ANNA UNIVERSITY :: CHENNAI – 600 025 DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING (8 SEMESTER PROGRAMME) BRANCH: B.E. ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING CURRICULUM
Course Title SEMESTER 5
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THEORY EC331 EC332 EC333 EC334 EC335 EC336
Microprocessor and Applications Communication Theory and Systems Digital Signal Processing Control Systems Transmission Lines and Networks Computer Architecture
PRACTICAL EC338 EC337
Digital System Design and Signal Processing Lab Microprocessor and Control Lab SEMESTER 6
THEORY MG325 EC341 EC342 EC343 EC345 E1***
Engineering Economics and Financial Accounting Digital Communication EM Waves and Wave Guides Computer Communication Networks Television and Video Engineering Elective I
PRACTICAL EC346 EC435
Communication System Lab Electronic System Design Lab SEMESTER 7
THEORY MG331 EC431 EC432 EC433 GE035 CE071
Principles of Management Antennas and Propagation Microwave Engineering Optical Communication Professional Ethics Principles of Environmental Science and Engineering
PRACTICAL EC439 EC440 EC434
Comprehension RF Lab Microwave and Optical Communication Lab
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SEMESTER 8 THEORY E2*** GE406
Elective II Total Quality Management
MICROPROCESSOR AND ITS APPLICATION 8-BIT MICROPROCESSOR:
3 1 0 100 9
8085 Architecture and Memory interfacing, interfacing I/O devices, Instruction set, Addressing Modes, Assembly language programming, counters and time delays, interrupts, timing diagram, Microprocessor applications. 2.
Intel 8031/8051 Architecture, Special Function Registers (SFR), I/O pins, ports and circuits, Instruction set, Addressing Modes, Assembly Language Programming, Timer and Counter Programming, Serial Communication, Connection to RS 232, Interrupts Programming, External Memory interfacing, Introduction to 16 bit Microcontroller 3.
8086 Architecture, Pin Configuration, 8086 Minimum and Maximum mode configurations, Addressing modes, Basic Instructions, 8086 Interrupts, Assembly levels programming. Introduction to 80186, 80286,80386, 80486 and Pentium processors. 4.
PERIPHERALS AND INTERFACING:
Serial and parallel I/O (8251 and 8255), Programmable DMA Controller (8257), Programmable interrupt controller (8259), keyboard display controller (8279), ADC/DAC interfacing. Inter integrated circuits interfacing (I2C standard). 5.
Interfacing to alpha numeric displays, interfacing to liquid crystal display (LCD 16 x 2 line), high power Devices and Optical motor shaft encoders, stepper motor interfacing, Analog interfacing and industrial control, microcomputer based smart scale, industrial process control system, Robotics and Embedded control, DSP and Digital Filters. L = 45, T = 15, TOTAL : 60 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2. 3.
Ramesh S. Gaonkar, Microprocessor Architecture Programming and Applications with 8085. Fourth edition, Penram International Publishing 2000. Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Janice Gillispie Mazidi, The 8051 Microcontroller, and Embedded Systems, Prentice Hall 2000. Douglas V.Hall, Microprocessor and Interfacing, Programming and Hardware. Tata McGraw Hill, Second Edition. 1999.
1. 2. 3.
Kenneth J.Ayala., “The 8051 Microcontroller Architecture Programming and Applications”, Penram International Publishing (India). 1996. Kenneth J.Ayala “The 8086 Microprocessor, Programming and Interfacing the PC”, Penram International Publishing. 1995. Barry.B.Brey. “The Intel Microprocessor 8086/8088. 80186, 80286, 80386 and 80486 Architecture Programming and Interfacing”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt.Ltd.1995. Ray A.K.Bhurchandi.K.M, “Advanced Microprocessor and Peripherals”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2002. COMMUNICATION THEORY AND SYSTEMS
3 1 0 100
AMPLITUDE MODULATION SYSTEMS:
Review of Spectral Characteristics of Periodic and Non-periodic signals; Generation and Demodulation of AM, DSBSC, SSB and VSB Signals; Comparison of Amplitude Modulation Systems; Frequency Translation; FDM; Non – Linear Distortion. 2.
ANGLE MODULATION SYSTEMS:
Phase and Frequency Modulation; Single tone, Narrow Band and Wideband FM; Transmission Bandwidth; Generation and Demodulation of FM Signal. 3.
Review of Probability, Random Variables and Random Process; Guassian Process; Noise – Shot noise, Thermal noise and white noise; Narrow band noise, Noise temperature; Noise Figure. 4.
PERFORMANCE OF CW MODULATION SYSTEMS:
Superheterodyne Radio receiver and its characteristic; SNR; Noise in DSBSC systems using coherent detection; Noise in AM system using envelope detection and its FM system; FM threshold effect; Pre-emphasis and De-emphasis in FM; Comparison of performances. 5.
INFORMATION THEORY :
Information Measure; Entropy and Information rate; Discrete Memoryless source; Shannon-Fano coding, Huffman coding; Mutual Information; Binary symmetric channel, Discrete channel capacity; Continuous information source; Continuous channel capacity, Channel capacity theorem. L = 45, T = 15, TOTAL : 60 TEXT BOOK: 1.
