IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 422- 428

International Journal of Research in Information Technology (IJRIT)


ISSN 2001-5569

Implementation of Cloud Computing in remote Learning C.P.Jegan Raj1, A.Aravind2, S.Gomathi3. 1, 2, 3

Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Indus College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India. [email protected] , [email protected] , [email protected]

Abstract The utilization of remote courses in learning is developing exponentially. To better help staff and scholars for showing and learning, remote learning projects need to continually enhance and streamline their IT foundations. The new IT standard called "cloud computing" can possibly change the way that IT assets are used and devoured in instruction and is relied upon to have a huge effect on instructive computing throughout the following few years. With its centering on helping remote learning directors and specialists to comprehend cloud computing and to make plans for fruitful cloud reception, this paper gives experiences into the selection of cloud computing for remote learning, taking into account an exhaustive audit of the writing about cloud computing Implications and contemplations for extra research are given too. This paper depicts a percentage of the qualities, profits, Risk and confinements that cloud computing can bring to remote learning. It likewise shows cloud computing alternatives, including its conveyance models and deployment techniques. Likewise illustrates bits of knowledge for DL managers and experts who are intrigued by embracing also executing cloud computing.

Key words: Cloud computing, IaaS, SaaS, PaaS

1. INTRODUCTION Post-freedom time has seen India thrive surprisingly in the field of giving higher training. Government activities alongside creative innovation have encouraged the training suppliers to beat all the limits and grant information in every corner. India could be numberd to gangs one of the biggest higher training frameworks on the planet. Still, there is a ton of untapped open door and potential for the advancement of higher instruction framework in India. Prior, instruction was acknowledged to be implied for the elites just, yet now instruction has gotten necessary for all, at any rate work a particular age. Different impediments of achieving general course of instruction opened ways to this elective framework, i.e., remote Learning. As stated by our detail, the current terrible enrolment proportion in higher instruction is not at standard with the world's normal. To meet this focus of world's normal, the nation is focusing on a high budgetary development of in excess of 8% in the impending years. In any case, to be at standard with the budgetary development in the worldwide commercial center fuelled by the information economy, the nation still needs to expand the amount of person enrolment in higher instruction. This must be attained through C.P.Jegan Raj, IJRIT


IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 422- 428

the improvement of remote training in the nation. As stated by our most recent exploration report, "Indian Remote Learning Market Analysis", the remote training showcase in India anticipated that will develop at the rate of around 24% throughout 2011-12 to 2015-16. On the once more of innovative improvement, expanding mindfulness, climbing personnel crunch, and expanding entrance of web in the nation, this business sector is foreseen to arrive at INR 87 Billion before the end of 2015-16. Nonetheless, the point of the government to raise its current GER from around 13% to 30% by 2020 that will additionally help the development of the remote instruction in India. As more staff and scholars are getting included in remote and mixed learning, there is expanded weight to construct remote learning projects and modules. Teachers of both mixed and remote courses are hoping to incorporate more information serious and computing intensive learning assets, for example, intelligent features, virtual planets, demonstrating and recreations, and Web 2.0 apparatuses in their courses [1]-[5]. The current IT framework offered by most remote learning projects is not likely to have the capacity to sufficiently meet the expanding requests and requirements of teachers and scholars in an effective and viable way. The demonstration of adding extra servers to the current IT framework possessed by each one remote learning unit requires some investment, is unmanageable, and doesn't address the hole between interest and supply. Therefore, another IT framework that can give adaptable and on-interest administrations to teachers and scholars needs to be investigated. To better help educators and learners for instructing what's more learning, and to expand the aggressive focal point, remote learning units need to always advance and upgrade their IT foundation, assets, furthermore business forms. What's in the cloud? By imparting IT benefits in the cloud, an instruction establishment can outsource non-center administrations and better focus on offering people, instructors, staff, and staff the vital apparatuses to help them succeed. Both open furthermore private organizations can utilize the cloud to convey better administrations, even as they work with fewer assets. To fill a noteworthy crevice in the remote learning writing and to better help remote learning managers and specialists comprehend and receive cloud computing, this paper gives a few bits of knowledge to creating cloud computing methods for remote learning, taking into account the writing survey and on the writers' years of reasonable encounter in remote learning. These bits of knowledge are expected to support remote learning chairmen and specialists when they are coordinating cloud computing as a piece of their IT method arranging. Utilizing cloud computing within Remote Learning: Profits: 

Significant Cost Reduction

Access to requisitions from anyplace

Support for showing and learning

There is most likely these cloud computing confinements have a noteworthy effect on relocation choices or that more research needs to be carried out to address these Impediments [6]. Numerous engineering results (e.g., security, following, expense assessing advances) and non-engineering results (strategies, regulations) are constantly C.P.Jegan Raj, IJRIT


IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 422- 428

created to help moderate the tests of and the worries about cloud computing dangers. To effectively receive cloud computing in remote learning, participation around DL chairmen and experts, different facilities staff, cloud clients (educators and understudies), and cloud administration suppliers is required. It is likewise paramount to note that the movement of IT provisions and frameworks to the cloud requires some serious energy.

