INTRODUCTION TO TAKAFUL A. Meaning of Takaful ƒ

Takaful comes from the Arabic root-word ‘kafala’ — guarantee.

ƒ

Takaful means mutual protection and joint guarantee.

ƒ

Operationally takaful refers to participants mutually contributing to a common fund with

the purpose of having mutual indemnity in the case of peril or

loss. B. Reference — Al Quran: ƒ

“Help

(ta’awan)

one

another

in

furthering

virtue

(birr)

and

Allah

consciousness (taqwa) and do not help one another in furthering evil and enmity”. Al Maidah: verse 2 (5:2). ƒ

Takaful is a form of mutual help (ta’awun) in furthering good/virtue by helping others who are in need / in hardship.

C. Reference – Hadith: ƒ

“Tie the camel first, then submit (tawakkal) to the will of Allah”

ƒ

The hadith implied a strategy to mitigate/reduce risk.

ƒ

Takaful provides a strategy of risk mitigation/reduction by virtue of collective risk taking that distributes risks and losses to a large number of participants. This mitigates the otherwise very damaging losses, if borne individually.

D. Main drivers of Takaful ƒ

Piety (individual purification)

ƒ

Brotherhood (mutual assistance)

ƒ

Charity (Tabarru or contribution)

ƒ

Mutual Guarantee

ƒ

Community well-being as opposed to profit maximization.

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E. Basic Elements of Takaful ƒ

Mutuality and cooperation.

ƒ

Takaful contract pertains to Tabrru’at as against mu’awadat in case of conventional insurance.

ƒ

Payments made with the intention of Tabarru (contribution)

ƒ

Eliminates the elements of Gharrar, Maisir and Riba.

ƒ

Wakalah/Modarabah basis of operations.

ƒ

Joint Guarantee / Indemnity amongst participants – shared responsibility.

ƒ

Constitution of separate “Participants’ Takaful Fund”.

ƒ

Constitution of “Shariah Supervisory Board.”

ƒ

Investments as per Shariah.

Objections to Conventional Insurance ƒ

Scholars view the insurance contract as an exchange contract – money is being exchanged for money over time.

ƒ

This brings about the problem of gharrar (which leads to maisir) and in investments aspect, riba.

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AIMS-UK Islamic Banking & Finance | Online Certifications | Training & Consultancy. 1. INTRODUCTION TO TAKAFUL. A. Meaning of Takaful. ▫ Takaful comes ...

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