Simon Haykins, ' Communication Systems ', John Wiley, 4th Edition 2001. REFERENCES:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. EC333
Taub and Schilling, ' Principles of Communication System ', Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1995. A.Bruce Carlson et al, ‘Communication Systems, McGraw-Hill Int., 4th Edition, 2002. Roddy and Coolen, ' Electronic Communication ', Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 4th Edition, 1998. B.P Lathi, “Modern Digital and analog communication systems”, 3rd Edition, Oxford University press 1998. B.P Lathic, “ Communication systems”, BS Publication 1968. Reprint 2001. DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
3 1 0 100
DISCRETE – TIME SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS :
Sampling of Analogue signals – aliasing – standard discrete time signals – classification – discrete time systems – Linear time invariant stable casual discrete time systems – classification methods – linear and circular convolution – difference equation representation – DFS, DTFT, DFT – FFT computations using DIT and DIF algorithms. Time response and frequency response analysis of discrete time systems to standard input signals. 2.
INFINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS:
Review of design of analogue Butterworth and Chebyshev Filters, Frequency transformation in analogue domain – Design of IIR digital filters using impulse invariance technique – Design of digital filters using bilinear transform – pre warping – Frequency transformation in digital domain – Realization using direct, cascade and parallel forms. 3.
FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS:
Symmetric and Antisymmetric FIR filters – Linear phase FIR filters – Design using Frequency sampling technique – Window design using Hamming, Hanning and Blackmann Windows – Concept of optimum equiripple approximation – Realisation of FIR filters – Transversal, Linear phase and Polyphase realization structures. 4.
FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS:
Quantization noise – derivation for quantization noise power – Fixed point and binary floating point number representations – Comparison – Overflow error – truncation error – coefficient quantization error – limit cycle oscillations- signal scaling – analytical model of sample and hold operations. 5.
SPECIAL TOPICS IN DSP:
Discrete Random Signals- Mean, Variance, Co-variance and PSD – Periodiogram Computation – Principle of Multi rate DSP – decimation and Interpolation by integer factors – Time and frequency domain descriptions – Single, Multi stage, polyphase structures – QMF filters – Subband Coding
L = 45, T = 15, TOTAL : 60 TEXT BOOK: 1.
John G. Proakis and Dimitris G.Manolakis, ‘Digital Signal Processing, Algorithms and Applications ‘, PHI of India Ltd., New Delhi 3rd Edition 2000. REFERENCES:
Sanjit K.Mitra ‘Digital Signal Processing’, A Computer Based Approach, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1998. CONTROL SYSTEMS CONTROL SYSTEM MODELLING:
3 0 0 100 12
System concept. Differential equations. Transfer functions. Modelling of electric systems, Translational and rotational mechanical systems, simple Electro - mechanical systems. Block diagram representation of systems. Block Diagram reduction methods. Closed loop transfer function, determination of Signal flow graphs. Mason’s gain formula. Examples. 2.
TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS:
First Order Systems. Impulse and Step Response analysis. Second Order system Analysis. Steady state error. Error Coefficients and Generalized error series. Principle of PI, PD and PID Compensation. Servo Motor, Synchros & Stepper Motor. 3.
STABILITY IN TIME DOMAIN:
Stability Analysis. Routh - Hurwitz Criterion. Root locus Method. Construction of root, locus diagrams. Stability Study. Application of root locus diagram. 4.
STABILITY IN FREQUENCY DOMAIN:
Frequency response analysis. Frequency domain specifications . Polar plot, Bode's Plot, Magnitude - Phase plot, Constant M and N Circles. Nichol's Chart Nyquist Stability Criterion. Relative Stability - gain Margin and Phase margin, determination from Polar plot, Bode’s Plot and Magnitude – Phase Plot. Use of Nichol's Chart in system analysis to determine relative stability, Bandwidth, Resonance peak and resonance frequency. 5.
Cascade and feedback compensation. Lag, Lead and Lag- lead Compensation. Design of Cascade Compensators - Using Bode's Plot. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK: 1.
I.J.Nagrath & M.Gopal, 'Control System Engineering' Wiley Eastern, 2001.
REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Katsuhiko.ogata, ‘Modern Control Engineering’, Peakson Education - Asia, Fourth Edition, 2002. Benjamin. C.Kuo, 'Automatic Control Systems, Prentice hall of India, 1995. John J.Diazo & Constantine H.Houpis, 'Linear Control Systems Analysis and Design' McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1995. Schaum's Outline Series,' Feedback and Control Systems' McGraw-hill, 1986. Richard C.Dorf, Robert H.Bishop, 'Modern Control Systems' Addison - Wesley, 1999. TRANSMISSION LINES AND NETWORKS
3 0 0 100
TRANSMISSION LINE THEORY & PARAMETERS :
Introduction to different types of transmission lines, Definition of line parameters, the transmission line, - General Solution, Physical Significance of the equations, the infinite line, input impedance, loading of transmission line, waveform distortion, Distortion less transmission line, input and transfer impedance, Reflection phenomena, Line losses, Return loss, reflection loss, insertion loss. 2.
THE LINE AT RADIO AND POWER FREQUENCIES:
Parameters of open wire line and Coaxial line at high frequencies; Line constants for dissipation less line - voltages and currents on dissipation less line - standing waves and standing wave ratio - input impedance of open and short circuited lines - power and impedance measurement on lines – real and reactive power –Measurement using network analyser. Design consideration for open – wire, resonant line and Coaxial line 3.