2. Cloud Computing Architecture for Remote Education Considering, arranging, and working in the cloud requires establishments/colleges to adapt to particular tests of cloud environment [7], for example, unverifiable definitions, protection, contractual and jurisdictional issues, hazard and non execution, interoperability, system limit, rearchitecturing, staff and recognitions. Likewise, the reception of cloud building design includes overcoming boundaries, such as: approach and control issues, new administrations that will move above grounds before more seasoned progressed in the direction of oneself administrations, utilizing an "incidental system" structured around purchaser decision [8], authoritative society an

Fig1: Shows administration model for cloud building design for Remote training Concerning cloud displays, the principle contrasts between public and private in the instructive environment are introduced in Fig 2. Half breed models are additionally utilized (for instance Panasas private cloud joined with Amazon open cloud stockpiling) and in addition group ones (for instance Virginia Virtual Computing Lab).

C.P.Jegan Raj, IJRIT


IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 422- 428

Fig 2:Differences between Public and Private Cloud Public Cloud Public clouds are possessed and worked by outsider administration suppliers. Clients profit from economies of scale in light of the fact that foundation expenses are spread over all clients, therefore permitting every individual customer to work on an ease, "pay-as-you-go" model. An alternate focal point of public cloud frameworks is that they are ordinarily bigger in scale than an in-house undertaking cloud, which furnishes customers with consistent, on-interest versatility. It is likewise essential to note that all clients on public clouds impart the same framework pool to constrained arrangements, security securities and accessibility differences, as these variables are wholly overseen and backed by the administration supplier. Private Cloud Private clouds are those that are manufactured solely for a singular venture. They permit the firm to have requisitions in the cloud, while tending to concerns in regards to information security and control, which is frequently needing in a public nature's domain. There are two varieties of private clouds: On-Premise Private Cloud: This organization, otherwise called an "interior cloud," is facilitated inside an association's own particular server farm. It gives a more institutionalized procedure and security, however is regularly constrained in size and versatility. Additionally, an association's IT division might acquire the capital and operational expenses for the physical assets with this model. On-reason private clouds are best utilized for requisitions that oblige complete control and configurability of the base and security. Remotely Hosted Private Cloud: This private cloud model is facilitated by an outside cloud computing supplier, (for example, Eze Castle Integration). The administration supplier encourages a select cloud environment with full insurance of protection. This arrangement is suggested for associations that incline toward not to utilize a public cloud foundation because of the dangers connected with the imparting of physical assets. The accompanying realistic shows the distinction between client private clouds and supplier private clouds. The group models showed up because of the expansion of weight in the earth (need of drawing up reports, checking instructive, demographic and monetary data beginning from the minute of enlisting understudies and until the end of the instructive stage) and likewise because of the favorable circumstances advertised by cooperation (assessing victory on the work business sector, underlining the instructive quality, advancement). The effective utilization of Cloud Computing in Remote learning presupposes the presence of three key components, specifically virtualization, the insights from the system and a vigorous environment. These offer the support for getting

C.P.Jegan Raj, IJRIT


IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 422- 428

operational effectiveness, security, movement duration, adaptability, interoperability heading at last to development. Also, a government contribution in sorting out an unified cloud at the level of Remote learning may stabilize the scholarly field [18] and lead to quick brings about examination and enhancement.

3. Developing Cloud Computing Strategies For Remote Learning In light of the writing survey and on years of commonsense encounter in remote learning, this paper gives a few bits of knowledge to creating cloud computing methods for remote learning. Since each remote learning unit has its own particular contemplations and going with objectives, the bits of knowledge that are offered in this paper are general in nature and don't contain a set of particular directions about what to do or how to destroy it terms of the appropriation of cloud computing. It is improbable that cloud computing can address the sum of the IT issues, yet it could be the response to some exceptionally particular ones [10]. Each remote learning unit will need to utilize its expected steadiness to focus whether the profits of cloud computing exceed the dangers, taking into account its exceptional the earth furthermore circumstances. Analysts at Infosys Corporation propose that an arrangement of steps are required for cloud reception. Around these are evaluation, acceptance, planning, and execution. Besides, those remote learning units that have dead set to receive cloud computing need to take the time and exertion to plan a cloud computing technique alongside an arrange that will work best for their own needs. Remote learning executives and specialists must be persevering about securing institutional information and must hone their agreement composing abilities with cloud administration suppliers. Beginning from the late inquires about identified with the move to Cloud Computing, Author recommend a moving technique towards cloud, framed of the accompanying stages(fig 3): a) creating the information base about Cloud computing; b) assessing the present phase of the college from the perspective of the IT needs, structure furthermore utilization;

Fig 3: Cloud Strategy in Remote Learning

C.P.Jegan Raj, IJRIT


IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 422- 428

c) testing the Cloud Computing results; d) picking the Cloud Computing result; e) usage and administration of the Cloud Computing result. 

