JDBC ( JAVA Database Connectivity )

Overview  DBMS  SQL Commends  Establish connection  Driver Manager Class  Result Set and moving through it  Updating database by using result Set  Statement Interface

Statement CreatStatment(sql code)



Updating Table  Updating a row in a Result Set object is a two-phase

process. First, the new value for each column being updated is set, and then the change is applied to the row. The row in the underlying data source is not updated until the second phase is completed.  First, you need to create a Result Set object that is

updatable  Statement stmt = con.createStatement(ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE,


Updating Table  Connection con =

DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:mySubprotocol:mySubName");  Statement stmt = con.createStatement(ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE, ResultSet.CONCUR_UPDATABLE);  ResultSet uprs = stmt.executeQuery("SELECT COF_NAME, PRICE FROM COFFEES");

updateXXX  srs.updateString("COF_NAME", "Foldgers");  uprs.updateFloat("PRICE", 10.99);

 The ResultSet. updateXXX methods take two parameters:

the column to update and the new value to put in that column. As with the ResultSet.getXXX methods, the parameter designating the column may be either the column name or the column number. There is a different updateXXX method for updating each datatype ( updateString, updateBigDecimal, updateInt, and so on) just as there are different getXXX methods for retrieving different datatypes.

Updating Row method  The method updateRow applies all column changes

to the current row. The changes are not made to the row until updateRow has been called. You can use the cancelUpdates method to back out changes made to the row before the updateRow method is called.

 Statement stmt =

   

conn.createStatement(ResultSet.TYPE_FORWARD_ONLY, ResultSet.CONCUR_UPDATABLE); ResultSet srs = stmt.executeQuery("select COF_Name from COFFEES " + "where price = 7.99"); srs.next(); srs.updateString("COF_NAME", "Foldgers"); srs.updateRow();

Cancel Row Updates  uprs.last();  uprs.updateFloat("PRICE", 10.99);

uprs.cancelRowUpdates(); uprs.updateFloat("PRICE", 10.79); uprs.updateRow();

updateXXX  In this example, only one column value was updated,

but you can call an appropriate updateXXX method for any or all of the column values in a single row. The concept to remember is that updates and related operations apply to the row where the cursor is positioned. Even if there are many calls to updateXXX methods, it takes only one call to the method updateRow to update the database with all of the changes made in the current row.

Ordering in Table  The ordering of the rows in the result set has nothing

at all to do with the order of the rows in the base table. In fact, the order of the rows in a database table is indeterminate. The DBMS keeps track of which rows were selected, and it makes updates to the proper rows, but they may be located anywhere in the table. When a row is inserted, for example, there is no way to know where in the table it has been inserted.

Statement Interface  Statement interface  Prepared Statement interface  Callable Statement interface

Statement prepareStatment(sql code)



Prepared Statement  The main feature of a PreparedStatement object is

that, unlike a Statement object, it is given an SQL statement when it is created. The advantage to this is that in most cases, this SQL statement is sent to the DBMS right away, where it is compiled. As a result, the PreparedStatement object contains not just an SQL statement, but an SQL statement that has been precompiled. This means that when the PreparedStatement is executed, the DBMS can just run the PreparedStatement SQL statement without having to compile it first.

Creating a PreparedStatement Object  PreparedStatement updateSales =

con.prepareStatement( "UPDATE COFFEES SET SALES = ? WHERE COF_NAME LIKE ?");  setXXX :

 updateSales.setInt(1, 75);  updateSales.setString(2, "Colombian");  We aren’t finish the code now we must use excute method  - excutequery  -excuteUpdate

excuteUpdate  Executes the SQL INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE

statement in this PreparedStatement object.  In addition, SQL statements that return nothing, such as SQL DDL statements, can be executed. Returns: either the row count for INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE statements; or 0 for SQL statements that return nothing

excuteUpdate PreparedStatement updateSales; String updateString = "update COFFEES " + "set SALES = ? where COF_NAME like ?"; updateSales = con.prepareStatement(updateString); int [] salesForWeek = {175, 150, 60, 155, 90}; String [] coffees = {"Colombian", "French_Roast", "Espresso", "Colombian_Decaf", "French_Roast_Decaf"}; int len = coffees.length; for(int i = 0; i < len; i++) { updateSales.setInt(1, salesForWeek[i]); updateSales.setString(2, coffees[i]); updateSales.executeUpdate(); }

Using Joins  Sometimes you need to use two or more tables to get

the data you want.  For example: suppose the proprietor of The Coffee Break wants a list of the coffees he buys from Acme, Inc. This involves information in the COFFEES table as well as the yet-to-be-created SUPPLIERS table. This is a case where a join is needed

Cont. Using Join  The code below creates the table SUPPLIERS:

String createSUPPLIERS = "create table SUPPLIERS " + "(SUP_ID INTEGER, SUP_NAME VARCHAR(40), " + "STREET VARCHAR(40), CITY VARCHAR(20), " + "STATE CHAR(2), ZIP CHAR(5))"; stmt.executeUpdate(createSUPPLIERS);

Cont. Using Join  The following code inserts rows for three suppliers

into SUPPLIERS: stmt.executeUpdate("insert into SUPPLIERS values (101, " + "'Acme, Inc.', '99 Market Street', 'Groundsville', " + "'CA', '95199'"); 

The following code selects the whole table and lets us see what the table SUPPLIERS looks like:

ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery("select * from SUPPLIERS");

