The Historical Society of the U. S. Courts in the Eleventh Circuit

11th Circuit

Historical News Volume VIII, Number 1

Spring 2011

Middle District of Alabama continues to preserve history with newest feature – the Frank M. Johnson, Jr. collection By Reginald T. Hamner* The Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Federal Building and U. S. Courthouse is itself on the National Register of Historical Places, having been so designated in 1998. The building was authorized in 1931 and occupied in 1933. An annex was completed in 2002.

The Middle District of Alabama was created as the Federal Judiciary grew from Alabama’s early territorial beginnings to its present day jurisdiction. It has a rich history in both the cases originating in the U.S. District Court in Montgomery and the many judges who served on the court through the years. Mindful of its past, the U.S. District Court made a conscious decision, as the new complex was being built and the renovations planned, to preserve the court’s history. It began with the establishment of a Historical Committee composed of lawyers, judges and historians in 1999. The committee was to determine how best to organize material in court files, gather material that was missing during certain periods and preserve these historical artifacts for

The U. S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama and the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit occupy space in the complex along with other court family units. Following the completion of the new court facilities in 2002, the Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse was renovated and many of its architectural features were restored to their original beauty and design. As the need for government space Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr. had grown through the years, the General Services Administration had future generations. modified much of the original interior design and installed air conditioning. Then-Chief U.S. District Judge W. Harold Albritton III, and the Committee’s first chair, Montgomery attorney John The building was originally designed to house a single U.S. B. Scott Jr., and the Committee began a work that can be District Courtroom and judicial chambers, plus a Court of seen at the Complex today. Appeals courtroom and chambers for a single U. S. Circuit Judge, as well as a post office, congressional space and space for other federal agencies. It had been modified through the years and much of its original design was lost. It housed five U.S. District Judges, four U.S. Circuit Judges and four U.S. Magistrate Judges, the U.S. Marshal, and a U.S. senator when the new facility was begun.

Panels are installed in the atrium of the public spaces in the new building. One chronicles the history of the court itself and is focused on the cases the court has decided. The other panel depicts the history of the various courthouse buildings used through the years by the U.S.

Historical News is produced as a courtesy by The Florida Bar.

continued, page 3

Message from the president

A farewell and musings on the rule of law including Judge Roll, who died while shielding a wounded victim from the gun fire. The developments in Tunisia, Egypt and elsewhere now have the world facing much uncertainty and many questions. It is certainly arguable that the best response to many of those questions was answered at Runnymede.

It is with sadness I begin this column because of the recent death at age 86 of my mentor, long-time partner and friend, Judge Alex T. Howard, Jr. of Mobile. The physician father of a lifelong friend of mine frequently said that pneumonia was an old man’s friend. I am confident that after taking on Alex Howard, pneumonia is having second thoughts about that friendship. I extend ben h. harris, jr. the condolences and best wishes of all those affiliated with the Society to Anne, to Alex’s son and daughter, Sandy and Catherine, and to all of his family.

Recently, I was given a full tour of the Frank M. Johnson Courthouse in Montgomery by our Trustee Reggie Hamner, who was charged with the responsibility for building the magnificent extension to that Courthouse. Housed in that splendid building is the Frank M. Johnson Collection, which chronicles Judge Johnson’s career from his days as a U. S. Army lieutenant in the ranks of the Greatest Generation up through at least the Presidential Medal of Freedom. It is most fitting that Judge Johnson’s courageous commitment to the rule of law is so prominently displayed.

