Ohio’s Prairie Landscape

Choosing the Right Plants

The land that greeted early settlers to Ohio was an expanse of great forests, with a scattering of small and large prairie openings. Today, only fragments of those prairie openings have survived. Their beautiful grasses and prairie wildflowers may be used today in backyard gardens and public spaces.

It is wise to use only those prairie species found naturally growing in Ohio. The following is a list of some beautiful, easy-to-grow prairie plants:

Grasses

• Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans) • little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium) • switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)

Forbs (wildflowers)

Native Prairie Seeds and Plants When grown from seeds, a prairie garden may take two, three or more years before flowers will appear. For the fastest growth, use containergrown plants. Seeds or plants purchased from vendors specializing in Ohio prairie species will give the best, most reliable results. Many prairie plants are rare or endangered, which means they are protected by law from unauthorized collection. Unless you have permission from the landowner, do not collect seeds from an existing prairie. It is illegal to collect seeds or plants from Ohio’s state nature preserves, wildlife areas and other state lands. When using seeds, site preparation is crucial. Be sure to place seeds on bare, firm weed-free soil. To keep weeds from dominating your garden in the first few years, infrequent mowing may be necessary while the small seedling prairie plants are growing deep roots.

• butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) • Culver’s root (Veronicastrum virginianum) • dense blazing star (Liatris spicata) • false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides) • foxglove beardtongue (Penstemon digitalis) • hairy sunflower (Helianthus mollis) • prairie coneflower (Ratibida pinnata) • purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) • rough blazing star (Liatris aspera) • tall coreopsis (Coreopsis tripteris) • Virginia mountain-mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum) • whorled rosinweed (Silphium trifoliatum) • wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

Maintaining your Prairie Garden The biggest challenge for prairie gardeners is controlling weeds during the first two or three years. Prairie plants spend their early years growing deep roots, while weeds grow quickly above, crowding and shading the still-short prairie seedlings.

Weeds can be controlled using herbicides, mulching and hand weeding. Young prairie seedlings can be difficult to identify, so use care when weeding. By the third growing season, the annual maintenance needed for most prairie gardens is the removal of last year’s dead stems and leaves. In early spring, the garden should be either raked off or mowed down with a lawn mower. Re-sprouting prairie plants need warm soils and direct sunshine. Removing the previous year’s stems and leaves will help new growth. The raked off prairie material makes ideal weed-suppressing mulch in other flower beds or vegetable gardens. A mature prairie garden requires no covering, no pruning, no spraying, no irrigation and no fertilizer—saving the prairie gardener hundreds of dollars in maintenance costs and hours of labor. In fact, there will be little for you to do, but enjoy your colorful natural landscape feature!

To learn more about Ohio’s prairie landscapes and protected prairie state nature preserves, please visit www.ohiodnr.com/dnap. Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Natural Areas and Preserves 2045 Morse Road, Bldg. F-1 Columbus, OH 43229 (614) 265-6453

Garden

Making a

Prairie

How to develop and maintain a healthy prairie garden

Making a Prairie Garden

Choosing a Suitable Site

Create a Planting Design

Prairie gardens, regardless of size, recreate small examples of one of Ohio’s most beautiful and rare ecosystems—the tallgrass prairie. Easy-to-grow prairie plants are among nature’s most spectacular flowers, producing blooms

An important first step in creating a prairie garden is to choose an appropriate site. The only requirement is adequate sunlight. Direct, day-long sunlight is best, although many prairie plants can grow with a half-day’s sunlight. Shaded sites, with less than a half-day of direct sunlight, will not support sun-loving prairie plants.

Once you’ve selected your site, consider developing a planting plan. Nurseries which sell prairie plants or seeds may also carry reference materials to help you select the best species for your prairie garden.

of brilliant yellows, reds and purples. Native prairie grasses and flowers are hardy species, resistant to disease, pests and drought. Most thrive in poor soils and once established, require little maintenance.

Prairie plants grow in three different soil types: xeric (dry), mesic (moderately moist) and hydric (wet) soils. However, they will thrive in a variety of soil textures ranging from clay to sand, and they will tolerate a wide range of soil fertility and acidity. Dry and mesic prairie plants prefer loose soil with good drainage. Wet species grow in poorly drained areas, where water stands after a heavy rain or soils are seasonally wet. Some prairie species may visually enhance problem areas, such as soggy areas or gravel hills. Check the site requirement for each plant species before planting them at your site.

