CITIZEN’S RECOMMENDATIONS BASED ON THE SPOT OF VIOLENCE IN MATIRANGA We learned from news reports that on August 3, 2013 30 to 50 houses of indigenous people were burned down in an arson attack, and two Buddhist temples were vandalized in Bandorsing Para, Boga Para, Sarbeshwar Para, Monudas Para and Liku Headman Para of Taidong Union, Matiranga Upazila, Khagrachari,. On 19th August, 2013 our team conducted an on-site visit to try to identify the causes of the attack and to learn more about the present situation of those affected. We first went to Boga Para and Sarbeshwar Para and spoke to the victims in person. We also talked to the officials of the Border Guards of Bangladesh (BGB), the Upazila Nirbahi Officer, a Union Parishad Member and local Bengali settlers. We also met the Deputy Commissioner and the Police Superintendant at Khagrachari. Our findings, based on our visit to the damaged or destroyed houses and temples and tour interviews with affected people in the area are as follows: Firstly, the arson attack on the houses and temples of indigenous people was pre-planned. A small group provoked people within the local Bengali community by spreading a rumour and induced them to attack the indigenous families. Secondly, preparation for this act was underway for a few days. The local administration, the law enforcing agencies and intelligence agencies didn’t play their appropriaterole to prevent this incident. The inactive role of the BGB and the Detective Branch of police, despite their presence in the area during the initiation of the incident, appears unexplained. Thirdly, distance and distrust between Bengalis and indigenous community is increasing. The role of the Government Administration and concerned political leaders to change this situation is not satisfactory. Fourthly, it appears that a plan to illegally encroach upon the land of indigenous people and to further their marginalization is in process. We believe this is a major cause behind the periodic unrest, lack of security and harassment of the local community. During our stay in the area, we learned that three different teams had started investigations into this incident, on behalf ofthe Bangladesh National Human Rights Commission, the Ministry of Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs and the Deputy Commissioner respectively. We hope that their reports will be published soon.

Recommendations: 1. The existing rehabilitation and compensation process is not adequate for the victims’ families. The task of compensation and rebuilding the burned houses should be expanded and hastened. 2. Exemplary punishment of those responsible for the arson attacks should be ensured through impartial and prompt investigation and fair trial. 3. The shortcomings, failures and lack of coordination of the Law Enforcement Agencies in failing to prevent this incident should be identified and immediate steps should be taken to overcome those in future. 4. Necessary steps should be taken to strengthen the social and cultural bonds between Bengali and Indigenous community on the basis of mutual respect and dignity. 5. Necessary steps should be taken to stop the illegal land grabbing which is the source of violence and unrest in the region. Thisincludes the implementation of CHT Peace Accord. Necessary steps should be taken to immediately start the work of Land Dispute Resolution Commission by amending the Land Dispute Resolution Commission Act. The Honourable Mr Fazle Hossain Badshah, Member of Parliament Ms. Khushi Kabir, Coordinator, Nijera Kori Prof. Anu Muhammad, Jahangirnagar University Dr. Shapan Adnan, Independent Researcher Ms Sara Hossain, Barrister, Advocate, Supreme Court of Bangladesh Ms. Sushmita Preetha, Reporter, The Daily Star

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