1

•  Business Trends •  Evolution to LTE and network impact •  Network Convergence – why and how? •  Unified MPLS Backhaul •  Summary

2

Strong Growth in Many Different Facets Pressures Profitability 13x increase in mobile data traffic over four years

700 Days of

66% CAGR for Mobile Data Traffic

2012 Created More

grow 6X and reach

Information than the past

4.3 Zettabytes

5000 years

by 2016

1/3 of data

Constant Video Will Traverse Internet Every Second

will go through the cloud in 2017

Mobile Devices Growing 4X Faster

More than 50% of web connections will be mobile

Than Human Population

Cloud Traffic to

by 2013

combined

M2M Devices Growing 5X Faster than Mobile Devices

50 Billion Connected Things by 2020

More than 22% of all networked events will by M2M based by 2017

Sources: The Economist, Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global Data Traffic Forecast, 2012–2017, Machina 3

“anytime, anywhere, anyone…”

Person2Person

Person2Thing

“ to anything.”

Person2Thing

Thing2Thing

Network Impact Fixed Client

Variable Client

Variable Client

Fixed Destination

Fixed Destination

Variable Destination

Network Needs: Scalability + Virtualization + Programmability + Intelligence 4

More devices, Higher Data Speeds

Capacity Upgrades

Advanced Mobility, Radio coordination

Timing and Synchronization.

Advanced Applications, Voice and Video

Quality of Service

Higher cell-site density

Network Scale

5

Access

Access

Aggregation

Aggregation/Edge

Edge

Core

Core

•  Unified MPLS

•  IP+Optical Integration

•  IP+Optical Integration

•  Zero Touch Deployment

•  Network Virtualization

•  Multi-layer Control Plane

•  Network Virtualization

Satellite

Cluster •  Converged Edge

•  IP Fast-Reroute

•  PW Service Termination

•  Service Activation Testing

•  Virtualization Services

•  Service OAM

with GMPLS •  Next-generation

converged platform (NCS)

Modules

6

Mobile Backhaul

•  •  • 

Service is agnostic to Transport Build once, Use Many Reduce Touch Points

Business / Private Cloud

Residential Triple Play

SONET/ATM

Multiple underutilized networks No integration between services Different operational skill sets

•  Capex & Opex Reduction •  Resiliency and Scale •  Revenue opportunities – one access, multiple services 7

SDN BGP

VPLS, PBB-EVPN

Cloud

Scalable

L3VPN

mLDP, P2MP-TE

Video

MLR 0%

LTE

SyncE, 1588v2

CEM, L2VPN, L3VPN

3G

Mobile

Performance

2G

MPLS

MLR 1% VidMon

Resilient

Easy to deploy

Monitoring

QoS

OAM

NMS

8

•  Based on Unified MPLS technology •  Optimizes the scalability control with automation •  Supports multicast for fixed and mobile applications •  Simplifies operations by enabling Self Organizing Network and Services •  Optimizes the MPLS and Ethernet access with Microwave ACM correlation •  Carrier class design with Synchronization, HA, OAM, PM Transport Infrastructure Convergence MPLS or Ethernet Access

IP/MPLS Aggregation

IP/MPLS Core

IP/MPLS Aggregation

MPLS or Ethernet Access

9

Operational Points LER Access

AGG

LSR

AGG

MPLS

LER AGG

MPLS MPLS

AGG

Access

MPLS

•  In general transport platforms, a service has to be configured on every

network element via operational points. The management system has to know the topology.

•  Goal is to minimize the number of operational points and increase scale •  With the introduction of MPLS within the aggregation, some static per

service configuration is avoided. •  Converged infrastructure delivers unified operational model for unicast and

multicast services 10

Managt. Services Control Plane Data Plane

CES

L2VPN

L3VPN

Mcast

QoS

OAM: Link OAM, CFM, Y.1731, Y.1564, LSP Ping/TR, PW Ping SNMP MP-BGP LDP OSPF/IS-IS MPLS Ethernet 11

Access

Aggregation

MPLS/IP

Core

MPLS/IP

MPLS

Optimized for converged services with high scale, simplified provisioning and resiliency

Ethernet or GPON

Integrate with deployed infrastructures, ready for next generation

nV Satellite

Delivers best operational simplification

12

MC-LAG with ICCP

MC-LAG with PBB-EVPN

ICCP-SM

PE1

PE1

PE1

L2 VID X L3 VID Z

CE1

CE1

CE1 MPLS Core

MPLS Core

MPLS Core L2 VID Y L3 VID Z

PE2

•  •  • 

Active/Standby mod Support both L2 and L3 service L3 service has two configuration options: IRB or L3 sub-interface