I am pleased to report that we have received three additional oral histories for the Society’s Oral History Project. Our sincere thanks to:

• Chris and Carol Sue Mitchell for the oral history of Senior District Judge James Hancock;

I wish to remind our officers, Trustees and members of the meeting of the Historical Society at the Eleventh Circuit Judicial Conference in Orlando at 4:45 p.m. on April 28. All attendees of the Conference are welcome and invited to attend. Thinking back to Runnymede on June 15, 1215, and the unparalleled import of what occurred on that day speaks well of the Eleventh Circuit’s foresight in establishing a Historical Society. The rule of law is inextricably linked with history. I conclude with verses from Rudyard Kipling’s poem, The Reeds of Runnymede:

• Hank Fellows for the oral history of Senior District Judge Charles Moye and; • Ronan Doherty for the oral history of Eleventh Circuit Judge Stanley Birch. I trust this will inspire others of us to obtain further oral histories of judges in our circuit. Many events of 2011 bring to mind the importance of the Anglo-American commitment to Magna Carta. The establishment of the rule of law on June 15, 1215, on the fields of that celebrated meadow on the Thames called Runnymede, was never more important than it is today. Our roles as guardians of that commitment must never be forgotten.

At Runnymede, at Runnymede, What say the reeds at Runnymede? The lissome reeds that give and take, That bend so far, but never break. They keep the sleeping Thames awake With tales of John at Runnymede.

The senseless and tragic taking of the lives of Arizona Chief U. S. District Judge John M. Roll and five others, and the critical wounding of U. S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and many others vibrated across this nation. The immediate extension of sympathy and condolences by Chief Judge Dubina and all of the Judges of the Eleventh Judicial Circuit and the extending of best wishes for the complete and speedy recovery of Rep. Giffords and all the others injured during those violent acts was most appropriate. There were many heroes in Tucson on Jan. 8, 2011,

At Runnymede, at Runnymede, Your rights were won at Runnymede! No freeman shall be fined or bound, Or dispossessed of freehold ground, Except by lawful judgment found And passed upon him by his peers. Forget not, after all these years, The Charter Signed at Runnymede.

Visit the 11th Circuit Historical Society Web site: 2

Judge Johnson, from page 1 District Court in the middle district. Museum cases are located beneath the panels and courthouse artifacts, pieces of evidence, and items personal to court personnel are displayed and rotated.

hobby, and the precedent-setting decisions rendered by Judge Johnson are included. A centerpiece of the collection is the 48 star silk flag that hung in his U. S. District Courtroom. His reverence for the flag is noted in one of the many books written about Judge Johnson. His wit is displayed when he compares this special flag to the nylon flag he had as a U. S. Circuit Judge. This flag was discovered in his chambers closet, after his death, preserved in a dry cleaning bag with a 1971 ticket still attached.

In addition, portraits were acquired from court archives, family members, and other sources. These line the galleries of the second floor. All judges who have served on the court and are not in active service, along with their biographies, are included. A judge’s portrait is placed there upon assuming senior status or otherwise leaving the court.

Special to the collection is his Presidential Medal of Freedom presented by President Clinton to Judge Johnson, the Third Annual Devitt Award, the program noting his election to the Alabama Academy of Honor, the Alabama Lawyers Hall of Fame enshrinement plaque, the American Bar Association’s Thurgood Marshall Award, the Time magazine cover and the cover of the Alabama Lawyer on which he (and Mrs. Johnson) appeared. He was the first non-president of the Alabama State Bar to be so honored. The flag that draped his casket is also in the collection.

A written history of the court from 1804 through 1955 was published by the University of Alabama School of Law, Bounds Collection, in 2010. The author was R. Volney Riser. This project was supported by a grant from the Alabama Law Foundation. In addition, a colorful booklet was published by the committee at the time of the new building’s dedication in 2002. It presents the U.S. District Court Judges, U.S. Magistrate Judges, U. S. Bankruptcy Judges and Court Clerks who have served the court to present day. It includes a history of the court’s building and records those who have served as U.S. Attorney and U.S. Marshal in the Middle District of Alabama.

Judge Johnson’s desk will occupy an area in the room where people desiring to research his opinions may sit. This conference room is a unique and special place to meet. The meeting space is surrounded by an incredible display of history of the man for whom the courthouse complex is named. A special feature of the cases holding the collection is the sensor controlled lighting system which is activated by the presence of the person standing in the particular exhibit area. This system will preserve the displays from heat and excessive light exposure.