IMPEDANCE MATCHING AND IMPEDANCE TRANSFORMATION:
Reflection losses on unmatched line - Eighth wave line - Quarter wave and half wave line- Exponential line - Tapped Quarter wave line for impedance transformation - single and double stub matching - smith chart and its applications - problem solving using smith chart. 4.
Characteristic impedance of Symmetrical Networks - Filter fundamentals - Design of Constant K, Low pass, High pass, band pass, band elimination, m derived sections and Composite filters. 5.
ATTENUATORS AND EQUALIZERS:
Attenuators - T, Pi, Lattice Bridged T. Equalizers - inverse Networks, Series equalizers, Shunt Equalizers, Constant Resistance and Constant reactance equalizers. TOTAL : 45
TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2.
John D.Ryder, "Networks, lines and fields", Prentice Hall of India, 1995. A.Sudhakar, Shyammohan S.Palli, “Circuits and Networks”, - Analysis and Synthesis, 2nd Edition TMH - 2002. REFERENCE :
1. EC336 1.
David.K.Cheng, "Field and Wave Electromagnetics", Addison Wesley, 1999. COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE INTRODUCTION:
3 0 0 100 9
Computing and Computers, evolution of computers, VLSI era, system design- register level, processor level, CPU organization, Data representation, fixed – point numbers, floating point numbers, instruction formats, instruction types. 2.
DATA PATH DESIGN:
Fixed point arithmetic, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, combinational and sequential ALUs, carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm, booth’s algorithm, non-restoring division algorithm, floating point arithmetic, coprocessor, pipeline processing, pipeline design, modified booth’s algorithm 3.
Hardwired Control, micro programmed control, Multiplier control unit, CPU control unit, Pipeline control, instruction pipelines, pipeline performance, super scaling processing, Nano programming. 4.
Random access memories, serial access memories, RAM interfaces, magnetic surface recording, optical memories, multilevel memories, Cache & virtual memory, memory allocation, Associative memory. 5.
Communication methods, buses, bus control, bus interfacing, bus arbitration, IO and system control, IO interface circuits, DMA and interrupts, vectored interrupts, PCI interrupts, pipeline interrupts, IOP organization, operation systems, multiprocessors, fault tolerance. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2.
Morris Mano, “Computer System Architecture”, Prentice-Hall of India, 2000. John P.Hayes, ‘Computer architecture and organisation’, Tata McGraw-Hill, Third edition, 1998.
REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
V.Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, “ Computer Organisation “ IV edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996. H.S. Stone, “High Performance computer architecture”, Addison Wesley, Third Edition, 1993. K.Hwang, ‘ Advanced computer architecture ‘, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1993. J.Vaideeswaran, ‘ Computer architecture ‘, New Age International, 1999. G.Kane & J.Heinrich, ‘ MIPS RISC Architecture ‘, Englewood cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1992.
SEMESTER VI EC341 1.
3 0 0 100
SAMPLING AND WAVEFORM CODING:
Sampling Theorem, Band pass sampling, distortion due to sampling, uniform and non uniform Quantization, Quantization error, PAM, PCM and TDMA Principles, Differential pulse code Modulation and Delta Modulation, linear prediction and prediction filters, speech coding at low bit rates. 2.
Power Spectra of PAM signals, Inter symbol Interference, ideal Nyquist channel, raised cosine channels, correlative coding and precoding, eye patterns and equalization techniques. 3.
DIGITAL MODULATION, DETECTION AND ESTIMATION:
Gram Schmidt procedures, matched filters, correlation receivers, likelihood functions and maximum likelihood detection, BPSK, QPSK, FSK and MSK schemes bit and symbol error properties, performance comparisons, principles of carrier and timing synchronization. 4.
ERROR CONTROL CODING:
Introduction to linear block codes, Hamming codes, BCH coding, RS coding, Convolutional Coding, Coding Grain Viterbi decoding. 5.
SPREAD SPECTRUM SYSTEMS:
Psuedo Noise sequences, generation and correlation properties, direct sequence spread spectrum systems, Frequency Hop systems, processing gain, antijam and multipath performance TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK: 1.
Simon Haykins, “Digital Communications”, John Wiley, 1988.
REFERENCES : 1. 2
John.g.Proakis, ‘Digital Communication’, McGraw-Hill Inc., Third edition, Malaysia, 1995. M.K.Simen, ‘Digital Communication Techniques, Signal Design & Detection’, Prentice Hall of India, 1999 ELECTROMAGENTIC WAVES AND WAVES GUIDES 3 1 0 100
Solution for Free-Space conditions, Uniform plane wave Propagation, The Wave Solutions for a conducting medium – Conductors and dielectrics – Polarization – Reflection by a perfect conductor for Normal incidence and Oblique incidence – Reflection by a perfect dielectric and insulator for Normal incidence and Oblique incidence – Reflection at the surface of a conductive medium – Surface impedance, Numerical Problems. 2.
GUIDED WAVES IN TWO CONDUCTOR LINES
Waves between parallel planes, Transverse electric and Transverse magnetic waves, Characteristics of TE and TM waves, Transverse electromagnetic waves, Velocities of propagation, Attenuation in parallel plane guides, wave impedance, Electric field and current flow within the conductor, Waves in Coaxial lines and modes, Waves in Strip and Micro-strip lines, Impedances. 3.