Developing the knowledge base about Cloud Computing. The principal step comprises in creating the

information base by partaking at classes, meetings, discourses with the suppliers and counseling the latest looks into in the field. The achievement of the stage relies on upon the designation of sufficient assets for examination, for seeing how Cloud Computing works in distinctive hierarchical structures from colleges and between foundations [11], the profits and dangers, arrangements and the best utilization practices of Cloud Computing. The examination is directed by a group shaped basically of IT staff who forever corresponds with the clients of the result in regards to the targets, the advancement, expenses and profits of the Cloud Computing result. 

Evaluating the present phase of the Remote learning from the perspective of the IT needs,

structure and utilization. The main step comprises in understanding the Remote Learning IT

base. The

administration situated building design speaks to the base for comprehension the information, administrations, procedures and provisions that may be moved or need to be looked after inside the Organization/college, in order to watch the security approach. Regarding the IT needs, their structure and use, the examination may begin from the classes of clients who cooperate with the present IT base and their necessities.

4. Conclusions and Future Research Cloud computing gives a great result which should address a portion of the IT tests and bring new open doors to remote learning. Organizations/Universities have started to stick to this activity and there are evidences that demonstrate noteworthy diminishing of liabilities because of the execution of cloud results. The point of this exploration to distinguish the particularities of selection of Cloud Computing towards Indian instruction Remote Learning. Principally, Researcher have acknowledged the dangers and profits of cloud building design and proposed a cloud selection technique fitting for Remote Learning. An examination of the information and the primary exercises that exist inside a Organization/college will be the beginning stage for picking a cloud show that ought to take into account the exceptional security necessities of Remote Learning and the accessible cloud results also. It is our conviction that this paper will help DL directors to decrease their perplexity about cloud computing, to consider cloud computing, and consequently to take part in more profitable dialogs about the best practices of cloud reception and its potential execution in remote learning.

References [1] Ismail, J. (2002). The Design of an e-Learning System Beyond the Hype. Internet and Higher Education, 4, 329336. [2] Govindasamy, T. (2002). Successful Implementation of e-Learning Pedagogical Considerations. Internet and Higher Education, 4, 287-299.

C.P.Jegan Raj, IJRIT


IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2014, Pg: 422- 428

[3] Sankey, M. & Huijser, H. (2009). A ‘likely benefit’ from aligning Web2.0 technologies with an institutions learning and teaching agenda. In T. Bastiaens et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2009 (pp. 3686-3695). Chesapeake, VA: AACE [4] Downey, S. (2010). Virtual Worlds – Taxonomy and Demographics. In J. Sanchez & K. Zhang (Eds.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2010 (pp. 1676-1685). Chesapeake, VA: AACE. [5] Chang, V. & Guetl, C. (2010). Generation Y Learning in the 21st Century: Integration of Virtual Worlds and Cloud Computing Services. In Z. Abas et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of Global Learn Asia Pacific 2010 (pp. 18881897). AACE. [6] Sriram, I. & Khajeh-Hosseini, A. (2010). Research Agenda in Cloud Technologies. Unpublished, Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.3259 [7] Bristow, R., Dodds, T., Northam, R. & Plugge, L. (2010). “Cloud Computing and the Power to Choose,” EDUCAUSE, [Online], [Retrieved October 5, 2010], http://www.educause.edu/ EDUCAUSE+ Review/EDUCAUSEReviewMagazineVolume45/cloudComputingandthePowertoCho/205498 [8] Katz, R. N, Goldstein, P. J. & Yanosky, R. [2009]. “Demystifying Cloud Computing for Higher Education”, EDUCAUSE.






https:/pantherfile.uwm.edu/mzwoo/public/cloudcomputing/ERB0919.pdf [9] Katz, R. N, Goldstein, P. J. & Yanosky, R. [2010]. “Cloud Computing in Higher Education”, EDUCAUSE, [Online],[Retrived October 5, 2010], http://net.educause.edu/section_params/conf /CCW10 /highered.pdf [10] Blanton, S & Schiller, C. (2010). Is There Safety in theCloud? EDUCAUSE Quarterly,33(2). Retrieved from http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE +Quarterly/EDUCAUSEQuarterlyMagazineVolum/IsThereSafetyintheC loud/206543[11] Wyld, D. C. (2009). “Cloud Computing 101:Universities areMigrating to The Cloud for Functionality and Savings,”Computer Sight. [Online], [Retrieved October 5, 2010], http://computersight.com/programming/clo



functionalityand-savings [12] Allen, E. & Seaman, J. (2010). Learning on Demand: Onlineeducation in the United States, 2009. Wellesley, MA: TheSloan Consortium. [13] Drexler, W. (2010). The networked student model forconstruction of personal learning environments: Balancingteacher control and student autonomy. Australasian Journal ofEducational Technology, 26(3), pp. 369-385.http://www.ascilite.org.au/ajet/ajet26/drexler.html [14] IBM (2009). Business Strategy for Cloud Providers: The Case for Potential Cloud Services Providers. White paper.Retrieved from ftp://public.dhe.ibm.com/ common/ssi/ecm/en/gbw03096usen /GBW03096USEN.PDF [15]











http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Quarterly/EDUCAUSE QuarterlyMagazineVolume /CloudComputingExplained/206526

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Implementation of Cloud Computing in remote Learning - IJRIT

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