The newest feature in the court’s historical preservation project is the Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Collection. It is housed in the Joint Use Conference Room on the second floor of the Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Federal Building and U. S. Courthouse. The space formerly was used as the office of the U. S. District Court Clerk. The space can be used for training seminars, law clerk orientation, court committee meetings, and visitor orientation.

The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama assumed responsibility for preserving its storied and distinguished past. The Judges, Court staff, and many lawyer volunteers are proud trustees of the courts’ past and encourage future generations to update this preservation effort.

Mrs. Ruth Johnson presented to the court a veritable treasure of personal items associated with Judge Johnson. With the capable help of professional museum curators, David and Frances Robb, the Historical Committee has been able to preserve for generations to come these gifts that chronicle the life of Judge Johnson from his earliest childhood in Winston County, his service in WWII (his purple heart and Bronze Star); his Jasper, Ala., law practice; his appointment as U.S. Attorney, NDAL; as well as, his service as both a U.S. District Court Judge and U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals Judge.

*Reginald T. Hamner is a member of the Alabama State Bar and served as Executive Director of that organization for 25 years. During that time, he served as President of the Alabama Council of Association Executives and the National Association of Bar Executives. Hamner retired from the State Bar in 1994. In 1995, he accepted the position of Court Project Coordinator with the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. In that capacity, Hamner has represented the Court’s interest in the construction of the annex to the Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse, as well as renovation of that historic building. See photos on pages 4-6.

The collection contains photos, newspaper articles and editorials, honorary degrees, and editorial cartoons. His law clerk reunions, his fishing and wood-working


Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr.

The marker outside the Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Montgomery, Ala.

Panels in the atrium of the Frank M. Johnson Jr. Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse chronicle the history of the court itself though its cases while another depicts history of the various courthouse buildings used through the years.

Publications about the Middle District of Alabama

Curators David and Frances Robb assembled the donations for the Frank M. Johnson Jr. Collection


Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr.

Medals awarded to Frank M. Johnson during World War II

Editorials written about Judge Johnson

Editorial cartoons are also part of the collection

Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Montgomery, Ala. (Source: National Archives, RG 121-BS, Box 2, Folder R)

Chief Judge Joel F. Dubina and Judge W. Harold Albritton III stand before the centerpiece of the collection, a 48 star silk flag that hung in Judge Johnson’s U. S. District Courtroom when he first became a judge.


Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr.

A plaque near the flag display explains Judge Johnson’s devotion to the U.S. flag

Special to the collection is Judge Frank M. Johnson’s Presidential Medal of Freedom presented to him by President Clinton

Judge Johnson was featured on a Time magazine cover in 1967

The Society wishes to thank Lori Thrower, U.S. District Court, Middle Alabama, for providing us with the photos from the Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Collection.

Some of Judge Johnson's many awards and commendations


2011 Eleventh Circuit Judicial Conference April 28 – 30, Walt Disney World Swan Hotel, Orlando, Fla. By Patricia K. Olney* chapel interior designed for the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago. Transportation from the Swan Hotel is included in this program, which offers a chance to visit one of Central Florida’s loveliest communities.

Walt Disney World and Central Florida are the setting for this year’s 2011 Circuit Judicial Conference, which will take place at Disney’s Swan Hotel April 28 through April 30. The theme for the Conference is “Sea, Space, and Science: Exploring the Legal Implications.” The biennial conference promises stimulating educational meetings, opportunities to interact with the judiciary and unique social events for attendees, their families and guests.

A reception for all conferees and guests hosted by state, federal and local bar associations will take place Thursday evening followed by dinner at the Swan Hotel and entertainment by the Orlando Ballet. A fully supervised “Kids’ Special Night” will be available for children ages 4 through 12 and will include arts, crafts, age appropriate games and toys, and video games. The Swan Hotel is also a viewing site for “Illuminations: Reflections of Earth,” Epcot’s spectacular fireworks, laser and water show held nightly, weather permitting.