RECTANGULAR WAVE GUIDE:
Solution of the field equations: Rectangular Co-Ordinates, Transverse Magnetic and Transverse Electric waves in rectangular guides, Impossibility of TEM wave in wave guides Wave impedances and characteristic impedances, Dominant mode current distribution on walls, Power transmission and Attenuation Constant, Excitation of modes, Applications. 4.
CIRCULAR WAVE GUIDE:
Solution of wave equation in circular guides, TE and TM wave in circular guides, Wave impedance, Power transmission and attenuation constant, Excitation of modes, Applications. 5.
Introduction, Coaxial resonator, Wave-guide cavity resonator – Rectangular cavity, Circular cavity, Cavity excitation and tuning, Q factor of microwave cavities – Unloaded Q of rectangular cavity (TE101 mode), Application and numerical problem. L=45, T=15, TOTAL : 60
TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2.
Edward. C.Jordan, “Electromagnetic waves and Radiation System”, David K.Cheng, “Field and Wave Electromagnetics”, Addison – Wesly, Pub, Co., 1989. REFERENCES:
Simon, Ramo, J.R. Winnery nd T.V.Duzer, “Fields and Waves in Communication Electronics”, John Willey and Sons, 1965. Annapurna Das, Sisir.K.Das, “Microwave Engineering”, Tata McGraw-Hill Co., Ltd., 1999, Reprint 2001. COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS DATA COMMUNICATION:
3 0 0 100 9
ISO reference model, Open system standard, Transmission of Digital Data – Electrical Interface, MODEMS, Line Configuration, Encoding and Decoding, Multiplexing, Error Detection and Correction (CRC). 2.
DATA LINK CONTROL AND PROTOCOLS:
Flow control and error control, stop and wait, Sliding windows, Automatic Repeat (ARQ), Asynchronous Protocols, - X MODEM, Y MODEM, Synchronous protocols – Character Oriented and Bit oriented protocols (HDLC). 3.
LOCAL AREA NETWORKS:
IEEE 802 standards, LLC, MAC layer protocols – CSMA/CD Ethernet, Token Bus, Token Ring, FDDI, Distributed Queue Dual Bus, Switched Multimega Bit Data Service. 4.
WIDE AREA NETWORKS:
Circuit Switch packet Switch, Message Switching, X .25 Protocols, Architecture And Layers of Protocol, Frame Delay, ISDN and ATM Protocol, Internet working Device, Repeater, Bridge, Routes and Gateways, Routing Algorithms. 5.
UPPER OSI LAYERS:
Session layer protocols, Presentation layer – Data Security, Encryption/Decryption, Authentication, Data Composition, Application layer protocols – MHS, File transfer, Virtual terminal, CMIP. TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOK: 1.
Behrus A. Forouzan etal, “Data Communication and Networking”, 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2000.
REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3.
William Stallings, “Data and Computer Communication”, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 1997. Andrew S.Tanenbaum, “Computer networks”, Third Edition, prentice Hall of India, 1996. Fred Hallsall, “Data Communication Computer Networks and Open System”, Addison – Wesley, 1992. TELEVISION AND VIDEO ENGINEERING FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION
3 0 0 100 9
Characteristics of eye and television pictures – Resolution and brightness gradation. Theory of Scanning. Camera tubes – Vidicon and Silicon diode array vidicon. Monochrome picture tube, Composite. 2.
MONOCHROME TELEVISION RECEIVER
Transmission and Propagation of TV signal, TV antenna, Receiver: VHF Tuners, Vision IF subsystem, Inter carrier sound system. Video amplifiers, Synchronous separation AFC and deflection Oscillators frame and line deflection circuits. 3.
COLOUR TELEVISION SYSTEMS
Color Characteristics – Color cameras Color picture tubes, Color signal generation and encoding, NTSC, PAL and SECAM Systems. 4.
COLOUR TELEVISION RECEIVERS
Block diagram of PAL-D receivers, Luminance channel. Chrominance amplifier, Color burst separation and burst phase discriminator. Sub carrier Oscillator AGC circuits. Ident and color killer circuits. U and V demodulators. R, G, B matrix and drivers. 5.
SPECIAL TOPICS IN TELEVISION
Digital tuning techniques, Remote control. Introduction to cable and Satellite television. Video tape recorders. Videodisc system. Fundamental of digital TV and high definition Television. TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOK: 1.
Gulati.R.R, “Modern Television Practice, Principle of Technology and Servicing “, New age International Pvt., Ltd., 2002. REFERENCES:
1. Dhake.A.M, “Television and Video Engineering”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1995. 2. Grob.B, Herndon. C.E., “Basic television and video systems”, McGraw-Hill, 1999.
SEMESTER VII EC431 1.
ANTENNAS AND PROPOGATION BASIC ANTENNA CONCEPTS:
3 0 0 100 9
Radiation Patterns, Beam solid angle, radiation intensity, Directivity, effective aperture, Antenna field zones, Polarization, impedance, cross field, Poynting vector. Friis Transmission formula, Duality of Antennas, Antenna and Transmission line, Radiation from a dipole antenna, Antenna temperature System temperature. 2.
Definition, Power patterns, Array of two point sources – Pattern multiplication, Broad side array, End fire array, n-isotropic array, Evaluation of null directions and maxima, Amplitude distributions. 3.