PE2

PE2

•  •  • 

Active/Active per-flow or per-service LB Support L2 service only with PBB-EVPN Active/Active L3 service support on roadmap: Anycast L3 gateway feature

•  •  • 

Support for L2 VPLS and L3 services L2 service: per-VLAN load balancing L3 service: active/active on both links

13

G.8032 PE1 CE1

ICCP-SM (or STP-AG)

REP and REP-AG

PE1

PE1

CE1

CE1

VID X

VID X VID X

VID Y

RAPS G.8032 Open Sub-ring

RPL Link

VID Y

MPLS Core

REP

REP Edge No Neighb our

• 

MPLS Core

MPLS Core VID Y

VID X

VID X

CE2

REPAG REPAG

ALT port

VID Y

PE2

Feature consistent across HERO and SPAG platforms

•  • 

VID Y

CE2

CE2 PE2

Widely deployed solution Provide fast convergence

• 

PE2

ICCP-SM or MST/PVSTAG can address any L2 topology

14

Business L3VPN

Central service interface: PWHE sub-interface

PWE3

VPLS/ PBB-VPLS EVPN/PBB-EVPN

IP or L3 VPN over Unified MPLS for 3play Unicast MPLS/(mLDP) Aggregation Node Aggregation Node

Distribution Node

MPLS/IP

P2P PW UNI

Aggregation Node

MPLS/IP Distribution Node

Aggregation Node

Service interface

15

2G/3G SDH/SONET BSC

AToM Pseudowire

V4/v6 MPLS VPN

RNC

ATM or TDM

TDM BTS, ATM NodeB

GGSN

SGSN

4G/LTE

S1-U

AGN+FSE+ MAG+Mobile Offload

SAE Gateway

Mobile Transport GW

SGW, MBMS GW MME

Ethernet S1/X2/M3: V4 or v6 MPLS VPN

S1-C

M1: IP Multicast, PIM SSM v4/v6

eNB

Mobile Transport GW

SAE Gateway SGW, MBMS GW

WIFI/Small Cell

Mobile Access Network

Mobile Aggregation Network

Mobile Packet Core Network Mobile Transport PE ASR9000

IP/MPLS Transport

Microwave Systems Partners: NSN, NEC… Ethernet/TDM Microwave

Aggregation Node ASR-903, 9001

IP/MPLS Transport

Aggregation Node ASR-9000

DWDM, Fiber Rings, H&S, Hierarchical Topology

Core Node CRS-3, ASR-9000

Core Node ASR-5k, vEPC CRS-3, ASR-9000

DWDM, Fiber Rings, Mesh Topology

16

2G/3G

BSC RNC MPLS VPN

AToM Pseudowire

V4/v6 MPLS VPN

ATM or TDM

TDM BTS, ATM NodeB

GGSN

SGSN

S/PGW

4G/LTE

AGN+

V4/v6 MPLS VPN

Fixed Service Edge+MAG+

IP eNB

Mobile Offload

Mobile Transport Gateway

MME

S1/X2/M3: V4 or v6 MPLS VPN M1: IP Multicast, PIM SSM v4/v6

S1-C

X2-C, X2-U Mobile Transport Gateway

V4/v6 MPLS VPN S/PGW

Mobile Access Network

Mobile Aggregation Network

Mobile Packet Core Network

Mobile Transport Gateway IP/MPLS Transport

Cell Site Gateway ASR-901 Fiber or uWave Link, Ring

IP/MPLS Transport

Pre-Aggregation Node ASR-903, ASR-9001

ASR9000

Aggregation Node ASR-9000

DWDM, Fiber Rings, H&S, Hierarchical Topology

Core Node CRS-3

IP/MPLS Transport

Core Node ASR-5k, vEPC

CRS-3

DWDM, Fiber Rings, Mesh Topology

17

•  The IP/MPLS Access Network adapts intelligently to

the Microwave Capacity drops •  Microwave Adaptive Code Modulation changes due

to fading events are signaled through an Y.1731 VSM to the MPLS Access Node Aggregation Node

•  The MPLS Access Node adapts the IGP metric of

the link to the new capacity, triggering optimized SPFs that account for the capacity drops

Aggregation Node

IP/MPLS interface

Policy Logic that updates the IGP metric on the IP/ MPLS interface

Degraded Link Cost = [n +1- n*CB/NB] * Original Link Cost Where: CB = Current BW, NB = Nominal BW, n = nodes in the ring

•  In addition the Access Node can change the

Y.1731 VSM Signals the Microwave link speed

Hierarchical QOS policy on the interface with the microwave system allowing EF traffic to survive despite of the capacity drop.