The Call to Order of the Conference on Thursday morning will be preceded by an inspiring Musical Prelude featuring the Bethune Cookman College Chorale. Substantive programs for Thursday morning include Professor Michael Sugrue’s “History of the World in One Hour” and a panel discussion about “Property Rights in Outer Space” featuring former NASA astronaut Frederick D. Gregory, Colonel, USAF, retired. A veteran of three shuttle missions, Col. Gregory is also a former NASA deputy administrator.

Programs scheduled for Friday, April 29, will further explore the Conference’s theme: The morning begins with a presentation by Charles T. DuMars, Esq., on “Water Law 101: Riparian and Prior Appropriation Water Law, East meets West.” Dr. Mark Frank will then address “Deceit and Deception.” Judge William R. “Bill” Wilson of the Eastern District of Arkansas will entertain conferees with his luncheon remarks. The afternoon will be devoted to a program on “Developments in Genetics” by Dr. Greg Barsh. Finally there will be a presentation by Joel Achenback on “Surviving the Age of Bad Information.”

Thursday afternoon is devoted to roundtable discussions for attorneys and judges from each of the three states, with a special session for bankruptcy practitioners. The Eleventh Circuit Historical Society will conduct its own meeting Thursday afternoon following the conclusion of the Roundtables. As Central Florida is one of the most popular family vacation destinations in the world, the Planning Committee has given special attention to arranging unique programs designed to make attendance at the 2011 Conference particularly memorable. Guests of conferees on Thursday may register for a Winter Park Cultural Tour, which features a scenic boat tour through the beautiful lakes and canals of historic Winter Park, a tour of the Charles Hosmer Morse Museum of American Art and shopping along Park Avenue.

Conference guests will have two special Disney events available on Friday. A Breakfast on the Beach adjoining the Lake Terrace at the Swan Hotel will feature Disney characters and continental breakfast offerings. Guests may also sign up for “Inspiration: Through Walt’s Eyes,” a three-hour underground tour of Disney World that provides special access to backstage locations and a tour of the hidden Utilidor system beneath the Magic Kingdom Park. Participants will hear engaging stories about Walt Disney’s vision in creating Walt Disney World Resort. The tour will conclude at noon leaving time for guests to enjoy all that Disney has to offer.

The Morse Museum is famed for its collection of works by Louis Comfort Tiffany – the most comprehensive collection of his works in the world – which includes the

continued, next page

Hotel reservations

Conference registration

Make hotel reservations directly with the Swan Hotel in Orlando by calling 888/828-8850 (toll-free), or 407/9344000. Ask for the group rate for the “Eleventh Circuit Judicial Conference.” Hotel reservations can also be made online through the hotel’s website:

For further information or registration forms, please contact the Office of the Circuit Executive at [email protected] or (404) 335-6535. Reservations are required for special guest programs and early registration is strongly encouraged as several of the guest programs have minimum and maximum participation levels.


Hotel reservations can also be made online through the hotel’s website:

Although the Conference will formally conclude at 5 p.m. on Friday, April 29, a new CLE program will take place Saturday morning from 8:30 to 10:30 a.m. and will be available to attorneys who cannot attend the Conference itself. “Breakfast with the Judges” will afford newer members of the bar a chance to join conferees and judges for a breakfast discussion. Its mid-morning conclusion will leave ample time for conferees to join their families and explore Central Florida’s theme parks, museums, shopping or the nearby Kennedy Space Center.

Under the leadership of Committee Chair District Judge John Antoon, the Planning Committee has organized a cutting edge program for attorneys and judges, coupled with an interesting array of social events exclusively available to spouses, family members and guests of conferees. As the Eleventh Circuit marks 30 years of service to the states of Alabama, Florida and Georgia, the biennial Judicial Conference provides a unique opportunity for circuit, district, magistrate and bankruptcy judges to join together with lawyers, legal educators and others who seek to improve the administration of justice within the circuit.