Halfwave dipole antenna radiated fields of short dipole, small loop and helical Antenna, monofilar- multifilar helix. Radiation resistance, Directivity and Design Feature. Half wave dipole: radiated fields and other feature. 4.
Yagi uda Antenna, Tumstile antenna, Log periodic antenna, Phased array, rhombic antenna, Horn antenna, Reflector antennas and their feed systems, Micro strip antenna, Impedance and antenna measurements; Selection of antenna based on frequency of operation and application. 5.
Ground wave propagation, Troposphere wave, wave- tilt of the surface wave, Ionosphere propagation – effective permittivity and Conductivity of ionized gas, Reflection – Refraction of waves from ionosphere, regular – irregular variation of Ionosphere, earth magnetic field, Faraday rotation, wave propagation in the Ionosphere. Critical frequency and Space propagation, Diversity reception. TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOK: 1.
John D.Krauss, “Antennas, “ II edition, McGraw-Hill International edition, 1988. REFERENCES:
1. 2. 3.
Edward C.Jordan, Keith G.Balmain, “Electromagnetic waves and Radiating systems”, Prentice Hall of India 1Td, 1993. Balanis E.S. “Antenna Theory Analysis and Design Technology 1982. P.E – Collins “Antennas and Radio Propogation “ McGraw-Hill 1985.
MICROWAVE ENGINEERING MICROWAVE NETWORK THEORY
3 0 0 100 7
Introduction, Symmetrical Z and Y matrices for reciprocal network, Scattering matrix representation of multi port network properties of S-parameters, S matrix of a two port network with mismatched load, comparison between [S], [Z] and [Y] matrices. Relationship between Y, Z and ABCD parameters with S parameters, Numerical Problems. 2.
MICROWAVE PASSIVE DEVICES:
Coaxial Connectors and Adapters, Wave guide Choke Flanges, Matched Terminations, Short Circuit Plunger, Rectangular to circular wave guide transition, Tuning screws, Wave guide Corners, Bends and Twists, Windows, Coaxial line to Wave guide Adapters, Coupling Loops and Coupling Aperture, Attenuators, Phase shifters, Wave guide Tees E plane Tee, H plane Tee, Magic Tee and their applications, Isolators, Circulators, Directional couplers. Scattering matrix derivation for all components, Numerical Problems. 3.
MICROWAVE VACCUM TUBE DEVICES:
Introduction, Two cavity Klystron Amplifier – Mechanism and mode of Operation, Power output and Efficiency, Mode Curve, Equivalent circuit and Voltage gain, Beam loading; applications, Reflex Klystron Oscillator – Mechanism and mode of Operation Power output, efficiency, mode curve, equivalent circuit, Electronic Admittance, Modulation of Reflex Klystron; Applications, TWT amplifier, Principle of Operation gain and applications; Magnetron Oscillator – Hull cut-off voltage, Mechanism of Operation, Mode separation, Phase focusing, Power output and Efficiency, Applications, Numerical Problems. 4.
MICROWAVE SOLID STATE DEVICES AND CIRCUITS:
Microwave diodes – Crystal diode, Schottky diode, Harmonic Mixer; PIN diode – Operation switches, Phase switches & Attenuators – Gun diode – Mode of operation, Oscillator Circuit, IMPATT diodes – Mechanism of Operation, Application as Oscillator and Amplifiers, Tunnel diodes Oscillator amplifiers, Varactor diode – VCO, parametric amplifier, Microwave transistors – Unipolar and Bipolar, Applications, Numerical Problems. 5.
Introduction, Tunable detector, Slotted line Carriage, VSWR meter, Spectrum analyzer, Network Analyzer, Power measurements – Schottky Barrier diode sensor, Bolometer sensor, power sensor, High power measurement, Insertion loss and Attenuation measurement, VSWR measurement – Low and High VSWR, Impedance measurement. Frequency measurement, Measurement of cavity Q, Dielectric measurement of a solid by Wave-guides method, Antenna Measurement – radiation pattern, Phase and gain. TOTAL: 45
TEXT BOOK: 1.
Annapurna Das, Sisir. K.Das, “ Microwave Engineering”, Tata McGraw-Hill Co., Ltd., 1999. Reprint 2001. REFERENCES:
1. 2. 3. 4. EC433 1.
Collin. R.E, “Foundation of Microwave Engineering”, McGraw-Hill, II Edition, 1992. Samuel.Y.Liao, “Microwave devices and Circuits”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd., 1995. Reich J.H.et al, “Microwave’ East West Press, 1978. K.C.Gupta, “Microwaves” Wiley Eastern Ltd, 1995. OPTICAL COMMUNICATION INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL FIBERS
3 0 0 100 9
Evolution of fiber Optic system – Element of an Optical Fiber Transmission link – Ray Optics – Optical Fiber Modes and Configurations – Mode theory of Circular Wave guides – Overview of Modes – Key Modal concepts – Linearly Polarized Modes – Single Mode Fibers – Graded Index fiber structure. 2
SIGNAL DEGRADATION IN OPTICAL FIBERS
Attenuation – Absorption losses, Scattering losses, Bending Losses, Core and Cladding losses, Signal Distortion in Optical Wave guides – Information Capacity determination – Group Delay – Material Dispersion, Wave guide Dispersion, Signal distortion in SM fibers – Polarization Mode dispersion, Intermodal dispersion, Pulse Broadening in GI fibers – Mode Coupling – Design Optimization of SM fibers – RI profile and cut-off wavelength. 3.