For more detailed information, consider contacting the Ohio Prairie Association at www.ohioprairie.org or check with your local Master Gardener program, often located in your county’s extension office. The following tips will help you design an attractive and healthy prairie garden: • Use only native Ohio prairie species and, when possible, purchase your plants from an Ohio nursery. Species and plants from other states are not always adapted to Ohio’s soil and climate conditions. • Match plants to your soil—xeric, mesic or hydric.

• Fit the size of the plants to the size of your garden. Keep tall plants at the back. • Planting in curves, instead of rows, will give your prairie a natural look. • Include prairie grass clumps or clusters, which support other prairie flowers and provide wonderful winter colors and textures. • Plant species which will provide continuous color throughout the growing season. • Turn your prairie garden into a habitat oasis by selecting plants which are attractive to butterflies, birds and other wildlife. • For larger prairie gardens, add a path.

Garden - ODNR Division of Natural Areas & Preserves - Ohio ...

of small and large prairie openings. Today, ... necessary while the small seedling prairie plants are growing deep ... of direct sunlight, will not support sun-loving.

509KB Sizes 5 Downloads 38 Views

Recommend Documents

Ohio Deer Summary - ODNR Division of Wildlife - Ohio Department of ...
population levels, we have updated population goals using a combination of ...... that HD will not eliminate entire populations, the disease will come to an end with the ... Subsequent testing of nearly 300 free-ranging deer in .... http://wildlife.o

REPTILES OF OHIO field guide - ODNR Division of Wildlife
usage, the term reptile is still reserved for the alligators and ... HOW TO USE THIS GUIDE ...... spread of salmonella bacteria from turtles to children. .... Amount of line 24 that you wish to donateto the Military Injury Relief Fund ...............

wild-garden-naturalization-natural-grouping-PDF-c1f353ea0.pdf ...
wild-garden-naturalization-natural-grouping-PDF-c1f353ea0.pdf. wild-garden-naturalization-natural-grouping-PDF-c1f353ea0.pdf. Open. Extract. Open with.

Value of semi-natural areas as biodiversity indicators in ...
+358-9-19159738; fax: +358-9-19158463. E-mail address: [email protected] (R. Hietala-Koivu). ... dinates according to the Finnish grid system y; x):.

City Schools Division of
Jun 20, 2016 - and principles of K to 12 BEP and to ensure that quality education is .... Educational Technology is the effective use of technological tools in.

Division Education Development Plan Division of Ozamiz City.pdf ...
Division Education Development Plan Division of Ozamiz City.pdf. Division Education Development Plan Division of Ozamiz City.pdf. Open. Extract. Open with.

pdf-1428\chesapeake-ohio-coal-river-district-chesapeake-and-ohio ...
Try one of the apps below to open or edit this item. pdf-1428\chesapeake-ohio-coal-river-district-chesapeake-and-ohio-railway-by-wendell-mcchord.pdf.

CITY SCHOOLS DIvISION OF DASMARItIAS Division ...
the Teachers' Scholarship for Graduate Diploma in Cultural Education (GDCE) which submission ... C.DCE Program Information an Admission Requirement ,,. 2.

CITY SCHOOLS DIVISION OF DASMARISTAS
Mar 30, 2016 - Attached copy for information and guidance of all concerned is DepEd Memorandum No. 53,s. 2016 dated ... Other guidelines relative to the conduct of the 2016 Special PEPT are provided in the ... Security of Test Materials; d.

City Schools Division of Dasmarilias
Subject: MAPEH Calendar of Activities for SY 2016-2017. Date: June 23, 2016. To assure ... Hosting /Conduct of Sports Competition b. Eligibility requirements c.

City Schools Division of Dasmarifias
Feb 24, 2016 - School Heads (with Madrasah Education Program). Asatidz. FROM: MA ELA ... Phone: 046-432-9355, 046-432-9384 I Tele-Fax: 046-432-3629.

City Schools Division of Dasmaririas
Sep 5, 2016 - National Teachers Day and World Teachers' Day with the theme ... Email: [email protected] I Website: www.depeddasma.edu.ph.

CITY SCHOOLS DIVISION OF DASMARIIsIAS
Dec 29, 2015 - Jerlyn San Diego. The First United Christian School. Jonah Kris Llantino. Pintong Gubat Elementary School. Coach. 60. Allan A. Ojerio.

City Schools Division of Dasmaririas
Feb 29, 2016 - MANUELA S.TOLENTINO Ed, D. Schools Division Superintendent. Qualifying Exam for Special Science Class. Division Memorandum. No. 21.