For further information or registration forms please contact the Office of the Circuit Executive at [email protected] or (404) 335-6535. Reservations are required for special guest programs and early registration is strongly encouraged as several of the guest programs have minimum and maximum participation levels. Hotel reservations should be made directly with the Swan Hotel in Orlando by calling 888-828-8850 and asking for the group rate for the “Eleventh Circuit Judicial Conference”.

*Patricia K. Olney practices in Merritt Island, Fla., and is Florida Bar Board Certified in Admiralty and Maritime Law. She is on the Planning Committee for this year’s Eleventh Circuit Judicial Conference.

2010 Special Contributors to the 11th Circuit Historical Society We would like to recognize the following law firms, individuals, bar association and donor-advised fund for their generous support of the Society from January 2010 through December 2010. Contributions were made under the Keystone Firm, Contributing, Sustaining, or Patron membership categories. ALABAMA James P. Alexander – Birmingham Baxley, Dillard, Dauphin, McKnight & James – Birmingham Bradley Arant Boult Cummings – Birmingham Julian D. Butler – Huntsville Capell & Howard – Montgomery Copeland, Franco, Screws & Gill – Montgomery Hardwick, Hause, Segrest & Walding – Dothan Hare, Wynn, Newell & Newton – Birmingham Ben H. Harris Jr. – Mobile Lightfoot, Franklin & White – Birmingham Maynard, Cooper & Gale – Birmingham M. Roland Nachman Jr. – Montgomery North & Associates – Birmingham Parsons, Lee & Juliano – Birmingham Herman “Buck” Watson Jr. – Huntsville J. Mark White – Birmingham

FLORIDA Akerman Senterfitt – Orlando Bedell, Dittmar, DeVault, Pillans & Coxe – Jacksonville Boies, Schiller and Flexner – Miami Carlton Fields – Miami

Cole, Scott & Kissane – Miami Diaz, Reus & Targ – Miami Michael V. Elsberry – Winter Park Fowler White Burnett – Miami John F. Harkness Jr. – Tallahassee Wayne Hogan – Jacksonville Holland & Knight – Tampa Hunton & Williams – Miami Kozyak Tropin & Throckmorton – Coral Gables Moseley, Prichard, Parrish, Knight & Jones – Jacksonville Pajcic & Pajcic – Jacksonville Podhurst Orseck – Miami James C. Rinaman Jr. – Jacksonville Searcy, Denney, Scarola, Barnhart & Shipley – West Palm Beach William J. Sheppard – Jacksonville Shook, Hardy & Bacon – Miami Smith Hulsey & Busey – Jacksonville Sidney A. Stubbs Jr. – North Palm Beach Timon V. Sullivan – Tampa

GEORGIA Arnall Golden Gregory – Atlanta Baker, Donelson, Bearman, Caldwell & Berkowitz – Atlanta The Barnes Law Group – Marietta


Bondurant, Mixson & Elmore – Atlanta Bryan Cave – Atlanta Butler, Wooten & Fryhofer – Columbus John A. Chandler – Atlanta DLA Piper (US) – Atlanta Dow Lohnes – Atlanta James L. Ewing IV – Atlanta Federal Bar Association, Atlanta Chapter – Atlanta Foltz Martin – Atlanta Hunter Maclean – Savannah Jones Day – Atlanta Kilpatrick Stockton – Atlanta King & Spalding – Atlanta McKenna Long & Aldridge – Atlanta Mozley, Finlayson & Loggins – Atlanta Rogers & Hardin – Atlanta Alan F. Rothschild Jr. through The Fort Trustee Fund Community Foundation of the Chattahoochee Valley – Columbus Scherffius, Ballard, Still & Feagle – Atlanta Schreeder, Wheeler & Flint – Atlanta Sutherland – Atlanta Elizabeth V. Tanis – Atlanta Troutman Sanders – Atlanta Weinberg, Wheeler, Hudgins, Gunn & Dial – Atlanta