Microwave Fading

18

Carrier Grade HA solution for every network Business / DCI

Corporat e

Dual Residential Access Mobile 2G/3G / LTE

Residential

Access Resiliency Mechanisms ASR 9000

LFA/rLFA, MPLS-TE/TP G.8032, REP-AG Performance Optimized MST-AG, PVST-AG, MST-AG, MST, RPVST Feature Enabled LAG and MC-LAG

Node Resiliency Mechanisms Protocol Inclusive NSF/NSR/SSO In-Service SMU/ISSU Fully Redundant Hardware

STB

Ring Access

Core Resiliency Mechanisms MPLS TE/FRR PW Redundancy w/ MAC withdrawal MoFRR Fast IGP Convergence/IP FRR

19

UPE ME36xx

1GE

CPE

ME36xx

UPE

EDGE

PRE-AGG ME3800 ASR903

10GE

10GE

ASR9K

ME36xx

Carrier Ethernet Transport Options Converged Network

UPE

ASR901

PRE-AGG

CSR

1GE ASR901

CSR

CE CORE

NID

ME360024CX

UPE

1G/10GE

ME3800 ASR903

10GE

10GE

Mobile Backhaul 3rd Party CE Wholesale EVC/L2VPN Based CE Architecture

EDGE ASR9K

ME360024CX

CE SP

UPE

ME2600

EDGE BNG

ME3400 ME2600 ME3800 ASR903 ME4600 ONT

ME4600 OLT

ASR9K

FTTH / FTTB CPE to BNG End2End Ethernet/GPON

20

Ethernet OAM E-LMI Access

Customer

Core

Business

L2 Core

Connectivity FaultAccess Management

Business

L2 Core

Access PWs

Access Network Residential

Ethernet Link OAM

UNI

Ethernet OAM

802.3ah Link OAM ELMI CFM 802.1ag /w Ethernet Fault Detection CCM 3.3ms timers Y.1731 Fault Management

Customer

MPLS OAM

IP/MPLS

NNI

NNI

Residential

NNI

Performance Monitoring Y.1731 Delay Measurement Y.1731 SLM IP SLA

UNI Interworking CFM-ELMI 802.3ah-CFM

Prime Performance Management Integrated 21

Intelligent Self Organizing Auto Discovering Network

Efficient System Resource utilization (HW and SW) Efficient Management of Alarms, Statistics and MIBs UNI

NNI

L2: VLAN provisioning, Stag, etc L3: Routing, VRF, BFD, etc

nV Satellite

IP/MPLS

Simplified NMS Integration

One Virtual System

Single OS (XR), CLI and Feature set across NNI Layer

Network As A Node

Ring and Cascade

L1 Fabric or Port Extender

L2 Fabric 22

ASR 9000V

ASR 903 (Modular*)

55 Gbps (6 slots, 1x10GE, 8x1GE)

ASR 901

Max Capacity (bidirectional)

80 Gbps (4X10G + 40X1G)

Size

1 RU

3 RU

1RU

Access Links

1G

1G

1G

Uplinks or ICL

10G

10G

1G**

550W (Redundant PSUs)

50W

Copper, SFP , SFP+

Copper, SFP, SFP+

Max Power Optics

210W (Single AC; or Redundant -24vDC, & -48vDC)

SFP, SFP+ (copper, fiber, CWDM)

16 Gbpps (12X1G)

*Redundancy is not support for ASR903 as satellite ** Fixed 1G ports as Uplinks 23

Cisco Validated Design

E-LINE

E-LAN

E-TREE

E-ACCESS

E-LINE

E-LAN

E-TREE

E-ACCESS

24

•  Converged network is the answer to “any-G”, business and

residential Carrier Ethernet access and aggregation network. •  Solution benefits: Highly scalable, truly multi-service, carrier class system. Support CAPEX and OPEX reduction initiatives. Solution designed, fully validated, based on purpose built platforms. Simplicity via automation, signaling and latest control plane simplification technologies. Based on open standards.

•  Future developments will introduce SDN/NFV concepts to further

improve system efficiency and allow new service models based on network programmability and service orchestration.

25

Carrier Ethernet Architecture.pdf

Page 3 of 25. 3. Sources: The Economist, Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global Data Traffic Forecast, 2012–2017, Machina. Strong Growth in Many Different Facets Pressures Profitability. 2012 Created More. Information than the past. 5000 years. combined. 66% CAGR for. Mobile Data Traffic. 13x increase in.

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