗ‫ܭ‬FTJ!ஒၸᅕϩ ࣁΎঁ฻ભǴ‫ঁ؂‬฻ભϐ໔‫ޑ‬ৡຯࡐεǴӢԜᆉࢂၨࣁ ໌ϯ‫ࡰޑ‬኱Ƕ‫ݩ‬Ъҗၗ਑ё‫ـ‬Ǵ‫ך‬୯ၸᅕ‫ࢂݩރޑ‬ឦ‫ܭ‬ வ‫ݽۭك‬ϲǴӢࣁFTJ!ᑽໆၸᅕ‫ޑ‬Ύঁ฻ભύǴനৡ‫ޑ‬ Ύ฻ջाਕϲ΋ભ‫ߐޑ‬ᘖॶࢂ33111ǴԶ‫ॺך‬Οԃٰ࡭ុ ոΚൺ‫ػ‬ᅕ཰ၗྍǵуமᅕ཰ᆅ౛Ǵ:8!ԃଆςଯ‫ߐܭ‬ᘖ ॶ33111Ǵගܹ΋฻ભǶฅԶੇࢩғᄊཷ‫ੇۺ‬ୱύϐᅹሡ ࿶ӭԛᔼᎦ໘ቫϐᙯඤǴ‫ࣁૈۈ‬ങᜪғ‫ނ‬ճҔǴࣉаԜ БԄբࣁၸᅕࡰ኱Ǵࡰ኱ஒཱུࣁόᛙ‫ۓ‬ǴҞ߻3116!FTJ! ύၸᅕࡰ኱Ǵ୯ሞ໔ςᗲϿ٬ҔǴӭኧୖԵVODTEǵ 3117FQJ!Ϸ3119FQJ!฻‫س‬಍ύ‫ځ‬дᅕ཰࣬ᜢࡰ኱ǴӢԜ ന፾Ϫ‫ࡰޑ‬኱ᗋሡуаᔠ૸Ƕ 25

ኻ࿉:ᅕ཰Ǻ࿶ᔮങᜪၗྍໆ „ीᆉБ‫;ݤ‬ᙖҗКၨਔ໔ϣΕబǵᒃങғ‫ނ‬ໆǵ‫ڕ‬ങໆᆶԝΫ ౗‫ޑ‬ᖿ༈Ƕ΋૓Զ‫ق‬Ǵ྽ԝΫ౗ຬຫΕబᆶԋߏǴԜၗྍё೏ ຎࣁຬၸӼӄғ‫ނ‬ज़‫ڋ‬ǶӦύੇБय़‫ޑ‬ၗྍຑ՗Ьाϩ‫ڕ݋‬ങ ໆᖿ༈ǵғ‫ނ‬ໆፓࢗǵDQVF‫ޑ‬ኧᏵǶ Fig. 1: Status of fish stocks in the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) fishing regions of Europe, 2006

蓂Note: The chart shows the proportion of assessed stocks which are overfished (red) and stocks within safe biological limits (blue): In the Baltic Sea, 12 stocks were assessed and 20% of them are overfished.

26

‫ا‬ǵੇࢩߥៈ୔୯ϣѦ౜Ԗࡰ኱ ୯ϣ (Ҟ߻٬Ҕ‫ޑ‬ȑ MPA՞य़ᑈК‫ٯ‬ (Չ୏Бਢᕮਏࡰ኱ȑ a) Ԗਏ࿣ᅕ୔эMPAय़ᑈК b) MPA‫س‬಍ߥៈ฻ભᆶᆅ౛ྗ ߾ c) ‫ुڋ‬Ӛࡹ۬ǵ‫୔ޗ‬ǵᅕ཮ ቚ೛MPAϐႴᓰ௛ࡼ (୯ϣࠄБѤ৞҉ុว৖ࡰ኱)٩ Ᏽғᄊǵ‫཮ޗ‬࿶ᔮǵ‫ݯ‬౛Οቫय़ ว৖ӵ‫ނ‬ᅿᙦࡋǵճ੻იᡏӧ MPAᆅ౛ಔᙃ‫܌‬՞К‫ٯ‬ǵMPA࣬ ᜢ‫ࡓݤ‬฻ࡰ኱Ƕ

୯Ѧ • य़ᑈК म୯-ߥៈ୔य़ᑈ • ᆅ౛ BIP-ߥៈ୔࿶ᔼԋਏ ᝵਱ើ-ߥៈ୔ϣ‫෈ޑ‬Ӧ‫ݩރ‬ ߥៈ୔ϣ‫ނ‬ᅿᡂϯ ᝵਱ើ-ߥៈ୔ϣ‫ނޑ‬ᅿ‫ݩރ‬ ࠄߚ-ੇࢩ୔ୱ‫ૄޑ‬১ᆶߥៈำࡋ

҂ٰ)TEHt*ӧՋϡ3131ԃа߻Ǵ٩ྣ୯ ৎᆶ୯ሞ‫ݤ‬ೕǴаϷё‫ڗ‬ள‫ޑ‬ന٫ࣽᏢ ၗૻǴߥៈԿϿ221&‫۞ੇޑ‬ᆶੇࢩ୔Ƕ

27

ੇࢩߥៈ୔य़ᑈК‫ٯ‬ीᆉБ‫ޑݤ‬όӕ ӵஒҞ߻81..91ೀ٩όӕ‫ݤ‬ зჄ‫ޑ‬NQBt֡ϒीΕ)όፕࢂ ցਡЈ୔*-߾Ѡ᡼‫۞ݮ‬Ϸܿ ؅‫ޑ‬NQBऊ՞֖ϣНӧϣ23on ሦੇ‫ޑ‬88/28!&ǶӵନаFF[‫ޑ‬ 311onय़ᑈ྽ϩ҆‫ޑ‬၉Ǵ߾ᆵ ᡼‫ޑ‬NQBय़ᑈКǴѝഭΠ1/96 ʘǴೱ2ʘ೿ό‫ډ‬Ƕ ՠӵஒ֖ԖҺՖ΋໨ज़ᅕ௛ ࡼ‫ޣ‬Ǵ֡યΕߥៈ୔य़ᑈ٠ યΕϩηीᆉǴ߾Ѡ᡼‫ޑ‬NQB ՞֖ϣНሦੇय़ᑈςၲ57/27! &)Ԍନख़᠄೽ҽࡕ5 51/76&*Ƕ 28

ୢᚒрӧ۹ౣΑNQB‫ۓ‬ကύ‫ޑ‬ȨԖਏᆅ౛ȩ ୢᚒ‫ޑ‬᝛่ϝрӧჹȨੇࢩߥៈ୔ȩ‫ۓ‬က‫ޑ‬ှ᠐όӕ NQB‫ۓޑ‬က..Ȩѳ֡ଯዊጕ۳ੇࢩ‫ۯ‬՜ϐ΋‫ۓ‬ጄൎϣǴ‫ڀ‬Ԗ੝ਸԾ ฅඳᢀǵख़ाЎϯᒪౢϷ҉ុճҔϐғᄊၗྍ฻Ǵሡҗ‫ځ܈ࡓݤ‬ дԖਏБԄ຾Չߥៈᆅ౛ϐ୔ୱȩ )31210605* „ Ψ൩ࢂѝाԖ‫ࡓݤ‬уаߥៈ‫ੇޑ‬ୱ֡ឦNQBǴӢԜҗᅕ཰‫܈ݤ‬ύ ѧ‫܈‬ӦБ‫ޑۓु܌‬ҺՖ΋໨ज़ᅕ௛ࡼǴѝाࢂԖࢌ΋ᅿᅕ‫ڀ‬ǵ ᅕ‫ݤ‬Ǵࢌ΋ঁ‫ۑ‬࿯Ǵ‫ࢌ܈‬΋ങᅿϐਂങज़‫ڋ‬Ǵ֡ឦ‫ܭ‬NQBǶฅԶ ǴԜ΋ှ᠐㞊۹ౣΑ‫ۓ‬ကύҭሡाȨԖਏБԄٰ຾Չߥៈᆅ౛ ȩ೭ѡ၉Ƕ „ аቚу҂ٰᅕᕇໆࣁҞ‫ޑ‬ԶࡌҥǴӵคቶ‫ػߥݱ‬Ҟ኱‫܈‬ԋਏ‫ޑ‬ ኩਔ0҉Φ‫܄‬ज़ᅕ୔‫܈‬Ҷᅕ୔Ǵόૈᆉࢂੇࢩߥៈ୔ǶJVDO.. „

