Middle School Programs

8th Grade UNIT 4 OVERVIEW: Hydrosphere Revisión de la unidad 4 del 8vo grado: La hidrósfera Unit Outcomes

At the end of this unit, your student should be able to:  Conclude that water is one of the most common substances on the surface of the Earth; essential to life and the oceans are one of Earth’s most valuable natural resources  Discuss how the ocean is one of Earth’s most valuable natural resources and the oceans are an integral component of the world’s climate due to its capacity to collect, drive and mix water, heat and carbon dioxide  Conclude that the water cycle is the continuous movement of water in and around the Earth  Determine that a river basin is the portion of land drained by a river and its tributaries and that land dwellers live in a river basin  Defend the understanding that the ocean is a dynamic system in which many chemical, biological and physical changes are taking place  Discuss that estuaries are areas where fresh and salt water mix, producing variations in salinity and high biological activity  Propose that from the seashore to the deepest depths, the oceans are the home to the most diverse life on Earth  Discuss that there are innumerable individual food chains overlapping and intersecting to form complex food webs in the oceans  Determine that seawater has many different gases dissolved in it, to include nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide  Propose that the health of a water system is determined by the balance between physical, chemical and biological variables and water quality can be assessed by using bioindicators (macroinvertebrates)  Discuss that the temperature of water in rivers and lakes determines the kinds of organisms that can survive there  Determine that measuring dissolved oxygen is an important factor in determining water quality, pH is a measure of how acidic or basic water is and that turbidity is a measure of how clear water is  Conclude that clear water may contain odorless, tasteless and colorless harmful contaminants  Determine that the term water quality is used to describe the chemical, physical or biological characteristics of water

Building Healthy Core Learning th 8 Grade Science, Unit 4

Key Vocabulary – Vocabulario clave.

Terms to deepen the student’s understanding – Términos para profundizar la comprensión del estudiante  Hydrosphere  Upwelling – Hidrósfera Afloramiento  River basin – Cuenca del  Dissolved oxygen – río Oxígeno disuelto  Tributaries – Afluentes  pH – pH  Water cycle – Ciclo del  Sedimentation – agua Sedimentación  Ground water – Agua  Organic materials – subterránea Materiales orgánicos  Freshwater – Agua dulce  Inorganic materials –  Salt water – Agua salada Materiales inorgánicos  Lithosphere – Litósfera  Brackish water – Agua  Atmosphere – salobre Atmósfera  Phytoplankton –  Biosphere – Biósfera Fitoplancton  Salinity – Salinidad  Eutrophication –  Hydrothermal vents – Eutrofización Respiraderos  Acid (ic) – Ácido hidrotermales  Base (ic) – Base, básico  Estuary – Estuario  Turbidity – Turbidez  Nitrates – Nitratos  Bioindicators (macroinvertebrate) –  Phosphates – Fosfatos Bioindicadores (macro  Algae blooms – Florecer invertebrados) de las algas  Contaminants – Contaminantes  Water quality – Calidad del agua  Stewardship – Gestión, administración

Middle School Programs

8th Grade UNIT 4 OVERVIEW: Hydrosphere Revisión de la unidad 4 del 8vo grado: La hidrósfera Key Standards Addressed Connections to Common Core/NC Essential Standards 8.E.1.1 Explain the structure of the hydrosphere including: • Water distribution on Earth • Local river basins and water availability 8.E.1.2 Summarize evidence that Earth’s oceans are a reservoir of nutrient, mineral, dissolved gases and life forms: estuaries, marine ecosystems, upwelling, behavior of gases in the marine environment and deep ocean technology and understanding gained. 8.E.1.3 Predict the safety and potability of water supplies in North Carolina based on physical and biological factors, including: • Temperature • Dissolved oxygen • pH • Nitrates and Phosphates • Turbidity • Bio-indicators 8.E.1.4 Conclude that the good health of humans requires: • Monitoring of the hydrosphere • Water quality standards • Methods of water treatment • Maintaining safe water quality • Stewardship

