IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 8, August 2014, Pg. 107-110

International Journal of Research in Information Technology (IJRIT) www.ijrit.com

ISSN 2001-5569

Heat Recycling Of Data Centers Abhishek Gautam1, Kritika Acharya2 1


M.Tech, Energy Engineering, D.I.T University Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India [email protected]

M.Tech, Computer Science And Engineering, D.I.T University Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India [email protected] Abstract

Data centers are the building blocks of IT business organizations providing the capabilities of centralized repository for storage, management, networking and dissemination of data. With the rapid increase in the capacity and size of data centers, there is a continuous increase in generation of wasted heat that needs to be removed. All data center are plagued with thousands of servers as major components. These servers consume huge energy without performing useful work. This paper focuses on the use of an emerging technology to achieve energy efficient data centers by providing a solution to reduce the overheating of server components. Proposed method helps in implementing green data centers to ensure that IT infrastructure contributes as little as possible to the emission of green house gases, and helps to regain power and cooling capacity, recapture resilience and dramatically reducing energy costs and total cost of ownership.

Keywords- Data center, thermoelectric generators, heat exchanger, server room, control station.

1. Introduction Predictions indicate that in the next decade data center racks may dissipate 70kW of heat, up from the current levels of 10-15kW. Due to this increase, solutions must be found to increase the efficiency of data center cooling. In this paper an idea has been suggested to recycle the excess heat produce in a data center. Thermoelectric generators can be installed inside or near the data centers wherever possible to utilize the wasted heat of the data center.[8]

Data CenterData centers are physical or virtual infrastructure used by enterprises to house computer, server and networking systems and components for the company's information technology (IT) needs, which typically involve storing, processing and serving large amounts of mission-critical data to clients in a client/server architecture.[2] A data center, or datacenter, often requires extensive redundant or backup power supply systems, cooling systems, redundant networking connections and policy-based security systems for running the enterprise's core applications. Data center management involves ensuring the reliability of both the connections to the data center as well as the mission-critical information contained within the data center's storage. It also entails efficiently placing application workloads on the most cost-effective compute resource available.[3] Main components of a data center are as follows:

Heat Exchangers

Located on the data center’s roof, heat exchangers release excess heat from the turbo-cooling units into the air. When outside temperatures are high, the exchangers are sprinkled with water to increase the efficiency of heat dissipation. Abhishek Gautam, IJRIT


IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 8, August 2014, Pg. 107-110

Extinguishing Gas

Water, extinguishing foam, or powder fire suppression systems can cause more damage in a data center than a charred cable. For that reason, special extinguishing gases are preferred. INERGEN, an extinguishing gas, displaces the oxygen content in the air, which smothers the fire source. It is harmless to people and the equipment.

Turbo-Cooling Units

High-efficiency cooling units remove the heat emitted by the air conditioning system and release it into the outside air via heat exchangers on the roof.

The wire to the outside world

Telecommunications connect the data center to public data networks.

Control Station

Control stations for the IT and building security serve as command central in the data center. All important information is displayed here on large screens. Any variation from standard operation is promptly reported.

Server Room

Servers and storage units are generally located in racks in especially secured server rooms. The racks are kept in an enclosed area to enable optimal cooling. Server rooms are only entered sporadically and for short periods of time.[7]

Fig.1- General Data Center Architecture

Thermoelectric GeneratorThermoelectric generators are all solid-state devices that convert heat into electricity. Unlike traditional dynamic heat engines, thermoelectric generators contain no moving parts and are completely silent. Such generators have been used reliably for over 30 years of maintenance free operation in deep space probes.[1] A thermoelectric produces electrical power from heat flow across a temperature gradient. As the heat flows from hot to cold, free charge carriers (electrons or holes) in the material are also driven to the cold end. The resulting voltage (V) is proportional to the temperature difference (∆T) via the Seebeck coefficient, α, (V = α∆T). By connecting an electron conducting (n-type) and hole conducting (p-type) material in series, a net voltage is produced that can be driven through a load.[4]

Abhishek Gautam, IJRIT


IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 8, August 2014, Pg. 107-110

Fig.2-Thermoelectric Generator

2. Methodology A data center consumes vast amount of electricity and produces enormous amount of wasted heat that needs to be removed by cooling facilities. Our approach is to deploy and distribute a large number of small thermoelectric generators on or nearby server hotspot components and turn their wasted heat back into electrical energy. The idea is to extract energy from selected server hotspot components whose surface temperature can rise and sustain high enough for electricity regeneration using thermoelectric generators. When running 100% CPU utilization, the CPU temperature gradually climbs and thus it can easily be utilize by thermoelectric generators installed in the data centers. The energy generated from the work these systems would normally conduct in the data center has a value and can be used for many purposes. For example, one important purpose is to offset the cost of energy consumption in the same data center. The generated electrical power can supply the electronics and control systems or can be used for other purposes to increase the overall efficiency.

Data Center

Wasted Heat

Fig.3- Proposed Model

Abhishek Gautam, IJRIT


IJRIT International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Volume 2, Issue 8, August 2014, Pg. 107-110

3. Conclusion In this paper we proposed a technique to handle the wasted heat of data centers. The approach has been a strictly technical solution, improve server energy efficiency and reduce waste associated cooling and other non-computing energy demand. So it is concluded that by proper implementation, not only a huge amount of energy is saved but the effect of green house gases is also reduced, which makes data center more efficient, greener and cost effective.

4. References [1] Thermoelectrics: Basic Principles and New Materials Developments. [2] L. Barroso and U. Hoelzle, The Datacenter as a Computer. Morgan Claypool, 2009. [3] J. Mankoff, R. Kravets, and E. Blevis, “Some computer science issues in creating a sustainable world,” IEEE Computer, vol. 41, no. 8, Aug. 2008 [4] T. Shindo et al., “Thermoelectric Generating System for Effective Use of Unutilized Energy,” Toshiba Review, Vol. 63, No. 2, pp. 7-10. [5] D. Wang, C. Ren, A. Sivasubramaniam, B. Urgaonkar, and H. Fathy, “Energy storage in datacenters: what,where, and how much?” in Proceedings of the Conference on Measurement and Modeling of Computer Systems (SIGMETRICS), 2012. [6] C. Patel, R. Sharma, C. Bash, and A. Beitelmal, “Thermal considerations in cooling large scale high compute density data centers,” in The Eighth Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems.,2002. [7] U.S. EPA, “Report to congress on server and data center energy efficiency,” Tech. Rep., Aug. 2007 [8] New eco-efficient data center for Suvilahti, Helsinki, http://www.helen.fi/tiedotteet/tiedotteet.aspx?id=306&lang=en

Abhishek Gautam, IJRIT


Heat Recycling Of Data Centers

Proposed method helps in implementing green data centers to ensure that IT infrastructure contributes as little as possible to the emission of green house gases, ...

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