‡’‘”ƒ”›‘”’‡”ƒ‡–ˆ‹•Š‹‰…Ž‘•—”‡•–Šƒ–ƒ”‡‡•–ƒ„Ž‹•Š‡†’”‹ƒ”‹Ž›–‘Š‡Ž’„—‹Ž† —’ƒ†ƒ‹–ƒ‹”‡•‡”˜‡•–‘…•ˆ‘”ˆ‹•Š‹‰‹–Š‡ˆ—–—”‡ǡƒ†Šƒ˜‡‘™‹†‡” …‘•‡”˜ƒ–‹‘ƒ‹•‘”ƒ…Š‹‡˜‡‡–•ƒ”‡‘–…‘•‹†‡”‡†–‘„‡•Ǥ 29

NQBჄ Ⴤ೛‫ޑ‬ӄౚϷѠ᡼ཷ‫ݩ‬ ୯ৎӦ౛ᚇᇞ‫ࢩੇޑ‬ᆛઠ२।ฦᒵԖӄౚӚ୯NQB‫ޑ‬ኧҞϷ՞ሦੇ य़ᑈ‫ޑ‬ԭϩК )ၗ਑ٰԾJVDOϐNQB!Hmpcbmᆛ।ȋB!ebubcbtf!pg! uif!xpsmeȷt!NQBt* ੇࢩߥៈ୔эሦੇ‫ޑ‬К‫ٯ‬аᚑՅϩ฻

ੇࢩߥៈ୔‫ޑ‬ኧҞаᚑՅϩ฻

લѠ ᡼

喯8.9%(102);ᷕ1.13%(43);⌘⹎1.7%(130); 厚1.15%(228);⌘⯤1.94%(248);㽛28%(606);䲸 伶30%(750);≈1.1%(484);⶜大16.5%(67); 7.2%(91);䐆℠5.1%(500);劙3.7%(304);㱽3.44(81); http://ocean.nationalgeographic.com/ocean/take30 旧㟡⺟1.1%(43);⡐34%(118);㋒0.5%(46) 匟21%(19);⽟36.5%(33);ᷡ3.7%(78) action/marine-protected-areas/

‫ا‬ǵੇࢩߥៈ୔ „ࡰ኱‫ۓ‬က: ੇࢩߥៈ୔Ⴤ೛य़ᑈ՞‫ך‬୯ሦੇय़ᑈϐԭϩКǶ „ၗ਑ٰྍ:Չࡹଣၭ‫཮ہ‬ᅕ཰࿿

31

Ӛ୯NQBtीᆉБԄ ℟㚱㱽㸸㟡㒂朊䧵 ଷ଴ǡ଴ଷ଺௞௠మ ൌ „ Ѡ᡼; > ૝૟Ǥ ૚૟Ψ Ỽ⋩Ḵ㴟㴔㴟➇朊䧵 ଺ହǡ଴଻଺ ௞௠మ ⎬⺷㴟㲳ᾅ嬟⋨朊䧵 ହଵ଼ଷହ௞௠మ ൌ ൌͲ ͲǤͻΨ ହǡ଻ହ଴ǡ଴଴଴௞௠మ ℏ㯜ା柀㴟ା۳۳‫܈‬

„

у৾ε;

„

ଵ଴଴ǡଶ଴଴௞௠ ᝵਱ើ;暊Ⱡ军⣏映㢂ℏ㴟㲳ᾅ嬟⋨朊䧵 ൌ ൌ ૛૚Ǥ ૟ૠ& ସ଺ଶǡଶ଺ଷ௞௠మ ㇨㚱㴟➇军۳۳‫܈‬䭬⚵ℏ మ

暊Ⱡ军⣏映㢂ℏ㴟㲳ᾅ嬟⋨朊䧵 ଵସ଺ǡ଻଴଴௞௠మ ൌ „ म୯; ൌ ૚ૢǤ ૠ૚& ଻ସଷǡଽ଺ହ௞௠మ ㇨㚱㴟➇军۳۳‫܈‬䭬⚵ℏ

32

ӧTBVQ‫ޑ‬ᆛઠ΢Ѡ᡼‫ޑ‬NQB )࿣ᅕ wt/ज़ᅕ୔*‫ޑ‬य़ᑈελϷ՞FF[ ϐК‫ٯ‬

NQB՞FF[ϐК‫) ٯ‬1/47&
՞֖ϣНሦ ੇϐК 4174 km² (5.65%) 30036 km² (40.65%)

Terretorial water: 73,896 km² 33

MPA areas: 3300 km²

ዋ෫ࠄБѤ৞ࡌҥ‫ޑ‬38ঁຑྗ45໨ࡰ኱ • ᚑ‫ذ‬ഊ)3125*-ੇࢩ ߥៈ୔҉ុว৖ࡰ኱ ࡌᄬϐࣴ‫ز‬ीฝਜ. аዋ෫ࠄБѤ৞ࣁ‫ٯ‬Ƕ ੇࢩ୯ৎϦ༜ᆅ౛ೀ ൔ֋Ƕ ೸ၸ஑ৎ

ୢ‫่ڔ‬ӝΟቫय़ )ғᄊǵ‫཮ޗ‬࿶ᔮǵ ‫ݯ‬౛*ࢎᄬǴࡌҥ 38ঁຑྗ45໨ࡰ኱Ƕ

34

ዋ෫ࠄБѤ৞୯ৎϦ༜٠ߚӄय़࿣ᅕǴϝёаவ٣ࢌ٤ᅕ཰ࢲ୏ ߥៈճҔᆅ‫ڋ‬চ߾ಃϤᗺύǺȐΟȑҁ୔୯ৎϦ༜ᆅ౛ೀள೚ёࡽԖ໺಍ϐ‫ۑ‬࿯Ᲊෞ ‫܄‬ϐᅕ཰ࢲ୏Ǵோ࿶ᅕ཰ЬᆅᐒᜢϦ֋࿣Зᆅ‫ڋ‬ϐᅕ཰ࢲ୏ନѦǶ ᅕ཰ЬᆅᐒᜢϦ֋࿣Зᆅ‫ڋ‬ϐᅕ཰ࢲ୏ࡰ‫ࢂޑ‬х֖ዋ෫ᑜࡹ۬Ϧ֋‫ޑ‬ዋ෫ᑜܿӓǵՋ ӓǵܿᔁ‫ڳ‬ǵՋᔁ‫ຼڳ‬ᜐੇୱ࿣ᅕ୔ǴନΑӧ៓઄‫ڬ‬ൎੇୱ)ᗋࢂёа௦๋๼*ࢂឦ‫ܭ‬ ਡЈ࿣ᅕ୔Ǵ࿣ЗҺՖਂንѦǴ‫ځ‬д୔ୱЬाࢂଞჹۭ‫ڈ‬ᆛǴϩࣁֹӄ࿣З‫ۑډ‬࿯‫܄‬ ࿣З‫ٿ‬ᅿǶ)ֆ٫‫ځ‬03125ԃ22Д32В* ੿҅‫ޑ‬ȨਡЈ୔˭‫ֹ܈‬ӄ࿣ਂ‫ޑ‬Ȩ࿣ᅕ ୔ȩѝԖ೭΋λ༧ԶςǶ‫ځ‬д೿ѝࢂज़ ‫ࢌڋ‬ᅿᅕ‫ޑݤ‬Ȩज़ᅕ୔ȩǶ

