What does all this Academic Word List vocabulary have in common? be diminished be eroded collapse decline depress be eliminated experience an adjustment minimise phase out accumulate achieve a new level appreciate attain… be compounded by be enhanced become more widespread expand gain capacity be maximised sustain the progress brief of a short duration temporary be restored be unstable experience a cycle over regular intervals fluctuate recover remain within a range a shift a variation undergo a change remain constant/ stable stabilise demonstrable significant How are the sections different from each other? Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

Label the categories above with these headings (One is not used): Becoming flat

Staying flat

Big changes

Going down

Going up

Going up or down (not clear which)

Going both up and down

Short changes

Small changes

Brainstorm more for each section (including the one with no examples above) Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

Academic Word List trends speaking Choose one of the things below and describe the trend until your partner guesses which one you are speaking about. They can then say if they think you have described it correctly or not. academic interest in popular culture alternative energy charitable foundations consumer credit corporate restructuring criteria you must meet to obtain welfare payments correspondence by mail depression deviations from social norms displaying your wealth disposable income distortion of the facts by politicians distinct dialects diversity in the workplace domination of the traditional top universities economic uncertainty efforts to teach creativity in schools enforcement of anti-corruption laws environmental degradation exclusion of minorities exploitation of workers exports exposure of companies to the world economy gender inequality importance of design importance of hedge funds jobs of short duration parking fees public debates about your field of interest public demonstrations publically available data about your field of interest racial discrimination social security deductions the government’s focus on domestic consumption uniformity in business practices unrealistic undertakings by the government use of private detectives utilisation of community centres vehicles on the roads violations of international treaties visibility of stars in the urban sky voluntary redundancies your currency Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

Homework Do the IELTS Writing Part One task that you are given. Follow the instructions closely, i.e. make sure you select, summarise and compare and contrast, but don’t attempt to think of reasons or consequences. This means that you don’t need a summary/ conclusion, but you do need an introductionary paragraph that rephrases the question and explains how you have divided the data into two main paragraphs. AND Explain past, present and/ or future trend(s) related to your field of study, with reasons and consequences (at least 250 words). Please include a sentence in your introduction explaining the structure of your essay (similar to the one explained above for IELTS Writing Part One). Suggested answers Upward trends To rise/ go up/ increase/ escalate/ climb/ grow/ expand/ soar/ take off (nearly) double/ triple A rise/ An increase Reach a new high Plateau Downward trends To drop/ fall/ dive/ plunge/ crash/ decline/ decrease/ deteriorate/ plummet A drop/ A fall/ A crash/ A decline/ A decrease/ A deterioration Bottom out Shrink (nearly) halve Going up and down Fluctuate/ Be unstable Reach a peak Recover/ Bounce back/ Pick up Not changing Remain stable Flatten out Big changes Significant(ly)/ Substantial(ly)/ Dramatic(ally)/ Considerable(/bly), Sharp(ly) Dive/ Plunge/ Crash/ Plummet Rocket/ Shoot up/ Soar/ Take off Small changes Slight(ly)/ Gradual(ly) Creep up Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

Academic Word List Vocabulary- Trends - Using English

correctly or not. academic interest in popular culture alternative energy ... exposure of companies to the world economy gender inequality importance of design.

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