t

2m5rks uNrT- 3 1) Dr.w

. tvrtet

@tumn

int.r.ctlor dr.tram .howirg the {ll.nr potrt

?

,NIER efid., c.r€vl

l1le sallne polnts oftnteEc on poinrsare Siven b.tow. The pohr .1, a.d the tcd sxis corspond ro the

i)

axie

oaatno whre zerc

t4"= 0, €=0 ii) The ecce.trictty increases, .re moment inc.eaes with the neurrataxls,xu,mov ng rrcm ouElde towards eitrehe fart!re, pornt 2,.otrespondtng [email protected] r)

Ihe lornl'3'on rhesudace tntera.rrn dra96m epresenErle bardrred -d{ure

2) D.velopme.t r.ngrh?

(}tnyrme 2oos)

rhe bond is prcv ded oy.n.hoing exreldtng lle boss beyond rhe pornr, or {a\nutr sirear to 6 tenqth whES wol d be dbte ro esrsl rhe
baB.

q=Yro't'*ro" a

ror compres,on

=

-

3) Namethe to.ations tn 6.am wherc .hould be .he.ked? (Nov/Dec

tiedevetopme.ts tengths oftension bars

Th€ devetopmenr tenOth of ba6 whl.h are tn tension dueto bendind sh.,,H h. d€cked at rhe rolowinq pta.es.

1) secuon ormnximun bending mohenr 2) Suppo.rs

:)

Poinrs of inne.Uon,

aid et

4) Pohts of cut-off orreinrorcement.

4) What are spe.ifi.afions of pirch of tateral rie6 tn .olum.? (Nov/De.20oa) The pltch oftransveree [email protected] be not frore than rhe least of the

i)Ine least tareratdimension ofthe compresto. member ll)16 times rhe smalest diameter of rhe tongttudinat [email protected] bar to ried. r

5l

Eq

)43 tihes the d ameter orthe t.ansverse .e rforcement.

uilrbiium Torcion? (rilov/oec 20os) rn 9enerol, orc may say r5ar ro

e.ullrDnlm 1pe md toBDr in equiiib'ium or rhe compaflb ty rype.

re nay be errher or rne

6) Efrectiv6 length? (Nov/De. 2oo9) In the absence or more exa.t anatysts, the eftuctive tength of.olumns h iiamed stru.ture may be obratn€d from tne Etb of the etrective lenqth to sun supported lengrh lel/1. when retative tateratdtsplacement of ends is noy preven €commended that the eff€ctive length t.n/i may notbetaken to

bete$than

1,2,

7) Deflne bond and an.ho.age? (t{ovlDec 2oG9) The tem bond,in Etnioed @ncretedesiqn rcfeE to tie adheston orrhe shear stEss that occu6 between @ncrcre and stdelna ioaded member, irisrhebond b/w st€el ahd @nc.ete that e.abtes th€ two matertatjto acr rogetier without sltp.

a) State th€ minidum requir6d 6he5r?

(Nov/de.2oo9)

\;titn

=

of.h.ar [email protected] (or) €qladon tornomtn.t

ii,tr

.l

A!

= Total q/s

-

Sy

ar€ of legs of one stlrrups,

Spacins ofstlnups alons the length ofmember

B = [email protected] or bean

Fy =.haiacterbtiG strensth of stirrup reinrorcement (notexceeds4l5

9) St te m.xlmum

p.rmttt d.padng of6tlrtucaln

a

be.m..

N/mn)

per Is.peciflcdtion?

(ApriuMay z003) The max. sp8clnc of

a) 10)

wh.t

ls

sher relnforenent

in a beam shall not be greaterthan.

0,75d lor vertl6lst'rrups and "d'forrncllne 4Lrrqp<

conp.tlblllv tor.lon? Glv. .n .x.nple,

Compatlblllty torslon lsthetoBlon hduced tuEnon< at rhelornt o' Interconne:t.d membe6.

( .y/run. 2007)

h the memberdue to @mFatibllityor

Exampl€: Spandrelb€am .sidly conn€.ted to.ross beam, interconn€cted brldqe qi.der and qrids ln horizontalprane, 11) Expl.in Equillbrium toEion? (May/Jun. zooT) Toc'oa roment developed ore or more elements ora sttoclure to mdnlaln 'n equl[bnum [email protected] asequllibrium toEaon,It is also known as determlnat€ toreion or

t2) DeIine Equiv.t.trt she.r? toElon ls comblned wlth sh€r and an lnceased Elue of shear equivalent shear or fi.uno!s shear, Erfect of

13) Two

typ6

ls call€d

of toElon?

1) Pdmary torslon (or) equllib uh torsion 2) sson&ry {or) @mpaUblllty to6ion 14) D€riG bond

6F...?

aond stre$.an be denned asthe lonqitudinalshear stre6s atthe interface beMeen concrete and relnforcement. (or) Bond

slrss

is defined €s the intensrty of adheslve

fote

per unlt of surface area

15) Wh.t

.E l.ctoE.f.cting

th6 bord roEtet nce? .

1) GEdeorcon.Ete 2) Dram€ter orbaE 3) Bare prcr ,e cond,flon 4) Natuc of [email protected] tn the baE s) srEs levet h tte [email protected] b) Bends and hooks 7) Groups orb3E blndted a) Cu,rdttmento, baE m tension 15) H_M do you.atcrhte ths dev€bpm€nt tength rcqutrchent at pei BIs codeT (Eay/run6 2oo9)

L. =

g!!

where,

17) Whar ls

the.upports..

p-

.

rro

r .ra-

oerr,(r

bre srre<<

tn.tee

t

N/Tm?

l.p rcngth? (iitay/rune 2oo7)

when. bar of su*l.ient tengrh is not ava abt€, two bars wtth an ov€dao wired togethe.thetf lenlth is clted as tap tength. 1S)

nmly

Howbond.an be d.v€toped tn iLC m.mber?

D

Adhslo. ot [email protected] (Get rormad or emenr and warer) ar the interface, lr) Fnctio. between the two hate €ts ofthe tnterfae after the adhesion fa s at

iii)

ri6,

very tow l,iechantcatEstst nce dle ro hvisted baB or end anchoEge att€r fafluE of bond du€ ro adh6ton,

19) Wrlte th€

dprc$ior fo. dt.utrtitrg

The €quivalent

v.+1.6i

sh€r

the eqututentsn6ar tn rhe R.c m.mb.r?

in rfte R.C member obtdtned by the

fo

owtng equauon

VG =

,

where, v! = shear aorce due ro distgn [email protected], T, = ToEionalmoment. B = Breadth ol hember, irhich ror flansed secrion sh.ll be taken as the breadtn of web bw.

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Zv-a-
[email protected]

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proviae 4 !o€9a.1 e;6 auc[[email protected] ad-!ru+s @[email protected] c/a

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