Middle School Programs Building Healthy Core Learning 6th Grade Science, Unit 5

6th Grade UNIT 5 OVERVIEW: Growing and Flowing Unit Outcomes At the end of this unit, your student should be able to:  Describe the structures and functions of flowering plants that allow them to survive, reproduce, and defend themselves.  Compare and contrast the processes of photosynthesis and respiration.  Explain how energy travels from the sun to producers and is then transferred to consumers and decomposers.  Describe how plants respond to changes in their environment.  Compare different biomes and their abiotic factors that affect an organism’s ability to survive.

Key Standards Addressed Connections to Common Core/NC Essential Standards 6.L.1.1 Summarize the basic structures and functions of flowering plants required for survival, reproduction and defense. 6.L.1.2 Explain the significance of the process of photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration to the survival of green plants and other organisms. 6.L.2.1 Summarize how energy derived from the sun is used by plants to produce sugars (photosynthesis) and is transferred within food chains and food webs from producers to consumers to decomposers. 6.L.2.2 Explain how plants respond to external stimuli to enhance survival in the environment. 6.L.2.3 Summarize how the abiotic factors of biomes affect the ability of organisms to grow, survive and/or create their own food through photosynthesis.

Key Vocabulary                   

Terms to deepen the student’s understanding Fertilization  Food Web Pollination  Food Chain Petal  Energy Pyramid Sepal  Transpiration Stamen  Tropism Anther  Dormancy Filament  Biomes Pistil  Abiotic Ovary  Biotic Ovule  Limiting Factor Photosynthesis  Predator Stomata  Prey Guard Cells  Population Respiration  Community Glucose  Ecosystem Energy  Organism Decomposers  Chlorophyll Producers  Habitat Consumers

Where This Unit Fits Connections to prior and future learning Coming into this unit, students should have a strong foundation in:  Understanding the life cycle of seed plants and environmental conditions that determine how well plants survive and grow.  Indentifying plant structures that relate to a plants survival in their environment.  Understanding how animals meet their needs by using behaviors in response to information received from the environment.  Describing the effects of the interconnected relationships of plants and animals to their ecosystem.  Comparing the characteristics of ecosystems such as estuaries, salt marshes, oceans, lakes and ponds, forests, and grasslands. This unit builds to the following future skills and concepts:  Compare the structures and functions of plant and animal cells.  Summarize how food provides the energy and the molecules required for building materials, growth and survival of all organisms.  Explain how factors such as food, water, shelter, and space affect populations in an ecosystem.

Middle School Programs Building Healthy Core Learning 6th Grade Science, Unit 5

6th Grade UNIT 5 OVERVIEW: Growing and Flowing  Summarize the relationship among producers, consumers, and decomposers including the positive and negative consequences of such interactions.  Explain how the flow of energy within food webs is interconnected with the cycling of matter (including water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and oxygen).  Explain the environmental consequences of the various methods of obtaining, transforming and distributing energy.

Additional Resources

“Learning Checks”

Materials to support understanding and enrichment  CK12 Textbook o Plants o Photosynthesis o Respiration o Flow of Energy o Plant Responses o Limiting Factors of Population Growth  Discovery Education o Seasons in the Cell o Seasons in the Cell (Spanish) o Cellular Respiration o Cellular Respiration (Spanish) o The Yeast You Can Do o The Yeast You Can Do (Spanish) o One Tomato, Two Tomato o One Tomato, Two Tomato (Spanish) o Got Habitat?

Questions Parents Can Use to Assess Understanding  How do flowering plants survive, reproduce, and defend themselves?  How do the processes of respiration, photosynthesis and transpiration allow organisms to survive?  How does energy cycle through organisms on Earth?  How is the Sun connected to life on Earth?  How do plants survive in harsh or changing environments?  How do abiotic factors affect organisms?  How do different organisms survive in different biomes?

6th Grade Science Unit 5 Growing and Flowing.pdf

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