35

NQBനख़ा‫ࢂޑ‬ाૈပჴᆅ౛ ӵՖᆅ౛ωԖਏǴࠅϿΓѐ௖‫ز‬ NQBόӧय़ᑈελǵኧҞӭϿǴԶӧᆅ౛ࢂցԖਏ"" ᅕ཰࿿3123ϦѲѐ൳ԃǴߚ‫ਂݤ‬ንϐ‫ڗ‬ጌҹኧ಍ी ⸜ấ ㉾䵚

䍲䐂 㺩㤕

䀓婀 䵚

氁欑 㪣剙 圎

㺩㤕ᾅ 做⋨朆 㱽㋽㐰

䈑䧖 ᾅ做

㭺欂ˣ 䁠欂ˣ 暣欂䫱

℞Ṿ

200 9

158

3

4

4

0

3

3

6

14

201 0

145

0

1

56

4

3

1

11

49

201 1

167

2

0

9

4

10

5

14

19

䷥妰

470

5

5

69

8

16

9

31

82

NQBᆅ౛ԋਏ‫ࡰ҅੿ޑ‬኱..ᔈࢂᅱෳ࿣ᅕ୔ϣ‫ࢩੇޑ‬ғ‫܈ނ‬ങᜪ ӭኬ‫ࢂ܄‬ցԖӣൺ‫ډ‬΋‫ޑۓ‬НྗǶ٠όࢂѝ࣮‫ڗ‬ጌΑӭϿҹၴ ‫ݤ‬หਂȐᘪȑ‫ޑ‬ਢҹǶӢࣁऩ҇౲֡Ӻ‫ݤ‬ԶόߟΕNQBѐਂንǴ 36 ߾Ψคவ‫܈‬คሡ‫ڗ‬ጌǶ

‫཮ޗ‬࿶ᔮय़ӛMPAsࡰ኱:

ൂՏ

ғᄊय़ӛMPAsࡰ኱:

MPA٩Ӹࡋ

ӢMPA‫܌‬ౢғ‫ޑ‬ԏ Ε/ৎ৥ӄԃԏΕ

NTD

ғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫ࡰ܄‬ ኧ



྽Ӧᙂ१‫ک‬Н ౢࠔ‫ٮ‬ᔈ

ᔠຎࡌҥMPAࡕࢂ ց‫ׯ‬๓྽ӦНౢࠔ ‫ٮޑ‬ᔈ

%

ࡌ᝼௦ҔShannonWienerғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫܄‬ ࡰኧ຾Չໆϯ

ൂՏᅕᕇոΚ ໆ

Ҟ኱‫ނ‬ᅿᕴᅕᕇໆ (kg)/բ཰Ϻኧ

Kg/day

ճ੻࣬ᜢიᡏ ӧMPAᆅ౛ಔ ᙃ‫܌‬эК‫ٯ‬

ዴߥཀ‫ޑـ‬ቶ‫܄ݱ‬

%

࣑ྴᙟᇂ౗

MPAύԖ࣑ྴᙟᇂ ‫ޑ‬य़ᑈ/MPAᕴय़ᑈ

%

‫ނ‬ᅿᙦࡋ

ࡰ኱‫ނ‬ᅿᙦࡋຫଯ ߄၀Ӧ୔ғᄊ‫س‬ຫ ᛙ‫ൂ ۓ‬Տ

ᅿᜪ

‫ݯ‬౛य़ӛMPAsࡰ኱: ‫ࡓݤڀ‬ਏΚ‫܈‬ᆦ߾‫ޑ‬ीฝঁኧ

ዴߥჴࡼᆅ౛‫ޑ‬ਏΚ

MPA࣬ᜢ‫ࡓݤ‬

MPAࢂց‫ڀ‬ഢ‫ࡓݤޑ୼ى‬௤៾

࿶຤

ёၮҔ‫ܭ‬MPAϐᆅ౛࿶຤

ൂՏ



NTD

ࢂցԖܴዴ‫ࠄࡰݤ୺ޑ‬ ݉ଶ

ْᡄጄൎ

ճ੻࣬ᜢ‫ୖޣ‬ᆶ཮᝼К‫ٯ‬

इᒵ‫؂‬ԛ཮᝼ճ੻࣬ᜢ‫ޣ‬рৢ ౗

%

୺‫ݤ‬ਏ౗

ዴ‫ۓ‬ຊᆦҹኧ/‫ڗ‬ጌၴೕҹኧ

ҹ

CJQ!̼ ߥៈ୔ᆅ౛ԋਏ

37

(Management Effectiveness of Protected Areas)

Ϧ༜‫ݤ‬ೕ ߥៈ୔ᜐࣚ኱ᇞ

೛ी፾྽‫܄‬

ߥៈ୔ᆅ౛ԋਏຑ՗ (PAME) 2005 ‒ 2010Ǵ 140ঁ୯ৎǴ9,000ঁ ຑ՗ Average scores for 31 headline indicators from 'most recent' studies. Indicators with < 500 entries have been deleted from 4,151 assessments. Colors used to indicate the element of the IUCN-WCPA Framework: Black indicates ‘context’ factors, aqua: planning, Red : inputs, brown : process, yellow : 38 outputs, and green : outcome

ࠄߚ-ੇࢩߥៈ୔ • ࡰ኱‫ۓ‬က:ੇࢩ୔ୱ‫ૄޑ‬১ᆶߥៈำࡋ • ࡰ኱ཀက:ੇࢩߥៈ୔‫ޑ‬ኧໆᆶጄൎёຎࣁ΋ᅿ ୯ৎჹੇࢩᆶғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫ߥ܄‬ៈ‫׫ޑ‬ၗǶ • ीᆉБԄ:၀ࡰ኱ຑ՗ੇࢩߥៈ୔‫ુ࠶ޑډڙ‬ᆶ ߥៈำࡋǶ࠶ુำࡋӵཱུࡋӒᓀǵӒᓀǵૄ১ᆶ ࠶ુനλǹߥៈำࡋϩࣁό೏ߥៈǵߥៈཱུϿǵ ߥៈ፾ύᆶߥៈ‫ؼ‬ӳǶ • ౜‫ݩ‬:၀୯136ೀੇࢩᆶ‫෈ੇݮ‬ӦǴԖ47%‫ુ࠶ڙ‬ǵ 17%ཱུӒǵ7%ӒᓀϷ23%ૄ১ǴԜѦǴ೭٤‫࠶ڙ‬ ુ‫෈ޑ‬ӦǴ๊ε೽ϩ೿ࡐλǶ᏾ᡏԶ‫ق‬Ǵࠄߚ‫ޑ‬ ੇࢩሦβຬၸ70%೿ࢂ‫ુ࠶ډڙ‬Ƕ 39