Cont. Using Join SUP_ID SUP_NAME --------- --------------101 Acme, Inc. 49 Superior Coffee

STREET CITY STATE --------------------99 Market St Groundsville CA 1 Party Place Mendocino CA

ZIP ----95199 95460

The names of the suppliers are in the table SUPPLIERS, and the names of the coffees are in the table COFFEES. Since both tables have the column SUP_ID, this column can be used in a join

Joining Code String query = " SELECT COFFEES.COF_NAME " + "FROM COFFEES, SUPPLIERS " + "WHERE SUPPLIERS.SUP_NAME LIKE 'Acme, Inc.' " + "and SUPPLIERS.SUP_ID = COFFEES.SUP_ID"; ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(query); System.out.println("Coffees bought from Acme, Inc.: "); while (rs.next()) { String coffeeName = rs.getString("COF_NAME"); System.out.println(" " + coffeeName); } This will produce the following output: Coffees bought from Acme, Inc.: Colombian Colombian_Decaf

Transactions  There are times when you do not want one statement

to take effect unless another one completes.  For example:

when the proprietor of The Coffee Break updates the amount of coffee sold each week, he will also want to update the total amount sold to date. However, he will not want to update one without updating the other. The way to be sure that either both actions occur or neither action occurs is to use a transaction. A transaction is a set of one or more statements that are executed together as a unit, so either all of the statements are executed, or none of the statements is executed.

Auto-commit Mode  When a connection is created, it is in auto-commit

mode. This means that each individual SQL statement is treated as a transaction and is automatically committed right after it is executed.  The way to allow two or more statements to be grouped

into a transaction is to disable auto-commit mode. This is demonstrated in the following line of code, where con is an active connection:


Committing a Transaction  Once auto-commit mode is disabled, no SQL statements are committed

until you call the method commit explicitly con.setAutoCommit(false); PreparedStatement updateSales = con.prepareStatement( "UPDATE COFFEES SET SALES = ? WHERE COF_NAME LIKE ?"); updateSales.setInt(1, 50); updateSales.setString(2, "Colombian"); updateSales.executeUpdate(); PreparedStatement updateTotal = con.prepareStatement( "UPDATE COFFEES SET TOTAL = TOTAL + ? WHERE COF_NAME LIKE ?"); updateTotal.setInt(1, 50); updateTotal.setString(2, "Colombian"); updateTotal.executeUpdate(); con.commit(); con.setAutoCommit(true);

Rolling Back to a Savepoint  the method Connection.setSavepoint, which sets a savepoint within the

current transaction. The Connection.rollback method has been overloaded to take a savepoint argument

Statement stmt = conn.createStatement(); int rows = stmt.executeUpdate("INSERT INTO TAB1 (COL1) VALUES " + "(?FIRST?)"); // set savepoint Savepoint svpt1 = conn.setSavepoint("SAVEPOINT_1"); rows = stmt.executeUpdate("INSERT INTO TAB1 (COL1) " + "VALUES (?SECOND?)"); ... conn.rollback(svpt1); ... conn.commit();

Rolling Back to a Savepoint  The example above inserts a row into a table, sets the

savepoint svpt1, and then inserts a second row. When the transaction is later rolled back to svpt1, the second insertion is undone, but the first insertion remains intact. In other words, when the transaction is committed, only the row containing ?FIRST? will be added to TAB1

Stored Procedure  A stored procedure is a group of SQL statements that

form a logical unit and perform a particular task, and they are used to encapsulate a set of operations or queries to execute on a database server.  For example: operations on an employee database (hire, fire, promote, lookup) could be coded as stored procedures executed by application code. Stored procedures can be compiled and executed with different parameters and results, and they may have any combination of input, output, and input/output parameter

Cont. Stored Procedure  the following SQL statement creates a stored procedure:


Creating Stored Procedure  The following code puts the SQL statement into a string and assigns it to the

variable createProcedure, which we will use later:

String createProcedure = "create procedure SHOW_SUPPLIERS " + "as " + "select SUPPLIERS.SUP_NAME, COFFEES.COF_NAME " + "from SUPPLIERS, COFFEES " + "where SUPPLIERS.SUP_ID = COFFEES.SUP_ID " + "order by SUP_NAME" The following code fragment uses the Connection object con to create a Statement object, which is used to send the SQL statement creating the stored procedure to the database:

Statement stmt = con.createStatement(); stmt.executeUpdate(createProcedure); The procedure SHOW_SUPPLIERS is compiled and stored in the database as a database object that can be called, similar to the way you would call a method

Calling a Stored Procedure from JDBC  JDBC allows you to call a database stored procedure from an

application written in the Java programming language. The first step is to create a CallableStatement object. CallableStatement cs = con.prepareCall("{call SHOW_SUPPLIERS}"); ResultSet rs = cs.executeQuery();

 Note; that the method used to execute cs is executeQuery because cs

calls a stored procedure that contains one query and thus produces one result set. If the procedure had contained one update or one DDL statement, the method executeUpdate would have been the one to use.  The class CallableStatement is a subclass of


Ref.  http://java.sun.com/docs/books/tutorial/jdb


Best Regards M O U S T A F A M A H M O U D




JDBC ( JAVA Database Connectivity )

the column to update and the new value to put in that column. As with the ResultSet.getXXX methods, the parameter designating the column may be either the column name or the column number. There is a different. updateXXX method for updating each datatype (. updateString, updateBigDecimal, updateInt, and so on) ...

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