Building Healthy Core Learning th 8 Grade Science, Unit 4

Where This Unit Fits – Donde corresponde esta unidad Connections to prior and future learning – Conexiones con el aprendizaje anterior y futuro Al llegar a esta unidad los estudiantes deben tener una base sólida en:  Comparar las características del agua dulce y del agua salada de la tierra (incluyendo océanos, mares, ríos, lagos, estanques, corrientes de agua y glaciares)  Explicar cómo se relacionan las condiciones atmosféricas y el ciclo del agua dentro y fuera de la atmósfera con los patrones del clima en la tierra  Resumir las necesidades básicas de energía y crecimiento de una variedad de diferentes animales (incluyendo aire, agua y alimentos) Esta unidad se incorpora a los siguientes conceptos y habilidades futuras:  Explicar cómo interactúan las aguas subterráneas y las aguas superficiales  Evaluar la influencia del ser humano sobre la disponibilidad del agua dulce  Atribuir cambios en los sistemas de la tierra al cambio climático global (cambio de temperatura, cambios en el pH del océano, cambios en el nivel del mar, etc.)  Evaluar la influencia humana sobre la calidad del agua

Middle School Programs

8th Grade UNIT 4 OVERVIEW: Hydrosphere Revisión de la unidad 4 del 8vo grado: La hidrósfera Additional Resources Materials to support understanding and enrichment      







Ck12.org online textbook: Natural Resources Ck12.org online textbook: Oceans Resources CK12.org online textbook: Conserving water CK12.org online textbook: Groundwater depletion and Groundwater pollution Discovery Ed Video: Source of Life: water in our environment Ducksters.com: Biology for kids website with information on the water cycle: http://www.ducksters.com/science/the_water_cycle .php Ducksters.com: Biology for kids website with information on the water cycle: o http://www.ducksters.com/science/ecosyste ms/freshwater_biome.php Harcourtschools.com interactive activity on the water cycle http://www.harcourtschool.com/activity/science_up _close/308/deploy/interface.swf MBGnet.net information about marine and freshwater habitats http://www.mbgnet.net/

Building Healthy Core Learning th 8 Grade Science, Unit 4

“Learning Checks”- “Verificación de aprendizaje”

Questions Parents Can Use to Assess Understanding – Preguntas que pueden hacer los padres para evaluar la comprensión  ¿Cómo interactúan los factores para determinar la distribución del agua en la hidrósfera?  ¿Cómo afecta el ciclo del agua a la distribución de agua en la tierra?  ¿Cómo afectan las cuencas de los ríos a la disponibilidad de agua?  ¿De qué están hechos los océanos y cómo lo sabemos?  ¿Cómo afectan los océanos de la tierra a otros ecosistemas marinos y terrestres?  ¿Cómo son usados los factores físicos y biológicos para determinar la calidad del agua?  ¿Qué podemos hacer para proteger nuestro suministro de agua?  ¿En calidad de qué se produce el agua dulce en la tierra?  ¿Por qué es considerado el océano como uno de los recursos valiosos de la tierra?  ¿Qué papel tienen los macro invertebrados en la determinación de la calidad del agua?

8TH GRADE SCIENCE UNIT 4 HYDROSPHERE-Spanish.pdf ...

8TH GRADE SCIENCE UNIT 4 HYDROSPHERE-Spanish.pdf. 8TH GRADE SCIENCE UNIT 4 HYDROSPHERE-Spanish.pdf. Open. Extract. Open with. Sign In.

157KB Sizes 4 Downloads 76 Views

Recommend Documents

6th Grade Science Unit 4 Space.pdf
There was a problem previewing this document. Retrying... Download. Connect more apps... Try one of the apps below to open or edit this item. 6th Grade Science Unit 4 Space.pdf. 6th Grade Science Unit 4 Space.pdf. Open. Extract. Open with. Sign In. M

SS Grade 6 Unit 4 Ancient Greece.pdf
characteristics influence the development of Greece? What impact do governmental systems have on. society? What ideas shaped politics in societies?

6th Grade Life Science Unit Organizer.pdf
Page 1. Whoops! There was a problem loading more pages. Retrying... 6th Grade Life Science Unit Organizer.pdf. 6th Grade Life Science Unit Organizer.pdf.

Grade 4, Unit 4 Breathing Life Into Essays (final).pdf
Grade 4, Unit 4 Breathing Life Into Essays (final).pdf. Grade 4, Unit 4 Breathing Life Into Essays (final).pdf. Open. Extract. Open with. Sign In. Main menu.

Grade 4
We believe that a supportive home, school and community are essential for the educational, ..... Plan ideas and details for one's oral presentations (e.g., semantic web, ..... households, business firms, banks, government agencies, labor unions, ...