FIBER OPTICAL SOURCES
Direct and indirect Band gap materials – LED structures – Light source materials – Quantum efficiency and LED power, Modulation of a LED, Laser Diodes – Modes and Threshold condition – Rate equations – External Quantum efficiency – Resonant frequencies – Laser Diodes structures and radiation patterns – Single Mode lasers – Modulation of Laser Diodes, Temperature effects, Introduction to Quantum laser, Fiber amplifiers. 4.
FIBER OPTICAL RECEIVERS
PIN and APD diodes – Photo detector noise, SNR, Detector Response time, Avalanche Multiplication Noise – Comparison of Photo detectors – Fundamental Receiver Operation – pre-amplifiers - Error Sources – Receiver Configuration – Probability of Error – The Quantum Limit.
5. DIGITAL TRANMISSION SYSTEM
Point-to-Point links – System considerations – Fiber Splicing and connectors – Link Power budget – Rise-time budget – Noise Effects on System Performance – Operational Principals of WDM, Solutions. TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOK: 1.
Gerd Keiser, “Optical Fiber Communication” McGraw-Hill International, Singapore, 3rd ed., 2000 REFERENCES:
1. 2. CE071
J.Senior, “Optical Communication, Principles and Practice”, Prentice Hall of India, 1994. J.Gower, “Optical Communication System”, Prentice Hall of India, 2001. PRINCIPLES OF ENGINEERING
SCIENCE AND 3 0 0 100
COMPONENTS OF ENVIRONMENT
Components – Water, air and land – Inter-relationship between components – Subcomponents; Ecosystem – Structure and functional components of ecosystem – Development and evolution of ecosystem – Energy flow and material cycling in ecosystem – Natural and man made impacts on water, air and land; Environment and development – Concept of sustainable development. 2.
SCIENCE OF ENVIRONMENT
Chemistry, Physics and biology of water, air and land; Stress on the Chemistry, Physics and Biology of water, air and land owing to the impacts; Environmental quality objective and goals – Policies on development projects and their impacts, with emphasis on the branch of engineering of the student. 3.
CURRENT ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
Current Environmental issues at Country level – management of municipal sewage, municipal solid waste, Hazardous waste and Bio-medical waste – Air pollution due to industries and vehicles; Global issues – Biodiversity, Climatic change, Ozone layer depletion. 4.
ENGINEERING INTERVENTIONS ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES
Minimisation of Stress – Principles of Physics, chemistry and biology in engineering interventions such as waste treatment – Flow sheets of engineering interventions relevant to the Engineering discipline of the student – Waste minimisation techniques – Clean technology options – Standards of performance of the interventions.
5. (A) TOOLS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Environmental impact assessment; Precautionary Principle and Polluter Pays Principle; Constitutional provisions, Legal and economic instruments in Environmental Management; Role of Non-government organisations – Community participation environmental management works; International conventions and protocols; Pollution Control Boards and Pollution Control Acts. (b)
In-depth study of environmental issues at least one environmentally sensitive site relevant to the discipline of the student and preparation of a report thereupon. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. 2.
G.M.Masters, Introduction to Environmental Engineering & Science, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 1997. J.G. Henry and G. W. Heike, Environmental Science & Engineering”, Prentice Hall International Inc., New Jersy, 1996. REFERENCES:
1. 2. 3.
S. K. Dhameja, Environmental Engineering and Management, S. K. Kataria and Sons, New Delhi, 1999. State of India’s Environment – A Citizen’s Report, Centre for Science and Environment and Others, 1999 Shyam Divan and Armin Rosancranz, Environmental Law and Policy in India, Cases, Materials and Statutes, Oxford University Press, 2001. PROFESSIONAL ETHICS ENGINEERING ETHICS
3 0 0 100 9
Senses of ‘engineering ethics’ – variety of moral issues – types of inquiry – moral dilemmas – moral autonomy – kohlberg’s theory – gilligan’s theory – consensus and controversy – professions and professionalism – professional ideals and virtues – theories about right action – self-interest – customs and religion – uses of ethical theories 2.
ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION
Engineering as experimentation – engineers as responsible experimenters – codes of ethics – a balanced outlook on law – the challenger case study 3.
ENGINEER’S RESPONSIBILITY FOR SAFETY
Safety and risk – assessment of safety and risk – risk benefit analysis – reducing risk – the three mile island and chernobyl case studies
RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS
Collegiality and loyalty – respect for authority – collective bargaining – confidentiality – conflicts of interest – occupational crime – professional rights – employee rights – intellectual property rights (ipr) – discrimination 5.
Multinational corporations – environmental ethics – computer ethics – weapons development – engineers as managers – consulting engineers – engineers as expert witnesses and advisors – moral leadership – sample code of conduct TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOK : 1.
Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger, “Ethics in Engineering”, McGraw Hill, New York, 1996. REFERENCES :
1. 2. 3. 4.
