Application of Dry Cooling in Nuclear Power Plants This is a proposal for the Advanced Cooling Technologies supplemental project. Final project tasks will be selected through prioritization by the project funders.

Issue The United States is planning new nuclear power plants and dry cooling will be considered in many cases. But a variety of challenges have to be overcome to develop the best design for a cooling plant.

Description Direct air-cooled steam condensers as found at many dry-cooled power plants in the United States are unacceptable from a safety and operations standpoint for use at nuclear plants. The cooling towers at the Kendal power plant in South Africa are examples of the type that might be considered. Hybrid dry/wet systems need to be considered for effective cooling under hot ambient conditions. At present there is one nuclear power plant in Russia that is dry-cooled, but questions have to be answered before these systems will become a reality in the United States.

Value Performance evaluation and design procedures for using dry cooling in nuclear plants.

Approach EPRI will assess the current dry cooling technologies being used in the US and abroad for potential application to nuclear units. In addition to cost and efficiency impacts, the technologies will be evaluated for safety and risk when used in nuclear units.

Project Deliverables Deliverable Title Application of Dry Cooling in Nuclear Power Plants

Planned Completion Date

Deliverable Type

12/31/2009

Technical Report

How to Apply the Results Utilities will be able to use these guidelines to assess the value and technical feasibility of adopting dry cooling technology for new nuclear generating capacity. Use of the information will reduce the risk associated with building and operating such installations.

Cost Estimate This project is anticipated to take 12 months and $120,000 to complete.

For More Information For more information, contact the EPRI Customer Assistance Center at 800.313.3774 ([email protected]).

The Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. (EPRI, www.epri.com) conducts research and development for the global electricity sector. An independent, nonprofit organization, EPRI brings together experts from academia and industry as well as its own scientists and engineers to help address challenges in electricity generation, delivery and use, including health, safety and the environment. EPRI’s members represent more than 90 percent of the electricity generated and delivered in the United States, and international participation extends to 40 countries. EPRI’s principal offices and laboratories are located in Palo Alto, Calif.; Charlotte, N.C.; Knoxville, Tenn.; and Lenox, Mass. Together . . . Shaping the Future of Electricity



July 2008

Electric Power Research Institute 3420 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94304-1338 • PO Box 10412, Palo Alto, California 94303-0813 USA 800.313.3774 • 650.855.2121 • [email protected] • www.epri.com © 2008 Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Inc. All rights reserved. Electric Power Research Institute, EPRI, and Together . . . Shaping the Future of Electricity are registered service marks of the Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. Printed on recycled paper in the United States of America

Application of Dry Cooling in Nuclear Power Plants - Electric Power ...

EPRI will assess the current dry cooling technologies being used in the US and abroad for potential ... Use of the information will reduce the risk associated with building ... 2008 Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Inc. All rights reserved.

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