Judge Alex T. Howard Jr. 1924 - 2011

Judge Alex T. Howard, Jr., Senior U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of Alabama, died at home in Mobile on Thursday, Feb. 10, 2011, at the age of 86 after a lengthy bout with pneumonia. Judge Howard was appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1986 and served as Chief Judge for the Southern District of Alabama from 1989 to 1994.

of Trustees, and served on numerous committees. Judge Howard had a great love for travel and was a private airplane pilot with instrument and multi-engine ratings. During his tenure on the bench, he presided over a civil trial in which an all white jury ordered the United Klans of America to pay $7 million to the family of a young black man who was lynched in Mobile in 1981. In 1997, sitting by special designation on the Eleventh U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Judge Howard wrote the opinion in the case involving the tragic train crash of the Amtrak Sunset Limited in the Mobile-Tensaw Delta. Judge Howard determined that state law conflicted with the basic principles of admiralty law and overturned a colleague on Mobile’s federal bench.

After graduating from Murphy High School in 1941, he attended Auburn University but was soon serving in the U.S. Army with the 106th Infantry Division in the European theater during World War II. He was a veteran of the Battle of the Bulge and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Infantry while in France at age 20. Upon returning from the war, he attended the University of Alabama and later graduated from Vanderbilt University School of Law in 1950.

Cecily Kaffer, a Mobile lawyer who clerked for Judge Howard from 1988 to 1990, said she learned a great deal from him. “He understood the significance and importance of being a federal judge. He wrestled with the rights and wrongs of it, trying to follow the law even when it wasn’t the way he would have wanted it to be.” His partner, Tom Rue, said, “He was a very insightful courtroom lawyer, an evidentiary genius. He could make the most persuasive argument.”

Before taking the bench, Judge Howard had a distinguished legal career with the Johnstone Adams firm in Mobile, where he was a partner from 1951 to 1986. He was a member of the International Society of Barristers, the Maritime Law Association of the United States, and served as President of the Mobile Bar Association in 1973. Judge Howard also served as Editor for the Port of Mobile for the American Maritime cases.

Judge Howard is survived by his wife of 59 years, Anne Boykin Howard, his son, Alexander T. Howard, III, his daughter, Catherine Howard Dawson, and five grandchildren and by two sisters and two brothers. He was predeceased by his parents, Judge and Mrs. Alex T. Howard Sr., and his brother, Dr. Percy J. Howard, who died in January 2011.

Judge Howard was a long time member of Dauphin Way United Methodist Church where he taught Sunday School, was a member of the Administrative Board, and the Board

SHARE YOUR NEWS! Submit items for publication in the 11th Circuit Historical News to Wanda Lamar, executive director of the Society. [E-mail: wanda_lamar] Historical articles on the federal courts and judges within the Eleventh Circuit will be considered, as well as investitures, courthouse dedications, portrait presentations, memorial ceremonies and oral history programs.


The Eleventh Circuit Historical Society

The Eleventh Circuit Historical Society P.O. Box 1556  •  Atlanta, Georgia 30301 (404) 335-6395

The Eleventh Circuit Historical Society is a private, nonprofit organization incorporated in Georgia on Jan. 17, 1983. Although the Society has no legal connection with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit or the federal government, its primary purpose is to keep a history of the courts of the Eleventh Circuit as institutions and of the judges who have served these courts. In this regard, the judges in the old Fifth Circuit from the states of Alabama, Florida and Georgia are included in the Society’s area of interest.

I hereby apply for membership in the class checked below and enclose my check for $___________ payable to the Eleventh Circuit Historical Society.

