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• The Nile forms a fertile delta near the Mediterranean Sea
• The Nile flows through desert, mountains and farmland
• Two rivers meet in Sudan
• Two sources—Blue Nile begins in Ethiopia, White Nile begins in East Africa
• World’s longest river
• In Upper Egypt, scattered farming villages were built along the banks of the Nile
• Farming communities formed in Egypt and Nubia around 5000 B.C. in the delta and valley regions of the Nile
• Settled hunting and fishing communities probably appeared in Nubia around 6000 B.C.
The Nile River
Section Reading Support HOW 61 Ancient Egypt and Nubia, Section 1
• One overland trade route carried goods from central Africa and Nubia into Egypt through the Nile Valley
• Goods such as gold, silver, copper, fine pottery, and cedar were carried on the trade routes
• Other trade routes ran across the desert to the Red Sea or Mesopotamia
• Ships sailed up and down the Nile to trade goods
SRS056-83 Page 9 Thursday, May 13, 2004 11:50 PM