A Dynamic Bayesian Network Approach to Location Prediction in Ubiquitous Computing Environments Sunyoung Lee1, Kun Chang Lee2, and Heeryon Cho3 1,3

Department of Interaction Science, Sungkyunkwan University Seoul 110-745, Republic of Korea [email protected], [email protected] 2 Professor of MIS and WCU Professor of Creativity Science SKK Business School and Department of Interaction Science Sungkyunkwan University Seoul 110-745, Republic of Korea [email protected], [email protected]

Abstract. The ability to predict the future contexts of users significantly improves service quality and user satisfaction in ubiquitous computing environments. Location prediction is particularly useful because ubiquitous computing environments can dynamically adapt their behaviors according to a user’s future location. In this paper, we present an inductive approach to recognizing a user’s location by establishing a dynamic Bayesian network model. The dynamic Bayesian network model has been evaluated with a set of contextual data collected from undergraduate students. The evaluation result suggests that a dynamic Bayesian network model offers significant predictive power. Keywords: Dynamic Bayesian Networks, Context Prediction, Ubiquitous Computing.

1 Introduction In recent years, context-awareness has been the subject of growing attention in the area of ubiquitous computing because of its usefulness in several different applications [5]. When computer systems are aware of the context in which they are used and can adapt to changes in context, they can engage in more efficient interaction with users. Context awareness involves enabling ubiquitous computing devices to be aware of changes in the environment and to intelligently adapt themselves to provide more meaningful and timely decision support for decision-makers [4]. However, context-aware systems are limited by the fact that their target is the current context and that context-aware systems do not predict the future context. Therefore, the qualities of services provided by context-aware systems are seriously restricted when future contexts change drastically. To this end, we need to consider the task of context prediction in order to proactively offer high-quality services for users in ubiquitous computing environments. Context prediction opens a wide range of possibilities for context-aware computing applications. A context-prediction application may infer the future location of an office owner and redirect incoming calls to that future location. A context-prediction application may also be useful for enhancing the qualities of transportation systems. B. Papasratorn et al. (Eds.): IAIT 2010, CCIS 114, pp. 73–82, 2010. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

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