In addition, the Society has a broader mission to foster public appreciation of the federal court system in the states encompassed by the Eleventh Circuit. The formation of the Society came shortly after the creation of the Circuit in 1981. This timing has allowed the writing of history as current history, not as research history. The Society is devoted to preserving our courts’ heritage through the collection of portraits, photographs, oral histories, documents, news articles, books, artifacts and personal memorabilia. The Society’s permanent office is in the Elbert Parr Tuttle U.S. Court of Appeals Building in Atlanta. Its Board of Trustees is composed of lawyers and legal scholars representing the historical interests of Alabama, Florida and Georgia.

Annual Membership _______ Student _______ Individual _______ Associate _______ Contributing _______ Sustaining (individual) _______ Keystone (law firm)* _______ Patron

$  5.00 50.00 100.00 250.00 500.00 500.00 1,000.00

Name ________________________________________ Address ______________________________________ Telephone ____________________________________ E-mail ________________________________________ *KEYSTONE FIRMS: Please name five (5) members of your firm to be Society members. (1) ___________________________________________ (2) ___________________________________________ (3) ___________________________________________ (4) ___________________________________________ (5) ___________________________________________

While the Society’s archival activities are partially funded by grants and other special gifts, it primarily depends on members for financial support. Take pride in knowing that through your membership, you are helping to recapture memories of past events and thus supplementing historical knowledge that will enlighten and enrich present and future generations. In essence, the Society’s accomplishments belong to you. The Officers and Trustees of the Eleventh Circuit Historical Society cordially invite you to join in this rewarding challenge. You will be informed of future programs and activities.

The Historical News is published periodically by the Historical Society of the United States Courts in the Eleventh Circuit. To obtain a copy or information about the Society, please contact: Wanda W. Lamar, Executive Director The Eleventh Circuit Historical Society P.O. Box 1556, Atlanta, GA 30301 (404) 335-6395  •  [email protected] BOARD OF OFFICERS Chief Judge Joel F. Dubina - Honorary Chairman Ben H. Harris, Jr. - President James L. North - Vice President-Alabama Leonard H. Gilbert - Vice President-Florida George L. Murphy, Jr. - Vice President-Georgia Halsey G. Knapp, Jr. - Secretary John M. Tatum - Treasurer This newsletter produced courtesy of The Florida Bar.


Upcoming Meeting The Eleventh Circuit Historical Society Meeting will be held during the

Eleventh Circuit Judicial Conference Thursday, April 28, at 4:45 p.m., Walt Disney World Swan Hotel Orlando, Fla. All Historical Society members and Conference attendees are invited Conference information on pages 7 & 8.

Officers and Trustees The Eleventh Circuit Historical Society, Inc. Chief Judge Joel F. Dubina – Honorary Chairman Ben H. Harris, Jr. – President James L. North – Vice President, Alabama Leonard H. Gilbert – Vice President, Florida George L. Murphy, Jr. – Vice President, Georgia Halsey G. Knapp, Jr. – Secretary John M. Tatum – Treasurer

Alabama Trustees

Florida Trustees

Georgia Trustees

David A. Bagwell, Fairhope Julian D. Butler, Huntsville Walter R. Byars, Montgomery A. J. Coleman, Decatur N. Lee Cooper, Birmingham Harry W. Gamble, Jr., Selma Richard H. Gill, Montgomery Reginald T. Hamner, Montgomery Scott A. Powell, Birmingham

Timothy J. Armstrong, Coral Gables Linda A. Conahan, Fort Lauderdale Joel D. Eaton, Miami Suzanne E. Gilbert, Orlando John F. Harkness, Jr., Tallahassee John W. Kozyak, Coral Gables Roberto Martinez, Miami James C. Rinaman, Jr., Jacksonville E. Lanny Russell, Jacksonville

J. Ralph Beaird, Athens Robert M. Brinson, Rome A. Stephens Clay, Atlanta John J. Dalton, Atlanta Wallace E. Harrell, Brunswick William H. Larsen, Macon John T. Marshall, Atlanta Kirk M. McAlpin, Jr., Atlanta Chilton D. Varner, Atlanta


The Florida Bar 651 East Jefferson Street Tallahassee, FL 32399-2300



Historical News

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