• ࠶ુำࡋӵཱུࡋӒᓀǵ Ӓᓀǵૄ১ᆶ࠶ુനλ

• ߥៈำࡋϩࣁό೏ߥៈǵߥៈཱུ Ͽǵߥៈ፾ύᆶߥៈ‫ؼ‬ӳǶ

40

୯ϣҞ߻ؒԖ‫ޑ‬୯Ѧੇࢩሦୱғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫܄‬ ࡰ኱--ङඳϟಏ ൘ǵ੝‫ނۓ‬ᅿᜪ:߻य़ςϟಏ ມǵ੝‫෈ۓ‬Ӧ 1)BIP:ੇࢩ෈Ӧ‫ޑ‬ጄൎ „आᐋ݅Mangroves • ၗ਑༼᏾Ծ1980-2005ԃϐ 900ঁ୯ৎᆶԛ୯ৎ‫ޑ‬ኧᏵǶ „ੇ૛‫׉‬Seagrass beds • ӄౚੇ૛‫ࢬ׉‬Ѩ‫ޑ‬ᖿ༈ࢂٰ Ծ1879Կ2006ԃ‫ޑ‬215ঁࣴ ‫ز‬ϐᆕӝຑ՗Ƕ „࣑ྴᕛCoral reefs: ᕇ‫ڗ‬ӄౚ࣑ྴᕛኧᏵၨό৒ ܰǴՠӧӑࡋϼѳࢩϷуୌ Кੇ୔ୱ‫ྴ࣑ޑ‬ᕛᖿ༈Ǵё ᙖҗᢀჸࢲ࣑ྴ‫ޑ‬ᙟᇂ౗ѐ ຑ՗Ƕ

Extent of Mangrove and Seagrass, and Coral Condition Source: Adapted with permission from Butchart et al. 2010 41

ມǵ ǵ੝‫෈ۓ‬Ӧ ᐞࢪ:εൕᕛ‫ੇ۞ݮ‬૛ᅱෳ „ෳໆБԄ:ੇ૛ဂᆫ‫ރ‬ᄊᆶН፦ᕉნёᙖҗੇ૛‫ޑ‬ᙦ൤ǵ ғ෗ոΚǵғ෗่ᄬǵߕғᝯᜪᆶੇ૛ယТಔᙃϐ C:N:PϡનК฻ෳໆѐຑ՗Ƕ 蓂The patterns of seagrass abundance have also differed between habitat types since long-term monitoring was established (Fig. 3).

42

ມǵ੝‫෈ۓ‬Ӧ ᐞࢪ:Ьा෈Ӧ‫ޑ‬ϩѲጄൎ „ࡰ኱‫ۓ‬က:‫ݞ‬αǵ‫۞ݮ‬ᆶੇࢩғᄊ‫س‬಍ϐЬा෈Ӧϩ ѲጄൎǶ၀୯ஒᝯ‫׉‬ǵੇ᠁ᆶ؅Ыǵ࣑ྴᕛǵ؅Ы ෌೏ǵዊ໔஥࣑ྴᕛǵዊ໔஥؅‫᠁ݝ‬Ӧǵआᐋ݅ᆶ ᡶ‫ݡ‬฻Ьाੇࢩ෈Ӧጄൎࡰ኱યΕ୯ৎൔ֋ύǶ „ෳໆБԄ:‫෈ঁ؂‬Ӧᜪࠠ‫ޑ‬ጄൎᔈа᏾ঁ୔ୱ຾Չᇿ ෳπ‫ڀ‬ᅱෳǴӵፁࢃѳѠǵૐ‫ޜ‬ឪቹаϷӦय़ჴ‫ݩ‬ ፓࢗǶฅԶଞჹόӕ‫෈ޑ‬Ӧᅱෳ߾ᔈ೛ीόӕ‫ޑ‬ፓ ࢗᆶ฼ౣБ‫ݤ‬Ƕ೽ϩЬा෈Ӧय़ᖏ࣬ჹଯ‫ޑ‬ᓸΚᆶ ࠶ુǴჹ‫ځ‬ᔈ‫؂‬ԃ຾Չຑ՗ᅱෳǴԿ‫ځܭ‬д࣬ჹᓸ Κၨλ‫୔ޑ‬ୱǴԿϿ‫؂‬Ο‫ډ‬ϖԃ຾Չຑ՗Ƕ

43

ୖǵϦ౲ୖᆶ ኻ࿉:Ϧ҇ཀ᛽ „ ࡰ኱‫ۓ‬က:Ԝࡰ኱ࢂаໆϯ‫ޑ‬ୢ‫ڔ‬ፓࢗѐև౜҇౲ჹғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫ޑ܄‬ᜢ‫ݙ‬ำࡋǴ ‫ٯ‬ӵፓࢗ35%ኻࢪ‫׫‬౻Γα‫؂‬ԃԿϿࡨೖԾฅߥ੮୔΋ԛǶ 蓂Fig. 1: Familiarity with the term biodiversity

44

ୖǵϦ౲ୖᆶ ᝵਱ើ:ୖᆶғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫ػߥ܄‬ „ ࡰ኱‫ۓ‬က:ࡰ኱‫ྗ୷ޑ‬ၗ਑༼᏾ԾԭՏԾᜫ‫ޣ‬ග‫ૻޑٮ‬৲Ǵӵ‫ד‬π‫ޑ‬ Γኧǵ‫ד‬π୍ܺਔኧᆶୖᆶ‫ࢲޑ‬ᜪᜪࠠǶ

45

Thank you for your attention

46

ᖄӝ୯҉ុว৖Ҟ኱(SDGs)ᇥܴ z ᖄӝ୯‫ܭ‬ѐ(103)ԃ9Д17ВวѲૻ৲߄ҢǴಃ68ۛε཮‫ܭ‬ӕԃ9Д10В ௦યȨ҉ុว৖Ҟ኱(SDGs)ȩ،᝼Ǵբࣁࡕុ‫ۓڋ‬Ȩᖄӝ୯ࡕ2015ԃ ว৖᝼ำȩϐҔǶ z ҉ុว৖Ҟ኱х֖17໨Ҟ኱(Goals)Ϸ169໨ಒ໨Ҟ኱(Targets)Ƕ --------------------------------------------------------------------------Ҟ኱ΜѤǺߥ‫ػ‬Ϸ҉ុճҔੇࢩᆶੇࢩၗྍǴаዴߥ҉ុว৖ 14.1 ӧՋϡ2025ԃа߻ǴႣٛϷε൯෧ϿӚԄӚኬ‫ࢩੇޑ‬ԦࢉǴЀ‫ࢂځ‬ ٰԾഌ΢ࢲ୏‫ޑ‬ԦࢉǴхࡴੇࢩቲక‫ނ‬аϷᔼᎦԦࢉǶ 14.2 ӧՋϡ2020ԃа߻Ǵаё҉ុ‫ޑ‬БԄᆅ౛Ϸߥៈੇࢩᆶੇ۞ғᄊǴ ᗉխख़ε‫ޑ‬όճቹៜǴբ‫ݤ‬хࡴம଼дॺ‫ࡕؠޑ‬ൺচૈΚǴ٠௦‫ڗ‬ൺ চ୏բǴаჴ౜଼நΞ‫ڀ‬ԖғౢΚ‫ࢩੇޑ‬Ƕ 14.3 ෧Ͽ٠ှ،ੇࢩለϯ‫ޑ‬ቹៜǴբ‫ݤ‬хࡴ‫ׯ‬๓‫܌‬Ԗ໘ቫ‫ࣽޑ‬ᏢӝբǶ 14.4 ӧՋϡ2020ԃа߻ǴԖਏᅱᆅ௦ԏǴ੃ନၸࡋᅕንǴаϷߚ‫ޑݤ‬ǵ ҂ൔ֋‫ޑ‬ǵ҂‫ڙ‬ᅱᆅ‫ޑ‬ȐаΠᙁᆀIUUȑǵ‫܄ྐ྄܈‬ങንբ‫ݤ‬Ǵ٠ჴ ࡼࣽᏢᆅ౛ीฝǴӧനอ‫ޑ‬ਔ໔ϣǴஒങໆࡠൺ‫ډ‬٩ᏵѬॺ‫ޑ‬ғ‫ނ‬੝ ‫܄‬ёౢғനε҉ុว৖‫ޑ‬ങໆ 47

