Academic Word List- Comparing and Contrasting Worksheet 1 – Comparing and contrasting phrases presentation Complete these phrases for comparing and contrasting. There are several possible answers for each. They are ________________________________________________________ the same They are _________________________________________________________ identical They are __________________________________________________________ similar They are _________________________________________________________ different A is _____________________________________________________... er/ more…than B A is ____________________________________________________________ as… as B The __________________________________________ difference between A and B is… A/ An _________________________________________ difference between A and B is… Use words and phrases under the fold to help you with task above. Some can be used more than once. ------------------------------------------------------------------… percent a great deal a (tiny) bit almost biggest considerably fairly great more or less most obvious much (not) quite one and a half times practically slightly surprisingly totally very

… times a lot absolutely basically completely exactly (far) far half most important most significant (not/ very) nearly obvious only/ sole quite a lot substantially three quarters twice

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

Mixed up answers Match the lists of words below to the gapped sentences on the previous page. A) a tiny bit/ a bit/ slightly/ … percent/ quite a lot/ considerably/ substantially/ a great deal/ a lot/ much/ far/ … times/ far far B) almost/ absolutely C) almost/ more or less/ nearly/ very nearly/ basically/ exactly D) biggest/ most important/ most significant/ most obvious/ only/ sole E) great/ obvious F) not nearly/ half/ three quarters/ not quite/ nearly/ almost/ exactly/ one and a half times/ twice/ three times G) slightly/ quite/ fairly/ very/ completely/ totally H) very/ quite/ surprisingly Compare with the answer key under the fold. Do any of the expressions have (basically) the same meaning? -------------------------------Suggested answers • They are _almost/ more or less/ practically/ nearly/ very nearly/ basically/ exactly_ the same • They are ___________almost/ absolutely__________________________ identical • They are _______________________ very/ quite/ surprisingly ______________ similar • They are _____________slightly/ quite/ very/ completely/ totally__________ different • A is ______ a tiny bit/ a bit/ slightly/ … percent/ quite a lot/ considerably/ substantially/ a great deal/ a lot/ much/ far/ … times/ far far_______ ….er/ more…/ less… than B • A is ______not nearly/ half/ three quarters/ not quite/ nearly/ almost/ exactly/ one and a half times/ twice/ three times ______ as… as B. • The ______________ biggest/ most important/ most significant/ most obvious/ only/ sole __________ difference between A and B is… • A/ An _______________ great/ obvious ____________ difference between A and B is…

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

Worksheet 2 – Comparing and contrasting places Compare one of these things in your country/ city and other places, supporting your arguments. Your partner will agree or disagree, or if they don’t know the other place they will just ask for more support for your arguments. - Acceptance of differences in sexuality - Belief in personal transformation - Bullying subordinates - Carbon offsetting - Corporate restructuring - Electricity generation - Government use of statistics - Granting sabbaticals - Immigration - Importance of hierarchy - Infrastructure - Interest in sustainability - Job security - Maintaining traditions - Naming of successors - Number of guidelines from the government - Number of subsidiaries - Publication of theses - Research funding - Residential care - Restoration of historical buildings - Rigid management - School resources - Self-sufficiency of adult children - Stress - Strictness of school grading - Submissive females - Suspension from school - Taking dietary supplements - Tax revenues - Teaching of study techniques - Temporary jobs - The baby boomer generation - The impact of globalisation - The IT sector - Theoretical physics - Times when you need to use identification - Transmission of disease - Treatment of historic sites Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

- Use of panel interviews - Volunteering - Welfare payments All the words in italics above are from the AWL. Ask about any you don’t know. Worksheet 3 – Comparing and contrasting Academic Word List vocabulary How different are the following words from the Academic Word List and the words next to them and what are the differences if there are any? Work together to write two sentences saying those things, e.g. “’A majority’ is almost the same as ‘most’. The biggest difference is that majority can also mean anything over 50%” A generation/ An era A medium/ Media A perspective/ A viewpoint An image/ An icon An instructor/ A teacher Banned/ Prohibited Exactly/ Precisely Habits/ Norms Ignorance/ Stupidity Index/ Contents page Inhibit/ Restrict Innovator/ Inventor Integrate/ Merge Irrational/ Illogical Labourer/ Worker Legislator/ Lawyer Manipulate/ Control Mechanism/ Machine Minimalise/ Reduce Minor/ Unimportant Objectivity/ Logic Paragraph/ Section Preliminary/ Preparatory Private investigator/ Private detective Psychiatry/ Psychology Qualitative/ Quantitative Regime/ Government Spouse/ Partner The same/ Identical To itemise/ To list Unjustified/ Unjust

A majority/ Most A parallel/ A similarity An illustration/ A figure An institute/ An academy At short intervals/ For a short time Conservative/ Reactionary For Instance/ For example Identification/ ID Immaturity/ Childishness Individualism/ Selfishness Initially/ At first Insightful/ Intuitive Internalise/ Remember Isolation/ Loneliness Legislation/ Law Magazine/ Journal Manual/ Handbook Mediate/ Negotiate Ministry/ Government department Misinterpretation/ Misunderstanding Odd/ Abnormal Predicted/ Inevitable Principal/ Principle Professor/ Lecturer Purchase/ Buy Ratio/ Percentage Relocate/ Move Stubborn/ Persistent Theory/ Paradigm Uninvolved/ Disinterested

Homework Choose one of the tasks below and write at least 250 words on the topic of your choice. If you run out of things to say at fewer than 200 words, choose another and continue.  Compare the past, present and future of one thing Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

    

Compare two things Compare two solutions to one problem Compare competing theories (e.g. for why something happens) Compare different predictions for the future of something Compare different future possibilities depending on what action is taken

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2013

Academic Word List- Comparing and Contrasting - UsingEnglish.com

Importance of hierarchy. - Infrastructure. - Interest in sustainability. - Job security ... Residential care. - Restoration of historical buildings. - Rigid management.

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