Venus International College of Technology Electrical Engineering Department B. E. Semester-VI [Electrical] , January 2014 4: Synchronous Motor-II (Power and Torque equations) Date of issue:

Last date of submission:

A: Numericals (Any Four) 1

A 3-Φ, 400-v, synchronous motor takes 52.5A at a power factor of 0.8 leading. Calculate the power supplied and the induced e.m.f. The motor impedance per phase is (0.25+j3.2) Ω. [29.1kW;670V]

2

The input to a 11-kV,3-Φ, Y-connected synchronous motor is 60A. the effective resistance and synchronous reactance per phase are 1Ω and 30 Ω respectively. Find (a) power supplied to the motor and (b) the induced e.m.f. for a p.f. of 0.8 legging. [(a) 915 kW (b) 13kV]

3

A 3Φ synchronous motor connected to 6600V mains has a star connected armature with an impedance of (2.5+j1.5) Ω per phase. The excitation of the machine gives 7000V. the iron, friction and excitation losses are 12kW. Find the maximum output of the motor. [153.68kW]

4

the input to an 11000V, 3Φ star connected synchronous motor is 60A. the effective resistance and synchronous reactance per pahse are respectively 1Ω and 30Ω. Find the power supplied to the motor and the induced electromotive foace for a p.f. of 0.8 leading. [914.5kW, 13kV]

5

A 400V, 6 pole. 3Φ, 50Hz. Star connected synchronous motor has a resistance and synchronous reactance of 0.5Ω per phase and 4Ω per phase respectively. It takes a current of 15A at unity p.f. when operating with a certain field current. If the load torque is increased until the line current is 60A, the field current remaining unchanged, find the gross torque developed, and the new p.f. [354Nm; 0.93]

6

The input to a 11k-V, 3-phase, star-connected synchronous motor is 60 amperes. The effective resistance and synchronous reactance per phase are respectively 1 ohm and 30 ohm. Find the power supply to the motor and the induced e.m.f. for p.f. of .8 (a) leading and (b) lagging. [915kw (a) 13kv (b) 9.36kv]

7

An industrial load of 800 kW is operating at 0.6 lagging power factor. It is desired to improve power factor to 0.92 lagging by connecting synchronous motor driving a load of 200 kW with 91% efficiency. Determine KVA rating of synchronous motor and its operating power factor.

B: Choose the most appropriate option. 1

The effect of increasing load on a synchronous motor running with normal excitation is to (a) Increase both its Ia and p.f. (b) Increase Ia but decrease p.f. (c) Decrease Ia but increase p.f. (d) Decrease both Ia and p.f. 2 Ignoring the effects of armature reaction, if excitation of a synchronous motor running with constant load is increased, its torque angle must necessarily (a) Decrease (b) Increase (c) Remain constant (d) Become twice the no-load value 3 If the field of a synchronous motor is under excited, the p.f. will be (a) Lagging (b) Leading (c) Unity (d) More than unity 4 Ignoring the effects of armature reaction, if excitation of a synchronous motor running with constant load is decreased from its normal value, it leads to (a) Increase in but decrease in (b) Eb increase in Eb decrease in Ia (c) Increase in both Ia and p.f. which is lagging (d) Increase in both Ia and . 5 synchronous motor connected to infinite bus bars has at constant full-load, 100% excitation and unity p.f. on changing the excitation only, the armature current will have (a) Leading p.f. with under-excitation (b) Lagging p.f. with over-excitation (c) Leading p.f. with over-excitation (d) No change of p.f. 6 The V-curves of a synchronous motor show relationship between (a) Excitation current and back e.m.f. (b) D.c. field current and a.c. armature current (c) Field current and p.f. (d) Armature current and supply voltage. 7 When load on a synchronous motor is increased, its armature current is increased provided it is (a) Normally-excited (b) Over-excited (c) Under-excited (d) All of the above. 8 If main field current of a salient-pole synchronous motor fed from an infinite bus and running at no-load is reduced to zero, it would (a) Come to a stop (b) Run at sub-synchronous speed (c) Continue running at synchronous speed (d) run at super-synchronous speed. 9 In a synchronous machine when the rotor speed becomes more than the synchronous speed during hunting, the damping bars develop (a) Synchronous motor torque (b) Induction motor torque (c) D.c. motor torque (d) Induction generator torque. 10 In a synchronous motor, the rotor Cu losses are met by (a) Motor input (b) Armature input (c) Supply lines (d) D.c.source 11 A synchronous machine is called a doubly-excited machine because (a) It can be overexcited (b) Both its rotor and stator are excited (c) It has two sets of rotor poles (d) It needs twice the normal exciting current 12 Synchronous capacitor is (a) An ordinary static capacitor bank (b) An over-excited synchronous motor driving mechanical load (c) An over-excited synchronous motor running without mechanical load (d) None of the above

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Venus International College of Technology. Electrical Engineering Department. B. E. Semester-VI [Electrical] , January 2014. 4: Synchronous Motor-II (Power ...

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