14.5 ӧՋϡ2020ԃа߻Ǵ٩ྣ୯ৎᆶ୯ሞ‫ݤ‬ೕǴаϷё‫ڗ‬ள‫ޑ‬ന٫ࣽ ᏢၗૻǴߥៈԿϿ10%‫۞ੇޑ‬ᆶੇࢩ୔Ƕ 14.6 ӧՋϡ2020ԃа߻Ǵ࿣З཮೷ԋၸࡋങን‫ံޑ‬շǴ੃ନ཮շߏ IUUങን‫ံޑ‬շǴ࿣ЗЇΕ೭ᜪံշǴ‫܍‬ᇡჹ໒วύ୯ৎᆶ໒วࡋ നե୯ৎ௦‫ڗ‬፾྽ЪԖਏ‫ޑ‬੝ձᆶৡձࡑၶᔈࢂШࣚຩܰಔᙃᅕን ံշ‫ޑۓڐ‬΋೽ϩǶ 14.7 ӧՋϡ2030ԃа߻Ǵගଯੇࢩၗྍ҉ុ٬ҔჹSIDSᆶLDCs‫ޑ‬࿶ ᔮӳೀǴբ‫ݤ‬хࡴ҉ុᆅ౛ᅕን཰ǵНౢᎦ෗཰ᆶᢀӀ཰Ƕ 14.a. ගଯࣽᏢ‫ޕ‬᛽Ǵว৖ࣴ‫ૈز‬ΚǴᙯ౽ੇࢩࣽ‫מ‬ǴࡘԵၠࡹ۬ੇ ࢩ‫ہ‬঩཮‫מࣽࢩੇޑ‬ᙯ౽ྗ߾Ǵа‫ׯ‬๓ੇࢩ‫଼ޑ‬நǴߦ຾ੇࢩғ ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫܄‬ჹ໒วύ୯ৎ‫ޑ‬ว৖ଅ᝘Ǵ੝ձࢂSIDSᆶLDCsǶ

14.b. ග‫ٮ‬λೕኳΓπങን཰‫ڗޣ‬ளੇࢩၗྍᆶ຾Εѱ൑‫ޑ‬ᆅၰǶ 14.c. ዴߥᖄӝ୯ੇࢩ‫ݤ‬Ϧऊ炷аΠᙁᆀUNCCLOS炸ᛝऊ୯ӄय़ပჴ ୯ሞ‫ݤ‬Ǵхࡴ౜Ԗ‫୔ޑ‬ୱᆶ୯ሞ‫ࡋڋ‬ǴаߥៈϷ҉ុ٬ҔੇࢩϷ ੇࢩၗྍǶ

48

㺩䌚㓞䙲

ߏයаٰ೏۹ຎ‫ޑ‬ӄౚε ࠠᐒఓϯᅕ཰Ϸλࠠᅕ཰ ໔ԋҁ‫ک‬ԏ੻‫ޑ‬КၨǶᡉ Ң୷‫ុ҉ܭ‬ճҔϷ‫཮ޗ‬Ϧ ѳ҅ကǴ҂ٰ‫ޑ‬ᅕ཰ᆅ౛ ჴᔈӭႴᓰว৖ৎीࠠᅕ ཰ǴԶߚεࠠᐒఓϯᅕ཰Ƕ ӕਔѸ໪ߥ੮‫ޑ୼ى‬ၗྍ ໆٰᆢ࡭ੇࢩғᄊ‫଼س‬நǴ ωૈय़ჹӄౚཪϯ‫ࡷޑ‬ᏯǶ

㭷⸜ὃ㴰屣 䘬⌠欂慷

㭷⸜䘬㡬䌚慷

ὃ墥欂䰱⍲ 欂㱡䘬慷 㭷☠㺩䌚㇨ ἧ䓐䘬䅫㱡 慷 景䓐䘬㺩㮹 Ṣ㔠

㓧⹄䘬㺩㤕 墄層 49 (Daniel Pauly; 2015 BECoME)

Չ୏ीჄǵ҉ុ཮ǵ୍ֽ݅ǵTEHtჹᔈ߄)ੇࢩሦୱ*!Ɉಉਣϣϐಉᡏӷࣁࡌ᝼ᓬӃԵໆϐࡰ኱ ང‫ޕ‬Ҟ኱

Չ୏ीฝ

Ҟ኱22

E22121!൩Ѡ᡼ഌୱϷੇ 2/ֹԋወӧ዗ᗺమൂ)х ୱғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫܄‬ёૈ‫ޑ‬዗ᗺ ֖ӦᗺǵጄൎϷচӢ*!3/ )֖ख़ाᎂழၡ৩ᆶ൴ၰ* ਥᏵ߻໨మൂǴֹԋፓࢗ Ϸዴᇡ‫ޑ‬዗ᗺኧໆ ຾Չፓࢗ٠ዴᇡϐ

ࡌ᝼πբ໨Ҟ

҉ុ཮

୍ֽ݅

ᕮਏࡰ኱

TEHt ಒ໨Ҟ኱

ࡰ኱17࣑ྴᕛᆶੌෞᝯᜪ

E22141ᔠ૸౜Ԗߥៈ୔‫ س‬2/ֹԋ୯ৎߥៈ୔‫س‬಍ϐ 2/ߥៈ୔эᕴഌ ࡰ኱19ߥៈ୔ ಍Ǵ٠‫ۓ‬ය຾ՉӚᜪߥៈ ೕჄ ୱय़ᑈԭϩК ୔ԋਏຑ՗ǵᆅԵǵ‫ׯ‬๓ 3/!Ԗ‫ۓ‬යຑໆᆅ౛ԋਏ ᆅ౛฼ౣϷቶ࠹ ϐӚᜪߥៈ୔ኧໆᆶК‫ٯ‬

25/5ӧՋϡ3131ԃа߻ǴԖਏ ᅱᆅ௦ԏǴ੃ନၸࡋᅕንǴа Ϸߚ‫ޑݤ‬ǵ҂ൔ֋‫ޑ‬ǵ҂‫ڙ‬ᅱ ᆅ‫ޑ‬ȐаΠᙁᆀJVVȑǵ‫྄܈‬ ྐ‫܄‬ങንբ‫ݤ‬Ǵ٠ჴࡼࣽᏢᆅ ౛ीฝǴӧനอ‫ޑ‬ਔ໔ϣǴஒ ങໆࡠൺ‫ډ‬٩ᏵѬॺ‫ޑ‬ғ‫ނ‬੝ ‫܄‬ёౢғനε҉ុว৖‫ޑ‬ങໆ 26/2ӧՋϡ3131ԃа߻Ǵ٩ྣ ӧ୯ሞ‫ۓڐ‬Π‫ޑ‬က୍Ǵߥៈǵ ࡠൺϷ҉ុ٬ҔሦӦᆶϣഌ఩ Нғᄊ‫س‬಍ᆶдॺ‫୍ܺޑ‬ǴЀ ‫ࢂځ‬හ݅ǵ‫ݡ‬ᐛǵξેᆶ‫ײ‬Ӧ