Charles D Fleddermann, “Engineering Ethics”, prentice Hall, New Mexico, 1999. Laura Schlesinger, "How Could You Do That: The Abdication of Character, Courage, and Conscience", Harper Collins, New York, 1996. Stephen Carter, "Integrity", Basic Books, New York, 1996. Tom Rusk, "The Power of Ethical Persuasion: From Conflict to Partnership at Work and in Private Life", Viking, New York, 1993 TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT INTRODUCTION
3 0 0 100 9
Definition of Quality, Dimensions of Quality, Quality Planning, Quality costs - Analysis Techniques for Quality Costs, Basic concepts of Total Quality Management, Historical Review, Principles of TQM, Leadership – Concepts, Role of Senior Management, Quality Council, Quality Statements, Strategic Planning, Deming Philosophy, Barriers to TQM Implementation. 2.
Customer satisfaction – Customer Perception of Quality, Customer Complaints, Service Quality, Customer Retention, Employee Involvement – Motivation, Empowerment, Teams, Recognition and Reward, Performance Appraisal, Benefits, Continuous Process Improvement – Juran Trilogy, PDSA Cycle, 5S, Kaizen, Supplier Partnership – Partnering, sourcing, Supplier Selection, Supplier Rating, Relationship Development, Performance Measures – Basic Concepts, Strategy, Performance Measure.
STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL (SPC)
The seven tools of quality, Statistical Fundamentals – Measures of central Tendency and Dispersion, Population and Sample, Normal Curve, Control Charts for variables and attributes, Process capability, Concept of six sigma, New seven Management tools. 4.
Benchmarking – Reasons to Benchmark, Benchmarking Process, Quality Function Deployment (QFD) – House of Quality, QFD Process, Benefits, Taguchi Quality Loss Function, Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) – Concept, Improvement Needs, FMEA – Stages of FMEA. 5.
Need for ISO 9000 and Other Quality Systems, ISO 9000:2000 Quality System – Elements, Implementation of Quality System, Documentation, Quality Auditing, QS 9000, ISO 14000 – Concept, Requirements and Benefits. TEXT BOOK: 1.
Dale H.Besterfiled, et at., Total Quality Management, Pearson Education Asia, 1999. (Indian reprint 2002). REFERENCES:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
James R.Evans & William M.Lidsay, The Management and Control of Quality, (5th Edition), South-Western (Thomson Learning), 2002 (ISBN 0-324-06680-5). Feigenbaum.A.V. “Total Quality Management, McGraw-Hill, 1991. Oakland.J.S. “Total Quality Management Butterworth – Hcinemann Ltd., Oxford. 1989. Narayana V. and Sreenivasan, N.S. Quality Management – Concepts and Tasks, New Age International 1996. Zeiri. “Total Quality Management for Engineers Wood Head Publishers, 1991.
MG331 UNIT I
PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT
3 0 0 100 9
Management: Science Theory and Practice – Management and Society: Social responsibility and Ethics. The nature and purpose of planning – objectives – Strategies Policies and planning premises. UNIT II
Decision-making. The Nature and purpose of organizing – Basic departmentation - Line /staff Authority and decentralization – Effective Organizing and organizational culture. UNIT III
Human Resource Management and selection – Performance appraisal and career strategy – Manager and organizational development.
Managing and the Human factor – Motivation – Leadership – communication. UNIT V
The system and Process of controlling control techniques and information Technology – Productivity and Operations Management – Overall and Preventive Control - Towards a unified, Global management theory. TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOK: 1.
Herald knootz and Heinz weihrich, “Essentials of Management”, McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Singapore International Edition, 1980. REFERENCES:
Ties AF, Stoner and R.Edward Freeman “Management” Prentice Hall of India Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi 110 011, 1992. Joseph l, Massie, “Essentials of Management”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi 110 011, 1985.
ENGINEERING ECONOMICS AND FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING 3 0 0 100 9
Introduction – economic theories and scope – demand and supply analysis – determinants of demand – law of demand – elasticity of demand – demand forecasting – demand sensitivity – price, income, gross, advertisement – law of supply – elasticity of supply – cost concepts – types – cost curves – short run and long run – brean even analysis – pricing concepts – types, price determinations. UNIT II
Concepts – firm, industry, market, market power, market conduct, market performance. Market structure – types – perfect, monopoly, monopolistic and oligopoly competition. Manufacturing practices – diversification, vertical and horizontal integration, merger. UNIT III
National income: concepts and measurement – GNP, NNP, - methods of measuring National income – inflation and deflation, unemployment. Money and Banking: Value of money – banking – commercial bank and its functions, central bank and its function. New Economic Environment: economic systems, economic liberalization, privatization and globalization.
Introduction, Scope, Objectives, Basic financial concepts – time value of money and method of appraising project profitability – rate of return – pay back period – present value, NPV comparison – cost – benefit analysis. Source of finance – internal and external - long term and short term – securities, debentures/bonds, shares, financial institutions. UNIT V
Accounting system – financial statements – types – ledger, cash flow statement, profit and loss account, balance sheet. Ratios/Financial analysis – liquidity, leverage activity, profitability, trends analysis. TOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1.
Maheswari. S.N “Management Accounting and Financial Accounting”, S.Chand & Co, 1993. D.N.Dwivedi, ”Managerial Economics”, Vikas Publishing House
REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. 2. 3.
