PreCalculus Exam Review Chapters P, 1, 2, 3

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CHAPTER P

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Use an inequality to describe the interval of real numbers. 1) [-4, 6)

1)

Use interval notation to describe the interval of real numbers. 2) x 3

2)

Simplify the expression. Assume that the variables in the denominator are nonzero. (2x3 )2 z 5 3) 2z9

3)

Find the point-slope equation of the line through the pair of points. 4) (5, 8) and (7, 7)

4)

Write the product in standard form. 5) (3 + 5i)(2 + 9i)

5)

Find the product of the complex number and its conjugate. 6) -1 - 5i

6)

CHAPTER 1

Find the domain of the given function. 7) f(x) = 9 - x

8) f(x) =

7)

x x-9

8)

Find the range of the function. 9) f(x) = x2 + 3

9)

1

Identify intervals on which the function is increasing, decreasing, or constant. 10) f(x) = x + 1 - 7

10)

Determine if the function is bounded above, bounded below, bounded on its domain, or unbounded on its domain. 11) y = 4-x + 2 11)

Determine algebraically whether the function is even, odd, or neither even nor odd. 12) f(x) = -9x3 + 8x

Find the asymptote(s) of the given function. (x - 3)(x + 1) vertical asymptotes(s) 13) h(x) = x2 - 1

12)

13)

Perform the requested operation or operations. 14) f(x) = 3x + 13; g(x) = 3x - 1 Find f(g(x)).

14)

CHAPTER 2

If the following is a polynomial function, then state its degree and leading coefficient. If it is not, then state this fact. 15) f(x) = 8x5 + 4x4 + 7x3 15)

Find the vertex of the graph of the function. 16) f(x) = (x - 8)2 - 1

16)

Find the axis of the graph of the function. 17) f(x) = 4x2 + 8x + 7

17)

Write the quadratic function in vertex form. 18) y = x2 + 4x + 7

18)

Describe the end behavior of the polynomial function by finding lim f x and lim f x . x x

19) f(x) = -4x4 + 2x2 - 3

19) 2

Find the zeros of the function. 20) f(x) = 9x2 + 6x - 8

20)

Graph the function. 21) P(x) = -2x(x + 1)(x - 2)

21)

Find the remainder when f(x) is divided by (x - k) 22) f(x) = 2x4 + 7x3 + 8x2 + 4x - 3; k = -3

22)

Find the requested function. 23) Find the polynomial function with leading coefficient 3; degree 3; and -4, 2, and -3 as zeros.

23)

Write a polynomial function of minimum degree with real coefficients whose zeros include those listed. Write the polynomial in standard form. 24) 4i and 3 24)

Using the given zero, find all other zeros of f(x). 25) -2i is a zero of f(x) = x4 - 45x2 - 196

25)

3

For the given function, find all asymptotes of the type indicated (if there are any) (x - 4)(x + 9) , vertical 26) f(x) = x2 - 1

Solve the equation. 18 20 =1+ 27) x-2 x+2

26)

27)

CHAPTER 3

Decide if the function is an exponential function. If it is, state the initial value and the base. 28) y = - 1.8 · 6x

28)

Compute the exact value of the function for the given x-value without using a calculator. 29) f(x) = 3 x for x = -2

29)

Solve the problem. 30) Suppose the amount of a radioactive element remaining in a sample of 100 milligrams after x years can be described by A(x) = 100e-0.01766x. How much is remaining after 35 years?

30)

Round the answer to the nearest hundredth of a milligram.

Decide whether the function is an exponential growth or exponential decay function and find the constant percentage rate of growth or decay. 31) f(x) = 8.7 · 1.026x 31)

Find the exponential function that satisfies the given conditions. 32) Initial mass = 15 g, decreasing at a rate of 3.9% per day Evaluate the logarithm. 1 33) log7( ) 49

32)

33)

34) ln e3

34)

4

Simplify the expression. 35) log3 35

35)

36) 10log(1/7)

36)

Solve the equation by changing it to exponential form. 37) log x = -4 2

37)

Use the product, quotient, and power rules of logarithms to rewrite the expression as a single logarithm. Assume that all variables represent positive real numbers. 38) 6log x + 4log y 38)

Assuming all variables are positive, use properties of logarithms to write the expression as a sum or difference of logarithms or multiples of logarithms. 9 r 39) log16 39) s

Use the change of base rule to find the logarithm to four decimal places. 40) log6 2

40)

Find the exact solution to the equation. 41) 8 - log2 (x + 9) = 7

41)

Find the amount accumulated after investing a principal P for t years at an interest rate r. 42) P = $480, t = 6, r = 6%, compounded quarterly

42)

43) P = $1480, t = 6, r = 7% compounded continuously

43)

Determine the doubling time of the investment. 44) $1700 at 9% compounded monthly

44)

5

chapter p chapter 1

Write the product in standard form. 5) (3 + 5i)(2 + 9i). 5). Find the product of the complex number and its conjugate. 6) -1 - 5i. 6). CHAPTER 1. Find the domain of ...

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