E22142༼᏾٠ᔠ૸౜Չள ֹԋ୯ৎੇࢩߥៈ୔‫س‬಍ 2/ੇࢩߥៈ୔ Ⴤ೛ੇࢩߥៈ୔ϐ࣬ᜢ‫ߥ ݤ‬ៈ฻ભᆶᆅ౛ᐒ‫ڋ‬ϐࡰ з-!ु‫ۓ‬୯ৎቫભੇࢩߥ Ꮴྗ߾ ៈ୔‫س‬಍ߥៈ฻ભᆶᆅ౛ ᐒ‫ڋ‬ϐࡰᏤྗ߾

ࡰ኱19ߥៈ୔

25/6ӧՋϡ3131ԃа߻Ǵ٩ྣ ୯ৎᆶ୯ሞ‫ݤ‬ೕǴаϷё‫ڗ‬ள ‫ޑ‬ന٫ࣽᏢၗૻǴߥៈԿϿ 21&‫۞ੇޑ‬ᆶੇࢩ୔Ƕ

E22151‫ܭ‬3131ԃ߻ஒ֖ϣ 2/ੇࢩߥៈ୔՞֖ϣН‫ ޑ‬2/ੇࢩߥៈ୔ Н‫ޑ‬23੊ሦੇय़ᑈϐ21& 23੊ሦੇय़ᑈК 3/Ԗਏ યΕ٩Ᏽ߻ॊྗ߾‫ۓ‬ကϐ ࿣ᅕ୔эNQBय़ᑈК NQB‫ޑ‬ጄൎ٠ࡌҥᆛ๎Ǵ ‫ځ‬ύԿϿԖ26&‫ޑ‬NQBࣁ Ȩֹӄੇࢩߥៈ୔ȩ)࿣ ᅕ୔**! E22152!‫ुڋ‬Ӛᑜѱࡹ۬ ֹԋ‫ुڋ‬Ӛᑜѱࡹ۬Ϸ྽ 2/ੇࢩߥៈ୔ Ϸ྽Ӧ‫܈୔ޗ‬ᅕ཮ቚ೛ੇ Ӧ‫܈୔ޗ‬ᅕ཮ቚ೛ੇࢩߥ ࢩߥៈ୔ϷԾՉᆅ౛‫ڗ‬ጌ ៈ୔ϷԾՉᆅ౛‫ڗ‬ጌϐႴ ϐႴᓰ௛ࡼ)ၭ཰೽)ၭ‫ ہ‬ᓰ௛ࡼ ཮**

ࡰ኱19ߥៈ୔

25/6ӧՋϡ3131ԃа߻Ǵ٩ྣ ୯ৎᆶ୯ሞ‫ݤ‬ೕǴаϷё‫ڗ‬ள ‫ޑ‬ന٫ࣽᏢၗૻǴߥៈԿϿ 21&‫۞ੇޑ‬ᆶੇࢩ୔Ƕ

ࡰ኱19ߥៈ୔

25/5ӧՋϡ3131ԃа߻ǴԖਏ ᅱᆅ௦ԏǴ੃ନၸࡋᅕንǴа Ϸߚ‫ޑݤ‬ǵ҂ൔ֋‫ޑ‬ǵ҂‫ڙ‬ᅱ ᆅ‫ޑ‬ȐаΠᙁᆀJVVȑǵ‫྄܈‬ ྐ‫܄‬ങንբ‫ݤ‬Ǵ٠ჴࡼࣽᏢᆅ ౛ीฝǴӧനอ‫ޑ‬ਔ໔ϣǴஒ ങໆࡠൺ‫ډ‬٩ᏵѬॺ‫ޑ‬ғ‫ނ‬੝ ‫܄‬ёౢғനε҉ុว৖‫ޑ‬ങໆ ໆǶ

50

E42151ᔠ૸ᆶ‫ׯ‬຾ᅕᕇၗ ਑ϐᇆ໣ᆶ䶘ीБ‫ݤ‬Ǵ٬ ‫҅ૈځ‬ዴϸࢀᅕ཰ၗྍᡂ ᎂǴ٠Ᏽаঅुᆅ౛ࡹ฼

2/‫ۓ‬ය‫ۓ‬ᗺᇆ໣ᅕ཰ၗྍᡂ୏ ϐၗ਑ 3/Ϧ໒ᅕᕇፓࢗၗ਑‫ޑ‬ᕴ฽ኧ ᆶቚуኧ

25/5ӧՋϡ3131ԃа߻ǴԖਏᅱᆅ ௦ԏǴ੃ନၸࡋᅕንǴаϷߚ‫ޑݤ‬ǵ ҂ൔ֋‫ޑ‬ǵ҂‫ڙ‬ᅱᆅ‫ޑ‬ȐаΠᙁᆀ JVVȑǵ‫܄ྐ྄܈‬ങንբ‫ݤ‬Ǵ٠ჴࡼ ࣽᏢᆅ౛ीฝǴӧനอ‫ޑ‬ਔ໔ϣǴ ஒങໆࡠൺ‫ډ‬٩ᏵѬॺ‫ޑ‬ғ‫ނ‬੝‫܄‬ ёౢғനε҉ុว৖‫ޑ‬ങໆǶ

E42171ᔠ૸ᆶ‫ׯ‬๓෧ಭ௛ ࡼǵҶᅕ‫ࡋڋ‬ǵᅕ཰ံຠ ࡹ฼ჹᆢៈᅕ཰ၗྍϐԋ ਏ

2/ᅕಭᕴᏒኧϷ‫؂‬ԃफ़ե‫ޑ‬Ꮢ ኧ 3/ԖਏᅕಭᕴኧϷ‫؂‬ԃ෧Ͽ‫ޑ‬ ಭኧ

25/7ӧՋϡ3131ԃа߻Ǵ࿣З཮೷ ԋၸࡋങን‫ံޑ‬շǴ੃ନ཮շߏJJVV ങን‫ံޑ‬շǴ࿣ЗЇΕ೭ᜪံշǴ ‫܍‬ᇡჹ໒วύ୯ৎᆶ໒วࡋനե୯ ৎ௦‫ڗ‬፾྽ЪԖਏ‫ޑ‬੝ձᆶৡձࡑ ၶᔈࢂШࣚຩܰಔᙃᅕንံշ‫ۓڐ‬ ‫ޑ‬΋೽ϩǶ 25/8ӧՋϡ3141ԃа߻Ǵගଯੇࢩ ၗྍ҉ុ٬ҔჹTJETᆶMEDt‫ޑ‬࿶ᔮ ӳೀǴբ‫ݤ‬хࡴ҉ុᆅ౛ᅕን཰ǵ НౢᎦ෗཰ᆶᢀӀ཰Ƕ