R.R.Barthwal, “Industrial Economics”, Wiley Eastern Ltd., G.S.Gupta, “Managerial Economics”, Tata McGraw Hill Ltd., M.Y.Khan & P.K.Jain, “ Basic Financial Management”, Tata McGraw-Hill Ltd.,
EC337 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. EC338
MICROPROCESSORS AND CONTROL LAB Programming 8085. Programming 8086. Micro Controller. PC Based Control Systems. Stepper Motor Control. PC Interfacing. LVDT Position Control. AC and DC Motor speed motor control. DIGITAL SYSTEM LABORATORY
Digital system design (25 % of course) Application of Combination Logic Design Application of Sequential Logic Design Using MATLAB (25 % of course) Representation of time-series; computation of convolution
Response of a difference equation to initial conditions; stability DFT computation Computational experiments with digital filtering DSP processor implementation (50 % of course) Sampling & Waveform generation FIR & IIR Filters Implementation Fast Fourier transforms Quantization Noise Adaptive Filters Multirate Signal Processing DSP Projects REFERENCES: 1.
James H. McClellan, C. Sidney Burrus, Alan, V. Oppenheim, Thomas W. Parks & Schafer / Schuessler, “ Computer based exercises for Signal Processing Using MATLAB “, Ver. 5 Prentice Hall Inc., 1/e, 1998. Henrik V. Sorensen & Jianping Chen, Digital signal processing laboratory using the TMS320C30 Prentice Hall Inc., 1/e, 1997. COMMUNICATION SYSTEM LABORATORY LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. EC347 1. 2. 3.
Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation Frequency Modulation and Demodulation Phase lock loop and frequency synthesizer AM receiver characteristics Pulse modulation Sampling and time division multiplexing Pulse code modulation Line coding and decoding û Manchester, AMI Digital modulation – psk, qpsk and fsk Noise power spectral density measurement Performance evaluation of analog and digital modulation systems using matlab Active filter design using pspice MEDICAL ELECTRONICS LABORATORY Recording of ECG signal and analysis Recording of audiogram Recording of EMG
4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. EC439
Study and analysis of safety aspects of surgical diathermy Monitoring of electrical safety of hospital equipment’s Measurement of pH, pO2 and conductivity Recording of various physiological parameters using patient monitoring system and telemetry units. Study of spectra of bio signals using spectrum analyzer Miniproject COMPREHENSION
The objective of “Comprehension” is to provide opportunity for the student to apply knowledge acquired during the academic program to real-life problems which he / she may have to face in future as an engineer. Three periods per week shall be allotted in the time table for this activity and this time shall be utilized by the students to receive guidance from the members of faculty on solving real-life problems, practice solving, these problems and on group discussions, seminar presentations, library reading as assigned by the faculty member in-charge. The continuous assessment and semester evaluation may be carried out as specified in the guidelines to be issued from time to time. EC435 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. EC434
ELECTRONICS SYSTEM DESIGN LAB Design of high current linear variable DC Power supply. Design of Switched Mode power supply. Design of AC / DC Voltage regulator using SCR. Design of Programmable Logic controller. Design of process control timer. Design of AM / FM transreceiver Design of wireless data Modems Design of Instrumentation amplifier and Digital Indicator PCB layout Design using CAD Microprocessor based system design. DSP based system design. MICROWAVE & OPTICAL COMMUNICATION LAB
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Characteristics of Reflex Klystron Oscillator Characteristics of Gunn Diode Oscillator Study of Power Distribution in directional coupler, E / H Plane Tee, Magic Tee. Radiation patter of Horn Antenna. Frequency Measurement Impedance measurement by Slotted Line Method.
Optical Communication Experiments
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
D.C. Characteristics of LED and PIN Photo Diode Optical transmission using Analog Modulation System bandwidth Determination by Intensity Modulation. Data transmission through Fiber Optic Link. Time Division Multiplexing PI Characteristics of LASER diode.
The objective of project work is to enable the students to work in convenient groups of not more than four members in a group, on a project involving some design and fabrication work or the oretical and experiments studies related to be respective engineering discipline. Every project work shall have a guide who is a member of the Faculty of the University, twelve periods per week shall be allotted in the Time table for this important activity and this time shall be utilized by the student to resume directions from the Guide, on library reading, laboratory work, computer analysis, or field work as designed by the guide and also to present in periodical seminars or viva to review the progress made in the project. Each student hall finally produce a comprehensive report covering background information, literature survey, problem statement, project work details, estimation of cost and conclusions. This final report shall be typewritten form as specified in the guidelines. The continuous assessment and semester evaluation any be carried out as specified in the guidelines to be issued from time to time. EC440
RF LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS
Note: The required experiments can be chosen from the following experiments: I.
Experiments on Antenna: To plot and analyse the radiation patterns of the following antennas. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Dipole Half Wave Dipole Monopole Yagi Antenna Boardside array Endfire array Loop Antenna Crossed Dipole Lock Periodic Antenna
10. 11. 12. II.
Experiments on Coaxial Line Section: 1. 2. 3.
Measurement of VSWR Measurement of unknown impedance Stub matching
Design and Testing of RF Circuits: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Slot Antenna Helix Antenna Microstrip Antenna
RF Tuned Amplifier RF Oscillator RF Crystal Oscillator IF Amplifier RF Mixer RF Filters (LP, HP, BP, Notch Filter)
Study of Ferrite Devices / Components: REFERENCE:
Joseph J. Carr, “Secrets of RF Circuit Design”, Third Edition, McGraw – Hill.