ࡰ኱24ၸᅕ E42181᏾ӝύѧᆶӦБǴ 2/ᅕ཰ᆅ౛௛ࡼϦ֋ኧϷ‫ڗ‬ጌ ࡹ۬ᆶ҇໔ߥ‫ػ‬ᆶ҉ុճ ၴೕբ཰р༇ૐԛǵᅕಭᑬኧ Ҕ‫ੇ߈ݮ‬ᅕ཰ϐᆅ౛Ӆ᛽Ǵ3/ӦБୖᆶᆅ౛Զ‫ڀ‬ᡏ‫ׯ‬๓ᅕ ٠ᇶᏤӦБჴࡼᆅ౛௛ࡼǴ཰ၗྍϐਢ‫ٯ‬ኧҞ ௢ቶҶ໕ᅕ཰

E42211уமᅕ཰ၗྍߥ‫ػ‬ Ϸੇࢩғᄊߥៈϐ௲‫࠹ػ‬ ᏤϷ࿶ᔼᆅ౛Ȑ֖‫୔ޗ‬ᔼ ೷ȑπբ

2/୺Չ௲‫࠹ػ‬ᏤϷ࿶ᔼᆅ౛π բϐ൑ԛϷୖуΓኧǶ 3/‫୔ޗ‬ᅕ཰ْӺ໗ϐኧໆϷΓ ኧ

25/5ӧՋϡ3131ԃа߻ǴԖਏᅱᆅ ௦ԏǴ੃ନၸࡋᅕንǴаϷߚ‫ޑݤ‬ǵ ҂ൔ֋‫ޑ‬ǵ҂‫ڙ‬ᅱᆅ‫ޑ‬ȐаΠᙁᆀ JVVȑǵ‫܄ྐ྄܈‬ങንբ‫ݤ‬Ǵ٠ჴࡼ ࣽᏢᆅ౛ीฝǴӧനอ‫ޑ‬ਔ໔ϣǴ ஒങໆࡠൺ‫ډ‬٩ᏵѬॺ‫ޑ‬ғ‫ނ‬੝‫܄‬ ёౢғനε҉ុว৖‫ޑ‬ങໆǶ

E54121!ु‫ݞۓ‬οԦࢉ‫ׯ‬๓ीฝ 2/‫ݞ‬οН፦ၲԋόલ਼ǵόวૌ ੇୱᕉნН፦ӝ਱౗ ᆶਔำǴ೴ԃ٬‫ݞ‬οᆶ‫ݞ‬αН )EPɧ3nh0M*ϐ‫ݞ‬οߏࡋК‫ٯ‬ ፦ϐᔼᎦᡶᆶख़ߎឦ֖ໆե‫ ܭ‬3 /ੇࢩᕉნࠔ፦ၲҘᜪϷΌᜪ኱ྗ ୯ሞ኱ྗ ‫ݞޑ‬αኧໆ

25/2ӧՋϡ3136ԃа߻ǴႣٛϷε൯෧Ͽ ӚԄӚኬ‫ࢩੇޑ‬ԦࢉǴЀ‫ٰࢂځ‬Ծഌ΢ࢲ ୏‫ޑ‬ԦࢉǴхࡴੇࢩቲక‫ނ‬аϷᔼᎦԦ ࢉǶ 51

ғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫܄‬ϩಔ҉ុว৖ໆϯҞ኱༤ൔ߄ ༤ቪᇥܴ;! ፎӚᐒᜢᔠຎᖄӝ୯҉ុว৖Ҟ኱(SDGs)ᆶғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫܄‬ϩಔ҉ុว৖Չ୏ीฝঅ҅૛ਢϐჹᔈ߄Ǵ Ǵࣴᔕ‫ך‬୯ғ‫ނ‬ӭኬ‫ុ҉܄‬ว৖อǵύǵߏයໆϯҞ኱Ƕ +!ࡌ᝼πբ໨Ҟ;!ҁϩಔᓬӃ௢୏ϐπբ໨Ҟаಉᡏӷ߄ҢǴኩόયΕᓬӃ௢୏ϐπբ໨ҞаԪ ۭ߄ҢǶ +!Ь)‫*ڐ‬ᒤᐒᜢǺЬᒤᐒᜢаಉᡏӷ߄ҢǴ‫ڐ‬ᒤᐒᜢаߚಉᡏӷ߄ҢǶ ᐒᜢӜᆀ; ᖄӝ୯҉ុว৖Ҟ኱(SDGs) Ҟ኱

ಒ໨Ҟ኱

҉ុว৖Չ୏ीฝ(অ҅૛ਢ) ࡌ᝼πբ໨Ҟ(૛

ᕮਏࡰ኱ ਢ) 2.5ӧՋϡ2020 D13010 ࡌ ᄬ ୯ ৎ 1. Ӛ ൂ Տ ߥ ԃ߻Ǵᆢ࡭ ғ‫ނ‬ᅿচ৤Ǵ຾Չ Ӹ‫܈‬ഢҽӚ ᅿηǵਭᅿ ၭǵ݅ǵᅕǵ‫ށ‬ǵ ᅿᅿচಕᑈ ෌‫ނ‬ǵৎ੬ ഁғ‫ނ‬ǵ༾ғ‫ނ‬ᒪ Ϸቚу‫ނ‬ᅿ аϷᆶдॺ ໺ၗྍϐࣴ‫ز‬ǵߥ ᅿচኧϷኧ ໆ Ԗᜢ‫ޑ‬ഁғ Ӹǵߥ‫ػ‬ϷճҔ 2. ᅿ চ Ҭ ࢬ ࠔᅿϐ୷Ӣ ‫܈‬Ҭඤϐኧ ӭኬ‫܄‬Ǵх ໆ Ҟ኱ΒǺ ࡴ๓Ҕ୯ৎǵ ੃ନବᎧǴၲԋ ୯ሞᆶ୔ୱ D13011 ᔠ ૸ ౜ Ԗ ֹ ԋ ᅿ চ ߥ ᙂ१ӼӄǴ‫ׯ‬๓ ִ๓ᆅ౛Ϸ ၭǵ݅ǵᅕǵ‫ށ‬ǵ Ӹ ฼ ౣ Ϸ Չ ӭኬϯ‫ޑ‬ᅿ ഁғ‫ނ‬ǵ༾ғ‫ނ‬ᅿ ୏ीฝ ᔼᎦϷߦ຾҉ុ ၭ཰ ऄᆶ෌‫ނ‬ሌ চ৤ϐπբ຾৖Ǵ ՉǴ٠ዴߥ ٠ೕჄ҂ٰᅿচߥ ၮҔ୷Ӣၗ Ӹϐ฼ౣϷՉ୏ ྍᆶԖᜢ໺ ಍‫ޕ‬᛽‫܌‬ౢ ғ‫ޑ‬ӳೀள а٩ྣ୯ሞ ‫ڐ‬᝼ԶϦѳ ‫ޑ‬ϩ٦Ƕ

Ь(‫)ڐ‬ᒤ ᐒᜢ ၭ‫཮ہ‬ (ၭ཰೽)/ ௲‫ػ‬೽ǵ ࿶ᔮ೽ǵ ࣽ‫מ‬೽

ၭ‫཮ہ‬ (ၭ཰೽)/ ௲‫ػ‬೽ǵ ࿶ᔮ೽ǵ ࣽ‫מ‬೽ǵ চ҇཮

ໆϯҞ኱ ၭ‫཮ہ‬Ь ύය ߏය อය )‫)ڐ‬ᒤᐒᜢ )3128ԃ) )3131ԃ) )3141ԃ) ၭ၂‫܌‬/ ࣽ‫מ‬ೀǵ ǵ ੝ғύЈǵ ୍ֽ݅ǵ ᅕ཰࿿ǵ ੬‫ށ‬ೀǵ Ӛ၂ᡍ‫܌‬ǵ Ӛ‫ؼׯ‬൑ ࣽ‫מ‬ೀ/ ၭ၂‫܌‬ǵ ୍ֽ݅ǵ ᅕ཰࿿ǵ ੬‫ށ‬ೀǵ Ӛ၂ᡍ‫܌‬ǵ Ӛ‫ؼׯ‬൑ǵ ੝ғύЈ 52

Ҟ ኱

ಒ໨Ҟ኱

2.5ӧՋϡ2020ԃ߻Ǵᆢ ࡭ ᅿη ǵਭᅿ ෌‫ނ‬ ৎ੬аϷᆶдॺԖ ᜢ‫ޑ‬ഁғࠔᅿϐ୷ Ӣӭኬ‫܄‬Ǵхࡴ๓ Ҕ୯ৎǵ୯ሞᆶ୔ ୱִ๓ᆅ౛Ϸӭኬ ϯ‫ޑ‬ᅿऄᆶ෌‫ނ‬ሌ ՉǴ٠ዴߥၮҔ୷ ӢၗྍᆶԖᜢ໺಍ ‫ޕ‬᛽‫܌‬ౢғ‫ޑ‬ӳೀ ளа٩ྣ୯ሞ‫ڐ‬᝼ ԶϦѳ‫ޑ‬ϩ٦Ƕ 14.1ӧՋϡ2025ԃа߻ ႣٛϷε൯෧ϿӚ ԄӚኬ‫ࢩੇޑ‬Ԧࢉ Ѐ‫ٰࢂځ‬Ծഌ΢ࢲ ୏‫ޑ‬ԦࢉǴхࡴੇ ࢩቲక‫ނ‬аϷᔼᎦ ԦࢉǶ

14.2ӧՋϡ2020ԃа߻ аё҉ុ‫ޑ‬БԄᆅ ౛Ϸߥៈੇࢩᆶੇ ۞ғᄊǴᗉխख़ε ‫ޑ‬όճቹៜǴբ‫ݤ‬ хࡴம଼дॺ‫ؠޑ‬ ࡕൺচૈΚǴ٠௦ ‫ڗ‬ൺচ୏բǴаჴ ౜଼நΞ‫ڀ‬Ԗғౢ Κ‫ࢩੇޑ‬Ƕ

ࡌ᝼πբ໨Ҟ(૛ਢ)

ᕮਏࡰ኱

Ь(‫)ڐ‬ᒤ ᐒᜢ

D13010ࡌᄬ୯ৎғ‫ނ‬ᅿচ৤Ǵ 1.ӚൂՏߥӸ‫܈‬ഢҽ ၭ‫཮ہ‬ ຾Չၭǵ݅ǵᅕǵ‫ށ‬ǵഁғ‫ ނ‬ӚᅿᅿচಕᑈϷቚ (ၭ཰೽)/ ༾ғ‫ނ‬ᒪ໺ၗྍϐࣴ‫ز‬ǵߥӸ у‫ނ‬ᅿᅿচኧϷኧ ௲‫ػ‬೽ǵ ߥ‫ػ‬ϷճҔ ໆ ࿶ᔮ೽ǵ 2.ᅿচҬࢬ‫܈‬Ҭඤϐ ࣽ‫מ‬೽ ኧໆ

ၭ‫཮ہ‬Ь )‫)ڐ‬ᒤᐒᜢ

อය )3128ԃ )

ύය )3131 ԃ

ߏය )3141 ԃ)

ၭ၂‫܌‬/ ࣽ‫מ‬ೀǵ ǵ ੝ғύЈǵ୍ֽ݅ ᅕ཰࿿ǵ੬‫ށ‬ೀǵ Ӛ၂ᡍ‫܌‬ǵӚ‫ؼׯ‬ ൑ ࣽ‫מ‬ೀ/ ၭ၂‫܌‬ǵ୍ֽ݅ǵ ᅕ཰࿿ǵ੬‫ށ‬ೀǵ Ӛ၂ᡍ‫܌‬ǵӚ‫ؼׯ‬ ൑ǵ ੝ғύЈ ค

D13011ᔠ૸౜Ԗၭǵ݅ǵᅕǵ ֹ ԋ ᅿ চ ߥ Ӹ ฼ ౣ ၭ‫཮ہ‬ ‫ށ‬ǵഁғ‫ނ‬ǵ༾ғ‫ނ‬ᅿচ৤ϐ ϷՉ୏ीฝ (ၭ཰೽)/ πբ຾৖Ǵ٠ೕჄ҂ٰᅿচߥ ௲‫ػ‬೽ǵ Ӹϐ฼ౣϷՉ୏ ࿶ᔮ೽ǵ ࣽ‫מ‬೽ǵ চ҇཮ D43010 ु‫ݞۓ‬οԦࢉ‫ׯ‬๓ी 1.‫ݞ‬οН፦ၲԋόલ ᕉߥ࿿ ฝᆶਔำǴ೴ԃ٬‫ݞ‬οᆶ‫ݞ‬α ਼ ǵ ό ว ૌ (DO ɧ (ᕉၗ೽)/ Н፦ϐᔼᎦᡶᆶख़ߎឦ֖ໆե 2mg/L)ϐ‫ݞ‬οߏࡋ ϣࡹ೽ǵ ‫ܭ‬୯ሞ኱ྗ К‫ٯ‬ ࿶ᔮ೽ 2.ੇࢩᕉნࠔ፦ၲҘ ᜪϷΌᜪ኱ྗ‫ݞޑ‬ αኧໆ D00009 ‫ ܭ‬2014-2015 ԃ ຾ Չ ੇ ֹ ԋ ੇ ࢩ ғ ᄊ ‫่ ૄ س‬ӝȨࣽ‫מ‬ຑ ᅕ཰࿿/Н၂‫܌‬ ࢩғᄊ‫ૄس‬১ࡋຑ՗Ǵዴᇡܰ ১ࡋຑ՗ ՗ಔȩǵ ‫ڙ‬ΓࣁϷ਻ংᡂᎂ(֖ੇࢩለϯ ࣽ‫מ‬೽ǵ(ᕉ )ፂᔐ‫ࢩੇޑ‬ғᄊ‫س‬ǵ‫ځ‬ᓸΚٰ ၗ೽)ǵ(ၭ཰ ྍϷࣴᔕӢᔈ฼ౣ ೽) ၭ‫཮ہ‬ D00010 ‫ܭ‬2015ԃ߻ஒ΢ॊૄ ֹ ԋ ஒ ΢ ॊ ૄ ১ ғ ่ӝȨࣽ‫מ‬ຑ ᅕ཰࿿/Н၂‫܌‬ ১ғᄊ‫س‬યΕੇࢩߥៈ୔‫س‬಍ ᄊ ‫ س‬ય Ε ੇ ࢩ ߥ ៈ ՗ಔȩǵ ࡌҥߏයᅱෳϷႣ᝾‫س‬䶘Ǵ٠ ୔ ǵ ߏ ය ᅱ ෳ Ϸ Ⴃ ϣࡹ೽ǵࣽ‫מ‬ ပჴϷᆅ౛(่ӝȨࣽ‫מ‬ຑ՗ ᝾‫س‬䶘 ೽ǵ(ᕉၗ೽)ǵ ಔȩǵϣࡹ೽ǵࣽ‫מ‬೽ǵ(ᕉၗ (ၭ཰೽)ၭ‫ہ‬ ೽)ǵ(ၭ཰೽)ၭ‫)཮ہ‬ ཮

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